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Violence against women (VAW) and girls is not just a major public health problem but also a grave violation of human rights. It extremely manifests gender inequity, targeting women and girls because of their subordinate status in the society. The United Nations define VAW as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” Violence and the threats of violence can be experienced by every woman of any age, skin color, gender identity, ethnicity, religion, disabilities, economic, and social status.

Global estimates by the World Health Organization indicate that about 1 in 3 women (35%) worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual violence from intimate partner or non-partner in their lifetime. In the Philippines, the National Demographic Health Survey 2017 released by the Philippine Statistics Authority revealed that 1 in 4 Filipino women, aged 15-49, has experienced physical, emotional or sexual violence from their husband or partner.

Because VAW appears as one of the country’s pervasive social problems, various measures and mechanisms have been employed and implemented to address it. One of which is the 18-Day Campaign to End VAW, an advocacy campaign that is observed annually from November 25 to December 12 as mandated by Proclamation 1172 s. 2006.

 

The Campaign

The 18-Day Campaign to End VAW supports the Philippine government’s goal of protecting the human rights of women and girls by upholding its commitment to address all forms of gender-based violence as enshrined in the 1987 Constitution. By virtue of Republic Act 10398 or the Act declaring November 25 of every year as the National Consciousness Day for the Elimination of VAWC, government agencies are mandated to raise awareness on the problem of violence and the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls.

Globally, the 16-day action against gender-based violence has been acknowledged to support the international campaign that originated from the first Women Leadership Institute at Reuters University, New Jersey, USA in 1991. The observance of this campaign started in November 25, which is the International Day to Eliminate VAW up to December 10, which is the International Human Rights Day, to emphasize that VAW is a human rights violation and to ensure better protection for survivors and victims of violence. In 2002, the Philippine Government, through the Philippine Commission on Women and key stakeholders joined the global campaign, initially to push for laws and the establishment of institutional mechanisms to address VAW. 

In 2006, then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Proclamation 1172, extending the national campaign to 18 days, thereby including December 12, a historic date that marked the signing in the year 2000 of the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, to supplement the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crimes.

The campaign was further strengthened in 2008 when the United Nations Secretary General launched the UNiTE to End VAW Campaign, which envisions a world free from all forms of violence against women and girls. For the UN, this vision can only be realized through meaningful actions and ongoing political commitments of national governments, supported by adequate resources.

 

2019 Campaign Theme and Objectives

The Philippine Commission on Women, in coordination with Inter-Agency Council on Violence Against Women and Children (IACVAWC), is tasked to lead, monitor, and evaluate the annual nationwide observance of the 18-Day Campaign to End VAW. Adopting the theme “VAW-free community starts with Me” for year 2016 to 2021, the campaign emphasizes everyone’s commitment and contributions on ending VAW, and presents an ideal picture of a VAW-free community, thus inspiring the general public to make a personal commitment to end violence against women and children.

This year’s campaign continues to underscore the significant role of individuals, especially the youth, in fighting violence against women and girls within various institutions. It focuses on Primary Prevention to reduce incidents of VAW across the country, which can be achieved by empowering individuals to know and claim their rights, and to educate them where to seek help in cases of violence.

This campaign aims to:

  • Promote awareness on the forms of violence women and girls experience;
  • Provide information on laws protecting women and girls;
  • Feature VAW-related services that people can access and avail; and
  • Gather public support for the campaign

 

Starts with Me

 

18 Things that We Can Do to Help End VAW

Woman/Girl

1. Empower yourself. Know your rights and available courses of actions in case these rights are violated.

2. Speak out and report to the authorities in case your rights are violated.

3. Encourage others to fight for their rights.

 Man/Boy 

4. Respect women and girls in your home, workplace, and community.

5. Join male groups promoting Anti-VAW efforts and participate in discussions to broaden your awareness on the advocacy.

6. Enlighten/advise perpetrators to seek help and join the male Anti-VAW supporters.

 Government Agencies

7. Equip yourselves with apt trainings and capacity development sessions to improve service delivery for your clients.

8. Develop monitoring and evaluation strategy to assess the service to  your clients supporters.

9. Let people know that you provide the services! We need to inform the public that there are government offices that they can turn to and trust to assist them towards healing and seeking justice.

 Barangay

10. Ensure that your Barangay VAW Desk is functional. You can use the Barangay VAW Desk Handbook developed by PCW and DILG with partner agencies to guide you on what to do.

11.Establish linkages with local and national government agencies, as well as other organizations near your barangay where you can refer victim-survivors of VAW for needed assistance which the barangay is not able to provide.

12. Promote harmonious family and community relationships in your barangay which is grounded on mutual respect for human rights, and take proactive steps to attain a VAW-free community.

 Private Sector

13. Support the Anti-VAW efforts of the government and your immediate community.

14. Establish your own Action Desks where employees and clients can go to in case VAW happens.

15. Develop internal rules to proactively ensure that your workplace is VAW-free.

 Academe/Training Institutions

16. Include concepts of VAW and women’s human rights in lesson plans/lesson guides of your teaching staff

17. Continually conduct/spearhead anti-VAW advocacies in your campus, and if possible, to your immediate community through extension programs.

18. Setup a Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI) where students and employees can seek help

 

2019 Campaign Activities

The following activities are spearheaded by the PCW in partnership with key partner institutions:

  • Cine Juana Digital Shorts Competition (Deadline of submission of entries: November 4, 2019, 5:00 PM PST; Awarding Ceremony: November 25, 2019).
    This competition recognizes film as a powerful tool in raising awareness on violence and inspiring action to prevent it. Open to Senior High School and College students in the Philippines, the competition has the following categories: #JuanParaKayJuana (Male Point-of-View), #LabanJuana (Female Point-of-View), and #LigtasJuana (Promoting Safe Spaces).
  • 2019 Youth Forum on VAW (November 25, 2019 l 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM l PICC, Pasay City)
    The PCW, in collaboration with the IACVAWC members and other partners, shall hold a forum involving youth participants. The forum shall serve as a venue to promote the concept on non-violence and positive masculinities, and to raise awareness on VAW and other laws protecting women and girls through age-appropriate core messages.
  • 18-Day Campaign Online Advocacy
    Everyone is encouraged to share their advocacy activities online through the following:
    • Use of official hashtag: #VAWFreePH and making their posts public to generate traction online
    • Use of 18-Day Campaign to End VAW Facebook Profile Frame available through the PCW FB page
    • Feature the 18-Day Campaign to End VAW in agency websites and social media accounts
    • Sharing the social media cards that PCW will release through its official Facebook and Twitter accounts

A portable interactive screen developed by researchers from the University of the Philippines Diliman will soon hit the Philippine market as a spinoff company enters its final phase for technological commercialization.  Dubbed Smart Surface Technology and developed by Dr. Nestor Tiglao and his team from the University of the Philippines Diliman Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute (UP-EEEI) has created a spinoff company named Adapsense Inc. which will now take on the commercialization of the technology.  This is a locally-made system converts virtually any flat surface into an interactive interface, for applications in education, food service, advertising, and consumer electronics. Smart Surface offers unique features such as multi touch and wireless connectivity that can compete with the already existing products in the market. The system is portable, easy to install, and affordable, with speedy after-sales support in cases of replacement, repair services, or technical help. Its content can be customized according to the client’s preference.

Through the FASTRAC program or Funding Assistance for Spin-Off and Translation of Research for Advancing Commercialization Program of the Department of Science and Technology Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (DOST-PCIEERD), the team is establishing a spin-off company to improve their system and offer an end-to-end solution to clients. The funding covers the improvement of the prototype, tests the prototype, secure product certification, and market the technology to potential clients. The output includes a technology licensing agreement and SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) registration for the spinoff company. Prior to the FASTRAC funding, the technology was funded by the Technology Innovation for Commercialization (TECHNICOM) Program of DOST which covered the development of an industrial grade prototype, conduct of the pilot testing and market validation of the technology.

With the increase in the number of events and marketing activities in the country like trade shows, bridal fairs, baby fairs, book fairs, car shows and other types of expositions, the Smart Surface technology of Adapsense Inc., will address the challenges in providing meaningful data to those activities/events. Currently, event organizers find it difficult and costly to bring different kinds of exhibit materials like tarpaulins, posters, television, LCD screens in the venue. Data gathering and analytics on exposition effectiveness and results which can be useful to evaluate consumer and market impact are also not available. The features of the Smart Surface technology, such as portability, data analytics, robust and customizable content, are designed to bridge those gaps.

Currently, the team is already processing the requirements for the SEC registration for Adapsense Inc. and has completed the design of the Smart Surface V2. A software application is in the works which can be partnered with the Smart Surface system, enabling users to design interactive content such as quizzes and customer survey. They have also met with and demonstrated the technology to potential clients. The team also won a gold medal award with jury distinction during the 46th International Exhibition of Inventions Geneva (Geneva Inventions) on April 11-15, 2018.

 

(Top) CharM EV Chargers; (bottom) CharM charging station in Cauayan City, Isabela

With the increasing number of e-vehicles used as both private and public transportation, the researchers from Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute of the University of the Philippines Diliman (UP EEEI) headed by Dr. Lew Andrew Tria,Engr. Leo Allen Tayo, and Engr. Rovinna Janel Cruzate have developed “CharM”, a fast charging system for electric vehicles. The technology provides an alternative solution for conventional charging that takes up to 4-6 hours to get a battery fully charged.  With CharM, fully charging an e-vehicle battery can be done in 30 minutes. CharM comes with an in-vehicle electronic management unit that performs battery protection, monitoring, and vehicle-charger communications.

Through the Funding Assistance for Spinoff and Translation of Research for Advancing Commercialization (FASTRAC) program of the Department of Science and Technology -Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (DOST-PCIEERD), the project team was able to conduct validation for e-vehicle charging system and set-up a CharM charging station in Cauayan, Isabela. More clients were obtained by direct communications with e-vehicle manufacturers and operators.

Travelling long distances using e-vehicle requires charging stations that are placed on strategic locations. Thus far, there are only a few number of electric charging stations. The fear of being stuck if an e-vehicle ran out of battery has been a concern of every e-vehicle user. Also, the tedious process of charging an e-vehicle is a major problem especially for those who use it as public transportation. With CharM, e-vehicle drivers can maximize the usage of their e-vehicles as the technology will significantly lessen the charging time especially those operating as public mass transport vehicles. With the adoption of CharM by private firms, numerous e-vehicle charging stations can be established. CharM will help develop public acceptance of e-vehicles as it addresses the concerns that inhibit the growth of e-vehicles.  

CharM has already manufactured two types of chargers which are the Basic fast charger and Coin-operated AC Charger. The technology was also showcased during the Electric Vehicle Summit and National Science and Technology Week. CharM already applied for a license for Utility Model and Industrial Design. Apart from that, they have also applied for SEC registration under the name of CHRG EV Technologies Inc.

 

The FISH-I Technology, developed by Dr. Prospero C. Naval Jr. of UP Diliman’s Department of Computer Science and Dr. Laura T. David of UP Diliman’s Marine Science Institute, is a cost-effective and efficient method of performing fish census using a camera and fish video software. Similar to a fish census, it generates data on fish count, biomass, fish size, and population. Using a hardware-software tandem, it semi-automates the process, allowing for rapid reef fish assessment, saving on time and resources.

Through the Funding Assistance for Spin-Off and Translation of Research for Advancing Commercialization Program (FASTRAC Program) of the Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (DOST-PCIEERD), the team has improved their technology into a market ready product and has established their own spin-off company under the company name “Fish i, Inc.” The funding from the program covered the improvement of their prototype, testing of their prototype in the intended environment, data collection and market validation to potential clients. Included as the output of the project is a Technology Licensing Agreement and SEC (Security and Exchange Commission) registration for their spinoff company. The FISH-I Technology was also previously funded by DOST TAPI (Technology Application and Promotion Institute) under the TECHNICOM Program (Technology Innovation for Commercialization Program).

With over 1,600 Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and a few fish experts in the country to conduct the fish census, the FISH-I Technology can allow Local Government Units (LGUs) to obtain fish diversity and population faster and easier. This will help empower local coastal communities to conduct the reef assessment themselves, making them more conscious of their marine resources. In addition, the data collected will provide guidance on the best time to fish and declare open and close season for reef fisheries.

Currently, the team has completed its SEC registration under the company name Fish i Inc. The team has also serviced more than 16 LGUs with their technology and are currently working on other clients who wish to avail of their services. The FISH-I Technology also won the National Grand Prize of the 2017 Alfredo M. Yao (AMY) Intellectual Property (IP) Awards – Professional Level, at the 43rd Philippines Business Expo last October 18, 2017 at the Manila Hotel.

 

The Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (DOST-PCIEERD), through the Research Information and Technology Transfer Division (RITTD), continues to strengthen efforts in commercializing technologies generated by researchers through funding assistance.

The FASTRAC or Funding Assistance for Spinoff and Translation of Research in Advancing Commercialization is a “researcher/technology-focus” program established to bridge the gap between R&D and commercialization of DOST PCIEERD-funded technologies and is designed to translate research outputs into market ready products or simulate a startup operation thru a spin-ˇoff project for a period of one year. The fund assistance aims to:

  • Validate the problem, market, product and willingness to pay for the services/technologies from DOST-PCIEERD funded research
  • Translate research outputs into products and/or services
  • Provide support for researchers and/or their teams to spin-ˇoff or startup
  • Connect researchers to business support groups in commercializing technologies

Through this program, five (5) DOST-PCIEERD-funded technologies are now establishing their spin-off companies. These are:

  • CATCH-ALL (De La Salle University) – CATCH-ALL or Contactless Apprehension of Traffic Violators, is a Vision-Based Artificial Intelligence Analytics Software for Traffic and Transport Applications. Under the CATCH ALL system, all types of vehicles and violations will be detected via its smart camera video capture. The system will display the vehicle’s detection and tracking, profiling, plate localization and plate character recognition for more detailed traffic violation identification.
  • CharM (UP-Diliman) - CharM or Charging in Minutes is a system for fast charging electric vehicles (EVs) that are using the Lithium-ion battery storage technology. CharM provides an alternative charging strategy that eliminates the need for several hours in order to fully charge an EV. The conventional 4-6 hours in slow charging is reduced to less than an hour or even a matter of minutes for smaller vehicles.
  • USHER (Mapua University) - Universal Structural Health Evaluation and Recording System (USHER) is a building structure health monitoring system composed of an accelerograph / sensor web portal system. The patent-pending technology can be installed in buildings of all types, allowing building managers to monitor the structural integrity of the building, and ensure economical and hassle-free compliance with Philippine government regulators. Unlike existing products. USHER has streamlined and tailored the system to the local market, making it remarkably lower in cost while still offering a complete solution to ensure business continuity
  • FISH-I (UP-Diliman) – Fish-I is a fish census hardware-software technology that allows for rapid reef assessment. It utilizes an underwater camera that records along a transect of a fishing site then analyzes the footage into data that can easily be viewed and understood by users on a computer. The data gathering is done in minutes and covers a total distance of 50 meters. The system generates automated data for: Fish Count, Fish Population Density, Fish Identification, Fish Length, Fish Biomass
  • Smart Surface (UP-Diliman) – An electronic sensor system that can convert virtually any flat surface into an interactive interface. Also, a system composed of a number of sensors and a central controller and more affordable and robust than Smart board. Smart Surface boasts for its distinct features that can compete with the already existing products in the market. Its content can be customized according to the client’s preference; it is portable; it can be installed in existing surfaces; and most importantly, it is low-cost with speedy after-sales support in cases of replacement, repair services, or technical help.
 
DOST-PCIEERD and UP Diliman launching of spin offs and licensed technologies: Fish-I, CharM, KamoTEA, and Smarte Surface.
 

The USHER spin-off was formally launched by Mapua University last September 2, 2019 while the CharM, Fish-I and Smart Surface spin-offs were launched by UP Diliman last October 7, 2019. The Catch-All spin-off on the other hand is targeted to be launched by the DLSU this November. Aside from these five technologies, the FASTRAC Program is also funding two technologies: Marine Nanocoat (DLSU) and Monascus Colorants (UPLB) under its translation track to translate these research outputs into market-ready products.

According to Ms. Russell Pili, Chief of Research Information and Technology Transfer Division of DOST-PCIEERD, the FASTRAC is a follow-up program for handholding technologies until commercialization. “It is basically a funding mechanism that pushes our researchers to pursue commercialization of their projects and also eases their researches into the field of doing business,” she added.

To avail of the funding, the following requirements must be complied:

  • Must be a DOST-PCIEERD R&D grantee;
  • Must have an accomplished invention disclosure form or IP inventory form submitted to the University IP Office;
  • Must submit an Endorsement/ support letter from the University IP Office;
  • Startups who already registered but who are recipients of a university license on a DOST-PCIEERD-ˇfunded technology, must submit an authenticated copy of the latest Articles of Incorporation or Business permits, License Agreement.

The DOST-PCIEERD Technology Transfer Division is targeting twenty-one (21) technologies to be funded under the FASTRAC Program in the next three years. Interested researchers may contact the Chief of RITTD, Ms. Russell Pili at 837-2071 local 2102 or via email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..