Large quantities of wastes are generated from the rapid increase in livestock, growth of agriculture and food processing industries and accumulation of municipal solid wastes. This has led to higher methane emissions, increasing the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) in the atmosphere that affects the climate system. To address the rising emissions, efforts are being directed towards using methane as a clean energy source, at the same time cleaning the environment and deriving economic benefits therefrom.
The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) is helping harness energy from landfill waste by promoting the recovery and use of methane.
Methane, a hydrocarbon, is the second most abundant greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide. It has the ability to trap heat in the atmosphere, which is called “global warming potential.” As a greenhouse gas, methane is 21 times more harmful than carbon dioxide.
If all goes according to plan, foods specifically designed for cancer and diabetes patients will be available to the public by 2014, this is according to researchers in genetics and molecular biology convened by the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) in the Stakeholders Workshop on Genomics Research and Development Roadmap held last October 3, 2011.
Genomics is one of the research priorities identified by the DOST. According to Science and Technology Secretary Mario G. Montejo, genomics research will be particularly helpful in the country's battle with various diseases such as dengue, diabetes, cancers, chronic lower respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
Genomics is a transformational technology, Sec. Montejo said during the workshop organized by the DOST's Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) and held at the DOST in Bicutan, Taguig City. Through genetics research, we would be able to understand and develop cure for lifestyle diseases that dominate the leading causes of deaths in the Philippines.
Researchers fine-tune instrument to help bring down cost of air quality monitoring
Air pollution is a major concern in the Philippines, with air quality in urban cities getting worse because of the growing concentration of people, traffic and industries.
In Metro Manila, for instance, pollution levels along major thoroughfares are very high. Last year, the air quality monitoring (AQM) stations in EDSA-MRT Pasay and Valenzuela City recorded total suspended particles (TSP) levels of 230 micrograms per normal cubic meter (ug/Ncm). This is more than double the normal standard, which is 90ug/Ncm.
To get a clearer picture of the country's current state of air quality, more air monitoring posts should be set up. However, establishing AQM stations can be expensive since equipment are usually imported.
New facility offers business mentoring and technical assistance
February 24, 2011 Filipinos interested in establishing or investing in technology-based startups now have a place to go to before putting in invaluable time and money into a new business idea.
The Department of Science and Technology (DOST), in partnership with the University of the Philippines (UP) and the Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA), recently opened the DOST-UP Enterprise Center for Technopreneurship to assist budding entrepreneurs to take the first step in establishing their own businesses.
Located at the National Engineering Center (NEC) Building in Diliman, Quezon City, the center will help aspiring technopreneurs to identify target markets, develop and package their technology product, and fine-tune their business plan to increase investment and marketing opportunities.
Dr. Luis G. Sison, TBI Project Leader and UP Diliman's Vice Chancellor for Research and Development, said that the training and guidance that participants will receive in the pre-incubation program will help prepare them before actual business startup.
As part of its program on natural disaster mitigation, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has supported the development of two solutions that can help in the assessment and detection of landslides.
According to Dr. Amelia P. Guevara, Executive Director of DOST's Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD), the two solutions use sensor and wireless technology and visual analysis in monitoring and identifying landslides, respectively.
These solutions are the result of local researches conducted by our very own scientists and engineers. The studies demonstrate that local innovations and technologies are at par or sometimes even superior to those developed overseas, Dr. Guevara said.