Title Project Leader Sector Description
Project 12. Development of 12 hp Single Cylinder Diesel Engine-Year 1 and 2Jonathan Q. PuertoTransportationA single cylinder engine is a type of combustion engine that features only one cylinder,, or chamber in which a piston moves to engage combustion. This is the engine's source of power,, and since only one piston is doing the work,, a single cylinder engine is primarily used on smaller vehicles and tools. It can produce a relatively large amount of power given its size,, though the single cylinder engine is not especially adept at varying the power output quickly,, making it less versatile for larger vehicles. These engines are lightweight and compact,, making them a good choice for engine-powered tools such as weed whackers.
Rubber Project 5: Empirical Modelling of Rubber Compounds Using Active Design of ExperimentBryan B. Pajarito D. Process
Establishment of a Gear Making and Assembly FacilityDr. Dominic S. GuevarraTransportationThe gear making facility project is part of the DOST’s ardent support in making the local manufacturing sector become more productive and innovative through a more competitive metalworking industry. It is aimed to enhance the competitiveness the metalworking sector in support of the local manufacturing industry through the provision of facilities,, technology and manpower development. The conduct of the project will be implemented in two years through the upgrading of the technology and facilities; new equipment and software acquisition for gear designing and manufacturing (simulation for optimum designs); and manpower development. The project also includes renovation of the Prototyping Division’s Mechanical workshop 1 to accommodate the gear making facility including the upgrading of the power transformer,, switchgear and electrical system. The project will benefit manufacturers in line with the One ASEAN community in 2015
Technology Upgrading of Zimmons Industry (SETUP)Dr. Anthony SalesMetals and EngineeringFrom a simple machine shop,, Zinmons Industries became an electrical,, electronic and mechanical company that specializes factory automation,, instrumentation,, pumps,, boiler,, dryer,, HVAC d~sign and installation projects The company was created to provide solutions in the field of automation and instrumentation in order to improve production and efficiency systems in response to the need of the Philippine Industry,, most specifically in Davao and entire Mindanao.
Technology Upgrading of Trader's Design Furniture Shop - Phase II (SETUP)Nestor B. ViloriaMetals and EngineeringThe company has been in the furniture business since 1983 with its client served throughout the region and some subdivisions in Metro Manila in supplying door jambs; cabinets,, door panels,, dividers,, staircases,, balusters planks,, cornices and mouldings. It entered into a joint venture business with Sto. Nino Furniture and Sash Factory in 2003 with DepEd as their focus market supplying elementary and secondary chairs and tables. The high demand for office and classroom furniture of the DepEd and with the high specifications set by the department had prompted the company to seek S&T intervention under the SET-UP program to adapt the FPRDI Lumber Kiln Dryer (FTLKD) for drying G-melina lumbers in order to conform to DepEd standards. The strict implementation of an executive order on total log ban had tremendous effect in the furniture industry not only in Isabela but throughout the archipelago,, The Trader's Design Furniture Shop through its management had to seek technologies that will address the shortage of lumber supplies and also to solve lumber wastage's in the furniture operation of the company,, hence this project proposal.
PHL-MICROSAT Project 2. Ground Receiving Station for Philippine Microsatellite ProjectMr. Alvin E. RetamarHuman Resource Development, Space Technology ApplicationsA ground receiving station is a significant sub-system of the Philippine Microsatellite Program. It allows space borne images taken by an orbiting rnicrosatellite to be transmitted to earth for use in various scientific and civilian applications. likewise,, it is used to control and transmit commands from the ground to the microsatellite so that it can carry out its mission effectively. To support the ground receiving station,, an archiving and distribution facility will be leveraged to deliver imagery to end users.
Postharvest and Bio-processing Mechanization Support System for Peanut and Cacao (Defatting Machine)-(CVIERDEC) Dr. Orlando BalderamaR and D NetworkingCacao and peanut are the major high value crops in the region. Essential oil from peanut and cacao commands a higher high-value product,, however,, there is a lack of a defatting machine. Imported defatting machines have big capacities and are expensive to small peanut and cacao farmers. There is a need to locally design the above-mentioned equipment to give more value to peanut and cacao products.
Technology Innovation for Commercialization (TECHNICOM) Management Support Program - (Continuing Program)Edgar I. GarciaTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe Department of Science and Technology (DOST),, thru the Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI) provides support to interested and qualified proponents with commercially-viable products. For this purpose,, the TECHNICOM Program Unit shall perform Secretariat and Monitoring functions to include both technical and administrative duties required in the accomplishment of the program objectives.
Enhancing the Natural Science Research Center Laboratories of Central Mindanao UniversityDr. Victor B. AmorosoInfrastructure Development ProgramThe proposed infrastructure development of the Natural Science Research Laboratory is part of the plan to strengthen CMU’s research capacity.  While CMU has laboratories equipped with facilities that can help produce products,, further development is necessary to conduct laboratory analysis for food and cosmetics.  The abundance of indigenous plants in the area which are possible sources of food,, cosmetics,, aesthetics and medicines remain untapped as sources of food and cosmetics.  Some pteridophytes and flowering plants were  reported to have different bioactivities including antimicrobial,, skin healing,, skin smoothening,, anti-acnes and protection against aging or UV damage.  Providing appropriate equipment will enable CMU to achieve the objectives of its research projects on the commercial and health potential of indigenous plants particularly on nutraceuticals and eco-friendly and safe cosmetic products. This could also help CMU researchers in mentoring young researchers and students in natural products to produce quality research outputs.
Strengthening the Physical Metrology Capabilities of the National Metrology Laboratory - Project 4Kiveen P. SuycanoMetals and Engineeringx
Metrology Project 3. Biological Metrology for Microorganisms in Food Marlon AguinaldoProcessIn microbiology testing. the use reference materials (RMs) for quality control purposes is encouraged whenever possible in these quality standards. Reference methods help ensure accuracy and comparability of analytical results and with the assigned values traceable to reference materials and reference measurement procedure of higher order. Proper application of these RMs provides the best information on the confidence on the quality of analytical results obtained in the laboratories. However there are limitations and considerati  ons in using RMs. These include availability,, cost,, stability,, homogeneity,, uncertainty and traceability of these materials.
Expanding Audience Reach Through the DOSTv - Weather Channel and S&T Broadcast ProgramRaymund E. LiboroInformation Dissemination and PromotionThe DOSTv Program is primarily a weather channel that gives up-to-date information and regularly reports atmospheric conditions and other occurrences in nature. It shall be composed of three sets of shows namely: a) 30-minute show titled "Umagang may PAGASA"to be aired over channel four. The daily weather show to air at 5:30 in the morning will have hosts or anchorpersons to handle the reporting,, interviews and other segments of the show. b) Top of the hour weather news for updates on the weather c) Static weather profiles in text and graphics that are flashed on the screen in-between programs. The image or skin divided into several sections shows bulletins and other information primarily for reference. DOSTvadopts the program format of Bloomberg or the cagayan de Oro's PARASAT. The program will also have an online version linked to social network sites where comments or questions may be sent by the public. In its expanded form,, OOSTV will also incorporate other segments on topics that deal with livelihood,, technology trends and outstanding individuals (young and old),, in the field of science and technology. This makes the program more versatile and can gain greater viewership at the same time promoting better public appreciation for science.
Investing in the Future through Basic Researches Today: Institutional Grant for Invigorating Basic ResearchDr. Filemon Uriarte Jr.Human Resource DevelopmentThe research landscape in the Philippines has been very dynamic,, with priorities shifting according to the changes and needs of the country over the last decades. The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has since evolved to comprise of several sectoral councils. Since 1982,, the National Research Council of the Philippines has been the primary institution mandated to support basic research. However,, budgetary allocations for the Council has been meager at PhP21 million per annum,, intended to cover its miscellaneous operating expenses,, the conduct of various capacity building activities,, dissemination of research results and information,, formulation of policy advisories,, and dissemination of research grants to 13 scientific and 2 regional divisions. As such,, the 3,,192 members of the council,, composed of experts from nearly all fields of social and physical sciences,, have had to compete for relatively small funds. This has resulted to long queues of proposals,, some of which end up either not being funded at all or forgotten by the proponents themselves because of the long wait. The NRCP continuously exerts efforts to secure additional funding from outside sources to augment its finances. However,, as usually required by funding agencies,, much of the outsourced funds are used to support applied research. Consequently,, there have been some disinterest among NRCP members to actively participate in NRCP's programs due to lack of palpable benefits,, particularly the support for basic researches. As such,, this proposal is submitted to PCIEERD to provide the NRCP additional funds to conduct basic investigations in the field of mathematics,, engineering and technology,, physics,, chemical sciences and earth and space sciences that would eventually result in publications,, products and people trained to conduct research.
Proposed PUP College of Engineering Sensors and Mechatronics Laboratory Dr. Manuel M. MuhiInfrastructure Development ProgramThe PUP College of Engineering is one of the forefront flagship carriers of the University. PUP offers Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering (BSCE), Computer Engineering (BSCOE), Electronics Engineering (BSECE), Electrical Engineering (BSEE), Industrial Engineering (BSIE), Mechanical Engineering (BSME) and Railway Engineering Management (BSREM). PUP upgraded the standard with its latest revision in the curriculum match with the industry competency requirements to fulfill the outcomes-based academic development. In order to integrate the theories and applications of mechatronics in design and production implementation, the creation of a mechatronics laboratory will support the track of CHED toward outcomes-based syllabus. This project will train instructors and students on mechatronics and the established facility will serve as a training center of PUP branches/campuses and for other SUCs and it will greatly benefit the Philippines and serve the best interest of the Filipino people.
Establishment of USJ-R Center for Energy Harvesting Materials ResearchJeremiah BadanaInfrastructure Development ProgramThe University of San Jose – Recoletos plans to establish the Center for Materials Research (CMR) to provide extension and research services to the public,, industry and academe through materials search,, analysis,, synthesis,, prototyping and the development of the necessary materials processing technologies that would help the academe develop graduates with in-depth understanding of these materials and also help the industries cut energy cost by utilizing locally designed energy harvesting materials. The CMR intends to conduct researches on materials that can harvest energy using the acoustic,, thermal mechanical and solar sources of energy. During the 1st 2-years research will be focused on the development of energy harvesters using acoustic and thermal sources. During the succeeding years the center will focus on the mechanical and solar sources.
Polyols Project 2. Development of Polyurethane-based Packing Materials and Anti-corrosive Coatings from Vegetable OilArnold AlgunoProcessPetroleum-based polyols are still the major reactants used in the polyurethane (PU) industry today but this non-renewable resource poses a great concern due to its rapid exhaustion. Renewable resources such as carbohydrates and vegetable oils are being considered as potential replacements for some precursors of petroleum oil derived polymers. This project focuses on the value- added conversion of coconut oil through heat-polymerization and hydroxyl-functionalization process to obtain highly functional polyols. These high-hydroxyl content polyol can be used as a major ingredient in the production of a PU-based coating material (for protection,, decoration or signal-enhancement) with performance comparable with existing commercial products.
Project 1: Development of a Microgear Actuator Powered by Physarum PolycephalumDr. Mark Nolan P. ConfesorMaterial ScienceA microgear device that is powered by Physarum polycephalum will be developed. This device will then be a principal component of an envisage microfluidic mixer of which development is our future aim.
Project 2: Development of a Hybrid Physarum Polycephalum Controlled Micro-valveMs. Rosario L. ReservaMaterial ScienceA hybrid micro-valve controlled by the alternating phototactic and electrotactic response of Physarum polycephalum will be developed. This device will then be a principal component of an envisage microfluidic mixer of which development is the next phase of the program.
Upgrading the Production Equipment of CPS Engineering ConstructionCRISANTO P. SAGAYO JR. Constructionfffffffff
Engineering the Public Utility Vehicles (PUVs) Using an OEM Vehicle Platform Edwin N. QuirosTransportationThe project aims to design and build a PNS 2111:2015-compliant prototype jeepney using an OEM vehicle platform. The use of an OEM vehicle platform increases the amount of engineered components/systems of the jeepney thus enhancing its conformance to vehicle performance and safety standards. The OEM platform also helps in parts standardization and availability,, and takes advantage of an established supply chain.
Optical trap-mediated interaction between cancer cells and elucidated compounds from vegetable extracts in PEMF background energyRomeric PobrePhotonicstechnologies can be seen from remote control to wireless charging. Although,, only a very small percent of the total capacity of its application has been realized and utilized,, yet,, optics and photonics technologies contribute significantly to vital societal objectives. Some of the innovative and competitive capability is on the field of information and communication technology,, culture preservation,, lighting,, saving energy,, providing safety and security for citizens,, creating employment and growth and,, more importantly,, improving health care. The role of optics and photonics in life sciences and medical field grow rapidly. Also,, photon has the capability of monitoring a biological specimen real-time without affecting it or having contact with it. Moreover,, about 80% of complex diseases are still unknown and some of the remaining 20%,, which are the known diseases,, are incurable as of this time. But photonics could help us understand the molecular mechanism of defective cell metabolism,, e.g. colon or breast cancer tumor cell,, and their effect on the normal cell and eventually on the human organism. Moreover,, some studies said that some vegetable extract can prevent and cure cancer cell. Almost 30 years were scientist studied on how to possibly reduce the risk of cancer by just eating fruit and vegetables. While other suggests that eating vegetables do not have any effects on the cancer cells. With this,, the researchers were motivated to look closer on the cancer cells and its interaction with the said vegetable extract that can reduce cancer cell proliferation. Herewith,, an optical technique,, which is used in medical technology for sorting,, cutting and manipulating of cells,, will be the highlight of this proposal to investigate what happened when highly focused Nd:YAG laser interacts with cancer cell. This optical technique is called optical trapping which will help us understand the behavior of a colon/breastllung cancer tumor cells. Optical trapping has a wide application in studying particles or biological systems in sizes of micro- or even nanoscale,, e.g. proteins,, viruses,, etc. Moreover,, this tool was adopted to capture or manipulate specific cells from tissues to further analyze the effects in the cells. So for this study,, we will trap a colon/breastllung cancer tumor cells then measure the cell-cell interaction and its mechanical properties. This will pave way to a more comprehensible behavior of colon/breastllung cancer and eventually help the medical field to come up with a patient specific medical procedure. Correspondingly,, understanding the cell processes,, tissues,, and model organisms will give us a more precise data of the biological specimen that is under investigation,, colon/breast cancer tumor cell in this case.
Conduction in Disordered Materials in the Low-Frequency Region Alvin K. Tapia,, PhDMaterial ScienceDisordered materials are emerging as substitutes for many applications like sensing,, electronics and EMI shielding among others. The charge transport mechanisms in the low-frequency region present useful information for potential applications. Several techniques will be used to characterize the materials like impedance spectroscopy,, dielectric spectroscopy and terahertz spectroscopy to profile charge dynamics. Results will show the possible type of carriers and dynamical quantities dependent on different synthesis parameters.
Binary Gels—Rheology of Two-component Biopolymer Hydrogels Investigated Using Optical Tweezers and Non-Linear Rheometry Rommel G. Bacabac,, PhD PhotonicsBiological polymers have been used for various industrial applications,, from constructing artificial tissue scaffolds,, as material for glue,, treatment gels,, to food additives,, and as agents for enhanced or suppressed mechanical action (as lubricant,, friction enhancer,, or even as non-interacting additive). In such applications,, biopolymers can be initially prepared as hydrogel systems with associated viscoelastic properties. The viscoelastic properties of such hydrogel systems become critical in how they interact with other materials. Viscoelasticity can be affected by adding cross-linkers to enhance elasticity or by suppressing linking and entanglement to enhance flow under deformation. However,, even without catalysts,, simple mixing of homologues promote viscoelastic adaptation that can be fine-tuned for specific applications. In this proposed project,, we will partner with industry (MCP! corporation,, Cebu) to characterize the viscoelasticity of their Carrageenan hydrogel product mixtures. Carrageenan is a linear polysaccharide from red seaweeds that forms gels with a wide range of textures. As such,, Carrageenan has emulsifying properties useful as thickening,, gelling,, and stabilizing agent in food,, pharmaceutical,, cosmetic,, and other industrial applications. The Philippines is among the leading exporters of Carrageenan in the world,, making this natural product a major contributor to national economy. Binary Gels As implied above,, the mechanical properties of biopolymer hydrogel systems play a crucial role in determining their commercial applications. Thus,, with a more precise understanding of how the mechanical properties of hydrogels can be fine-tuned,, novel materials can be derived for custom applications. These properties depend on the control of the conditions of preparation and the associated physical parameters of the hydrogel. And by mixing two hydrogel components with known properties,, the resulting mixture (the "binary gel"),, may adopt a set of properties averaging those of the original components. However,, the response of the binary gel to dynamic deformation may elicit non-linear properties in its rheological spectrum beyond the expected averaging effect. A comprehensive rheological characterization of hydrogels from dilute to a more condensed preparation might shed light on the origins of these non-linear properties. Here,, we propose to study hydrogel mechanics at dilute preparations with microrheology by using optical tweezers. And the corresponding mechanics of hydrogels at more condensed preparations,, will be studied using a rheometer under appropriate non-linear shearing modes. We will develop the optical tweezer system for high resolution microrheology and develop the non-linear mode protocol for cone-and-plate rheometry. By understanding the properties of the component hydrogels,, the resulting rheology of the binary gel will be derived empirically. We propose to study the hydrogel mixtures of iota- and kappa- carrageenans as model polymer homologues (provided by the partnering industry,, MCP! corporation,, Cebu). In the presence of calcium,, Iota forms a soft hydrogel in contrast with kappa that forms stiffer hydrogels. These carrageenans may hold unexpected properties as mixtures not yet studied using both microrheology and conventional rheometry. However,, the resulting binary mixture is hypothesized to have tunable mechanical properties based on controlled conditions of preparation and associated physical parameters. Microrheology with optical tweezers The viscoelastic properties of a soft material can be extracted from the thermal fluctuation of embedded probes. Through the fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the Generalized Stokes-Einstein Relation,, the viscoelastic modulus of a soft material is calculated from the displacements of the probe. An optical trap system using a laser of appropriate wavelength and intensity confines the fluctuation of a trapped colloidal particle close to the laser focus. And with backfocal plane interferometry the thermal fluctuations of the embedded probe can be monitored with high precision. Thus,, given the precision,, a measurement of mechanical properties becomes possible with low volume samples (down to microliter range),, characterizing local rheology at microscopic scales. Non-linear rheology with cone-and-plate rheometer The Brownian motion of embedded probes in soft materials allow measurement of rheology with high precision. However,, with a more condensed sample preparation of hydrogels,, non-linear deformation is best studied using the conventional rheometer. By superposing dynamic and static strain deformations,, the non-linear response of condensed soft materials can be determined. Here,, a differential viscoelastic modulus characterizes the non-linear response to increasing stress applications. This modulus may probe molecular deformation at very high strains. Thus,, the proposed program aims to investigate the property adaptation of binary mixtures of polymer homologues using optical tweezers and a cone-and-plate rheometer. Non-linear properties will be studied by imposing high strain dynamic deformation using the cone-and-plate rheometer. The microscopic origins are then probed by microrheology using optical tweezers. Specifically,, the Program research objectives are as follows: To characterize the mechanical properties of Iota and Kappa Carageenan binary gel mixtures using optical tweezers To characterize the dynamic non-linear properties of Iota and Kappa Carageenan binary gel mixtures using a cone-and-plate rheometer The specific technology and product anticipated in this program are: Empirical formulations of Viscoelasfically-Tuned Iota-Kappa Carageenan Binary Gels Comprehensive non-linear rheology characterization protocols using optical and contact mechanics Current technologies for characterizing soft materials for industry conventionally uses rheometers alone. This study will provide a more comprehensive viscoelastic characterization using high precision optical tweezers together with non-linear deformation rheometry. Microrheology and conventional rheology will relate the observed bulk properties with associated microscopic origins. Furthermore,, the technology that will be developed can be applied to other novel binary mixtures of hydrogels prepared from locally harvested materials.
Strengthening of DOST Regional Metrology Laboratory Services-Phase IIWilbert H. BalingitMetals and EngineeringThe DOST-GIA funded project "Strengthening of Regional Metrology August 2012 and will end on December 2106. The project was Regional Metrology Laboratories (RMLs) in addressing the calibration enterprises (MSMEs). All RMLs are now providing services in Laboratory Services" was started last focused on establishing the capabilities of needs of micro-,, small and medium the fields of mass calibration and volumetric also provided with facilities for the attached) shows the present calibration calibration. Selected regions with highly industrialized areas were pressure calibration and temperature calibration. Figure 1 (see capabilities of the RMLs. Calibration of basic instruments for health the present capabilities of the RMLs. With the project "Strengthening of Regional Metrology Laboratory the basic calibration needs of the MSMEs in the regions. Yearly start of the project (2011) up to October 2016 in terms of number clients served and fees collected are shown in Figures 2,, 3 and related services is not yet included in Services" the RMLs were able to provide accomplishments of each RML before the of calibration services rendered,, no. of 4,, respectively. The 12 RMLs were process for accreditation of the other 3 RMLs of approved signatories for every RML are capable in sphygmomanometer calibration of clinical thermometers and room lack of facilities. There is a growing need for in the hospitals,, rural health units,, doctor's providers. able to attain and maintain ISO 17025 accreditation while the is still on-going. The list of scope of accreditation and names indicated in Table 1 (see attached). All DOST Regional Metrology Laboratories (RMLs) are not yet and only 6 regions can cater thermometer calibration while calibration thermohygrometers are not yet properly accommodated due to the RMLs to address the demand for calibration of instruments clinics,, medical laboratories,, drugstores and other health service providers. All these years,, there may have been discrepancies in nutritional status statistics owing to erroneous instruments and inaccurate measurement methods. Meteorologists and engineers raised five major sources of errors in nutritional status statistics,, including uncertain standards,, tampered workpieces,, faulty instruments,, untrained persons and poor environment. In the absence of calibration and verification,, all these can compromise accuracy. In some ways,, malnutrition has become a statistical problem,, not because of what is fed,, rather because of uncalibrated instruments,, inappropriate measurement paradigms and flawed methods of measurement. For those in health care,, calibration and verification of instruments are as critical as knowing what food supplement or micronutrients to administer. Inaccurate instruments beget inaccurate measurements begetting inaccurate results and hence inaccurate nutrition management interventions. Measurement for health underpins the more reliable and efficient diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Doctors and medical scientists must be able to rely on their equipment to do their job correctly. Manufacturers of new technologies must ensure their machines are sufficiently accurate to guarantee that hospitals can trust the results. Errors here can be costly. Where instruments are out of tolerance,, they may give false information. In some industries this means customer dissatisfaction,, increased warranty costs and audit failures. In the field of medical treatment or diagnostics,, it could mean a missed opportunity to save lives. A key factor in developing and maintaining medical equipment of sufficient accuracy is correct and continued calibration,, which involves comparison of the device against an equal or better standard.
Development of a Local Automatic Identification System (AIS) for Ship Tracking and MonitoringGerino MappataoTransportationThe project is about the development of a low cost Automatic Identification System (AIS) to be used by domestic ships,, 300 GT and higher. The use of the AIS promotes safe,, secure and sustainable maritime transportation system in the county,, which is in line with the objectives of the Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA),, Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) and other government agencies. However,, a US made single unit of AIS unit (consists of a transponder,, display unit,, antenna systems,, mountings,, etc.) amounts to almost US$5000. The acquisition of the unit with this amount is too much for most domestic passenger ships.
The Use of Radon Technique in Mapping Geological Faults in the PhilippinesCARLO ARCILLA Disaster MitigationThis proposal entitled "The Use of Radon Technique in Mapping Geological Faults in the Philippines" is a two-year project which aims to demonstrate the usefulness of radon as a supplementary tool in delineating buried faults which can be potential sources of future earthquakes. This proposal is expected to contribute in the geo-structural mapping of buried faults in the country which are very important in seismic studies and to mitigate the associated geologic hazard. This study will involve random measurement in soil using alphaGUARD PQ2000 radon monitoring system (in-situ measurement) and LR115 alpha track plastic detector (long term radon measurement). Carbon dioxide will also be measured using portable LFG20 gas analyzer, since CO2 is a gas carrier of radon. Ambient radon will be measured using handheld Alpha E radon detector.
2017-2019 DOST Technology Transfer Day (TTD)Engr. Edgar I. Garcia Technology Transfer & CommercializationBuilding a fervent link between Research and Development (R&D) and technology commercialization has always been the goal of TAPI. With the passing of RA 10055 or the "Philippine Technology Transfer Act",, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has been pushing for an enabling ecosystem that could facilitate smoother and faster transfer of local technologies into the mainstream market. For its part,, several programs and policies have been implemented by DOST in support of a more proactive and responsive technology transfer system,, such as the Intellectual Property (IP) Policy,, Technology Transfer Protocol,, Fairness Opinion Board / Report Guidelines and IP Management Protocols. DOST has also been ensuring the market-readiness of local technologies by providing support in pre-commercialization aspects of R&D breakthroughs. While these programs and policies are instrumental in setting up a clear program for protection,, sharing and transfer of innovations,, the role of the private sector in the whole technology transfer pathway is still pivotal and crucial in propelling for a more holistic and integrative technology adoption. Clear partnerships and linkage between research institutes and the private sector is vital in promoting a dynamic pathway between technology generation and utilization.
Establishment of CvSU SiMM (Simulation,, Modeling and Measurement) Laboratory SHERYL D. FENOLInfrastructure Development ProgramThe establishment of Simulation,, Modeling and Measurement Laboratory's goal is to create an environment that can accelerate the productivity of engineers, scientists, and student researchers. Simulation and modeling of the designed machines, devices, and equipment will help them develop an efficient and reliable prototype,, and needed parameters can be visualized and control. Precise and accurate measurements of humidity, pressure, velocity, temperature, impedance and other parameters can be recorded and simulated.
Development of a hybrid trimaran fast craft passenger cargo vessel using multi engine and alternative energy source from ocean wavesYasmin TirolTransportationIt is projected that by 2018, MARINA will implement the gradual phaseout of wooden ships to address the growing number of maritime accidents in the country. This provides an opportunity for local shipbuilder to develop a modernized Philippine domestic merchant fleet that strictly adhere to safety standards which will ensure the seaworthiness of all sea-borne structures. The hybrid fast craft will introduce an alternative and renewable solution to sustainable mass transport utilizing renewable energy from ocean waves to address the growing concern on the CO2emissions in maritime transport. The multi-engine technology in the trimaran design will help address the concern in maritime accidents in the country. The proposed trimaran design has a dimension of 9.5 m width x46.5 m length over all (52meters including ramp) x3 m depth and 2.7 m height (superstructure), capable of carrying 100 passengers, 6 vans.    The design uses mild steel structure for better resistance performance and higher structure efficiency at 65,000psi. The structure uses tight bulk heads with independent floater fibre boxes for safety and insurance which define the unsinkable technology of the vessel. Multi-engine (using diesel with Euro compliance) is used for propulsion with a combined power not less than 3000 HP drive shaft sea class at 25 knots speed which provides backup should engine failures occur at sea. The trimaran design is integrated with a wave energy double action hydraulic pumps which are fitted in the outrigger. Each pump has independent up and down movement that varies depending on the waves. The idea is that the more wave the vessel encounters, the more power it will create. The hydraulic pump is enclosed in a cylinder that has a non-return discharge valve and a suction valve. For every stroke, the oil inside the cylinder will be pushed to the turbine pipe, while the neutralized force of the liquid will go to the suction valve. This works both ways, therefore creating a double action process. This mechanical movement will be converted to electrical energy which will be used to power the electrical needs of the vessel. Since this is renewable energy, it will help in lowering GHG emissions at the same time lower fuel consumption of the vessel.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Automatic Identification System (AIS) for Innovative Terrestrial Monitoring and Maritime SurveillanceAlvin Retamar Space Technology ApplicationsRadar signals can overcome the main drawback of traditional optical imaging satellites by being able to take an image of the Earth through clouds or even at night. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is an advanced form of Radar which makes use of the relative motion between the satellite and the target as it orbits the Earth to form a high-resolution image. S-band SAR will be a relatively new area for research with particular interest in soil moisture, forestry, flooding and maritime applications. Combining S-band with LIDAR dataset has a potential of much greater benefit and improved results. The Filipino research community has proven to be very active in pursuing space technology utilization and take advantage of the available remote sensing data in country, hence, promoting Philippines on the international stage. Topics such as rice mapping, deforestation, flood risk assessment, illegal ship detection, oil spill monitoring are areas where S-band can significantly improve our knowledge and expand our capabilities on space science. With a large volume of regular SAR data, it is possible to develop operational scenarios rather than one-off research. Opening access to S-band SAR in country will stimulate joint operations and research between the national institutions. Entities like NCWC or NSC, DND could benefit from the same experience and service and can access inter-governmental funding. NovaSAR as a UK Government initiative will stimulate new research trends between the two countries with funding available through e.g.: - International Partnership programmes - US$40M per year for the next 5 years - Newton Fund- US$170M annually till 2021 Additionally, there will be a third Government in the satellite partnership and the exchange of know-how between countries is possible, and now the Philippines is already joined in the International Charter for Space and Major Disasters and SENTINEL Asia. The current pricing for medium resolution SAR oscillates at around US$5/km2. If only 10% of the acquired data can be sold at that price, it can generate US$50-70M over 7 years. With the availability of the regular data flow for 7 years, it is possible to set up new businesses and spin-offs from the research. The developed services (like rice monitoring or maritime surveillance) could be exported to neighbouring countries. Services of that kind can cost anything between US$0.5-2M per year and multiple projects are possible. Philippines can access under various programmes hands-on training on SAR processing and applications development. Collaborative projects and open access to the data will stimulate the research and attract new students to that sector. Philippines can build capacity in the use of different type of data and its fusion (SAR, optical and Lidar). Additionally, we can discuss a join SAR satellite development, based on the user feedback from the NovaSAR (Table 1). The data from NovaSAR is currently 35 times cheaper than standard SAR satellites. This enables access to bigger volume of data and providing it to larger number of users. The cost of NovaSAR per sq. km. at 6-meter resolution is around US$0.10, which is comparable with a cost of common optical data but much more cost effective than SAR imagery. Additionally, it will bring cost savings (e.g. in routine surveillance of interior waters). Running surveillance of operations of a US$130M plane can cost as much as $5000 per day plus pilot wage and high maintenance and insurance costs per year. The plane can survey up to 15,000 sq. km. per day comparing with 60,000-300,000 sq. km in a single satellite image. If the space surveillance can assist in planning the plane’s route and be more efficient by even 10-20%, we can see significant cost saving and efficiency improvement.
Development of an Alternative Credit Scoring Model applying Machine Learning in Financing FarmersRuel AmparoTechnology Transfer & Commercialization
Establishing a 25-kW Waste-to-Energy Facility Using a Direct Combustion Process for Municipal Solid WasteManolito BambaseEnergyWaste generation in the Philippines has been rapidly increasing and has become a major problem especially in highly populated areas,, such as Metro Manila,, Southem Tagalog,, and Central Luzon. The significant increase is mainly due to rapid population growth,, urbanization,, and economic development,, This has pose health concerns for nearby residences on landfills where they are dumped,, Sanijary landfills have become a source of methane due to continuous overcrowding. In response to the waste crisis and risks,, the govemment implemented Republic Act 9003 (Ecological Waste Management Act of 2000) to provide rules and regulations on proper solid waste management. However,, the country is still faced with overwhelming amount of wastes with Metro Manila alone spending over P3,,54 billion annually on the collection and disposal of its solid waste (Asian Development Bank,, 2004),, To address this issue,, a proper solid waste management practice and waste conversion technology is necessary. Current practices in waste disposal includes open buming,, incineration,, pyrolysis,, gasification,, liquefaction,, anaerobic digestion or fermentation (Baconguis,, 2007),, Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposijion of materials and has been the most widely used process of converting plastic wastes to fuel oil. It involves the degradation of polymeric materials by heating at high temperatures in the absence of oxygen. Pyrolysis is also considered to be a sustainable solution that is economically viable and minimizes environmental hazards in terms of waste minimization,, carbon sequestration,, energy and heat supply,, soli amendment,, value added chemical,, and development of rural areas (Uzun,, n,,d),, The Department of Chemical Engineering,, together with the Interdisciplinary Biofuels Research Studies Center,, have been conducting researches on biofuel production from different feedstocks,, It has various projects on biofuels production and has on-going projects on conversion of agricultural residues to fuel via pyrolysis funded by Department of Agriculture- Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR). It has also done studies on waste utilization. In 2011. ij was commissioned by the Philippine Agricultural Development and Commercial Corporation (PADCC) to establish a lignocellulosic feedstock data bank and a single agricutture and forestry bioenergy network in support of AFACI and the Rural Development Administration of Korea,, The project includes the conduct of nationwide assessment of prevailing lignocellulosic materials such as agricuttural wastes,, forest resources and grasses for potential biopower and bioenergy (Demafelis,, et aI.,, 2013),, Its experience in handling these related projects is an advantage in conducting researches in the field of fuel and energy production. In this study,, the process of converting municipal solid waste to energy will include waste segregation,, drying,, shredding,, pellet or briquette processing,, and power production using fluidized bed (Figure 1). Outputs of this research such as waste analysis and characterization of MSW,, materials recovery facility (MRF) and pilot-scale WTE system,, technical and socio-economic feasibility studies,, and environmental assessment on the conversion of MSW to fuel and power,, recommendation and action plans on MSW management using WTE technologies are signifICant in assessing its feasibility,, socio-economic and environmental impact This project will exhibit waste-to-energy conversion as a step in the country's goal towards energy and environmental sustainability. It will attract investors,, govemment agencies,, private companies,, policy-makers,, intemational environmental organizations,, and other related institutions and organizations in addressing the problem on solid waste management and energy sustain ability. Moreover,, the project will serve as a basis for technology development and policy modification on solid waste management. It will also serve as a basis in mitigating the negative environmental impact of solid waste generation in the country.
Investigation and numerical modelling of Philippine tsunamis based on historical, geomorphological and geological evidence of past earthquakesNoelynna RamosDisaster MitigationHistorical and probable tsunamis in the Philippines that are associated with the movement of offshore faults will be modeled using geological, geomorphological, and geophysical data. Fault rupture, coseismic deformation, and tsunami heights will be modeled using the latest version of JAGURS, a numerical code that computes tsunami propagation and inundation. Input fault parameters and surface deformation will be inferred from earthquake history, active faults, and emergent coral terraces. Although various tsunami models have been generated for potential tsunami generators offshore west Luzon Island, geomorphological and geological data have yet to be integrated. This research addresses this research gap and highlights the integral role of field data in constraining past earthquake events and modeling tsunamis. This research not only provides an understanding of historical tsunami events but more importantly gives insights on future probable tsunamigenic earthquakes in the Philippines. Maps and data that will be generated will be useful in the communities' seismic hazard awareness and mitigation efforts.
Operationalization of Halal Verification Laboratories (HVLs) of DOST Regions CALABARZON, 11, 12, and ARMM in Support to Halal Assurance SystemsDr. Alexander MadrigalFoodThe project is in support of the DOST’s mandate under the RA 10817 “AN ACT INSTITUTING THE PHILIPPINE HALAL EXPORT DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION PROGRAM,, CREATING FOR THE PURPOSE THE PHILIPPINE HALAL EXPORT DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION BOARD,, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. As provided in the law DOST is tasked to formulate and implement national research,, development and extension program to develop,, propagate or commercialize products and technologies and to improve and expand the number of Halal products,, processes and services for both local and export markets.   In pursuit of its mandate as a member of the Halal Export Development and Promotion Board,, DOST formulated the DOST Halal Policy. This policy seeks to ensure the smooth execution of the role of DOST as provider of scientific and technical knowledge in support to the development of the Halal industry. It further aims to formulate a Halal R&D Agenda and the DOST Integrated Halal S&T Program. This project is a component of the overall DOST Integrated Halal S&T Program.   Through this project DOST would be able to provide scientific and technical basis in evaluating Halalness of manufactured food and non-food products. This S&T support will be achieved through this project which shall involve the following:   Facilities Improvement/Enhancement     Inventory/scoping of existing facilities,, capabilities and human resource on Halal verification     Identification of requirements for enhancement of capabilities     Implement improvements/enhancements in testing facilities   Human Resource Capacity Building     Training Needs Assessment     Training/Benchmarking   Systems and procedures and promotions    Alignment and accreditation of Halal Verification Laboratories    Development and validation of test methods/protocols Integration of Halal services to OneLab system
Electrochemical and Quantum Mechanical Investigation of Various Small Molecule Organic Compounds as Corrosion Inhibitors in Mild SteelDr. Francisco Franco Jr.Material ScienceThis research will employ a computational and experimental approach in finding potential small molecule organic compounds that have high corrosion inhibition properties. Computational studies via quantum mechanical calculations will be carried out to design new small molecule organic compounds (SMOC) which can be used as corrosion inhibitors. The compounds resulting from the computations will then be prepared or synthesized and its corrosion inhibition efficiency will then be measured via electrochemical measurements. Quantum mechanical calculations will then be employed to study the interactions of steel surface and organic compounds which have high corrosion inhibition efficiency.
CATfish: A Modular Mini-Autonomous Underwater Vehicle SystemGiovanni Tapang Disaster MitigationAs an archipelago, the Philippines is surrounded by vast oceans. And while local scientists and researchers are able to produce extraordinary output from their work, it is still a reality that the we are very much limited in terms of resources. Conventional sampling usually involves taking one point measurements in several locations in order to derive the environmental conditions in a certain area.  Aquaculture applications of an underwater monitoring system such as a remotely operated vehicle can include net inspection, fish population monitoring and environmental sensing. This is very important since the need to develop and support offshore aquaculture farms is highlighted by the six percent drop in 2016 of production of the country's fisheries according to the Philippine Statistics Authority (aquaculture 2016 production of 2.3 million metric tons (MT) is 6.27 percent lower than the 2.2 million MT in 2015). Applications to environmental monitoring are extensive and ranges from mapping and observation, direct sensing of temperature and seawater quality, and long term environmental monitoring. The Philippines would need the capability to deploy low cost observation systems that will allow us to obtain long-term environmental baselines as well as to monitor real time the response of our coastal ecosystems to climate change-induced stress. This long term observation capability will allow better spatial and temporal understanding of the more than 36,000 kilometer coastline ecology of the country and its dynamics. There are also wide range of industrial applications from maintenance and inspection work to surveillance and surveying tasks. Further applications can be on long-term active monitoring of hydrometeorological parameters for disaster monitoring, hazard prevention and recovery. Current prices of commercial "low cost" mini-ROV start from around 5,000 USD to around 20,000 USD. A local firm produces an ROV whose cost range from 9000 USD to 30,000 USD depending on attachments and options. It is thus important to have a small, modular and semi-autonomous underwater vehicle that can be deployed and controlled simultaneously in an area. It should also be able to adapt to the application it is being used in. The project addresses the need for a low-cost platform for underwater monitoring. 
Liquefaction Potential for Resilient Schools in GMMA: A Liquefaction Probabilistic Model Using Non-Invasive Geophysical Techniques and Limited Probe HoleArturo DaagDisaster Mitigation This project envisions having a working methodology of non-invasive technique using geophysical survey in order to have a rapid and less invasive method of liquefaction assessment potential to make DedEd schools resilient to this type of hazard. The study area will cover selected school buildings within the liquefaction susceptible areas identified as coastal municipalities in Metro Manila, Bulacan, and Cavite. 
Weather and Climate Science for Service Partnership for South East Asia: Building Safer Community to Weather and Climate Variability through Science and Innovation (WCSSP)Dr. Esperanza CayananDisaster MitigationThe project improves the existing forecasting system of PAGASA through assessment of global and regional scale atmospheric processes. Additionally, the project will generate tools and testing applications for regional and global numerical weather prediction models for multi hazard impact-based forecasting and warning system.
[Philippines] Catchment susceptibility to hydrometeorological events: sediment flux and geomorphic change as drivers of flood risk in the PhilippinesCarlos Primo DavidDisaster MitigationThe study aims to use different tools and models to assess river styles and associated dynamism, quantify sediment budgets and model flood risk, and create scenario-based numerical morphological modelling. Also, local researcher and the agencies involved under the project will be capacitated and enhanced their capability and knowledge on sediment flux, geomorphic change and flood risk.
Philippines - Quantitative Lahar Impact and Loss Assessment Under Changing Land Use and Climate ScenariosPerla Delos ReyesDisaster MitigationThe primary objective of this project is to extend lahar hazard assessment to the prediction of impacts and develop a methodology for lahar loss estimation that parallels current practice for water flooding and allows the possible development of lahar insurance.
Philippine Groundwater Outlook (PhiGO)Aileen Leah GuzmanDisaster MitigationHalf of the world's cities with populations above 100,000 are located within water basins where over half of the available water supply is depleted for part of the year. These water-stressed cities are finding it extremely difficult and expensive to secure the additional water supplies needed to support their growth. Water security is of particular concern for Filipino cities, which have been designated amongst the worst in Asia for urban water securitym. Changing climate and increasing urban population density will put more stress on their water resources. Current projections of climate up to 2050 suggest the Philippines will become warmer, with increasing temperature and decreasing rainfall during the dry season and more extreme rainfall events during the wet seasonm. This will undoubtedly exacerbate both water availability during periods of drought and the magnitude of flood events during periods of heavy rainfall. This susceptibility has led to the Philippines being consistently ranked near the top of countries most at risk to climate change3'41. In addition to water stresses from a changing climate, population is expected to increase by -50% up to 2050, with urban population set to double over the same periodm. This will further exacerbate pressures on future water resources.  The influence of climate and population change will have an acute impact on groundwater, which currently supplies more than 50% of the potable water supply and 85% of the piped water supply in the Philippines. Groundwater is strategically and economically important to current and future water supply and is the principle source of dry season river flows, which in turn are often used for potable supply. Despite the high reliance on groundwater resources, reasonable coverage of groundwater datasets and several regional-level groundwater management plans (GMPs), there has been little in the way of real-time monitoring, routine monthly forecasting or impact assessment of climate and population stressors. These data are essential if water security is to advance, and if the associated future influences on socio-economic sectors are to be quantitatively assessed. 
Project 3. Space Science and Technology Proliferation through University Partnerships (STEP-UP)Paul Jason CoHuman Resource DevelopmentThe project aims to build a university consortium for SSTA with focus on amateur radio communications and nanosatellite development.  The University consortium will serve as a vehicle in coordinating nationwide activities in SSTA and will potentially lead the country's participation in global SSTA university consoritums. Leveraging from the gains of the PHL-Microsat program, the proponents aim to provide the following to the members of the consortium: 1. graduate studies on SSTA with handson experience on nanosatellite development 2. trainings and guidance in the development and utilization of an amateur radio and satellite ground station 3. Materials and teaching notes for a course on SSTA that can be delivered to member universities There will be 2 tracks for offering the graduate studies and hands-on experience on nanosatellite development.  The 1st track will be locally through an existing graduate program in UP EEEI. Eight (8) faculty members from different universitieswill be accepted to the Master of Engineering/Master of Science in Electrical Engg program in UP EEEI and specialize on SSTA.  This track shall be offered in 2 batches within the project's duration. The 2nd track will accept 2 faculty members from different universities to join 1 representative from UP and take the graduate program at KIY.  At the end of the program, the 1st track will produce a total of 4 flight-readh 1U cubesatellites based on BIRDS-2 bus, delivered in 2 batches, while the 2nd track will produce 1 flight-readh 1U BIRDS-4 cubesatellite.  Also, the program will admit a total of 19 MS and PhD students specializing on SSTA.
Project 1. Optical Payload Technology In-depth Knowledge Acquisition and Localization (OPTIKAL)Maricor SorianoSpace Technology ApplicationsDuring Phase 1 of the PHL-Microsat, the program was composed of five projects namely, the Microsatellite bus development, the establishment of a ground receiving station, data processing, archiving and distribution, calibration and validation of the satellite data, and the development of satellite data products. A noticeable gap in the previous phase is the lack of a component project that focuses on payload development. Payload development is an integral part of satellite development, regardless of size. The satellite payload, be it an engineering or a scientific payload, allows the satellite to perform its intended mission. Sufficient knowledge of the actual payload will assist the users on the ground on developing the actual data products. In-house payload design and development provides actual first-hand knowledge of the satellite performance, which will assist the development of the data products, train local professionals to be proficient in satellite payload development, and generate new knowledge credited to the country. This lack of local payload development hinders the full utilization of the data obtained from Diwata-1 despite the high spatial and spectral resolution. The pre-flight calibration and validation has been useful for many calculations using the satellite images, post-launch tests on the payloads are still necessary for data product development. This can be done using a payload engineering model, which, for the most parts, is identical to flight model payload. The engineering model can undergo tests and calibrations at various platforms. OPTIKAL will address the following gaps by developing an in-house microsatellite payload laboratory to be housed in the future Microsatellite Instructional and Research Facility, which is constructed under PHL-Microsat Phase 1; building our capability in designing payloads that is capable of addressing the demands of the satellite's mission based on the stakeholders requirements; coordinating with industry and foreign partners and establishing a partnership for manufacturing of the designs and the PHL-Microsat bus development team for the incorporation of the payloads to the satellite flight model; training local experts in optical imaging applied to satellite payload development. At the end of the project, OPTIKAL aims to enhance local capability through a satellite payload laboratory, develop engineering and flight models of the optical payloads that fits on the satellite's mission, extend engagement with local experts on optics, physics, electronics, optoelectronics and other related fields. In summary, the project will involve the following activities: For implementation in Japan: Establishing partnership on foreign company and university Development (design, manufacturing, and testing) of microsatellite main optical payload Training of personnel in satellite payload subsystems development Fabrication and testing of the microsatellite secondary optical payloads Pre-launch calibration and validation of future microsatellite payloads For implementation in the Philippines: Establishment of a satellite payload laboratory Design of the microsatellite secondary optical payloads Post-launch calibration and validation of Diwata-2 payloads and future microsatellite payload Training of personnel in designing optical imaging systems Collaboration with other industry partners/institutes.  
Project 2: Building PHL-50: Localizing the Diwata-1 and Diwata-2 Bus System as the Country's Space Heritage 50kg Microsatellite Bus (PHL-50)MARC CAESAR R. TALAMPASSpace Technology ApplicationsIn support of the country's goal to become a space-capable nation in the next decade, the project will build on and sustain the gains from Diwata-1 and Diwata-2 by developing space-grade components in-country. The project will utilize the Microsatellite Research and Instructional Facility (MRIF) established within UPD Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute (EEEI) to study, design and develop grass-root alternatives for key components and technologies in Diwata microsatellites. Also, capacity building on SSTA will be continued specifically for proliferating knowledge and technical know-how to appropriate industries and government sectors. The project will also develop and set-up an attitude and simulation facility for small satellites research and instruction.
Risk Profiling of Hazards in Philippine Food to Support National Risk ManagementAbigail RustiaFoodThe project is intended to be a multi-year process developing risk profiles,, ranking the food/hazard combinations in terms of risk,, and then prioritizing them for risk management. Such management may involve qualitative risk assessments,, and later quantitative risk assessments.
Project 4: Ground Receiving, Archiving Science Product Development and Distribution (GRASPED) for the STAMINA4Space ProgramAlvin Retamar Space Technology ApplicationsThe project will integrate six major activities of the program (PHL- MICROSAT Phase 2) related to operational activities of the ground receiving station, satellite mission planning, image distribution, data processing, satellite assessment as well as public relations. The proposed project will run for three years. During the first phase, these activities are distributed in three projects namely; Project 2: Ground Receiving Station (GRS) which established the GRS in ASTI, Project 3: Data processing, archiving and distribution which established the program website and request and distribution portal for the Diwata images and Project 5: Remote Sensing Product Development which developed the algorithms for satellite data processing. The integration of the operation of the GRS, DPAD platform for archiving and distribution and Remote sensing product development is a logical direction towards full operationalization of a satellite ground station. These are complementary systems that feed into each other. With the proposed project, a more effective operation, management, and control of the Diwata satellites, as well as archiving and distribution of generated data and information through an effective public-facing system will be in place to better serve the interest of stakeholders  
CRADLE 2017: PISOLAR: Payment Innovation for SHS Ownership by Lay Away RoutineFilmann Simpao EnergyIn the Philippines,, around three out of ten Filipino households do not have access to electricity,, according to 2010 data from the Department of Energy (DOE),, forming part of the 130 million in Southeast Asia and .5 Billion worldwide (IEA,, 2011). The national electrification rate stands at only 73.7 percent as of 2010,, that is,, 12,,6 million electrified households o t of 17.1 million households nationwide. The DOE aims to raise thiS electrification rate to 90 percent by 2017. The Philippines may have one of the ighest economic growth in the region in recent years,, but still have a long way to go in providing electricity to all. Many have still depend on kerosene lamps to light their homes-a fuel that has ill effects on health and is costly. Solar power is the best form of energy and better alternative to improve access to sustainable energy services. Except the poor can't afford the upfront cost of the equipment even if it becomes affordable over the past 10 years. In addition,, the investment requirements and financing options have become prohibitive to the off-grid communities as well. Furthermore,, a number of business models have been adopted in other countries to achieve affordable energy. Significant attention has been paid to the role of the microfinance in achieving the goal to buy with a small down payment at the time of purchase and pay the balance through weekly installments across a few months.
Design and fabrication of an airframe for a medium-range,, short take-off and landing UAVRogel Mari SeseDisaster MitigationFor the first year,, the project aims to design and fabricate an airframe for a medium-range,, fixed-wing,, short take off and landing unmanned aerial vehicle that will be used for rapid post-disaster assessment. An airframe is defined in this document to be the external geometric configuration of the UAV and its supporting internal structures,, including the powerplant and mounting provisions. Locally developed biocomposites (mainly abaca fiber-based) will be used for the construction of certain pads of the airframe where suitable. The optimal biocomposite composition will be determined based on certain criteria and usage in parallel with the development of the airframe intending to converge with its strength requirements. For the second year,, the flight control and communication systems developed by De La Salle University (DSW) and Ateneo De Manila University (ADMU),, respectively,, will be integrated to the airframe. Modularity will be emphasized in the design such that different mission-specific payloads (e.g. camera,, sensors,, etc.) easily integrate into the airframe. This feature will provide for mission versatility and also facilitate efficient maintenance and repair. Design requirements will be resolved through close coordination with DLSU and ADMU to ensure that a unified effort is directed towards the development of the UAV. Flight testing will be conducted at the Tuy Airfield in Tuy,, Batangas or PhilComSat Facility,, Barns,, Rizal in coordination with the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP).
Severe Wind Hazard Mapping for the Philippines and Cebu CityMa. Cecilia MonteverdeDisaster MitigationThis project aims to generate the severe wind hazard maps using the Tropical Cyclone Risk Model (TCRM) developed by Geoscience Australia (GA). This model uses statistical and parametric models to simulate the behavior of thousand years of cyclonic activities. Tropical cyclone wind profiles are simulated individually. Tropical cyclones are compared and the maximum wind speed will be extracted for each year. The wind speeds are then fitted to Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution to yield the Average Recurrence Interval or Annual Exceedance Probability (AEP).
Enhanced Severe Wind Vulnerability Curves of Key Building Types in the PhilippinesTimothy John AcostaDisaster MitigationVulnerability models are used to estimate how much damage occurs to a given building type as a result of wind impacts. They take the form of wind speed-damage curves. Several curves have been developed by UPD-ICE,, each of which is suitable for a different building type,, building age and storey category. Vulnerability is simply defined as the damage ratio in a building type at a specified 3-sec gust wind intensity or measure of the severe wind hazard. Damage ratio basically compares the cost of repairs to the total cost of the building. There are three approaches being used to derive vulnerability curves namely: empirical method (historical damage data provided by PAGASA were used),, computational method and heuristic method. The computational method uses simulation models that are analyzed using computational fluid dynamics to solve for pressures generated by different wind speeds on the surface of the model. The heuristic method depends on expert opinion on the amount of damage experienced by a building type for a specific windspeed. These three methods led to variable differences in the results thus the basic vulnerability curves from the Risk Analysis Project in Greater Metro Manila Area need to be updated and enhanced using the damaged and undamaged building data from field surveys after different intensities of severe wind hazards occurred and the resulting damages to buildings.
Exposure Data Development and Severe Wind Risk Assessment for Cebu CityThelma CincoDisaster MitigationThis project will have two major components: Component 1: Exposure Data Development and Training Exposure – sometimes referred to as the elements at risk – refers to both the human population and the building stock that lie within a hazard footprint.  In this project component, the development of exposure database useable for severe wind risk assessment will be done.  The basic exposure data will be derived from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) data using a previously- developed look up table which derives building typology from wall and roof type combination. In this component also, the project team will teach LGUs how to develop exposure database by conducting their own building surveys.  The resulting survey data in combination with PSA-derived data will then be also used to compute risks due to severe wind hazard. Component 2: Risk Assessment The risk calculations allow to estimate the damages that hypothetical typhoons could cause to buildings, and the number of people affected by typhoons.  The calculation methods require 3 key inputs: the wind hazard model, the exposure data, and a vulnerability model.  Exposure database that will be developed by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) and vulnerability/ fragility curves from the University of the Philippines-Diliman Institute of Civil Engineers (UPDICE) will be used in the study in order to quantify the risk to both life and properties.  When hazard map is combined with exposure data, one may know how many people, assets or structures are potentially affected by severe wind.   Vulnerability curves for different building types will provide a closer approximation of how much damage a building will incur at a certain wind speed.  Several measures of damage will be used, measures the physical damage to buildings and the economic cost of damages to buildings. The probabilistic outputs are presented in terms of annual exceedance probabilities (AEPs: 5%, 2%, 1%, 0.5% and 0.2%). Another way of calculating severe wind risk is by using the REDAS - SWIFT module, a scenario-based approach to calculate the number of population affected per typhoon event and the impact estimation from severe wind hazard.  
Development of Multiple Materials Platform for Additive Manufacturing (MATDEV)Blessie BasiliaMaterial ScienceThis project is one of the component projects of the program on the establishment of the Philippine Center for Additive Manufacturing (PhilCAM). It aims to develop various materials from local sources for use on single and multi-material additive manufacturing (MM-AM). Materials that will be developed and optimized includes ceramics, polymers, nanomaterials and any combination of two or more of these materials in compliance with the established standards on AM. With this, the raw material cost for AM can be further reduced in addition to the benefits of AM such as reduction of lead time, cost, importation and wastage. Furthermore, more options for materials will be made available for various stakeholders. Materials development for additive manufacturing application shall be coupled with the recommendation or adoption of applicable standards particularly those critical applications of the technology.  
Research on Advanced Prototyping for Product Innovation and Development using Additive Manufacturing Technologies (RAPPID-ADMATEC)Fred LizaMaterial Sciencea
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Production from Agricultural WastesJey-R VenturaProcessIn this study,, polyhydroxyalkanotes (PHA) is to be produced using sugarcane or sweet sorghum bagasse by Alcaligenes eutrophus and/or Cupriavidus necator. Initially,, the strain is to be cultivated using sucrose as model substrate. The sugarcane or sweet sorghum bagasse will undergo chemical pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis. After which,, the PHA is to be produced using two stage fermentation. Different concentration of sucrose,, carbon to nitrogen ratio,, and varying pH of the medium will also be tested to determine the optimal condition for PHA production. Dry cell weight,, reducing sugar,, and PHA concentration will be analyzed at the end of the fermentation in both model and agricultural wastes substrates.
HEIRIT: Establishment of DOST-BulSU BARAS TBI (Business Assistance for Research Acceleration and Sustainability Technology Business Incubator)Dennis Dela CruzTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThis project aims to establish a Technology Business Incubator (TBI) Bulacan focusing on agriculture, food processing and information technology. It shall also serve he sector of  jewelry, furniture and pyrotechnics making, marble industry garmenst and tourism promotion The TBI will implement schemes and programmes to promote innovation, incubation and entrepreneurship in the region.
Understanding Lightning and Thunderstorms for Extreme Weather Monitoring and Information Sharing (ULAT)Glenn Vincent LopezDisaster MitigationThe project calls for the research and development of a dense lightning detection network scattered throughout Metro Manila in order to gather, analyze, and archive lighting data to provide thunderstorm “now-casting” and supplement weather-related research and disaster response studies and strategies. 
Development of Food Safety Guidelines for the Food Service SectorsRosemarie GarciaFood The growing trend of dining and purchasing of food from food establishment poses a great challenge to food sectors to provide safe and nutritious food. The supply of safe food is everyone’s concern to avoid the risk of food borne illnesses. Food borne illnesses are the result of ingestion of foodstuffs contaminated with microorganisms or chemicals which may occur at any stage in the process from food production to consumption (“farm to fork”). Despite the Government’s efforts on food safety legislations, the prevalence of food borne illnesses remains its course to be a public health concern. As support to the Food Safety Program of the country in addressing the occurrence food-borne illnesses, it is the interest of the DOST FNRI to develop a simple, easy to-follow, well-defined, and comprehensive guidelines for a food safety compliant food establishment based on risk analysis in order to help food service establishments conform to the set standards of the existing IRRs of P.D. 856 and R.A. 10611.
Development of Grading System for Adoption of Food Establishments in the PhilippinesMarietta BumanglagFoodThe Philippines’ food industry has flourished from the street food to fast food to high end, fine dining restaurants. Given the conveniences and advantages of dining out, food safety may be compromised due to unhealthy food handling practices which are among the most common causes of food safety problems which may or may not be reported.  The Department of Health recognizes the health of the people being of paramount importance, thus all efforts of public services are directed towards the protection and promotion of health. There is a need to revisit the implementing rules and regulations on food sanitation due to innovations and technologies in food and beverages, and advances in food safety systems; and update and codify sanitary laws to ensure that they are keeping with modern standards of sanitation and provide a handy reference and guide for their enforcement. The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) is part of the Food Safety Regulation and Coordinating Board (FSRCB) structure, as such can play a significant role in strengthening, modifying, or even updating of tools for the existing implementing rules and regulations for food establishments.
Assessing the Contribution of Food Banking Systems in Addressing Food SecurityJose Mariano FlerasFoodThe project will be implemented through Public-Private Partnerships. The program implementor will be Philippine Operation: Stop Hunger Now. The CSO cooperating agencies will be the Nutritional Foundation of the Philippines,, Negrense Volunteers for Change Foundation and Simply Share Foundation. The local governments of Taguig,, Quezon City,, Bacolod and Mandaue will be engaged. The University of the Philippines College of Manila will be tapped to provide technical assistance. Food banking is already a proven strategy to address hunger,, malnutrition and food wastage in many countries. Whilst Food Banks are already established food security measures in many developed and developing countries,, the concept has still not taken roots in the Philippines. Organizing food banking systems serves a dual purpose of improving dietary diversity scores caused by lack of access to food and at the same time addressing food wastage. Effective and sustainable progress against hunger and poverty requires inclusive engagement with Civil Society Organizations (CS0s) that are partners in program implementation,, have strong linkages with local communities,, have private resources,, and able to scale up innovative interventions tailored to local needs. By harnessing the innovative energy of the private sector,, advocates of publicprivate partnerships argue that higher impact food assistance can be provided on a much larger scale. The food banks will secure food products from different kinds of donors. They comprise,, among others,, of farmers,, food manufacturers,, wholesalers,, retailers,, such as supermarkets and grocery chains,, and consumers. Typically,, donated food products are not sellable but still edible even if they are approaching their "expiration",, "sell by" or "best by" date. Each food bank redistributes the donated products for a nominal fee to a distinct set of non-profit local food pantries that already serve the targeted beneficiaries. Food pantries must travel and collect their food products at their assigned warehouse on specific days. Since they must support their own transport expenses,, these food pantries should ideally be located within a certain radius of the food bank warehouse. The project will partner with the Nutrition Foundation of the Philippines,, Simply Share Foundation and Negrense Volunteers for Change Foundation. These CSOs are already involved in food security and nutrition programs and have the capacity to re-engineer its operation to include food banking. They are already acting as intermediaries between food resources and people in need.  The participation of local government units is essential to the success of organizing food banking systems and addressing hunger. Consistent with devolution,, there is a need to emphasize area-based bottom-up planning. Strong political will is a necessary ingredient that can be generated through strong advocacy efforts. The lack of appreciation for the importance of good nutrition among many local leaders or sectoral workers clearly justifies such efforts. At the city level,, there are various existing health service and surveillance agencies that can be engaged by the project. Thus,, the food banks will work closely with local government units. As we scale up operation,, social franchisees will be set up in major cities in the Philippines. The food banking systems will be composed of food banks,, private sector food donors and food pantries. The food banks will develop working supply chains of affordable,, nutritious and safe food that specifically address Protein-Energy Malnutrition and macro and micronutrient deficiencies that are common to pregnant/lactating women and young children. The food banks will be linked to 5 food companies in each Metro area that are willing to donate their excess food. The food banks will also be linked to 5 food pantries in each Metro area that have the capacity to serve nutritionally at-risk pregnant/lactating women and children from 6 months to 7 years old. Whilst the food pantries will realistically serve other population groups,, special outreach will focus on pregnant/lactating women and young children. The food banks will operate a volunteer membership model that invites people from the community to help operate the store and in turn receive a significant discount on their groceries. As we minimize our employment costs,, we are able to pass along savings in the form of the lower food prices for all shoppers. The inventory of the food banks will be governed by nutrition guidelines. It will combine hunger relief efforts with nutrition information and healthy eating opportunities for low income individuals and families. Such initiatives offer clients healthy foods such as fruits,, vegetables,, whole grains,, low-fat dairy products,, and lean proteins. Initiatives can include fruit and vegetable gleaning programs,, farm Plant-a-Row efforts,, and garden donations. Healthy food initiatives can also modify the food environment via efforts such as on-site cooking demonstrations and recipe tastings,, produce display stands,, or point-of-decision prompts. The food banks will establish partnerships with health and nutrition professionals to offer screening for food insecurity and medical conditions (e.g.,, diabetes),, provide nutrition and health education,, and health care support services as part of their healthy food initiatives. The food banks are envisioned to provide at least 2,,000 meals daily in each outlet. Priority will be given to pregnant and lactating women and school children that are listed by the respective local government units.  
Curriculum Development and Offering on Halal Science and Scholarship for SUC Faculty on Halal ScienceDr. Emma SalesFoodThe project will focus on developing a standard curriculum for a short-term Halal academic degree i.e. certificate or diploma course. This will be done by a benchmark survey of the initiatives and existing programs of Service Providers in other countries. Likewise, linkages with universities offering Halal academic programs in other countries like Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia will be pursued. Benchmarking on the following areas of interests i.e. modules will cover concepts, guidelines, assurance and economics will be explored.   A consortium comprising USM, SKSU and CMU will be established to allow for a unified implementation of the program with faculty exchange, cross-enrollment of students, online instruction, sharing of facilities, etc. These three (3) universities will spearhead the development, approval, and implementation of the developed curriculum. To sustain the program, a mechanism will be institutionalized among other interested HEIs in the form of scholarship grants. In the pilot run of the certificate program, members of the faculty of the three SUCs will be trained and assessed as instructors in the subsequent runs of the certificate program.   For the scholarship component of this project, SEI shall identify deserving Muslim ongoing scholars in their graduate scholarship programs for short term trainings on Halal in the country or abroad. After training, these scholars shall form part of the pool of Halal experts that will serve as researchers, resource persons or subject matter experts for subsequent R&D programs and projects. Parallel to this effort, the project shall also identify faculty members of the three pilot SUCs i.e. USM, CMU and SKSU to be trained on Halal within and outside the Philippines. After training, they will be expected to serve as trainers for other faculty members in the three SUCs and other SUCs including the MSU System and UP Mindanao.
Training Needs Assessment and Development and Deployment of Training Modules on HalalAnthony SalesFoodThe project shall consist of identification of halal stakeholders and assessment of their training needs. The methods to be used to assess their needs are survey, interview and focus group discussions to be done by DOST ROs nationwide in collaboration with concerned agencies such as NCMF, PAB, DTI and SUCs. Training needs assessment tools will be developed and administered during focus group discussions, key informant interviews and surveys. Separate FGDs and surveys will be conducted for MSMEs, trainers and consultants, regulatory agencies, certifying bodies, and other stakeholders. The results of the assessment will be used in designing the Human Resource Development Plan.   Based on the results of the training needs assessment, training modules on Halal shall be developed for different stakeholders. For the first year of the project, a training module for DOST personnel and Halal MSMEs shall be developed and deployed. Other training modules customized for other Halal stakeholders shall be developed in subsequent years of project implementation.   The development process shall require pre-testing of the module for the intended trainers as well as MSMEs. After the training modules are pretested and found effective, the DOST ROs will be required to deploy the modules in their respective regions. DOST shall work closely with NCMF, DTI and PAB in the development of training modules.   An evaluation of the training modules will also be done.
TBI 4.0: Upgrading and Capability-Enhancement Animo Labs TBI Federico GonzalezTechnology Transfer & CommercializationA separate DLSU-owned entity, the DLSU Animo Labs Foundation, Inc. (“Animo Labs”), serves as the technology business incubator and arm for the incubation and commercialization of promising projects.   The attributes that the Animo Labs staff and organization hope to gain from this proposed TBI 4.0 Project is to become “Critical and Creative Thinkers and Reflective Lifelong Learners”; also, they hope to accomplish these learning outcomes:  develop the incubation skills to guide and support the attitudes and mindset of the techies, scientists and researchers within the business framework and develop a working knowledge of the unique interaction between technology and entrepreneurship.   The general objective of the project is to upgrade and enhance the organizational infrastructure, policies, systems and methodologies of Animo Labs to enable the organization to be elevated by at least another level from Animo Labs’ current TBI 2.0 + level.   Part of the activities are the following: To collaborate with Launchgarage and PhilDev Strengthen the incubation practices and competence of Animo Labs through exposure to international immersion activities, including partnerships and exchange programs, with the goal of developing the capability of cross-border mentoring at the regional level To promote innovation and motivate potential start-ups through competitions
TBI 4.0: DOST-S.I.B.O.L. Labs: Startup Innovation and Business Opportunity Linkage Labs (A collaboration between UC Berkeley Sutardja Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology and UP Los Banos Technology Transfer and Business Development Office)Glenn BaticadosTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe current UPLB TBI focuses on nurturing agri-based startups and spinoffs. UPLB TBI currently offers limited services and virtually no mentoring for the exising 4 startups, the TBI lacks a formal program and the ability to push the startups to new boundaries.   The project aims to establish and nurture current and aspiring agritechnopreneurs through short term academic collaboration, entrepreneurial trainings, networking, co-incubation or internationalization, and innovation boot camps in partnership with UC Berkeley Sutardja Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology. Using the Berkeley Method of Entrepreneurship (BMoE), UPLB-DOST TBI will provide integrated and comprehensive startup support services to help UPLB startup teams access local and international mentors, markets, financing, and complementary technologies to push the startup teams’ products closer to the market.  The pedagogy of BMoE is based on the following five (5) assumptions: 1) You can learn it only while you are trying to do it; 2) Instructors host the environment for students to interact directly with the problem. Students make their own decisions and learn inductively; 3) Behavior training – through games and exercises; 4) De-emphasis of “grades” and refocus on “goals; and 5) Leverage real-world competition. BMoE focuses on 3 layers: 1) Tactics; 2) Mindset; and 3) Infrastructures.    Futhermore, the partnership that will be created through this project will enable UPLB TBI to strengthen the community of startups in the field of agriculture, biotechnology, food, engineering and other allied fields. In the end, UPLB TBI aims to promote and to develop world class, science driven, and technology-enabled agripreneurs and startup ventures.
TBI 4.0: Technology Business Incubator 4.0 for Region 4Albertson AmanteTechnology Transfer & CommercializationWhile it is true that the development of high quality research inevitably produces transformative impact on any institution of higher learning, this impact cannot be confined to the academe alone. Since research is fundamentally a process of generating new knowledge, it is thus necessary for research outputs to be instruments for the development of a social environment that fosters knowledge creation and stimulates innovation, which would serve as springboard to a knowledge-based economy.   For 21st century universities, knowledge and innovation play a much more important role now more than ever, in response to the emerging trends and shifting academic and research landscapes. The new environment requires higher education institutions to rethink and recast their knowledge production and distribution systems in ways that will allow them to compete and thrive within this new paradigm.   The BatStateU CTI is a Technology Business Incubator (TBI) of the University. It has helped its incubatees succeed by providing a supporting ecosystem that includes financing, mentoring, leadership development and technology commercialization. The vast linkages and partners of the university also assist in providing core competencies to operate and manage their TBIs. The CTI has initiated new, significant activities such as Challenge Labs and Technovation Summits, all of which opened new possibilities in research activities of both faculty and student researchers.   Another key development in BatStateU that promotes and innovation ecosystem that is backed heavily by research, development and technopreneurship efforts is the establishment of a Technology Park, or the BatStateU Knowledge, Innovation, Science and Technology (KIST) Park. With this development within the university, there is a need for partnership in order to make the innovation programs sustainable.   Thus, the university partners with industry players, the Philippine Chambers of Commerce and Industry, and some other Incubators (local and foreign) to strengthen its academic curricula and to provide more opportunities for the startups that will be born within the TBI, thus providing opportunities for international expansion. TBI4A: Technology Business 4.0 for All, is a program collaboration among Batangas State University (thru CTI), HEIs in Region 4A and the Singapore Polytechnic (thru SpinOff). Co - incubation shall be the main program of the project, producing start-ups relevant to the needs of the community, while at the same time promoting the culture of technopreneurship and innovation in the academic community.
TBI 4.0: Elevating the Capacity & Services of TBIs Towards 4th Generation Incubator's FacilitiesKatrina Rausa ChanTechnology Transfer & CommercializationQBO was established as a public-private initiative on principles of collaboration (or QLLABORATION) and community development (or again as we like to say, QMMUNITY) to complement traditional incubation (INQBATION) services. Started in 2016 with the support and seed funding of DOST, in less than two years, QBO was successfully able to go from an idea to become one of the country’s leading innovation hubs. Around 20,000 people have participated in QBO-organized activities and more significantly, over 2,000 individual members and over 200 startups have been able to gain access to QBO’s startup programs.   QBO’s strength lies in its TBI 4.0 Program Proposal QBO Innovation Hub / Draft as of 28 June 2018 Page 3 of 22 focus on customer-centric and program-driven methodologies, developing people, high throughput of services delivered and most importantly, the ‘bayanihan’ or collaborative approach with over 70 partners and collaborators, all of which are markers that differentiate next level innovation hubs from earlier generations.   However, this TBI 4.0 project proposal which would form part of the ongoing collaboration between QBO and DOST presents a compelling opportunity to strengthen our ecosystem of TBIs as a whole, by sharing what QBO have learned (and continue to learn in the process of attaining 4.0 status), with QBO’s contemporaries in the TBI community.   However, there is a lack of standardization when it concerns the competencies and support services provided by TBIs, particularly those established in earlier phases of the TBI program. In order to remain competitive, the country’s TBIs need to stay abreast with best practices and provide programs and resources that are relevant to the needs of today’s startup companies.   This project aims to develop within the Philippines world class incubator facilities that will ultimately support increasing the number and competitiveness of Filipino startup companies.   The program also seeks to improve skills among incubation practitioners, that in the longer term paves the way for the same passing along expertise and applying learnings to support startups even after commencement of the TBI 4.0 program.   TBI 4.0 program looks to upgrade the capabilities of incubators across the board including less mature or obsolescent incubators (i.e. those falling under 1st and 2nd generation) through more foundational interventions that would in the immediate term, help them step up by one level, and better position or set the course to attain 4.0 status via other programs in future.   Part of the activities are the following: Evaluate level of development and existing programs of TBIs and classify PCIEERD-funded TBIs using agreed framework Map out standards and strategy per TBI/category Kick-off program for all 14 TBIs Seek out certification/ accreditation (as needed)
TBI 4.0: Evolution of UPScale from Local to Global IncubationLuis SisonTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe UPScale Innovation Hub was launched in January 2018 in the National Engineering Center to consolidate all innovation efforts in the campus that are complementary to the IP and technology licensing services provided by the Technology transfer and Business Development Office of UP Diliman and the other campuses. UPScale supports two modes of technology transfer: industry licensing and collaborations through IGNITE program, and spinoffs and startup companies through the Enterprise Center for Technopreneurship.   This was coupled by a revival of the technology transfer offices system wide under the auspices of the UP-System Technology Transfer and Business Development Office in collaboration with its counterparts offices in the various campuses, which together, comprise the TTBDO Execomm. Moreover, the continuing evolution of the innovation and technopreneurship course as a required course for ERDT scholars in UP Diliman, not only developed the expertise in implementing and training people in customer discovery, but also increased awareness among the R&D community and created an additional lab-to-market pipeline.   With this progress comes new challenges in commercializing an increasingly diverse portfolio of technologies in a similarly diverse set of industries. Some of the challenges that the UPScale is facing includes some technologies may not have the matching local manufacturing expertise for mass production and complementary technologies may not be locally available to design and assemble a usable system, market access is also limited by the absence of mechanisms for generating high-value products for increasingly sophisticated and diverse markets from theses raw materials, etc.   To address those problems, UPScale Enterprise aims to set up collaborations with more advanced programs in other countries in the following areas of technology business incubation: Deep tech Social enterprise for agricultural/natural products Food innovation   The objective of the project is to develop a program that will send and connect current ventures to other incubators in the ASEAN Region or other territories to gain access to different resources and potentially expand to international markets.
Optimization of an Industry Grade Prototype of Po-lite ProductsRia Liza CanlasTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe construction is at its peak while the environment is degrading. In today's construction industry, more and more innovative technologies in the field of material science are being introduced in the market with growing concern on green engineering. Green materials are in response to the very essence of green economy, one that results in improved human well-being and social equity while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. Engineered materials are the answer to the current pressing time when construction boom and issues of climate change are intersecting. Po-lite Technology Incorporated finds ways to solve the problem of the construction industry through research and development, by formulating materials that cater both value engineering and minimalist sophistication towards green and sustainable infrastructures. Po-lite products are green and sustainable composite materials, also known as eco-friendly materials that will not harm the environment which addresses the issue of climate change. It uses natural fillers that are abundant and in excess of nature. Po-lite are composite or engineered materials, with a formulation that is applied in various product forms, such as: hollow block, wall and floor tile, ceiling panel, roofing, door and window, counter-top, cabinet and furniture.  Set-up of semi-mechanized production line will make po-lite products attain the following: prices will be very competitive as against the big players from China and Europe; and, standardization and consistency of its final look, color and texture, thus many contractors, developers and homeowners will benefit. The project aims to optimize Po-lite products in order to come-up with industry grade prototypes, improvement of commercial prototype, conduct technology validation in an operational environment for mass-housing, conduct tests to verify all its claimed properties to meet local, national and international standards, both for the raw materials and finished products and scale up the production process for Po-lite products.  
HEIRIT: Support for the Establishment of TBI in Holy Angel University (HAU)Melani CabreraTechnology Transfer & CommercializationWith the strategic objectives of Holy Angel University (HAU) to become “an authentic instrument for countryside development”, the School of Engineering (SEA) and the School of Business Administration (SBA) joined their collective resources for business development that led to the concept of establishing a mechanism for the promotion of a Technopreneurship and Innovation Center in the University.  The center is called HAU-TBI.  It was conceived with the end of providing assistance to aspiring and existing entrepreneurs in Central Luzon as technopreneurs. The center will provide the lead in developing the field of technopreneurship and serve as the development hub where the entire range of activities involved in business incubation-acceleration-commercialization take place. It will also provide professional services and support to inventors and business innovators in pursuit of sustainable economic development in the region. The center offers a comprehensive support system from a pool of internal and external experts, business conceptualization to commercialization, state-of-the-art fabrication facilities, and business space.   Encephalon HAU-TBI strategic objectives include the support to emerging business start-ups for sustainable economic vitality, encourage local inventors to develop and commercialize novel products and machineries, develop an innovation hub where community inventors and innovators interact and create an entrepreneurial culture in the campus for innovative and talented students.   With the four (4) key areas of business support area such as enterpreneur training (pre-incubate), business advice, financial support (incubator seed, venture capital funds or external funding), and technology support, HAU-TBI can provide all of these areas since it has internal pool of expert, industry partners and sophisticated laboratories.
HEIRIT: DOST-Business incubation zone for Novel and Sustainable Enterrprises (BizNEST) in Cagayan State UniversityJose GuzmanTechnology Transfer & CommercializationCagayan Valley has been identified by NEDA as a province geared towards becoming a Prime Water Resource, Agro-Industrial Hub, and Emerging Tourism Destination by the year 2022. It also has multitudes of small-scale processors of grains, cacao, mushrooms, citrus, mango, banana, dairy products, and many more. However, the lack of infrastructure catering to the large-scale high-quality pre and post-harvest processing of its agricultural crops, of which there are surpluses, and marketing linkages has well kept the Cagayan Valley Region from maximizing its potential as a major manufacturing hub in the country. In response to these challenges, the Cagayan State University – Department of Science and Technology Business Incubation Zone for Novel and Sustainable Technology Enterprises (CSU-DOST BizNEST) was formed. BizNEST is a government-funded Technology Business Incubator whose main objective is to support the development of a competitive food industry in Region II by honing the business expertise of its MSMEs and building a network of stakeholders including student entrepreneurs, researchers, business practitioners, investors, government agencies, local government representatives and policy makers. Per its mandate to provide its clients and incubatees with the necessary trainings for them to grow their businesses and the duty of HeIRIT TBIs to help people generate ideas that will be of value to the public, BizNEST was launched and, in turn, has organized several activities, seminars and lectures over the past months. These include an Orientation and Pitch Workshop, a TBI summit where participants got to hear the firsthand experience of local businesses and industry players in the region, discussions between partner agencies, a mentor-incubatee meet and greet, discussions regarding the TOR points, assessment and mindsetting activities, an ideation and pitch competition for undergrad students of BizNEST’s SUC, a seminar-writeshop on technology transfer and intellectual property rights, and the year-end reporting of incubatees. The BizNEST team also actively participated in various nationwide and local activities in order to equip themselves with further trainings, to network, and to promote awareness of BizNEST and its functions and impacts to the local community. Currently, BizNEST has nine (9) incubatees enrolled and has conducted various activities to support them, such as seminars, workshops, and bootcamps. The TBI has also engaged with industry partners to strengthen the opportunities and linkages for its incubatees. Six (6) potential investors were identified, namely: Lighthouse Coop., ACT, PCCI 02, PhilExport02, JCI-Ybanag Chapter, and IISLA Ventures. 
HEIRIT: Establishment of the DOST-TUPV HIVE (Hub for Innovation and Value Engineering)Jovel Young Technology Transfer & Commercializationa
AgiLab: Establishment of USeP Technology Business Incubation Facility and Services for Internet of Things (loT) Industrial Technology and Systems Application DevelopmentFilmann Simpao Technology Transfer & CommercializationRegion XI – Davao Region considered as a region of royalties and a melting pot of many cultural groups envisions itself to reach the global economic frontier hinged on its Agro-Industry sector. The region is the home of the Davao City eyeing to become a Smart City as it is chosen as one of the pilot cities for ASEAN Smart Cities in terms of public safety  using Internet of Things (IoT) and because of that, Davao City is renowned to be the safest city in the country, 5th in the world; and Philippines ‘Top Tourist Destination, as tourists feel safe to be around in the metro. In terms of ICT development, Davao City is hailed as one of the country’s next wave cities by IT and Business Process Association of the Philippines (IBPAP) and Mindanao’s center of commerce, trade and services (Crown Jewel of Mindanao) because of strong ICT implementation in Davao City’s government institutions in delivering services to the community through an effective on-line transaction to hasten processing of business permits for example and encourage private sectors to invest in the city and create jobs for residents, thus, at least reducing unemployment and poverty in Davao.   Apart from these is the Region’s pride, the University of Southeastern Philippines (USeP), a regional state university (SUC Level IV) in the Davao Region and aiming to be a premiere ASEAN research University that fosters innovation and applies knowledge to create value towards social, economic, and developments. In its quest to deliver quality instruction, research, extension and production, USeP was awarded with the following recognitions: Center of Excellence in Agriculture, Center of Development for Information Technology Education, Recipient of 2012 Davao City Government Award for its contribution to the good image and socio-economic growth of the city, and one of the best Universities in the country with an Innovation and Technology Support Office (ITSO), having filed the most patent applications in 2014 and 2015.   There is no certain physical facility and/or existing program in the university that enables an innovating environment and offices that drives for the promotion of innovation and Technopreneurship. Although the Innovation and Technology Support Office (ITSO) exists to match the drive protecting/patenting Intellectual Property right of the research outputs but it lacks a component to deliver and commercialize research outputs and technologies including patents to the envisioned market and even finance or afford development grant for the development and delivery of these promising technologies, i.e. mobile apps application, innovation on industrial technologies, Internet of Thing (IoT) and the like. Students, researchers and faculty members do not have the right access related to innovation and entrepreneurship when confronted with great ideas, ideas that might transform to actual products and has the potential to hit the market. Hence, the proposed establishment of the Technology Business Incubator (TBI) in University of Southeastern Philippines (USeP).  
HEIRIT: Technology Business Incubator Establishment at Saint Louis University (SLU) TechnohubEngr. Cynthia PosadasTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe SLU Incubator for Research, Innovation, and Business (SIRIB) Center is focused on bringing people together, independent of their academic or economic backgrounds. Drawing strength from diversity, the SIRIB Center aims to build teams dedicated to creating value and improving the economic situation of their communities, families, businesses, and for themselves. As of today, the Center has a Co-Working and Innovation Space, a 3D prototyping lab, and a pipelined FabLab for prototyping, digital simulation and manufacturing. The TBI's banner program is CONVERGENT RESILIENCE (ConRes TBI), which is: to take advantage of diversity but adopting convergent technologies that will lead towards resilience
HEIRIT - Establishment of the DOST.TIP Technopreneurship and Innovation CenterShearyl ArenasTechnology Transfer & Commercialization\THE DOST-TIP TBI will support burgeoning entrepreneurs in ICT and engineering with their banner program "Clean Technology" The TBI (T.I.P. Innovation and Technology Center) aimed to 1. conduct activities that will intensify the entrepreneurial mindset developed in technopreneurship classes such as speaking sessions, mentoring sessions, pitching sessions, networking events, trainings, demo days, among others. 2. build a vibrant start-up ecosystem by establishing a network of academe, industry, entrepreneurs/ technopreneurs, advisors, mentors, and investors. 3. bring research and design outputs of the institution to real world by setting up a fabrication laboratory, computational laboratory, engineering design workstations, meeting rooms, and co-working spaces.
Specific Earthquake Ground-Motion Levels to Help Increase the Seismic Resiliency of Government Infrastructures, Residential and Medium-to-High Rise Buildings in Pangasinan, Tarlac, Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, Cauayan City, Butuan City and Mati CityRhommel GrutasDisaster Mitigation, ConstructionThe first phase of the project was conducted in Metro Manila in 2013 and it lasted until 2015. The second phase of the project started in 2017 this time focusing on Metro Cebu and Metro Davao. It concluded in 2019 after successfully conducting the launching and workshops for the site response atlas of Metro Cebu and Metro Davao. The project is currently in its third phase which started in July 2019 with a focus on several cities and municipalities all over the country namely: Pangasinan, Tarlac, Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, Cauayan City, Butuan City, and Mati City. The project is set to finish by May of 2021. The project is being implemented by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) under the Seismological Observation and Earthquake Prediction Division (SOEPD) with Dr. Rhommel N. Grutas as the project leader. The output maps of the project such as the Long Period Microzonation Map, Short Period Microzonation Map, Vs30 Model Map, and Peak Ground Acceleration Map are compiled into a Site Response Atlas. So far, the project has successfully published the Metro Cebu Site Response Atlas and Metro Davao Site Response Atlas. These atlases are available for download on the PHIVOLCS website. For Phase 3 of the project, technology transfer and collaboration with the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Bureau of Research and Standards (DWPH-BRS) and Bureau of Design (DPWH-BOD) will be included to expedite the publication of nationwide seismic site response hazard maps.
HEIRIT: Establishment of TBI Center for the University the CordillerasDr. Ariel PumechaTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe University of the Cordilleras (UC), which is among the country’s Autonomous higher education institutions, features its flagship programs Information Technology, Criminology, and Teacher Education which are identified by the Commission on Higher Education as Centers of Excellence.       Located in Baguio City which is considered as the Educational Hub of Northern Luzon, UC is proclaimed by the Professional Regulation Commission as the Top Performing Criminology School in the Philippines for its excellent track record in the Criminologist Licensure Examination for the past 22 school years, producing over 120 topnotchers. Aside from UC, other HEIs in the Cordillera Administrative Region likewise excel in the field of Criminology. Together, CAR produces hundreds of public safety professional engaged in the upliftment of law enforcement in the country. It is to be noted that “Safety” is one of the United Nation’s 17 Sustainability Goals hence, it underscores the need to invest in the innovation of new technology and mechanisms to safeguard the well-being of the public at large.      To support this thrust, it is UC’s mission to deliver quality education through the provision of relevant curricula which responds to the current needs of the community and the industry. To achieve quality education, academic programs must be fortified by providing them with adequate and appropriate facilities to creatively and freely conduct researches and develop projects to actualize their knowledge into real-life solutions and the TBI can help make this a reality.       UC envisions the TBI to support students from all academic units to conduct project studies, theses and dissertations through project-based or research-based undertakings closely working with the appropriate cooperating companies.       The TBI would function under the framework of integrating facilities, industry partners, and collaboration to drive a culture of innovation by providing business and technology transfer opportunities for its stakeholders. This articulates UC’s mission to relate the students’ course of study and apply them in creating real-life projects and solutions and research assignments which can respond to the needs of the community and various sectors of society. This will also yield fortified academic programs with Technoprenuership. Moreover, students can capitalize on the TBI to move towards establishing business ventures and start-ups based on their project studies and researches. The TBI center is incorporated in the University organization structure coupled with policies and guidelines of its operation. This way, the center will be an integral part of the University.  
SCARP: Simulating Cascading Rainfall-triggered Landslides Hazards in the PhilippinesFibor TanDisaster MitigationLandslides and floods driven by typhoon and monsoon rainfall cause thousands of fatalities and millions of pesos in damage to infrastructure and commerce in the Philippines each year. The Philippines accounts for 46% of rainfall-triggered landslides in SE Asia, despite making up only 6% of the land area. The SCaRP project brings together world-class researchers from the Philippines and the UK spanning the fields of meteorology, geomorphology and hydraulic engineering to address the cascading impacts of landslide hazards in the Philippines on landslide event to climate change timescales. The main novelty of the approach presented here is the integration of landscape recovery/soil regeneration rates following landsliding into landslide predictions and forecasts for the first time. We also investigate the cascading impacts of landslides especially with regards to downstream sedimentation. Specifically, the impact of landslide scar instability in the years following a multi-landslide triggering event on downstream sedimentation and hazards. We will produce predictions of landslide hazards and sedimentation under climate change. Finally, the project will produce a landslide early warning system that will ultimately improve disaster response and resilience to landslide hazards.   
Polyols Project 1. Production of Bio-based Polyols from Lignocellulosic BiomassDr. Arnold LubgubanProcessThis project is a collaborative research effort with Chemrez Technologies,, Inc. and Uratex Foam Phils. to utilize renewable and biodegradable resources as raw materials for the production of potential commercial products. The focus of the project will be on the value-added conversion of crude glycerin,, which is a by-product of biodiesel production,, and lignocellulosic biomass such as rice straw and/or pineapple leaves in a one-pot liquefaction process to obtain highly functional polyols. These high-hydroxyl content polyols can be used as major reactant in the production of rigid polyurethane foam products such as insulation materials with performance comparable with existing commercial products. Liquefaction process parameters are optimized to obtain polyols with high biomass conversion,, workable viscosity,, low acid number and high hydroxyl functionality. These polyols will be evaluated for water-blown polyurethane foam formulation for insulation sheets. The foam products will be characterized for their physical and thermal properties and their comparability with existing commercial PU foam products. The technology that will be developed should provide a simple,, economic,, and environmentally friendly alternative to the present polyurethane foam processes.
BRAVE: Bomb Removal Automated VehicleElmer DadiosElectronics Technology, Human SecurityA Filipino-made bomb disposal robot that is easy to deploy and transport called the Bomb Removal Automated Vehicle (BRAVE) to  perform the necessary remote, safe inspection, and disruption methods to protect the PNP-E0D/K9 Group to perform manual bomb defusal and strengthen the capability of public safety within the country.
Project 1: CONCRETE PETROGRAPHY AS A QUALITY ASSESSMENT TOOL OF HARDENED CONCRETE FROM LIFELINE STRUCTURES IN THE PHILIPPINES Richard YbanezConstruction The project aim to make a quality assessment on lifeline infrastructures and raw materials for concrete using concrete petrography, physical and chemical evaluation techniques, and come up with a structural assessment reports as basis for retrofitting and new construction of the government.    
Project 2 : GEOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL EVALUATION OF CONCRETE RAW MATERIALS USED IN CRITICAL PHILIPPINE INFRASTRUCTURES Marlon ConatoConstructionThe Philippines is home to numerous cement and aggregate quarries, attributable to the abundance of limestone, shale and volcanic rock deposits all over the country. With the government's aggressive infrastructure development plans via the USD180-billion "Build, Build, Build" initiative, the demand for building materials is projected to increase. Our great dependence on concrete as building material drove more companies to quarry for materials in various areas of the country. These natural resources are essential for general construction, especially for large infrastructure projects like roadworks, housing, industry, and others.   The properties of hardened concrete depend largely on the composition and characteristics of each raw material: aggregates, cement, and mineral and chemical admixtures. Figure 1 shows the distribution of raw materials in a typical concrete mix. Concrete strength is dictated by the bond between the hydrated paste and the aggregates. In Philippine infrastructure projects, assessment of aggregates sources is currently limited to physical tests. It should be noted, however, that specific component in aggregates, such as reactive silica, can react with alkalis present in hydrated cement paste well into the service life of infrastructures (approximately 5 to 25 years), forming a gel that absorbs water and swells, referred to as alkali-silica reaction (ASR). This can result to expansion and disruption of concrete well into its service life. The Philippines, being situated in a highly active geologic zone, has various aggregates sources containing reactive components that can trigger this undesirable reaction. Hence, a detailed assessment of geochemical and mineralogical constituents of aggregate materials prior to their usage in infrastructures is significant in determining the potential alkali-silica reaction between aggregates and cementitious materials.    A way to improve the durability and strength of concrete is the incorporation of additives referred to as supplementary cementing materials (SCMs) and chemical admixtures. SCMs also referred traditionally as pozzolan, occur naturally in rock formations and artificially as waste by-products of coal combustion and ore processing. At present, SCMs in the form of fly ash from coal-fired power plants are sometimes used for government infrastructures. Fly ash is composed of amorphous components which react with cement hydrates, forming microstructures that enhance strength. However, issues with supply can be of a challenge for construction projects. It is therefore important to assess readily available natural alternatives with similar and comparable chemical and mineralogical composition.    SCMs have been shown to prevent excessive expansion of concrete due to ASR. Since the quantity of the mineral admixture required to increase compressive strength and to mitigate ASR is measured in terms of Portland cement replacement, usage of SCMs is considered a mitigation strategy for CD2 emissions. (Clinker manufacturing, which is the main ingredient of cement, contributes over 5% to global greenhouse gas emissions.) Aside from mitigating ASR, SCMs are used to resist sulfate attacks and in lowering a mortar’s heat of hydration, improving its workability and durability. One of the important benefits of using SCMs is the lower infrastructure and construction cost, with the SCMs partially replacing the cement component weight-by weight.  Chemical admixtures are commonly used in the industry which can alter properties of concrete by control of attraction or dispersion of particles during processing and could prove critical towards meeting specifications. These compounds act several roles e.g. water-reducing, set-retarding, plasticizing, corrosion-inhibiting, and air-entraining agents in concrete mixtures. The compounds in chemical admixtures, however, could react when subjected to highly alkaline environments. In addition, the performance of chemical admixtures can vary with different types of SCMs. To properly define the contribution to concrete performance, it is therefore important to analyze the chemical admixtures prior to incorporating to a concrete mix In the country, the National Building Code of the Philippines (RA 6541) states the requirements of every infrastructure project of the country both for repair or large-scale construction, with a focus on safety and stability for general projects. However, this could be further improved with quality control on components of concrete raw materials. Although large construction companies send some materials to private laboratories both here and abroad to test for quality, the majority of small suppliers have no capacity to report on such quality control activities. 
Exposure Assessment of Food Chemical Contamination in Metro Manila: A Pilot Total Diet Study ApproachKristine NacionalesFoodThe Philippine government considers food safety of primary importance and this is supported through establishment and passage of Republic Act No. 10611,, Food Safety Act 2013. The act aims to strengthen the regulatory system in the country to protect consumer health and facilitate local and international trade. One of the general guiding principles of the law is the science-based risk analysis for the development of food safety standards and regulations in the Philippines. Although the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health are mandated to regulate food safety in the country,, the Department of Science and Technology supports food safety through the provision of science-based evidence for risk management decisions. In support of harmonized risk assessment activities in the country and globally,, the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI),, where one of its functions is to conduct national nutrition surveys every five years,, has developed individual food consumption databases for dietary exposure assessment following the Philippines,, ASEAN,, WHO/FAO data formats for food classification and food consumption data distribution frequencies.
Establishment of a niche center on environmental informatics in Central VisayasMary Joyce FloresSpace Technology ApplicationsThe project for the establishment of UP Cebu's Center for Environmental Informatics intends to contribute to the growth drivers of Central Visayas which include travel and tourism,, information technology,, and business-process management (IT-BPM) through research and development. Environmental informatics use analytical and ICT-based methods to monitor,, assess,, and protect natural resources The niche center for environmental informatics will maintain the region's leadership in the ICT industry,, particularly in the emerging fields of data science,, remote sensing,, and artificial intelligence,, by contributing to environmental conservation,, research,, and development.
Extraction of Radionuclides,, Rare Earths,, and Other Valuable Industrial Elements from Phosphogypsum Tailings: Phase ICARLO ARCILLA Mining and MineralsPhosphate rocks/ores are potential sources of radionuclides, rare earth elements (REEs) and other valuable industrial elements. These are being processed by Philippine Phosphate Fertilizer Corporation (PHILPHOS) in Isabel, Leyte for the production of phosphate fertilizers through wet acid method, where phosphogypsum is generated as by-product waste. Radionuclides, rare earths and other valuable elements are concentrated in the phosphogypsum. Around 2 to 3 Million MT of phosphogypsum is being produced each year which required large land areas and considerable costs in maintaining the stocks/reservoirs making it one of the most significant challenges for the fertilizer industry, agricultural productivity, and to the environmental. The enormous amount of phosphogypsum by-product waste indicates a great potential for further development of recovery and extraction of such critical elements, thus, turning phosphogypsum into a secondary resource.  The medium-term goal of this project is to demonstrate and execute a technology of recovery of radionuclides, REEs and other valuable industrial elements in phosphogypsum resources from phosphate fertilizer plants in the country. This project constitutes the first phase and aims to (1) characterize the Philippine phosphogypsum tailings from fertilizer plants using available chemical and nuclear analytical equipment in the PNRI; (2) quantify   the total volume of phosphogypsum ponds;  and (3) investigate on the economical and applicable extraction and separation of radionuclides, rare earths, and other valuable industrial elements from phosphogypsum on a laboratory scale.
Project 1 : Documentation of Philippine Indigenous Bamboo Musical Instruments Metals and EngineeringThis project involves the documentation of the various indigenous bamboo musical instruments found in the Philippines. The study sites are identified based on the following criteria: 1) geographical location of Philippine IPs,, especially those previously identified to use bamboo musical instruments (Appendix 1); 2) geographical sources of bamboo in the country (Appendices 2 & 3); and 3) existing requirement in DepEd's K-12 curriculum. Primary data will be collected thru interviews,, and video and photo documentation. Secondary data will come from literature review. Actual bamboo musical instruments will be gathered. The musical attributes of the collected bamboo musical instruments will be characterized by experts from UP Diliman College of Music. The identification and characterization of bamboo species used in musical instruments will be done by experts from DOST-FPRDI. The actual sound produced from the collected bamboo musical instruments will be recorded digitally. Processing or how these instruments are produced by the IPs will also be documented,, but with consideration for intellectual property rights of the IPs. Site visits will be coordinated with the local government units (LGU),, local people's organization,, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR),, private companies and bamboo plantations. A study tour of the Saung Angklung Udjo Museum in Bandung,, Indonesia will also be included to learn how they preserve and promote culture in terms of bamboo musical instrument (Angklung). Results of the undertaking will be packaged into the following: coffee table book,, manual on howto-use the musical instruments (for students),, teaching modules (for teachers),, compendium and an audiovisual presentation (after the completion of the program).
Project 2 : Development of Protective Processing Technology for Bamboo Musical InstrumentsMetals and Engineeringxx
Project 4 : Development of Prototype Design and Standardization of Instrument Making Process for Nontraditional Bamboo Instruments using Select Philippine Bamboo SpeciesFranz De LeonMetals and Engineering (9) Description   Bamboo abounds in the Philippines and exists in several hundred species. They are used in many ways, primarily as a timber substitute in building houses. Aside from practical purposes, bamboo is also used as music-making devices or instruments. Some of the instruments are blown; others are lucked or even struck.   In Kalinga and the Cordillera, a link between bamboo and the indigenous beliefs can be found in certain ceremonies and sacred objects. In parts of the Cordillera, the growth of a variety of bamboo makes possible the construction of certain music instruments unique only to that variety. Some well-documented Kalinga instruments include “saggeypo” (closed-ended, individual pipe), “paldong” (lip-valley notch flute), “tongali” (noseflute), “tambi” (paired-string zither), “kolitong” (polycordial zither), “tongatong” (stamping tube), “patatag” (xylophone staves), and “patang-ug” (percussion tube). In lowlands, traditional Philippine banda kawayan (bamboo bands) use a variety of instruments including the bamboo tube or “bumbong,” the bamboo marimba or” “talungating,” the bamboo piano or “tipangklung,” the bamboo flute or “tulali,” the bamboo knockers or “kalatok,” and the bamboo musiscal rattles, the Philippine “angklung”.   However, there is no standard in producing these instruments, which then lead to poor quality in terms of sound quality and durability. Hence, the aim of this research is develop prototype designs of musical instruments using select philippine bamboo species and processing technology. Local bamboo instruments will be characterized qualitatively and quantitatively. Models will be obtained that will correlate the physical properties with good acoustic qualities. Then, several local bamboo species will be used to create instrument prototypes. These prototypes will again be characterized and compared qualitatively and quantitatively. The research will be able to identify the appropriate bamboo species for instrument making. Moreover, a standard procedure for creating quality instruments will be recommended.  
HEIRIT: ESTABLISHMENT OF DOST-SAMAR STATE UNIVERSITY TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS INCUBATORVivian Moya Technology Transfer & CommercializationThe project entitled "Establishment of DOST SSU-Technology Business Incubator (SSU-TBI-HQ)" aims to establish the DOST-SSU TBI (SSU-HQ) in Region VIII to help/create establish start-ups with successful business models in the region. Most specifically, this project aims to develop an entrepreneurial spirit/culture among students, faculty, and communities in Region VIII and establish network and harmonize connections between the academe, government, non-government agencies and industries thereby be able to manage the TBI as a businesslike enterprise, which progressively recovers significant proportions of its operating costs. The focus of TBI will marine and food processing as this is the strength of the region and proven to have higher market potential. Outputs of the project will include industry partnerships, commercialization of local technologies, successful incubatee/entrepreneur graduates, and creation of jobs.
Project 3 : Processing Facility for Bamboo musical Instruments and Other Lignocellulosic MaterialsMetals and Engineeringa
Mindanao Renewable Energy R&D Center (MREC)Randell EspinaEnergyThe Mindanao Renewable Energy R & D Center (MREC) is a research center to be hosted by the Ateneo de Davao University that will pursue thematic societal research questions on appropriate and sustainable energy systems and other vital large socio-technical systems that reinforce its sustainability. It adheres to ‘systems’ thinking and interdisciplinary approach as it strives to solve real-life problems where technology and policy are intricately intertwined and governance transpires at different socio-political clusters and layers.  Basically, MREC will navigate in the three-pronged function of the university with a particular bias on research & development. Its strong research efforts have to interact appositely with training and engagement that are anchored to the call for formation, which integrates these efforts and elevates them towards the greater illumination of the requisite role of technology to society. MREC is designed to be opened to all Universities and individuals who are engaged or planning to engage in renewable energy research and development & trainings. Relevant equipment and facilities will be acquired to materialize the conceptualized renewable energy technologies. Moreover, specialized trainings and programs will be conducted to build the capacities of the researchers and partner Universities in Mindanao. Additionally, MREC will work hand-in-hand with the Center for Renewable Energy and Appropriate Technologies (CREATE) and the School of Engineering & Architecture of the Ateneo de Davao University. MREC will be very useful in supporting the new graduate programs on Doctor of Engineering in Energy Engineering and Master of Engineering in Renewable Energy which is scheduled to be offered come academic year 2018-2019.
HEIRIT: Establishment of a Technology Business Incubator Establishment at Silliman UniversityDr. Dave MarcialTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe Silliman Innovations on Energy (SINERGY) TBI focuses on Energy Technologies is highly desirable to respond to the needs of industry and the people, which will benefit aspirants who do not have access in becoming full-fledged entrepreneurs. It is aimed to be a hub of incubating startups not only in Negros Oriental but also in Occidental.
HEIRIT Establishment of the DOST-Bicol University Technology Business Incubation (BU-TBI) Center for Bicol Region ARNULFO MALINISTechnology Transfer & CommercializationBicol University is an institution promoting scholarship, leadership, character and service as its core values. It boasts a population of 26,352 scholars served by 542 faculty and 329 non-teaching personnel. It has risen to SUC Level IV a prestige it has enjoyed since 1998. As a comprehensive university, it caters to the following: Technology, Engineering, Architecture and Sciences; Arts and Letters, Culture, Recreation and Sports; Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries; Business and Entrepreneurship; Health and Medicine; Social Sciences; and, Education.   This year, the university is targeting to be an entrepreneurial university while targeting to be the first SUC V in the Bicol region. The continuous thrust of upholding its excellence in Research, Development and Extension paved way for the creation of the Office of the Vice President for Research, Development and Extension along with the discipline-based research centers in the university to be contribute to the generation, enhancement, and transfer of technology in support to the development of Bicol University and the uplifting of the socioeconomic condition of the Bicol Region and address institutional, regional and national development needs.
HEIRIT: UMasenso: Establishment of University of Mindanao Technology Business Incubation Facility and Services for Environmental Solutions Efrhain Louis PajotaTechnology Transfer & Commercializationasdasd
Support for Philippine Startup Challenge (PSC) WinnerTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThis proposal seeks to invite collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) to support the winning student-teams of Philippine Startup Challenge (PSC). DICT requests DOST support for providing prototyping funds to allow the teams to build prototypes after the competition.  As winners, these teams have been judged to have the most promising startup ideas that could potentially turn into market-ready products or viable businesses.  Many of these winning startup products were born out of the student's college thesis requirements but lack the depth and robustness required in testing products in the real world.  Funding is needed to help the teams develop product prototypes and conduct continued product-market fit validation in order to fully transform their ideas into workable beta versions and viable products. In some cases, this prototyping stage may also flesh out if the startup needs further development or should be abandoned due to lack of commercial merit or other significant difficulties.  Now on its 5th year, PSC is a key program of the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) #seedPh Digital Startup Development Program. Additional details are noted below for your review and consideration. 
Technology Innovations for Mathematical Reasoning, Statistical Thinking and AssessmentMa. Louise Antonette De Las PenasInformation and Communications TechnologyThe project aims to create a digital mathematics learning environment where Filipino children can learn mathematics and think by and for themselves in solving mathematical problems. The digital learning environment consists of: digital mobile applications and instructional materials, large-scale database of assessment results and a database for statistical learning/Census-at-School.  The digital mobile applications must satisfy the following criteria. They must (1) be based on sound pedagogy, (2) be engaging, (3) be easy to use, (4) be based on the Department of Education (DepEd) curriculum, (5) run even on moderate system requirements, and (6) have minimal cost. The apps will be accompanied by instructional manuals to facilitate classroom implementation. The instructional manual will describe features of the apps and how they are meant to be used inside the classroom. Further, the app-based assessments can be designed so that results can be uploaded and be used to track students' progress. All of the above may be incorporated in a smart math learning environment, and part of the project will be to develop this framework, adapting ideas from related literature (Kadar, 2016, Kim, 2009, & Liu et al., 2017).   Another notable feature of the project is the construction of a database of student progress. Research-based assessments used to track the mathematical performance of thousands of pupils in Australia (Bobis et al., 2005) will be adapted for use in the Philippine setting. It is anticipated that the research-based assessments to be used in this project will provide a richer description of the strategies used by Filipino learners than can be gleaned from the more traditional multiple-choice assessments such as the National Achievement Test (NAT). In particular, these assessments can determine whether Filipino students are merely imitating procedures demonstrated by their teachers or using their critical thinking to solve mathematical tasks. This project will provide the training and infrastructure whereby teachers (or assigned assistants) can upload assessment results for their students for future analysis. The success of the project can thus be directly measured through this database. Further, the database can continue to grow once the project is extended to other localities. The database for statistical learning will collect real-world data from students, and this database can be used to learn statistical concepts using authentic data. This will consist of (1) an online platform where students may answer surveys, (2) a database that stores survey results, (3) an online platform where users may retrieve data from survey results, and (4) teaching guides that show teachers how to use the available data for statistical topics in Grades 1-11.  The resulting learning environment and framework can be extended as a template for implementation in localities in the Philippines and can also be used to cover other subject areas aside from mathematics.  
CRADLE: Enhancement and Market Validation of Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition industrial Prototype for Nitride-Based Coatings Magdaleno Vasquez Jr.Technology Transfer & CommercializationA coating system technology developed at the Plasma Physics Laboratory of the National Institute of Physics offers an alternative to carbide coating. The technological innovation, in one broad sense, demonstrates that titanium nitride (TiN) can be synthesized on industrial tools such as drill bits, taps, punchers and extrusion molds using a locally developed magnetized sheet plasma source. The said project was previously supported by the DOST thru the TECHNICOM program with a total grant of PhP 9.8M for more than two years of implementation. It involved the design of the scaled-up system sheet plasma device, procurement of necessary equipment and components, and test runs to determine stable operating conditions for thin film deposition. The project team also partnered with Asian Semiconductor Electronics Technologies Corporation (ASET Corp.) to realize adoption of the technology for industrial applications. The University of the Philippines-Diliman together with ASET Corp. seeks to continue this partnership through this new project under the CRADLE Program. This project aims to enhance the magnetized sheet plasma source (MSPS) system, optimize its capabilities through the conduct of experiments and promote TiN coating and its derivatives to different industries for various value-adding applications. Owing to the initial success of the partnership, ASET Corp. reaffirms its commitment to the partnership in the development of the hard coatings technology especially on TiN thin films using the sheet plasma device, as well as in the market validation of the coating technology.
HEIRIT Establishment of the DOST-CITU TBI: Wildcat Innovation LabsRalph LavisteTechnology Transfer & CommercializationOver the years, Cebu has grown into one of the country's most significant provincial economies and an attractive destination for investment. Cebu's central location has positioned the island as a natural entry point and trading center for southern Philippines. It is the second largest city and fastest growing economy in the country. The major economic drivers of Cebu are tourism and information technology business process outsourcing.   Cebu Institute of Technology - University (CIT-U) is one of the eight (8) universities in Cebu City that regularly produces quality talents to supply the growing workforce demand of the region. More than seventy percent of the graduates produced by the University every year are in the fields of science and technology. Other disciplines such as management, business and accountancy also contribute significantly to the population.   The Wildcat Innovation Labs is a Technology Business Incubator of CIT-University. The project is ably supported by the administration and is currently under the Office of the President. The technology thrust of the Wildcat Labs are in consonance with the various programs that the University is focusing, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, data analytics, internet of things, robotics, mechatronics, electronics, green energy, green building and food innovation. The banner program of Wildcat Innovation Labs is education technology (EDUTECH).   Establishing a Technology Business Incubator at Cebu City promotes entrepreneurial and techno-entrepreneurial campaign in the Region. The startups being nurtured by the incubator contributes to the economic activity as it generates jobs, generates revenues, and also address the social and economic issues. 
Rapid Market Appraisal for Underutilized Fruits (Guava, Soursop, Sugar Apple, and Tamarind) in the Philippines Fezoil Luz DecenaR and D Networking, FoodThe Philippine fruit industry is one of the most important sectors in agriculture. It plays a vital role in providing a healthy diet for the Filipino people, and most importantly, in the economic development of the country. Fruit, aside from being a rich source of vitamins and minerals, can also be used as a substitute for staple food like rice. Meanwhile, fruit production has employed a significant number of Filipinos farmers. Indeed, it has provided higher income to farmers engaged in fruit farming than those in other crops. Moreover, the industry has opened job opportunities to Filipinos in fruitbased processing companies, as fruits are widely used as raw materials for processing such as chips, dried, juice, concentrates, purees, jams, marmalade and preserves  Despite the fruit industry making a substantial share in food production and exports, the country is still experiencing inadequacy in the supply of food. One possible solution to address the problem is to promote increased dietary diversity through exploring the potential of the underutilized fruits.  The study will conduct a market assessment, through RMA, of four underutilized fruit crops namely guava, soursop, sugar apple, and tamarind. It aims to understand the market status, potential and constraints of these fruits to be able to formulate R&D intervention along their supply chain that would improve productivity and efficiency. 
HEIRIT: Establishment of the DOST-TOMASInno Center TBIRaymond MarquezTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe University of Santo Tomas (UST), the Pontifical, Royal, and Catholic University of the Philippines, is a Dominican institution under the patronage of St. Thomas Aquinas established in 1611. The mission of the University is to generate, advance, and transmit knowledge to form competent and compassionate professionals who are committed to serving not just the Church but the nation and the global community as well. One of the nine directional areas of UST is Research and Innovation. The goal is be "globally acknowledged expert in pioneering and innovative research in the arts and humanities, social science, business management and education, health and allied sciences, science and technology, and the sacred sciences." Translation of research output for the benefit of the society and the global community is one of the major thrusts of the university. This is demonstrated with technologies developed at UST are awarded with patents or utility model registration with the Intellectual Property Office Philippines. Hence, the establishment of a Technology Business Incubation (TBI) Center is in the University's blueprint for research translation. At present, a new building is under construction that will house the proposed TBI Center. The pool of mentors and advisers are composed of faculty members from the Faculty of Engineering, College of Commerce and Business Administration, Institute of Information and Computing Science, College of Science, and College of Fine Arts and Design. To add, a pre-TBI milestone was accomplished as we are now finalizing a commercial licensing agreement with an industry partner. The TOMASInno Center is located at the 1st floor of the 23-storey UST Senior High School building at Espana Blvd. cor Cayco St. The TBI facility is about 540 m2and will be furnished with adequate co-working spaces, fast and reliable internet connections, meeting rooms, and prototyping equipment for start-ups. Thru this project, the team intends to produce businesses from the ideas and technologies generated by the university, its alumni and external groups to generate jobs and revenues and address social and economic issues.
FABRICATION OF A NOVEL MATERIAL AS ANODE ELECTRODE FOR HIGH POWER GENERATOR AL-AIR BATTERYGinno AndresEnergyThe project aims to develop an Aluminum-air based battery pack equipped with a novel electrode. The battery which consists of a single-unit cell will be designed, fabricated and characterized. The project will use polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based hydrogel instead of liquid electrolyte to recharge. Charge transfer of PVA based hydrogel electrolyte is stable and can be manipulated nano-metal (nickel/cobalt/manganese) enhanced electrodes.   Aluminum is an ideal material for batteries due to its excellent electrochemical performance. The aluminum-air battery anode has many advantageous properties such as abundance, low cost, innocuousness, high power density, and high energy density. Amongst the numerous metal/air systems, the aluminum/air technology has an excellent theoretical energy density up to 8.1 kWh/kg
Kapok fibers absorbent with customizable hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity for oily water and wastewater treatmentMary Donnabelle BalelaNanotechnologyPollution caused by oily water has been linked to diverse industrial sources such as the general metal, food, textile, leather, transportation, and petroleum industries. This immiscible liquid must be separated to reach a high product quality or to meet stringent emission limits prior to disposal. Several physical approaches, which include plate sedimentation, thickener, floatation chamber, centrifugation and deep-bed filtration, have been developed to tackle the problem. Fibrous deep-bed filtration is an attractive method to separate immiscible liquid from polluted wastewater. The advantages of this method are good performance and simplicity of operation with low initial and operating costs when proper filter bed material is used. Many natural sorbents have been used for oil water separation. From the study of Knapik et. al., they used sunflower pith as an absorbent for different oils in water (Knapik & Stopa, 2018). Also, a study from Anuzyte et. al. uses Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus, a moss species as absorbent for diesel-water mixture (Anuzyte & Vaisis, 2018). The advantages ofusing these types ofabsorbents is that they are easily available, inexpensive, recyclable or easy to recover, and non-toxic. The advantages of using these types of absorbents is that they are easily available, inexpensive, recyclable or easy to recover, and non-toxic. However, the results that were obtained in these studies were operated at low parameters and they have to be treated first before they can have great sorption capacities. C. pentandra or locally known as kapok fiber is a well-known absorbent material. Kapok is a natural plant fiber that has low density, good buoyancy, huge hollowness and excellent hydrophobicity. These unique characteristics provide kapok fibers with higher oil sorption capability compared with existing oil sorbents found in nature. Recent studies have shown different preparation techniques for kapok fibers (KF) for absorption or adsorption of various wastewater components, such as oil and toxic heavy metals. For the adsorption of heavy metals or dyes in aqueous solution, surface treatment by removing the smooth waxy layer must be done to render hydrophilic kapok fibers. Delignification of kapok fibers were done via treatment with sodium chlorite (NaCICh). (Kang et ah, 2007; Liu et ah, 2012) A previous study utilized chloroform to remove waxy layer, and a buffer with acetic acid and NaOH and sodium chlorite for pre-treatment before rendering the fibers into a hand-made paper coated with polyaniline (PANI) and ZnO for the photocatalytic adsorption of methyl orange. (Lacuesta et al., 2018) Another study also utilized kapok coated with PANI via chemical oxidation method for chromium adsorption. (Zheng et al., 2012) Modification of kapok fibers by coating with polyacrylonitrile (PAN) which has heavy metal adsorption properties were also studied. (Agcaoili et al., 2017) Recently, the PAN-coated kapok fibers were subjected to further hydrolysis treatment by NaOH for lead and chromium adsorption have been studied. (Alipoyo et al., 2019; Balela et al., 2019) For oil absorption in wastewater, hydrophobicity and oleophilicity ofkapok fibers must be obtained. Coating the kapok fibers with PTES functionalized Ti02 and ZnO to render a superhydrophobic surface were studied. (Tigno et al., 2018; J. Wang et al., 2017) Recently, carbon-based sorbents have been recently studied for its 3D structure, low density, high porosity, hydrophobicity, and large specific surface area. (Yuan et al., 2017) Kapok fibers is a renewable and sustainable carbon source with high oleophilicity and natural microtubular structure. (Sun, Li, et al., 2019; J. Wang et al., 2012) Recently, carbon from kapok fibers have been produced via carbonization (Sun, Lei, et al., 2019; Sun, Li, et al., 2019). To achieve higher adsorption capacities, carbonized kapok fibers were activated with CO2 activation, H2PO3, KOH, ZnCb at temperatures higher than 500°C to enhance surface areas. (Cao et al., 2018) However, direct carbonization or activation destroys natural fibrous structure at temperatures higher than 500°C. This may be improved by pre-stabilization at a certain temperature lower than the carbonization temperature. (Bi et al., 2019) Hydrothermal carbonization is another low-cost form of modification of the kapok fibers. Hydrothermal treatments make use of the subcritical properties of water at high pressures and temperatures (Khan et al., 2019; Xiao et al., 2012). In the case of hydrothermal carbonization, conversion of biomass to hydrochars takes place at 180-250°C (Khan et al., 2019). Hydrochars produced from biomass varies depending on the conditions, other than pressure and temperature, the conversion took place, such as the composition ofthe biomass, pH ofthe feedwater, the presence of catalysts, and reaction time (Khan et al., 2019; Li et al., 2018; Nizamuddin et al., 2017). Simultaneous processes during the hydrothermal treatment and the variables affecting the quality ofthe produced hydrochar calls for the optimization of the process for a specific type of biomass in order to control the desired properties. The objectives of this study are to create a fixed bed reactor using kapok filter as absorbent for oil and water separation. Specifically, this research aims to prepare and characterize modified kapok fibers, to determine the sorption capacity of the samples under static and dynamic conditions for different types ofindustrial pollutants (diesel, methyl orange, Cu(II), kerosene), to integrate the modified kapok filters in a fixed bed reactor to produce a filter or spill kit for oil and water separation, to optimize parameters (e.g. initial influent concentration of absorbate, flow rate, packing density, etc.) using computational methods, and to model the dynamics of oil sorption under dynamic conditions.
Development of Low Heat and Low Humidity (LH)2 Drying System for DOST Malnutrition Reduction Program (DOST-MRP) FacilitiesCharlie AdonaCreative Industries, FoodThis proposal aims to design a Low-Heat and Low Humidity (LH2) system to develop fruit snack and rehydrateable vegetable mix for noodles intended for emergency / disaster food use and supplemental feeding in public schools. LH2 drying system uses dehumidified air and low temperature to convert local fruits and vegetables nutritious and shelf-stable food products. This drying system does not require heat which enables preservation of the nutritional content of the food while saving on energy costs for operations.
Sustainable Technology - Assisted Route Planning for Region VI (STARPLAN VI) Alexis FilloneTransportationA major component of the PUV Modernization Program involves enhancing public transport planning, which is currently contingent on the integrity and data inputs of public transport operators. The reform thus requires local government units to undertake the function of route planning and submit a Local Public Transport Plan (LPTRP) as a pre-requisite for the issuance of PUV franchises within its jurisdiction. The LPTRPs entail rationalising the route network mainly based on route service characteristics, passenger demand, and socio-demographic information in order to identify the appropriate type and volume of modes and operating and infrastructural requirements. High technical capacity is therefore necessary in developing the LPTRPs. In 2018, transport planning specialists were commissioned to conduct a two-week hands-on training to municipal, city, and provincial representatives of LGUs to develop the LPTRP. The expected output of the capacity building activity is the submission of LPTRPs, which only selected LGUs were able to achieve. Priority to strengthen capacities however remains high in accordance with the PUV Modernization Program.  Limitations from the preliminary activity have been identified alongside recommendations to design the proposed capacity development module. Evident from the training was the limited time and exposure of the participants to the use of both QGIS for spatial land-use planning and JICA STRADA v. 3.5 for public transport planning. While there was more familiarity with QGIS, operating JICA STRADA is highly complex, which participants were unable to use when developing the route plans. Easier to use transport planning software that utilises actual transport network data is therefore proposed. Ensuring the sustainability of the program is further essential. Adjustments in planning outputs, e.g. route alignment, service frequencies, vehicle capacities, particularly in the initial phase of the reform is expected. Monitoring and evaluation of the designed system and its service responsiveness is proposed.  To adopt a more systems-oriented approach and considering the archipelagic nature of the country, it is essential to plan towards an interconnected maritime and road transport network. Noting the case of Region VI wherein maritime transport services are available to provide linkages between Negros Occidental and Guimaras with Panay Island. Moreover, given that tourism is a significant industry in Region VI, tourism-oriented transport planning would be tackled. The program is thus proposed to be demonstrated in Region VI
Enhancement of Transportation Management Software (E-TraMS)Hilario Sean PalmianoTransportationThe impact of the current state of traffic in the Philippines on different economic sectors can no longer be ignored. It has been the main focus in a lot of discussions in different social media, with several local government units voicing out their need for support in traffic management in their respective areas. As a response, the Department of Transportation has prepared the Local Public Transport Route Plan (LPTRP), which will serve as a basis for the issuance of franchise and assigning local routes.   Recently, a customized traffic simulator (LocalSim) and a traffic forecasting software (T4Cast, under the CPTS Project) have been in their final stages of development. With their complementing functionalities, the two software, together, will be of great use and importance to LPTRP, and can be easily scaled down to management in more specific units, such as LGUs.   There is a need to package LocalSim and T4Cast into one software suite – a powerful tool that will provide improved usability and functionality for the target users while building the capacity of LGUs to manage small-scale traffic (by using LocalSim’s microscopic traffic simulator) and plan long-term solutions that adapt to the ever-changing traffic demand profile in urban regions (by using T4Cast’s traffic forecasting outputs).
FASTRAC: Alama Project: Technology Development, Commercialization and Promotion of Gitara ni JuanCrisron Rudolf LucasTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe Gitara ni Juan Project Team --- composed of Filipino musicians, engineers, wood experts and luthiers who aim to preserve the country's rich luthiery tradition and to leverage the local woods industry, and to provide quality affordable instrument to every Juan--- wants to continue its legacy and contribute more to the building of this nation. Starting with William as the first adaptor, we envision a more sustainable and more globally competitive guitar-making industry.
FASTRAC: MAPX: Manage Assets and Properties and Map for VisualizationRolyn DaguilTechnology Transfer & CommercializationMAPX is a platform that provides end-to-end solutions for the local government unit and real property owners. It is a tax mapping service that uses WebGIS to transform property boundaries digitally using interactive maps. It utilizes geospatial technology to overlay maps that will help improve assessment and valuation. Furthermore, it provides a notification and collection system through its mobile applications for real property owners.  Caraga State University, having engaged in mapping services of land resources and boundaries through the Phil-Lidar 2 and ICT Support for Responsible Mining projects, developed the MAPX as a derivative project where the researchers will provide a new set of service for real property tax mapping. The project aims to develop the intellectual property for the real property tax mapping platform for local government units, mobile applications for real property owners, GPU-based spatial data infrastructure system and offline support system among others, and have these IPs, packages/services and pricing validated to LGUs in Caraga Region and other areas in the country.  
FASTRAC: Establishment of a Spin-off Facility and Pilot Plant for Fruitect Coatings for Shelf-Life Extension of Fresh Fruit ProduceHidelisa HernandezTechnology Transfer & CommercializationA major problem faced by the Philippine fruit and vegetable industry is the short shelf-life of produce. Being biological in nature, fruits and vegetables eventually ripens or deteriorates over time. Thus, the industry is faced with the challenge of retaining and/or improving the quality and prolonging the shelf life of fresh produce from harvest to the final consumer. The research on fruit coatings by the UPLB sought to address the problem on high postharvest losses of fruits, or food wastage, and the underutilization of accumulated biomass from agricultural and food processing activities. Among the fruits grown in the Philippines, banana, pineapple, mango and papaya are the export winners. These are the country's biggest dollar earners.  Fresh bananas rank first, followed by pineapple, mango and papaya. It is for this reason that these fruits were used as test fruits in the previous research projects on fruit coatings. Various coating products were developed by the research team.  Polymeric materials, i.e. pectin and hemicellulose were extracted from mango peels and pineapple crown leaves, respectively; cellulose nano whiskers were prepared from class B nata de coco and chitosan tripolyphosphate nanoparticles were also prepared. These products were used in the preparation of coating formulations for specific fruits. The performance of pectin-based coating formulations in delaying ripening and extending postharvest-life of mango, banana (lakatan), pineapple and bell-pepper fruits was evaluated.  Likewise, the performance of hemicellulose-based coatings was evaluated in papaya, pineapple and banana (Lakatan) fruits.  The Fruitect brand for these coating formulations has been registered with the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL).       Previous research studies of the proponents have shown the ability of developed Fruitect coatings in extending the shelf life of Philippine fruit varieties in laboratory and bench-scale quantities. Prior to the commercialization of these coating products, there is a need collect data through customer discovery, market exploration and thorough product pricing.  It is also important to conduct a simulation of an actual business operation on a semi-commercial scale in preparation for full blown commercialization of the coating products. This project is a continuation of several efforts to harness and add value to agricultural and food processing wastes by developing materials that would improve and extend the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. These materials should be biodegradable and safe. In addition, studying the performance of the Fruitect coatings in the shelf life extension of vegetables would increase the reach of these developed materials, enabling a wider market for the coatings.
A Mobile-Web Bidirectional Neural Machine Translation System for Filipino and CebuanoKristine Mae AdlaonInformation and Communications TechnologyThe MTB-MLE policy is now exercised in educational institutions, from kindergarten to Grade 3, all over the archipelago in accordance with the new curriculum. DepEd currently uses 19 languages in MTB-MLE, namely: Akianon, Bahasa Sug, Bikol, Chavacano, Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Ivatan, Kapampangan, Kinaray-a, Maguindanaoan, Maranao, Pangasinan, Sambal, Sinugbuanong Binisaya, Sinurigaonon, Tagalog, Waray, Yakan, and Ybanag. Sinugbuanong Binisaya is the dominant language in the Davao Region. Although the implementation has gradually seen to be beneficial to the students, some problems are still encountered. One of which is the insufficiency of supplementary teaching materials for the students. Teachers have long since used their own strategies in order to effectively implement MTB-MLE in the class. Gathering supplementary materials would require the teachers to search for more examples online or other book materials. The challenge is that most of these materials found online are written either in English or Filipino. Translating the materials from the source to the target native language has become an additional task for the teachers. In Mindanao, instances of difficulties in teaching MTB-MLE are rooted due to the diverse languages in a certain area. For example, in Kabakan Central School in Cotabato, where the class is a homogenous mix of Ilokano, Ilonggo, Tagalog, Maguindanaoan, and Cebuano students, the teachers have to use Filipino (Tagalog) first, then code-switched to mother tongue as a teaching strategy. Although students are seen to be more engaged in class with the use of mother tongue in their lessons; however, due to the lack of learning materials and insufficient training for teachers, explanations and discussions become longer since teachers have to turn to code-switching. This is particularly true in the Davao Region, where Dabaweño-Cebuano is the prominent language, and the EXECUTIVE PROJECT BRIEF materials being issued is either written in English or mainland Cebuano. Also, although we already have the state-of-the-art solutions, mistranslation of words are still seen most especially translating Philippine native languages. The proposed solution to the identified need (translation of the teaching materials) is a Mobile-Web Bidirectional Neural Machine Translation (NMT) System for Filipino and Cebuano. The system is a machine translator that will enable a user (e.g. teacher) to upload a document or a text from one language (Filipino, Cebuano) and the system will translate it to the other language (Filipino, Cebuano). The system will use a deep learning approach; a state-of-the-art technique used for machine translation. The mobile-website will be responsive to any device. Initially, a proposed API for translation will be released but for this project instead of the API for translation, a digitized form of the corpus will be made available for the public or interested parties. The corpus will help other developers who would want to develop and work on project about translation without having to re-do the data gathering process.
Integrated Waste Analysis, Survey and Technological Options (IWASTO)Maria Antonia TanchulingEnvironmentOne of the major pollution loads to the Manila Bay are solid wastes which are indiscriminately thrown out to rivers and esteros, which eventually end up in Manila Bay. We see river mouths filled with trash, and when monsoon rains come, mountains of wastes are washed ashore. To be able to address this situation in a sustainable manner, we need to address it at the source by preventing the wastes to end up in the waterways. Coastal clean-ups are palliative and cosmetic, and will not result to improvement of the water quality of the Bay if the upstream conditions are not addressed. Thus, we need to define existing conditions in the cities and municipalities comprising the Mania Bay watershed and use these information as bases for technological solutions and policy recommendations. From several research in the past, the lack of waste management infrastructure from collection to treatment has led to the huge volumes of wastes ending up in waterways. It is thus necessary to set up appropriate solid waste utilization technologies to recover resources that are in the wastes. To be able to come up with the specific technology and its design, the wastes characteristics need to be defined. Socio-economic conditions such as solid waste practices, and perceptions are also important inputs to ensure that the technological solutions will be appropriate and acceptable to the communities
Development of an Integrated Mapping, Monitoring, and Analytical Network System for Manila Bay and Linked Environments (MApABLE)Ariel BlancoEnvironmentProject MAPABLE will utilize satellite images, crowd-sources information, field surveys, and other data to periodically characterize the spatial and temporal distribution of water quality. Mapping and monitoring of water quality is important in (1) understanding the spatial and temporal distribution or variation of water quality parameters, (2) elucidating processes that produce the patterns and trends in water quality, (3) improving models used to estimate and simulate water quality conditions, and (4) ascertaining whether intervention measures are translating to desired water quality improvements or not. Manila Bay has an approximate area of 1,994 sq. km. with many tributary rivers draining the surrounding watershed. While field surveys provide detailed information at monitoring stations, such approach must be complemented with the use of satellite and aerial images to cover the entire bay at sufficient spatial and temporal resolutions. Satellite systems such as Landsat, the Sentinel satellites, and other satellites regularly obtain images from tens of minutes to around 16 days.  Given the spatial coverage and the combined frequency of satellite images, selected water quality of Manila Bay and linked systems can be continuously assessed. Participation of citizen is also critical in the rehabilitation of Manila Bay. Citizens can provide valuable information on water quality and related environmental conditions, making them environmental sentinels. Image reflectance can be related to water quality parameters as long as they affect the optical properties of the water. Typically, parameters such as turbidity, total suspended solids, colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), and chl-a can be estimated from images. Approaches in image-based water quality estimation include regression modelling and bio-optical numerical modelling. Regression modelling requires sufficient number of in situ measurements taken around the same time as the image was taken. This poses a challenge for big bodies of water were on a few measurements can be made relative to the size of the water body. Also, image acquisition by satellites is very quick relative to water sampling and in situ water quality measurements. There is also the possibility of using jointly bio-optical modelling, hydrodynamic-water quality modelling and regression modelling. WASI-2D is the initial bio-optical model which will be utilized as this model accounts for various components including different microalgal classes. Each of these have weakness and strength. Combining them minimizes the weaknesses while capitalizing on the strengths of individual approaches.  
Eco-System Modeling and Material Transport Analysis for the Rehabilitation of Manila Bay (e- SMART) Eugene HerreraEnvironmentSMART Ecosystem-based solutions are needed to provide information and scientific basis for developing policies and strategies for integrated coastal management planning as well as to assess the consequences and effects of actions and interventions imposed on the bay. And these can only be accomplished scientifically and manageably through numerical modelling studies.
Design of Highly Active Kapok Fiber Electrodes for Energy ApplicationsMary Donnabelle BalelaNanotechnologyIn this research collaboration between Japanese professor, Dr. Shunsuke Yagi of the Institute of Industrial Science and Filipino researchers consisting of Dr. Mary Donnabelle Balela of Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, UP Diliman, Dr. Marvin Herrera of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, UP Los Banos and Prof. Ronniel Manalo of the Department of Forest Product and Paper Science, UP Los Banos, highly active kapok fibers will be prepared and investigated as pseudocapacitive electrode and electrecatalytt for water oxidation. Kapok fibers are from kapok Sea (Ceibapentandra .(t.) Gaertn), which are widespread in tropical countries like the Philippines. A mature kapok tree can produce several hundred of seed pods with black seeds and fluffy fibers, which can be used as fillings in pillows, sleeping bags, and insulators. However, the availability of synthetic fibers has significantly decreased the economic value of kapok fibers over the years. Kapok fibers are round microtubular with diameter of 10-20 pm, indicating a large surface area to volume ratio as seen in Fig. 1. As such, they can be utilized for high value applications, such as large surface electrodes for energy storage systems.  Conductive kapok fibers and papers will be prepared by hydrothermal carbonization (HCT) and layer by layer deposition (LBL). These are simple processing techniques, with high potential for upscaled production. Then, 2-dimensional transitional /natal nanomaterials (Ni, Co, Fe and Mn) will be grown on the surface of the HCT and LBL kapok fiber and paper These materials are cheaper alternative ruthenium oxide, the current material of choice for supercapacitors and OER catalysts. Characterization of the kapok fiber and papers electrodes (SEM, FTIR, XRD, FESEM, BET) will be conducted in University of the Philippines and University of Tokyo.  Electrochemical characterizations, including assembly of asymmetric supercapacitor device, will be mainly performed in the University of Tokyo.  
Development of a 23-seater Electric Jeepney (E-Jeepney)Edmund ArragaTransportationThe Philippine-Japan Electric Jeepney Project is now undergoing Feasibility Study by Oriental Consulting of Japan as commissioned by the Ministry of Economics,, Trade & Industry of the Japanese government This will be funded by NEDO under the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) of Japan. The plan is to locally assemble and deploy an intial 100 units in its Demonstration Period. The Ejeepney will be built using purely Japanese technology,, chassis,, mechanical and electrical EV parts. The body will be designed and manufactured locally. Five sites are undergoing evaluation by a METI Study Team: Clark,, Subic,, Camp John Hay,, Porn Point and UP Diliman,, all of which are government institutions. But first,, a prototype of a 21-seater Ejeepney will have to be built and tested under various road,, terrain and driving conditions. The sionificance of the Project are: 1 It will provide the proof of concept that the Japanese EV technology really works in the Philippines considering that this will be the first time a 21-seater Ejeepney will be developed. Before,, Chinese EV products were used on 16-seater Ejeepneys using the platform of an SUV or a pickup truck Now,, Japanese technology will be used on a platform of a much bigger light truck. 2 The proof of concept is important to prove that an Ejeepney is a viable alternative to a regular diesel jeepney and thus would qualify in the DOD's Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program. 3 Part of the Project will be the setting up for the first time of battery charging and swapping stations using lithium ion batteries with battery management system and a vehicle control unit. This is a major inffrastructure that will be developed and studied. 4 The Project will help reduce CO2 emissions,, fossil fuel consumption and importation,, fuel costs and noise pollution.
Fabrication and Characterization of Hydrophobic Nanocomposite Plated Abaca Fabric for Enhanced Electromagnetic Interference Shielding (EMI-SE) and Thermal Resistance (TR) for Spacesuits ApplicationGil Nonato Santos NanotechnologyPresence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) is inevitable especially in the recent years of fast emerging technology. Anchored to the fast communication, high-end medical equipment, effective transportation, mass production, industrialization, and information processing is the utilization of a variety of electromagnetic waves that ranges from low frequencies to high energy such as radiation. Humanity is not stopping for continual development; hence, it is also a responsibility to protect human and its environment. EMI as a form of signal interference and noise will interfere in the signal processing and purpose of sensors and other electrical devices that process data and function depending on the commands such as pacemakers, point of payment (POS) devices, etc. Common shielding materials are apron (Daniel, 2018), concrete (M. Davraz, 2017) and glass (Lakshminarayana, Kumar, Dong, Sayyed, & Long, 2018), and vinyl coated radiation shielding material (Infab, 2019) for medical, nuclear infrastructure, and devices, respectively. The materials vary in shape, structure, and composition depending on the application. The need for non-toxic, durable, and lightweight materials for electromagnetic shielding became the trend of the recent researches. Metals or alloys such as palladium and silver (Agar, Sayyed, Akman, Tekin, & Ka<;al, 2019), tungsten and tin (Aghamiri, et aI., 2011), cerium and erbium (Yalcin, Aktas, & Yilmaz, 2019), and single-walled carbon nanotubes (Vaidyanathan, 2019) (McKay & Chen, 2012) were utilized that yielded good attenuation values. Other than lighter elements, nickel works equally with aluminum but polymer loaded with nickel performs well in EMI shielding than aluminum alone. On the market demand side, according to Stratistics MRC, the Global EMI Shielding Materials Market is accounted for $6.47 billion in 2016 and expected to grow at a Computed Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 7.0% to reach $10.45 billion by 2023." In the electronic age we have, the EMI shielding becomes global demand to protect the circuits, eliminate noise, and cancel interfering signals for accuracy and hack-preventive measure. Moreover, according to Market Watch in June 2019, Medical Radiation Shielding market size will grow from USD 1,050,5 Million in 2017 to USD 1,507,1 Million by 2023, at an estimated CAGR of 6.2%. The demand for radiation shielding materials has been the focus since we are now upgrading the efficiency of medical equipment which is proportional to the utilization of more radiation dosages. The greater the intensity, the better images can be achieved for X-rays, MRI, CT scanner, and other imaging devices. With these market demands, the use of modified abaca fabric becomes an interest. Therefore, the use of non-toxic, lightweight, environment-friendly EMI shielding is the focus of this project, side-by-side with the capability of the hydrophobic nanocomposite plated abaca fabric to shield any material from drastic change in temperature. The use of abaca as substrate will be an advantage because it has high tensile strength and it is an indigenous material to promote the Philippine Natural Products.
PATURO: Platform for Assessment and Tracking of Urbanization-Related OpportunitiesDr. Erika Fille LegaraInformation and Communications Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Electronics TechnologyPATURO: Platform for Assessment and Tracking of Urbanization - Related Opportunities, is a collaboration between the City Government of Cauayan, the Asian Institute of Management, and the Isabela State University - Cauayan Campus. It aims to formulate a Smart Index, which is able to capture reliably and accurately a city’s “health” – which emerges from the diverse interactions between a city’s people, land, transportation system, and various economic activities. For this purpose, we will create a city simulator – a “real-world sandbox” – consisting of data-driven, interacting models representing various aspects of a city – its people, land use, establishments like schools, stores, offices and banks, and transport network.
HEIRIT: ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SABATAN: THE NUEVA VIZCAYA STATE UNIVERSITY TECHNOPRENEURS HUBCristina SalvosaTechnology Transfer & CommercializationCagayan Valley is the largest region in terms of land area in the Philippines having a total population of 3.4 million with an average growth rate of 13%. While in 2015, it posted an economic growth of 7.2% with a 98% functional literacy and imposing a regional enrolment of over 150,000 in 72 Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) according to the Philippine Statistics Authority.   The Nueva Vizcaya State University as a SUC Level IV having 43 accredited programs has support infrastructure for computer and engineering laboratories and shared facilities with the Department of Trade and Industry. NVSU has partnerships with both government and private agencies like the Department of Trade and Industry, Malabing Valley Multipurpose Cooperative, Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry Nueva Vizcaya and Region 2 Chapters, Agrizkaya Inc., Kalahan Educational Foundation, Nueva Vizcaya Agricultural Terminal Inc., and Philippine Society of Agriculture and Bio-systems Engineers and other pertinent organizations. Having a dedicated space for the Technology Business Incubation that is strategically located at the Old Administration Building, committed administration and passionate workforce, NVSU is geared towards the culture of innovation- to convert innovative ideas into successful business.  Moreover, the university embraced an entrepreneurial culture that foster the build-up of Start-Up communities.   Thru the project, the team intends to produce businesses from the ideas and technologies generated by the university and other startups within the region to generate jobs, generate revenues and address social and economic issues.
FASTRAC: X-LIPAD: Light Intelligent Platform for Autonomous DronesAlvin ChuaTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) community is slowly growing in the Philippines due to its many applications. Also, UAV systems are currently used in different applications like mapping, monitoring, disaster management, education, etc.   During the R&D Project of the X-LIPAD Team, they were able to train and deploy the Drone Starter Kits (DSK) in ten (10) schools/universities which generated interest for the DSK to be included in the education system. However, UAV is not included in the current STEM Education curriculum and there is a gap on supplying affordable Drone Kits with teaching modules for STEM Education.   Currently there are 4,830 schools in the Philippines offering STEM Education. With just 10% of these schools as target market (483 Schools), the X-LIPAD Team has a potential market amounting to Php. 362,250,000.00.   The X-LIPAD Team has designed a Drone Starter Kit for organizations who wish to start their own UAV research and application. The DSK is cost-competitive and flexible for different kind of applications. It also has modifiable hardware and software. Included in the package are the teaching and training modules.   In this project, the X-LIPAD Team will develop the next version of the DSK (DSK V1.2) and its peripherals, conduct market validation to determine their business model, acquire accreditation from the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP) and establish a spinoff facility.
FASTRAC: Establishment of a Spin-off Facility and Pilot Plant for HormoGroe Nanoformulated Plant Growth Regulator for the Production of High Value CropsDr. Lilia FernandoTechnology Transfer & Commercializationa
Support to the Commercialization of 500 DOST Generated Technologies and Strengthening the Country's Intellectual Properly and Technology Portfolios (Phase 3)Edgar GarciaTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe project aims to capitalize on the ''gains obtained from Phase 1 implementation to support the Fairness Opinion Board. In the past two (2) years, TAPI was able to demonstrate that increased number of patent applications from usual 15-20 per year is possible at 100 applications per year. However, limited resources of TAPI restricts its number of filing.   This project envisions to create an IP and Technology Portfolio Management Center at the DOST that shall oversee all technology and intellectual property (IP)-related, protection and commercialization concerns of DOST RDIs. It also aims to kickstart foreign patent protection and to gradually penetrate global markets with DOST-generated technologies. In order to achieve the intended outputs, DOST's IP portfolio shall be strengthened by IP applications during the first year of implementation, followed by providing support in the prosecution of IP applications. DOST's Technology portfolio, on the other hand; shall be strengthened by conducting Freedom-To-Operate, IP Valuation, Technology Assessment, and provision to support the issuance of Fairness Opinion Reports.   Collaborations   with      other     government agencies    and       partner institutions such as the Philippine Science High School system and design schools shall be tapped for possible IP applications,        in particular, industrial designs
SAILS - Project 1: Port and Ballast Water Baselines using ecological, microbiological and eDNA approachesMelody Ann OcampoEnvironmentThis project will use the WESTPAC-PICES macrofouler techniques (Ocampo et al., 2014; B. Vallejo et al., 2017; B. M. Vallejo, Aloy, Ocampo, Conejar-Espedido, & Manubag, 2019)and GloBallast guidelines (GloBallast, 2014)and protocols for monitoring and detecting the settlement of marine foulers which will allow for the benchmarking of identification for foulers in ballast water. Community analyses and eDNA (Ardura et al., 2015)assays will be used in establishing the baselines.
Parallel Testing of the Traditional Gold Extraction Process versus CLINN-GEM Technology of UP-DOST Characterization of Tailings and Monitoring of the Gold-Copper Pilot Plant in Jose Panganiban, Camarines NorteRommel SerranoEnvironmentTo provide information that can help properly manage the disposal of the tailings/waste materials for an essential step towards determining the suitability of tailings as fill/embankment materials or for some other purposes. 
ZEOSKIN: A Green Indoor Air FilterMelissa May BoadoEnvironmentZeoskin is a wall plaster that reduces air pollution by different mechanisms.  This technology took off from a research that investigated the adsorption and absorption capacities of a zeolite-gypsum NOx.  The composite was shown (separately to oxidize PM, absorb CO2 and reduce NOx.  It shows promising opportunities to improve its properties and capabilities to sequester other pollutants, especially those that are persistent indoors.  This proposal is thought to develop a green building material.  It is envisioned that wall plastering not only be for aesthetic finishing but also function as a passive air filter from its zeolite component.  Its gypsum component, on the other hand, contributes to lightweight plaster, fire resistance, better tensile and flexural strength plus smoother finish compared to sand-cement plasters.  Optimization of the current technology will help ensure it can be applied and perform well in actual areas of application (i.e. basement parking and other indoor surfaces).  Moreover, this study will complement ventilation and filtering system of indoor air which can help to reduce the risk caused by polluted air that most of us are exposed to.  It is the hope that this technology can penetrate the green building market and to contribute to more sustainable cities and communities.
Recycling and Recyclability Index of Public Utility Vehicles (PUVs)Noemi TorreTransportationThe research will identify the ideal life-span of a tricycle by gathering data from LTO, DENR and TODAs from which researchers will identify criteria that will indicate the end of life of a tricycle (similar to the 15 year end of life for jeepneys). After which, a tricycle that reached its end of life will be dismantled, characterized and weighed. The research will determine the proper recycling, handling of the tricycle parts as well as the different uses of the parts and its components. Recycling practices of the different countries with similar characteristics of the tricycle will be studied for reference.    In order to support the PUV Modernization program of the DOTr, the formulation of policy instruments in relation to the Vehicle Useful Life Program (VULP)/Scrapping Program and finalization of the institutional requirements for the accreditation of scrapping facilities as alternative solution to the urgent scrapping of surrendered jeepneys are included in the scope of work. 
Secured Command and Control (C2) Communication System (Unclassified Title)Richard FigueroaHuman Security, Information and Communications Technologya
Non-Intrusive Sensor-based Prescriptive Maintenance Platform for Wire Manufacturing FactoryJose Alfredo De Vera IIIElectronics TechnologyThe Department of Information Systems and Computer Science of Ateneo de Manila University is grateful to offer a R&D Proposal. In this R&D project, a networked system for implementing prescriptive maintenance using image processing, senors, and machine learning shall be developed for a Wiring Manufacturing Factory. To address the maintenance and automation needs of the factory, there will be multiple phases of development. Each phase will be conducted and deployed to the factory seamlessly, without requiring any downtime or intrusion into their operations.    
CRADLE: Enhanced Forecasting Model for Complex Water Supply Systems of the East Service Area of Metro ManilaChristopher MonterolaConstructionThe project will develop a simulation modeling software to enhance Manila Water's capability in forecasting the water supply system of Angat-Ipo-La Mesa Dams and its treatment plants and storage reservoir. The model will use or serve as a tool in day-ta-day operation of MWC for optimIZation of water supply distribution in the Manila East Zone to cater the needs of its consumers: household, business & industries. In developing the optimal model, the team will integrate different statistical and machine learning models with input parameters for a robust forecast of water flow from the source to the MWC treatment plants. Datasets of parameters include Releases of MWSS and NIA, Historical Dam Levels. Rainfall data of the watershed areas of each dam, Inflows from the Umiray River system and new data taken from sensors to be installed by MW in its operation line
Technology Enhancement and Commercialization of Exora Intellex as an Energy Analytics Machine Learning Platform for Industrial Smart Energy Management and Electricity Cost ReductionSergius Angelo SantosTechnology Transfer & CommercializationExora Technologies Inc. aims to provide solutions to address there problems. Their core model relies on the procurement side. They provide a software bidding platform for Retail Electricity Suppliers and Energy Consumers or Contestable Customers and act as an extension of their procurement arm where they streamline the process of energy transactions by doing contract optimization for the client and suggesting their best energy portfolio (an assessment of their needs, their operation schedule and the current energy contracts available). They make the market for consumer centric by allowing businesses to put their energy profile up for bidding instead of energy suppliers going to them to offer their bids. In this way, they leverage data and consumer education as well as the bidding protocol in getting the cheapest and most optimal contract for the client.   Exora has expand its services from procurement (supply side) to analytics (demand side), with its  Intellex analytics platform which serves as the main system for energy analytics focusing on both the data coming from the supply side and the consumer data from the demand side. The main goal of the system is to provide a cloud-based infrastructure for data modeling and analysis for the whole industrial facility by generating an easy to use dashboard for energy facility officers. Recommendations will be given to them which includes but not limited to – recommending the best time and schedule distribution of their electricity usage for optimal pricing while maintaining normal operations, a predictive analysis for machine failures, warning system for machine lifespan and decay, anomaly detection – fluctuation in voltage parameter and energy consumption acceleration, and a cost projection per unit yield for production plants and facilities. 
Support to the Issuance of Fairness Opinion Report for Technology Transfer Activities of the DOST-Generated Technologies thru the DOST Regional Offices (ROs) as Receiving Offices and FOB SecretariatJose Patalinjug IIITechnology Transfer & CommercializationThis project will provide the necessary financial assistance to DOST ROs who will serve as the new Secretariat to the Board in processing the issuance of the FOR. In conformance to the relevant provision of the Republic Act No. 11032 also known as "An Act Promoting Ease of Doing Business and Efficient Delivery of Government Services, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 9485, Otherwise Known as the Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007, and for Other Purposes", it shall take at most 47 days from the date of request before the Board issue the FOR
DOST-ITDI Strategic Communication Portfolio for Enhanced Technology Promotion and Transfer Violeta ConozaInformation Dissemination and PromotionA systematic and professional communication plan of DOST-ITDI projects is crucial for a successful implementation. While scientific and technological information and knowledge and its application are intended to create benefits for society, society itself, through active participation, can also influence science and the research agenda. This communication initiative therefore, envisions to carry out the right types of communication activities towards the right target audience. It aims to secure that its key messages reach all relevant stakeholders and foster engagement with the institute. The plan hopes to articulate the linkage between its strategic messages and the institute's mission, vision, and values.  The plan is based on social marketing tenets which is one of the branches of strategic communication while being guided with principles of knowledge to action (KTA) theory.  Legal basis  The right to communication is a basic human right. Provision of this communication plan is anchored on a number of policies or legal documents. The core of communication rights is Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which proclaims: "Everyone has the right to freedom of expression and opinion; this right includes the freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers." This basic freedom is also recognized in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Article 19), in other UN treaties, such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Article 13), and in all main regional human rights instruments (Africa, the Americas and Europe).  Other equally-important communication-related legal documents include the following:  Article 27 of the UDHR The Philippine Constitution: Article II, Section 24. Republic Act No. 10055: Philippine Technology Transfer Act of 2009 (Sections 1-3, 20)  An act providing the framework and support system for the ownership, management, use, and commercialization of intellectual property generated from research and development funded by government and for other purposes  Executive Order (EC) No. 2, s. 2016— Freedom of Information (FOI)   Guiding Principles  The plan is founded on six key principles that serve as guide in developing communications towards an effective implementation and help bolster stakeholder confidence.  Honest Ensure that accurate and cohesive messages are delivered in plain/clear language. Management should not shy away from informing stakeholders of certain problems.  Relevant. Develop the desire for the stakeholders to want to use DOSTITDI programs and services. Show whatthe technology or service can do for them and demonstrate the value of the science or service.  Timely. Provide real-time information necessary to support effective decision making, and ensure that accurate and complete information is available to the customer as soon as is practicable.  Collaborative. Communication is two-way, both providing information and receiving feedback. Provide feedback on the level of customer satisfaction and specific ideas for service improvement. Listening to stakeholders build trust and credibility.  Helpful. Provide effective information on programs, training and services and lend support to empower stakeholders and associated system users.  Forward leaning, Provide information about upcoming events, such as process changes, documentation updates, and decisions influencing the project/program.  Target Audience  This DOST-ITDI strategic communication plan/project is aimed to reach the following target audiences:  A. Primary  Industry  'Industry' refers primarily to companies (mainly MSMEs) which can be expected to benefit from/participate in technology transfer activities, as for example newly created spin-offs or as licensee of an innovation. Targeting the industry is essential in achieving the project objective of enhancing the innovation potential; and to encourage investment in and  Research community  Research institutions and researchers are the source of innovations which are to be valorised and transferred. Information exchange should be facilitated regarding projects/innovations and the broader science and educational community.  Technology Transfer Institutions (TTIs) and Technology Licensing Officers (TLOs)  'TTIs' are private, semi-public or public organizations which help identify, manage, and commercialize the organization's intellectual assets in order to create new companies or support existing companies. To develop an improved infrastructure for technology transfer, these players must be involved in the project (e.g., TAPI, IPO, UP- Ayala Techno Hub/TBIs)  Venture capital  'VC' is one common way of financing commercialization of public funded research. To enhance the likelihood that market relevant research projects will gain VC funding, VC actors must be made aware of the innovation potential by communicating good practice example of successful start-ups and be invited to an investor conference or dialogs.  B. Secondary  Media The media is integral in communicating DOST-ITDI programs and services, serving to strengthen its positioning. They are very powerful in shaping the image of ITDI among all target groups. They also facilitate the process of communication through the various media.  Government  This includes policy makers and politicians, LGUs, other agencies, regional offices, among others. Local, regional, and national policy makers are crucial in the implementation of actions in later stages (also after the formal conclusion of the project) which will heavily depend on their acceptance of outcomes and recommendations, which may influence their commitment to invest resources in tech transfer. Since enhanced technology transfer capabilities of the innovation systems is now mandated, communication activities aimed at this audience are but timely and important.  Community and social, economic partners  Among these include financial institutions, NG0s, business/entrepreneurial organizations/associations, consulting firms, and schools/universities. This group is a potential ally in networking and consultative dialogs. They form an important target group as they also participate in the process of spreading the good news about DOST-ITDI programs and services. Because of the role they play in the economy, they constitute an important communication channel, reaching both the potential beneficiaries and society as a whole.  Key Messages  To maximize the impact of the communication, a clear message with the following key points about DOST-ITDI should be conveyed. These key messages are:  True and tested DOST-ITDI innovation. DOST-ITDI is a credible and trust& source of reliable and accurate S&T information/technology or innovation. DOST-ITDI cares for its partners/stakeholders. DOST-ITDI is enhancing the transfer of technology and knowledge from public research into marketable innovations. DOST- ITDI is committed to ensuring economic vitality. Application of DO ITDI innovations or technologies can support the creation or development of new research-based innovative companies/businesses which is crucial to the econ DOST-ITDI is committed to ensuring quality of products and services. Application of DOST-ITDI innovations or technologies will improve the produc and competitiveness of companies. DOST-ITDI values stakeholder input DOST-ITDI is open to dialog, collaborative/contract R&D. 
Space Technology and Applications: The Philippine Microsatellite ProgramMay Pagsinohin Information Dissemination and Promotiona
Revitalization and Improvement of Existing Bicol Science and Technology CentrumRommel SerranoInformation Dissemination and PromotionThe project alms to revitalize and improve the existing condition of the Bicol Science and Technology Centrum through the provision of updated and state of the art exhibit materials to increase learning opportunities on science and technology of the general public.  
Project SOUNDER: Sonic Oscillations Unleashing Nonconductive Deposits on Electrode Reactors SOUNDER: Sonic Oscillations Unleashing Nonconductive Deposits on Electrode Reactors Drandreb Earl JuanicoEnergyProject SOUNDER would apply the principle behind standing waves generated by sound traveling through an enclosed space. The structure of the standing waves manifests in the fluid contained by the enclosed space. Modifying the intensity (loudness) and frequency (pitch) of the sound controls this 3D configuration according to the interior structure of the battery. The fluid will likely undergo turbulent mixing, which could produce frictional force against the electrodes sufficient to unleash any sulfate deposits clinging on the surface.
TUNER: Transmissometry Using Nonlinear Electrode Response Drandreb Earl JuanicoEnergyProject TUNER would acquire and utilize the real-time value of the state-of-charge (SOC) of each electrode unit inside the LAB. The SOC is the diagnosis of how much energy each cell requires at any given time, allowing for the accurate supply of charge to each electrode. A system integrates a SOC sensor array with a micro-controller that regulates the charging given to each cell. Minimizing sulfation relies on dispensing just the right amount of charge to each cell at any given time.
Development of Column-Packed Adsorbent for Chrome Recovery from Tanning WastewaterJordan Madrid EnvironmentThe overall objective of the project is to produce a prototype column-packed adsorbent for chrome recovery from tanning waste water by using radiation processing, specifically radiation grafting.
Design and Performance Evaluation of an Ocean Renewable Energy SystemNelson Enano, Jr. EnergyThe Mindanao Renewable Energy R&D Center (MREC) is a research center to be hosted by the Ateneo de Davao University that will pursue thematic societal research on appropriate and sustainable energy systems and other vital large socio-technical systems that reinforce its sustainability.   MREC is designed and intended to support the research activities of faculty and students from other Universities and individuals in Mindanao who are working on renewable energy technologies. In a way, MREC will supplement the existing laboratory facilities of partner Universities in Mindanao. Aside from the use of facilities for research purposes, trainings on technology development and use of facilities and technology protection and, ultimately, business development and commercialization of the developed technologies will be handled as well.   Tidal stream generators harness energy from current generally in the same way as wind turbines. The higher density of water, 832 times the density of air, means that a single generator can provide significant power at low tidal flow velocities (compared with wind speed). Given that power varies with the density of medium and the cube of velocity, it is simple to see that water speeds of nearly one-tenth of the speed of wind provide the same power for the same size of the turbine system. With the target capacity of 10kWh turbine, the hydrokinetic turbine were put into consideration are the P66 a 3.5 kW horizontal axis and Envirogen a 5kW vertical xis turbine, since the current velocity at the sea area of interest are best suited for a turbine rated at low speeds and the low speed turbine available at the market are 3.5kW, 5kW, and 20kW.
Design and Performance Evaluation of a Micro-Scale Concentrated Solar Power TechnologyRenyl BarrocaEnergyThe Mindanao Renewable Energy R&D Center (MREC) is a research center to be hosted by the Ateneo de Davao University that will pursue thematic societal research on appropriate and sustainable energy systems and other vital large socio-technical systems that reinforce its sustainability.     MREC is designed and intended to support the research activities of faculty and students from other Universities and individuals in Mindanao who are working on renewable energy technologies. In a way, MREC will supplement the existing laboratory facilities of partner Universities in Mindanao. Aside from the use of facilities for research purposes, trainings on technology development and use of facilities and technology protection and, ultimately, business development and commercialization of the developed technologies will be handled as well. The concentrateed solar power (CSP) facility will be uwilizing parabolic dish solar (PDS) collector system that consists of more than 800 hexagonal-shaped facets made of thin film refletors. Each facet is constructed using swivel and vall joint mechanism to make it adjustable to miximize the concentration ratio. To address the availability locally, the team decided to use adjustable swivel joint of shower heads made of plastic materials. Since the syste will be installed outdoors, the base structue will be purposely cosntructe made of structural steel materials to withstand the weather conditions on site. For the automatic tracking mechanism, an electric motor will drive the ring-roller mechanism at the base which serve as pivot. Also, a power screw mechanism will be utilized for the tilting action of the dish. The reflected solar radiation will be concentrated into and collected by the cavity type receiver. Then the solar energy collected will be converted into theral energy for purposes of heating and/or generating elecricity. Thermal oil will be used as the heat transfer fluid carrying the thrmal energy into the oil--to-steam heat exchanger (O/WHE). The heat exchanger will serve as the boiler of the 7.5kVA steam trubine generator unit. The system will utilize oil-to-salt heat exchanger (O/SHE) for the thermal energy storage (TES).
HEIRIT Establishment of the DOST technology Business Incubation in UP MindanaoMiguel Carlo GuillermoTechnology Transfer & CommercializationDavao City with a land area of 2,444 sq. kilometers houses 2 SUC’s, 5 Universities, and 30 Other HEIs. Opportunity exists in these academic institutions as there is a potential of innovation coming from the graduating students and alumni of such institutions. Alongside the academic institutions, there are around 48,000 registered MSMEs located in Davao Region. This also presents an opportunity for small businesses to grow through an incubation program, as well as entrepreneurs who will engage in commercializing their business ideas. With minimal presence of incubator facilities in Davao, the establishment of University-based TBIs will boost the entrepreneurial landscape to a positive growth.  UP Mindanao, one of such academic institutions in Davao City, Offers 9 undergraduate programs which are: BA Architecture, BA Creative Media and Arts, BA English, BA Anthropology, BS Biology, BS Computer Science, BS Food Technology, BS Applied Mathematics, and BS Agribusiness Economics. All of these 9 courses has multi-disciplinary researches dedicated in the fields of ICT, Creative Media, Food Technology, Agriculture and Food/Value Chains, and also Indigenous Studies. UP Mindanao also has post-graduate program, the Master in Management Program, which aims to build capacity for future organization Managers. Among these courses, UP Mindanao was awarded as a Center for Development for the BS Computer Science and BS Biology programs. Recent enrollment statistics under the Master in Management shows that there is an increasing number of enrollees that work in the ICT Industry. With such, the Master in Management program has shown the potential to supplement the technopreneurship courses offered under the BS Computer Science program, and the Product Development courses offered under the BS Food Technology Program as well as other practitioners coming from the ICT Industry. Through these, UP Mindanao can provide an ecosystem where even students can harness their innovative ideas and build up their skills before they transition to the business world and impacting society as a whole. To support these programs offered in UP Mindanao and towards the direction of multi-disciplinary research, UP Mindanao has facilities such as Computer Laboratories, a Fiber connection, Food Technology Laboratories, Biology Laboratories, and establishments such as the Center for the Advancement of Research, Development, and Engagement in Mindanao (CARIM), the newly opened UP Mindanao Philippine Genome Center, and the Kalimudan Center where the approved Lactic Acid project and proposed UP Mindanao TBI will be housed. UP Mindanao also has its pool of experts in the fields of its research priorities. UP Mindanao’s faculty profile has 46 PhD’s and 23 Masters’ degree holders, providing for a possible pool of mentors that can support the establishment of a TBI in UP Mindanao. UP Mindanao through its students, faculty, facilities, establishments, and research priorities, aims to further strengthen its impact to society. In order to improve on UP Mindanao’s impact to society, UP Mindanao aims to explore the commercialization of its researches as well as building on potential technological innovations that can give major improvements to society.   Banner Program – ICT for Sustainable Systems Davao City is one of the identified pilot cities alongside Cebu and Manila for the ASEAN Smart Cities Network. In the Concept Note of the ASEAN Smart Cities Network, the three Philippine cities are said to be one of the pilot cities that will work towards the common goal of smart and sustainable development. By definition, Smart Cities should address urban challenges such as pollution, energy efficiency, security, parking, traffic, transportation, and others by utilizing advanced technologies in data gathering and communications interconnectivity via the internet. UP Mindanao, by virtue of R.A. 7889, was established to contribute to the development in Mindanao through its instruction, research, and extension programs, putting an emphasis on science, technology, and agriculture. UP Mindanao recognizes the impact of ICT systems and solutions in its’ multi-disciplinary researches and also on external organizations as well as the improvement of society’s quality of work and life. UP Mindanao’s College of Science and Mathematics (CSM), recently completed the implementation of Phil-LiDAR 1 and 2 programs, which aimed to use LiDAR technology and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in assessing and mapping the river-basins and bio-resources in Davao Region. Currently, the college continues the Phil-LiDAR 1 project through the extension program known as Geo-SAFER, both of which were spearheaded by one of UP Mindanao’s faculty, namely, Engr. Joseph E. Acosta. The CSM’s Department of Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science (DMPCS) has provided student researches in the fields of Software Development and Operations Research. The software developed targeted the operational efficiency and improvement of services of the local LGU’s through ICT systems. Most recently, the department had partnered for creating a resource monitoring system for the City Agriculture Office and the local fisherfolk in Davao City. Other recent studies also produced logistics systems for agriculture, a traffic light system making use of machine learning and a data management system for the Land Transportation Office – XI, a real-time management and monitoring system for the NDRRMC – XII, a coconut disease detection system making use of image processing for the Philippine Coconut Authority – XI, and a logistics and data management system through barcoding for a local company. The students’ researches also included technological innovations such as a security system for lost mobile phones, real-time mobile reporting and mapping of crimes, making use of GIS technology for soil analysis for plantations, systemized voting systems using blockchain technology, DNA mapping systems, algorithms development for decision systems, online virtual tours systems, and many more. The DMPCS also has partnerships with SPED for extensions programs on providing computer literacy programs for the out-of-school youths, as well as in partnership with CHED-XI in providing computer literacy training for local stakeholders. With the available experts and facilities for ICT, UP Mindanao, empowered by its mandate and the city’s development towards a more sustainable smart city, has the potential to contribute greatly through the technopreneurial and start-up environment. Thus, UP Mindanao aims to highlight ICT for Sustainable Systems as its TBI Banner Program. The ICT in Sustainable Systems Banner Program highlights ICT for the improvement of city services, mass information and dissemination, food/value chain efficiency, logisti­­­­cal monitoring and efficiency, and other technological innovations that makes use of the internet of things and smart operational systems to provide for the sustainable systems of a smart city such as Davao City.   
HEIRIT: Establishment of the TBI Center at Miriam College - Henry Sy, Sr. Innovation CenterMa. Cristina Ibanez Technology Transfer & CommercializationThe institutionalization of a TBI Center at Miriam College aims to support the government’s initiatives for inclusive economic growth. This includes the joint project of the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW) and Department of Trade and Industry called the Gender Responsive Economic Actions for the Transformation of Women (GREAT Women), which aims to empower women through their engagement in economic activities. This will be made possible by scaling up women-led start-ups at the TBI Center in Miriam College. Research shows that women put up businesses after they are given adequate knowledge and skills. More than the knowledge and skills, the TBI Center at Miriam College will provide women entrepreneurs an ecosystem of support in knowledge and innovation management. The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) is also involved in GREAT Women by assessing the impact of gender-responsive technologies and technology transfer services. The impact of these technologies and services to people, process and product will be greatly expanded if a TBI Center at Miriam College will be put in place.        Miriam College’s TBI Center banner program is EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY and at MC-TBI’s Center, women are developed as co-founders. The TBI Center at Miriam College will be hosted at the Henry Sy, Sr. Innovation Center. Currently, the center supports student enrichment to complement the school’s curricular provisions with activities collaboratively designed by mentors from across academic backgrounds. Most of these enrichment activities employ design thinking to enable learners to manipulate content knowledge to address real-life problems. Student-led initiatives also flourish at the center as a way of supporting ongoing leader formation.  
CRADLE 2019: Reworking of Processed Meat Using a Combined Acidification-Heat Treatment Process Dr. Hilaria BustamanteFoodThis project generally aims to reprocess or rework the unsold processed meat from lechon producers of Tacloban City into convenient, shelf-stable acidified-thermally processed 'Lechon Paksiw' and 'Humba de Leyte'. 
Recovery of Nickel, Cobalt, Iron and Rare Earth Elements from Low Grade Philippine Laterite Ores using Atmospheric Leaching with Reduction PretreatmentEdith DarucaMining and MineralsThis study will become an additional technical reference for mining sectors with regards to laterite ore processing. It will investigate extraction of nickel, cobalt and rare earth elements (REEs) using atmospheric leaching with reduction pre-treatment and selective precipitation of the said elements from leach solution. And at the same time, recovering iron as magnetic concentrate. The selective reduction of the 'aterite are by CO/C02 (30/70 vol%) mixed gas produced metallic nickel and cobalt, together with transformed hematite and goethite to magnetite. Nickel will be extracted by leaching from the selectively reduced laterite o'e with minimal iron dissolution. A multistage pH dependent precipitation scheme will be employed to produce scandium and mixed nickel-cobalt hydroxide precipitates from the pregnant leach solution of atmospheric leaching. Iron will be recovered using magnetic separation either from the residual tails of the leaching process 0' from the calcined laterite o,e of reduction pretreatment.
Management of Dredged Materials: Characterization, Treatment, and Disposal (CharTeD DreaM)Denvert PangayaoEnvironment  Dredged materials to be used for the study will be collected during the scheduled dredging activities of the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) in coordination with other concerned authorities, i.e. MMDA, LGUs, DENR to carry out the proper collection of the dredged materials on an upland setting. Assessment of the sampling sites where the dredged materials will be collected shall be done first to determine the extent of physical environmental pollution and contamination in the area. Two pilot treatment areas will be identified and selected in proximity to the collection sites and following the appropriate selection criteria of DENR on treatment of dredged materials on upland treatment. Design and fabrication of the temporary containment of the collected dredged materials will be done based from the assessment done. The units will be leak tested and materials for the construction should be stainless steel or HDPE sheet. The capacity can accommodate enough volume of dredged materials for analysis and treatment. Dredged materials (sediments and water) will be evaluated to include physical, chemical and biological characteristics. Dewatering of the dredged materials will be done by mechanical separation or filter press. Method of sampling, collection, preservation, storage and characterization of untreated and treated dredged materials will be determined in the study. Contaminants either organic, inorganic and toxic pollutants will be analyzed (for submission to accredited DENR testing laboratory) other toxic contaminants. The data obtained from the characterization will be the basis for an appropriate treatment method prior to reuse and/or disposal. Chemical treatment of the dredged materials thru chemical oxidation using Fenton’s reagent will be applied after physical pre-treatment has completed. Simultaneously, biological treatment of the dredged materials will be applied by anaerobic digestion and aerobic composting system. Fabrication of the prototype treatment systems for the study will be conducted. The conduct of treatment of the untreated and treated dredged materials will be done in year 2 of the project. The appropriate technologies for the utilization, reuse, and disposal of the treated dredged materials will also be identified.
Testing, Calibration, and Fabrication of NeuronVent SystemElmer DadiosTechnology Transfer & Commercialization, Electronics Technology, Information and Communications TechnologyThe NeuronVent system is based on the bag valve mask actuator automation concept, which is an open-source disastersituation ventilator model. Bag valve mask resuscitator is a medically accepted and widely used manually-operated respirator or ventilator for patients requiring breathing assistance. 
CAPPS: Ceramic Armor Plates from Philippine Silicates for Philippine National Defense lvyleen ArugayMining and Mineralsa
IMPACT: Establishment of Technology Transfer and Utilization Processes and Services in Bulacan State UniversityDennis Dela CruzTechnology Transfer & Commercializationa
IMPACT: Establishment of Knowledge and Technology Transfer Processes for University of the CordillerasThelma PalaoagTechnology Transfer & Commercializationa
IMPACT: Establishment of Technology Management System at UP MindanaoLynda BuenaobraTechnology Transfer & CommercializationNo specific description stated.
HEIRIT: Adamson University Neo Science and Technology Incubation Center (AduNEST-INC)Engr. Noe EnriquezTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThis proposal is intended to strengthen more the University's capability to help outstanding researches reach the market thus help the economic growth of the region. The University's Technology Transfer Office under ITSO, doesn't have the full capability to support students and researchers to realize their innovative ideas. The office doesn't have a conducive wok space, fab labs, and a rigorous program to help them make their ideas to market ready products/service. Thus, an establishment of Adamson University Technology Business Incubator fix Neo Science and Technology (AdUNEST) is needed. 
IMPACT: Establishment of Adamson University Technology Transfer ProcessesEngr. Raymond RaguindinTechnology Transfer & CommercializationAs a member of the first batch of the Patent Libraries project of the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines, Adamson University established the Innovation & Technology Support office thus becoming one of the pioneer franchisees of IPOPHL in 2010. In the following year, under the guidance of IPOPHL IP experts, the university IP Policy was developed and approved. Since then ITSO functioned as an IP office giving services for IP consultation, patent drafting and filing and other IP rights protection. By 2015, ITSO had 2 sections – IP Development (IPD) and IP Commercialization (IPC). The IPC team members underwent various training under the tutelage of various bodies such as WIPO, PhilDev, USAID. The first commercialization project of the university, under the guidance of IPC was Envigor Manufacturing Plant who is responsible for the production and national distribution of Vigormin, a product for the treatment of wastewater. Henceforth, the IPC team has successfully monetized other IPR such as the various university trademarks through various licensing agreements. To date, the IPC section is working on another technology for a collaborative research and commercialization venture with another university. Currently, the university has produced forty (40) funded projects eight (8) of which are DOST funded.
HEIRIT: ESTABLISHMENT OF DOST-ISAT U K'DRA 1905 TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS INCUBATOR (KTBI)Dr. Karlo SiraTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe Q'DRA TBI (QTBI) is part of ISAT U's long-term plan to establish an Instrumentation Technology (InsTech) at ISAT U Iloilo City campus. The InsTech aims to integrate the translation of R&D initiatives and outputs of all the colleges and research units of ISAT U.   The QTBI is intended to be a technology transfer and commercialization support facility that aims to translate through technology-based enterprise development the technologies and innovations generated under the College of Engineering and Architecture, and College of Industrial Technology into products and services for the use and benefit of the greater society. Through QTBI, the University will make available its identified 10-15 matured technologies for business incubation and commercialization, with top priority to technologies funded by PCIEERD-DOST. Furthermore, it aims to hone and develop prospective technopreneurs in the instrumentation sector by providing them a business enabling facility and an entrepreneurial ecosystem wherein they can nurture and accelerate the development of their technology- based businesses at a subsidized cost and minimal business risks,  The QTBI facility will provide a business center with a provision for office space, meeting rooms and other support amenities to be complemented with secretarial or common administrative services. The QTBI will also provide workstations such as FABLAB related business incubation, access to the robotics facilities and to various analytical laboratories in the University. Moreover, the facility will also provide capability building on technology business incubation, business coaching and technology expertise assistance These also include fund sourcing and industry tinkaging. It shall have the following incubation process as shown in the figure below:  The FTBI will have The QTBI will have two kinds of clients: 1) inwall, incubatees who are within the sphere of the University, and 2) outwall, incubatees who are in their respective desired places. It will also encourage to take in pre-incubatees, especially those coming from the roster of graduate students with high potential thesis for incubation. As such, the activities would range from pre-incubation activities, enterprise/start-ups development, market testing, bridging to seed funders, industry networking and matching up to graduation and even creation of technology-based start-ups. The target prospective incubatees of QTBI shall be the technology generators as potential spinoffs, graduate students, alumni and private individuals who are interested to engage into business incubation.  
IMPACT: The Enhancement of USTPs Intellectual Property Management and Establishment of Technology Commercialization Systems and StandardsBronson MabulayTechnology Transfer & CommercializationNo specific description stated.ddd
IMPACT: Enhancing the Technology Transfer Processes of the TUPV Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Office (TIPTTO)Technology Transfer & Commercializationno specific description stated.
IMPACT: Enhancement of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Processes in MSU-IITStephen FajardoTechnology Transfer & CommercializationIn response with the need of protecting intellectual property assets of the campus, MSU-IIT’s  Intellectual Property office was officially created thru BOR Resolution no. 123 series of 2010. The 2010 BOR resolution created the Intellectual Property Unit (IPU) in the campus under the office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Extension.       The Institute supported the growth of  IPU with the aim of addressing  intellectual property concerns of the institute particularly on facilitating copyright and patent registrations, receiving disclosures and assisting patent applications, and safeguarding Intellectual Property related agreements. This was strengthened when a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHIL) in February 2012 was forged. Further, the MOA stipulates the hosting  of a franchise on Innovation and Technology Support Office ( ITSO) in the Institute which was granted in 2014.   In 2017,  upon the  approval of BOR Res. No 36, series of 2017, IPU was renamed as the Knowledge and Technology Transfer Office (KTTO). The BOR resolution clearly delineates the functions of the office creating four offices: the Intellectual Property Support Office (IPSU), the Technology Transfer and Enterprise Unit (TTEU), the IP Legal Office and the Administrative Office. The IPSU will support IP creation and will take charge of IP protection while the TTEU will be responsible for IP management and the commercialization of the IP assets.   To increase the presence of the KTTO, activities have been lined up to engage its constituents. Few engaging activities initiated by the office is the regular conduct of the innovation convergence every August to celebrate the innovation convergence month, the ideation activity where industry and potential inventors/ scientist meet to level off technology needs between the user and the creator and the planned industry immersion where inventors/ scientist get to see the actual scenario in the industry and intend to develop possible solutions in it.
Recovery of Rare Earth Elements and Strategic Elements from Coal Fly Ash by Hydrometallurgical TechniquesVannie Joy ResabalMining and MineralsCoal fly ash from different coal power plants in the Philippines will be collected for physical, chemical, morphological and mineralogical characterization for the purpose of determining the content of the rare earths and strategic elements in the CFA, the nature of their distribution within the matrix and their association with other minerals present. Results of the characterization are necessary in order to determine the appropriate metallurgical process parameters to be set so that the desired recovery is achieved. The scoping study conducted by the proponent of this project proposal showed that the coal fly ash generated by a coal power plant in the Philippines, where the source of coal is Indonesia, can be categorized as Group II – promising with 36.49% critical elements and outlook value of 1.03. The method employed in the scoping study resulted in an average REE recovery between 20- 50%. The results showed the amenability of coal fly ash to hydrometallurgical processing. It is therefore the aim of this current proposed project to improve the recovery of the rare earths and strategic elements by exploring other parameters that were not covered during the scoping study.   
Development Self-Driving Car - sampleFernando Dela CruzProcess      Vestibulum egestas nisi volutpat, consectetur mauris sed, consectetur arcu. Nunc commodo dolor a viverra molestie. Suspendisse potenti. Mauris vestibulum pulvinar dolor, ut finibus mauris accumsan quis. Ut vehicula ut felis quis faucibus. Vestibulum felis odio, aliquet vitae risus nec, condimentum tempor leo. Vestibulum pellentesque nunc quis velit interdum, ut ornare arcu sagittis. Vestibulum id augue ante. Vestibulum lacinia consequat nibh varius semper. Fusce blandit tortor id nibh egestas convallis. Vivamus aliquet, nisl in sagittis congue, tortor ipsum tempus tortor, id bibendum libero sem nec tortor. Nunc aliquam at ipsum non aliquam. Fusce hendrerit leo ut magna scelerisque interdum. Duis at dolor nibh. In bibendum sapien nec nibh placerat pharetra. Suspendisse at eros eget mauris suscipit lacinia. Duis eu nibh a metus maximus finibus. Praesent sagittis pretium massa vulputate fermentum. Proin consequat efficitur nulla at dictum. In lobortis ipsum ut commodo malesuada. Fusce molestie consectetur enim a porttitor. Aenean eget sapien nec turpis aliquam ultricies. Maecenas eget metus felis. Suspendisse et elementum sapien. Sed et purus venenatis, tempus odio sit amet, mollis odio. Mauris et mattis mi. Aenean non commodo enim. Pellentesque eget tincidunt felis. Sed nec justo turpis. Ut massa quam, ultricies at risus sit amet, faucibus tempor lorem. Integer diam nunc, ullamcorper et mauris sit amet, bibendum congue dolor. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Etiam egestas velit vel lorem molestie vehicula id non purus. Proin pharetra ligula nec neque gravida, vitae dictum massa aliquet. Pellentesque arcu tortor, blandit sit amet porttitor in, consequat quis ligula. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Donec vehicula dignissim interdum. Nam sollicitudin arcu at elit elementum, sed tristique mi ullamcorper. Vivamus blandit iaculis ullamcorper. Etiam vel odio ac quam imperdiet blandit ut eget dui. Aenean finibus efficitur ultricies. Curabitur malesuada mauris quis fermentum euismod. Nunc arcu ligula, scelerisque sed quam sit amet, commodo placerat velit. In mauris magna, semper eget ipsum ac, consequat tempor dui. Ut elementum lectus a mauris fermentum elementum. Proin malesuada elit a arcu blandit, fringilla suscipit justo volutpat. Ut convallis, est eget venenatis convallis, justo sapien faucibus nisi, nec condimentum nulla leo ac augue. Pellentesque placerat dignissim justo eu condimentum. Pellentesque aliquam, nisl vel sodales dignissim, turpis massa aliquet nunc, at dictum lorem urna at augue.
Geochemical Characterization and Resource Estimation of Cobalt and Lithium in Different Philippine DepositsCris Reven GibagaMining and MineralsThe increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) and electric devices caused the high price and increasing demand for two critical metals for electric battery production — cobalt and lithium. It is estimated that the demand for lithium and cobalt will increase by 300% and 60% between the period of 2017 and 2025. Recent price spikes for lithium and cobalt have raised concems regarding the long-term supply availability of these commodities and highlighted the very different supply side dynamics for both. With cobalt having a much more concern given the lack of transparency in the value chain and DRC country risk. Different studies confirm the presence of cobalt in different laterific and porphyry copper deposits in the Philippines. But there are no studies focusing on the detailed occurrence and economic potential of cobalt and lithium in different Philippine deposits. This study aims to address the knowledge gap on the occurrence and mineral resource of cobalt and lithium in different Philippine deposits to help meet the high worldwide demands for these critical elements in the future. This study aims to address the knowledge gap on the occurrence and mineral resource of cobalt and lithium in different Philippine deposits to help meet the high worldwide demands for these critical elements in the future. Characterization of these metals will maximize the economic benefits from potential added revenues of the ore we are mining. Cobalt concentrations of laterific deposits of Palawan, Zambales and Surigao and porphyry copper deposit in Cebu and Lithium concentrations of granitic intrusions in Palawan will be determined in this study. For resource estimation of these metals, at least three (3) existing core samples per deposits will characterize using the portable LIBS equipment at 50 centimeters sampling interval. The estimated tonnage and the geologic occurrence of cobalt and lithium will be modeled using the Leapfrog Geo software.  
Comparison of Different Enzyme Preparations for Production of Oligofructose and Inulin from Sugarcane Juice Dr. Hosea DL. MatelProcessThis study aims to utilize the enzymes both in native and immobilized form obtained from yacon for the production of oligofructose and inulins from table sugar and fructose. The synthesized oligofructose and inulins from table sugar will be chemically characterized and its sweetness determined relative to table sugar.
Upgrading of Production Through Acquisition of CNC Machine for Ertess Plastic Industries [Project Code: PRP#2386]Mr. Ernesto Alfonso MaglalangMetals and EngineeringThe project involves the upgrading of the production process through the acquisition of appropriate S&T intervention required equipment such as CNC Machine. This will allow them to eliminate outsourcing services in China and able to meet customers' demands on time. The company was a beneficiary in MPEX Consultancy Program and Energy Systems Optimization Consultancy Program in the year 2013. To complement the proposed technology interventions,, trainings on the use and maintenance of above mentioned equipment will be conducted,, as well as seminar/training on safety,, good housekeeping via 5S and plant maintenance program will also be conducted as part of the project.
Metrology Project 1. Chemical Metrology for Organic Contaminants in Foods and WaterDr. Benilda S. EbarviaProcessThe use of certified reference materials (CRMs) or reference materials (RMs) for quality control purposes is encouraged whenever possible in these quality standards. Reference methods and certified reference materials help ensure accuracy and comparability of analytical results and with the assigned values traceable to reference materials and reference measurement procedure of higher order. Proper application of these CRMs or RMs provides the best information on the confidence on the quality of analytical results obtained in the laboratories. However there are limitations and considerations in using CRMs or RMs. These include availability,, cost,, stability,, homogeneity,, uncertainty and traceability of these materials.
Metrology Project 2. Chemical Metrology for Inorganic Toxic Elements in Food and WaterDr. Benilda EbarviaProcessThe D1 must comply with requirements of the CIPM MRA. Active participation of Ols in relevant measurement comparisons organized by the Consultative Committees of the CIPM and/or the Regional Metrology Organizations (RMOs) to be able to show the international equivalence of standards and technical capabilities in a specific field in chemistry. This is a requirement in order to declare Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMCs),, which also includes a two-tier international review process before publishing in the KCDB. The Quality Management System (QMS) of the 01 must also meet international standards and be approved by the RMO (Asia Pacific Metrology Program for metrology institutes in Asia) as a prerequisite for publication of CMCs. The analysis of heavy metals in food and water will be developed as a measurement capability in the assignment of reference values to RMs.
Quality Assurance of Lambanog and Nipanog for Consumer Safety and Sustainable IndustryDr. Cynthia Grace C. GregorioProcessThis research will establish the profile of metal and alcohol content and volatile compounds in four traditional Philippine alcoholic beverages namely lambanog,, tuba,, tapuy and basi. This will be carried out by using instrumental methods of analysis such as atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) and gas chromatography with headspace sampler to enable the simultaneous identification,, separation and quantification of major and minor organic compounds. The results of this study hope to provide a benchmark for the country's traditional alcoholic beverages.
Establishment of a Plasma Laboratory for Materials Processing ApplicationsGiovanni MalapitInfrastructure Development ProgramThe atmospheric pressure plasma jet system will be made of a glass enclosure with metallic electrodes biased using a high voltage,, low current power supply. Gas will be fed onto the system and with the appropriate voltage,, plasma will be generated. The species present in the plasma will be determined using an optical emission spectrometer connected to a personal computer for data gathering,, storage and processing.               Ceramic substrates will be used as samples to be treated with plasma then characterized using XRD,, Raman Spectroscopy and SEM to verify its composition and surface structure. Operating parameters will be adjusted accordingly to come up with the most favorable samples for antimicrobial applications. To determine the inactivation of microbes,, the samples will be sent to Department of Science and Technology – Regional Standards & Testing Laboratory (DOST-RSTL) for water sampling on coliform and heterotrophic bacteria.
Development of Biomass And Electric-Powered Tray Fish DryerEngr. Rolly D. DegalaInformation Dissemination and PromotionDrying is a dual process of heat and mass transfer of moisture from the interior of the product to the surrounding air. The basic essence of drying is to reduce the moisture content of the product to a level that prevents deterioration within a certain period of time normally regarded as the "safe period". Bulad or dried fish is a major product of the province of Capiz. From Roxas City middleman sell dried fish in Metro Manila vendors from Capiz or exporting these to other areas of the country as well as abroad. In Dumolog,, people use rows of "kapil" or wood plane where the fish are placed under the sun to be dried. It is already noted in the whole Capiz and even in Manila that Dumolog is producing the best dried fish especially "tabagak". Because of the quality,, tabagak is sent to Manila and even abroad. Due to increasing demand for fish because of its nutritional value,, practical ways of cheap,, sanitary and economical preservation are needed. The design and fabrication of a convective dryer which does not depend on weather will definitely take care of the problems associated with traditional drying methods.
Design and Development of a PLC-Based High Capacity Tissue Culture Growth Chamber Ruel M. Mojica,, Ph.D.ProcessCoffee and Makapuno (Cocos nucifera L.) are two of the most valuable crops in the Philippines. The prohibitive cost of planting materials is not affordable to ordinary farmers. There is a limited supply of seedlings to regions without access to tissue culture laboratories. Mass propagation of coffee and macapuno seedlings are now being done by many institutions. However,, their success is relatively low as compared to other countries. (e.g. Brazil,, Vietnam,, etc.). One major reason is the high contamination rate due to poorly controlled environmental factors notably airborne microbes and other elements,,
Dried Fish Standardization and Packaging - (WVCIERD) JOCELYN D. BANTIGUE,, Ph D.Information Dissemination and PromotionThe project will use herbasalts and develop a process which could be used in the production of quality dried fish.
Establishment of Renewable Energy Laboratory and Demonstration ParkJoel Alcaraz Infrastructure Development ProgramRenewable energy is generally defined as energy that is collected from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale,, such as sunlight,, wind,, rain,, tides,, waves,, and geothermal heat. Renewable energy often provides energy in four important areas: electricity generation,, air and water heating/cooling,, transportation,, and rural (off-grid) energy services. Based on REN21's 2014 report,, renewables contributed 19 percent to humans' global energy consumption and 22 percent to their generation of electricity in 2012 and 2013,, respectively. This energy consumption is divided as 9% coming from traditional biomass,, 4.2% as heat energy (non-biomass),, 3.8% hydro electricity and 2% is electricity from wind,, solar,, geothermal,, and biomass. Worldwide investments in renewable technologies amounted to more than US$214 billion in 2013,, with countries like China and the United States heavily investing in wind,, hydro,, solar and biofuels. Renewable energy resources exist over wide geographical areas,, in contrast to other energy sources,, which are concentrated in a limited number of countries. Rapid deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency is resulting in significant energy security,, climate change mitigation,, and economic benefits.[5] The results of a recent review of the literature concluded that as greenhouse gas(GHG) emitters begin to be held liable for damages resulting from GHG emissions resulting in climate change,, a high value for liability mitigation would provide powerful incentives for deployment of renewable energy technologies. In international public opinion surveys there is strong support for promoting renewable sources such as solar power and wind power. At the national level,, at least 30 nations around the world already have renewable energy contributing more than 20 percent of energy supply. National renewable energy markets are projected to continue to grow strongly in the coming decade and beyond. Some places and at least two countries,, Iceland and Norway generate all their electricity using renewable energy already,, and many other countries have the set a goal to reach 100% renewable energy in the future. For example,, in Denmark the government decided to switch the total energy supply (electricity,, mobility and heating/cooling) to 100% renewable energy by 2050. While many renewable energy projects are large-scale,, renewable technologies are also suited to rural and remote areas and developing countries,, where energy is often crucial in human development. United Nations' Secretary-General Ban Kimoon has said that renewable energy has the ability to lift the poorest nations to new levels of prosperity. In addition to that electrification with renewable energy is much more efficient and therefore leads to a significant reduction in primary energy requirements,, because most renewables don't have a steam cycle with high losses (fossil power plants usually have losses of 40 to 65%) The 2012-2030 Philippine Energy Plan (PEP) seeks to mainstream access of the larger populace to reliable and affordable energy services to fuel,, most importantly,, local productivity and countryside development. The passage of Renewable Energy Act of 2008 strengthens the policy of the government to accelerate the exploration and development of RE resources in the country. With this,, around 9,,300 MW from indicative and potential RE resources (geothermal,, hydro,, wind,, solar,, biomass,, and ocean) have been identified as aspirational target,, which could be harnessed within the planning period. Under the renewable energy management bureau,, an on-going program called Household Electrification Program is being implemented until 2017. The HEP involves energization of off-grid households using mature renewable technologies such as PV solar home and micro-hydro system. At present however,, DOE does not have active program on PV for agricultural applications as well as biomass utilization using agricultural raw materials,, hence this proposal. As a component of the Climate Change Center and Green College Innovation at ISU,, a renewable energy park will be developed to showcase the viability and competitiveness of renewable energy systems for domestic and agricultural application. The park will serve as learning venue for students,, farmers,, researchers and development workers towards promotion of renewable energy system. It is expected that after the successful operation of the pilot project: (1) it can be replicated in other location; (2) Various agencies can expand the pilot project to communities and making the facility a viable income generating enterprise. Moreover,, RE projects is believed to have a positive impact to enhanced food production,, livelihood,, and reduction on the use of fossil fuel and contributing to the provision of cleaner environment. Future plans where the proposed facility will certainly play a crucial role and would get boost for further expansion are worth mentioning such as the following: a.LGU of Echague under new leadership envisions to be a science city by 2020. The facility could become a regional center for renewable energy with components on education,, research and development; b.A new program on BS in Mechanical Engineering will be offered in 2018 in the college of engineering. The park and laboratory will become important field laboratory for students
Development of Future Building Materials and Structures (FBMS) LaboratoryDr. Romeo B. SantosInfrastructure Development ProgramThe FBMS Laboratory compliments the experimental and theoretical requirements for research projects needing sophisticated equipment. Characterization of structural,, physical and mechanical properties of traditional and future construction materials will be experimentally tested in this laboratory. In general,, the structural behaviors of construction materials such as concrete,, timber,, steel,, geopolymer,, hybrid materials and other future materials. The investigation of such materials needs to be done in a highly-equipped and specialized testing laboratory and thus,, this proposal is hereby made. Projects funded by the university,, as well as externally funded such as by the Philippine Council for Industry,, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and that of other international agencies will be served. The research activities to be performed in the proposed Laboratory will be focused more on the emerging technology on building and construction materials with direct impact for sustainable built environment. Potential applications of identified construction materials in other civil engineering areas such as water,, transportation and other utilities will also be explored.  The structure of the proposed laboratory caters other fields that need structural,, physical and mechanical characterizations of their preferred materials within the university or to outside clients. The establishment of the COMS Laboratory will propel the research productivity of the University associated with these fields leading to the transfer of state-of-the-art research outputs to its clienteles in Region VIII in particular and the Philippines in general. It will enhance the university’s visibility within these particular research areas,, help attract exceptional faculty,, graduate students and external funding agencies,, and strengthen the NwSSU’s overall research reputation in the area of construction and building materials. .
Establishment of a Pampanga State Agricultural University (PSAU) Bio-energy LaboratoryENGR. MARI ROWENA C. TANQUILUT Human Resource DevelopmentThere is a need to process the enormous volume of agricultural resources,, products and wastes available in Central Luzon for utilization as bioenergy. Thus,, the PSAU proposes to establish a bioenergy laboratory to enable them to determine the potential of these biomass resources as biofuels. The proposed laboratory will focus on the thermal conversion and characterization of biomass of used of agricultural wastes and other lesser studied agricultural resources.
Synthesis of Nanosilver-Coated Geopolymer Spheres from Volcanic Ash and Baluko Shells for Antimicrobial ApplicationsKimmie S. Dela CernaHuman Resource DevelopmentThis research proposal aims to establish a cost-effective alternative method for disinfecting drinking water using naturally abundant,, indigenous raw materials to help lower production costs. Geopolymer spheres synthesized from varying proportions of volcanic ash and waste baluko shells are to be coated in nanosilver using silver nitrate and sodium borohydride. The antimicrobial activity of these geopolymer spheres is then to be evaluated,, and the optimum ratio of volcanic ash and baluko shells that would bring about the greatest antimicrobial efficiency is also to be determined. With this study,, the amount of waste in local communities in Sorsogon,, Bicol may be diminished,, at the same time provide safe drinking water for residents of underdeveloped regions. Further knowledge on the properties of geopolymer spheres and nanosilver could also be produced from this study,, contributing to the research community's efforts.
Fire and Heat resistance Testing of Geopolymer Composites Derived from Volcanic Ash,, Red Clay,, and Baluko Waste Seashell Martin Ernesto L. KalawHuman Resource DevelopmentGeopolymers,, also known as alkali activated cement,, are inorganic polymer binder formed from the alkaline activation of reactive alumino-silicate materials resulting in two- or three-dimensional polymeric network. In this proposed study,, volcanic ash and Sorsogon red clay will be used as alumino-silicate resources to produce geopolymer-based composite. An expected advantage of geopolymer materials vis-a-vis conventional OPC based materials is its heat and fire resistance. Thus,, characterization of the gepolymer composites formed for these properties will be the focus of this study. To accomplish this research objective,, an exploratory study to correlate the desired properties with mix composition and processing conditions followed by optimization analysis will be conducted.
Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Cationic Starch Polyelectrolyte and its Application as Flocculating Agent Michaela Olisha S. LobregasHuman Resource DevelopmentPolyelectrolytes are polymers that contain ionic moieties in their repeating unit. They have both characteristics of electrolyte and polymer. As an electrolyte,, it is water soluble and its aqueous solution is electrically conductive. As a polymer,, its viscosity varies depending on its molecular weight and concentration. It is widely used in several applications such as water purification,, oil recovery,, color removal,, paper making,, and mineral processing. It can be of two types - synthetic and natural- which are based on the types of polymer used. Recently,, natural or biopolymers have been used for the synthesis of polyelectrolyte due to their known advantages over synthetic polymers such as low-cost,, availability,, nontoxicity,, biodegradability and biocompatibility. Starch is an abundant and renewable biopolymer that has been known to have great potential in the fields of food packaging,, biomedicine and waste water treatment. To optimize its capacity,, starch is chemically modified in which new functional groups are attached onto its polymeric backbone. High degree of functionalization is indeed necessary in starch modification to achieve greater improvement in the physico-chemical properties of starch. Cationic,, anionic and amphoteric starch derivatives are examples of modified starch containing ionic moiety in each anhydroglucose repeating unit. Collectively,, they are known as starch polyelectrolytes which are basically polymers having electrolytic properties. Imidazolium based-polyelectrolyte is a common type of cationic polyelectrolyte due to remarkable stability and accessibility of imidazolium ring. Several imidazolium motifs are 3 grafted onto synthetic polymers but only few have reported grafting such functionality onto biopolymeric chains,, especially onto starch backbone. Different ionic groups can be attached onto starch backbone. However,, starch polyelectrolyte containing hydrophilic quaternized methylimidazolium and hydrophobic tosylate ionic moieties that could result to a novel ampiphilic starch polyelectrolyte derivative has not yet been reported elsewhere.
Synthesis and Characterization of Doped Calcium-Aluminum (Ca-Al) Hydrotalcite as Heterogeneous Solid Base Catalyst for Biofuel ProductionProf. Eduardo R. MagdaluyoInfrastructure Development ProgramLayered double hydroxides (LDHs),, or more commonly known as hydrotalcites,, are commonly synthesized as catalysts due to the high catalytic activity they exhibit. Mg-Al hydrotalcite is a popular catalyst synthesized to carry out the biodiesel production process. Calcium (Ca) can effectively substitute for magnesium (Mg) in the hydrotalcite lattice,, resulting in Ca-Al hydrotalcite. In this study,, Ca-Al hydrotalcite will be synthesized and doped with lithium (Li),, potassium (Kt) and titanium (Ti41 promoters in varying weight percent loading. Sintering process will be done at 500°C. Spectral and structural analyses,, thermal degradation and surface morphology characterizations will be determined to characterize the obtained hydrotalcites. Biodiesel will be produced from wastes vegetable oil transesterification process.
Potentiodynamic Polarization Study to Determine the Corrosion Susceptibility of 316L Stainless Steel Pins in Simulated Body FluidStephanie L SantosHuman Resource DevelopmentMetallic biomaterials play an important role in the manufacturing of prosthetic devices or surgical implants. These are used as artificial replacements inside a human body which is intended to function like the original part in a biological system. It is usually used for orthopedic applications as a substitute for hard tissues and some are also used as bone fixators,, artificial joints and external fixators. Steinmann pins are one of the most common devices used in orthopedic surgeries. These Steinmann pins are made of surgical grade 316L Stainless steel which is a low carbon,, Molybdenum bearing,, austenitic stainless steel. Though stainless steels are known to be corrosion resistant,, these materials still fail under severely corrosive environment such as the human body fluid which has a high chloride concentration. When this pin corrodes inside the human body,, it releases Nickel,, Chromium and Iron ions which are powerful allergens and carcinogens. Corrosion also affects the biocompatibility and mechanical integrity of the material. Studies on retrieved implants show that most of the failure of the Steinmann pins are due to pitting and crevice corrosion attack. This study will characterize the commercially available surgical grade 316L pins and investigate its corrosion behavior in a simulated body fluid environment.
Development of Geographic Information System (GIS) Innovation Laboratory (GIS InnoLab) Assoc. Prof. Nathaniel Vincent A. Lubrica Infrastructure Development ProgramGIS or also known as Geographic information system is a computer system for capturing,, storing,, checking and displaying data related to positions on Earth's surface. With GIS technology,, locations of different things can be compared to discover on how to relate with each other. Generally,, GIS allows the searching of information on specific geographical areas,, analyzation of spatial information,, editing of data and creating maps,, charts and reports that show users the results in visual forms. GIS helps users to find answers to their questions nd solve the problems by presenting data in simple visual ways (Surveying,, 2016).
A Comparative Study of Mechanically Extracted Cellulose Nanofibers and Acid-Hydrolyzed Nanocellulose from Various Chemically and Semi-chemically Treated Kawayang Kiling (Bambusa vulgaris) PulpDr. Ramon A. RazalHuman Resource DevelopmentThis thesis study is about mechanical production of cellulosic nanofibers (CNF) from a native species of bamboo from the Philippines,, Kawayan Kiling (Bambusa vulgatis) which can also be found around Mt. Makiling. The chemical processes include kraft pulping,, bleaching,, holocellulose production and alkali insoluble cellulose preparation. A portion of the pulp at each stage will be subjected to mechanical defibrillation using Masuko Super Mass Colloider with passes from 0-15. The cellulosic nanofibers produced will be subjected to X-Ray diffraction (XRD),, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM),, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM),, and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy for the analysis. The yield and results will be compared. The product,, nanocellulose,, is a great research interest nowadays due to its unique characteristics such as high surface area,, good flexibility,, high tensile strength and Young's modulus and a wide range of aspect ratios. Because of these,, nanocellulose exhibits great potential in various applications like in medicine,, industry,, engineering,, and food.
Antibacterial Effects of Polypyrrole Hybrid Composites Against Foodborne BacteriaStephanie L. ChuaHuman Resource DevelopmentSeparate composites of polypyrrole with chitosan,, zinc oxide nanoparticles,, and a combination of the three will be prepared by chemical polymerization and incorporation,, followed by characterization of the composites through instrumental techniques. Subsequently,, the antibacterial effect of these prepared composites,, through synergistic effects,, against foodborne pathogens shall be evaluated.
Fabrication of Copper Oxide Electrode for Supercapacitor Application Luce Vida A. SaysonHuman Resource DevelopmentCopper Oxide Electrode will be Fabricated using Spray Pyrolysis Method for Supercapacitor Application.
Preparation and Characterization of Fluorescent Thin Film Poly(ethylene glycol)/chitosan Hydrogel for Biosensor ApplicationHazel Anne Gallos Human Resource DevelopmentA growing number of medical devices are becoming wearable. Crucial in the progress of the wearable sensing technology is the development and understanding of sensors components. Despite the advances in sensors and wearable sensing technology mortality rate due to heart attack remains high. Early treatments for heart attack is available but early detection remains a challenge. Scientist continuously develop revolutionary heart attack sensor. In this study,, "smart" hydrogel that responds to presence of Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (HFABP),, a potential early biomarker for heart attack,, will be synthesized and characterized. Briefly,, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) will be functionalized with acryloyl chloride,, and the resulting poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) will be reacted with chitosan and NBD-stearate derivative via Michael addition reaction. Ammonium persulfate will be added to the copolymer system to obtain hydrogel network. The resulting fluorescent thin film hydrogels will be subjected to physiochemical characterization.
Learning at Scale Vol. I Data Science Track Allan de VeneciaHuman Resource DevelopmentThe project activity will be delivered through an online learning management platform. Course modules will be selected from the Coursera Data Science Specialization by Johns Hopkins University and will be for a total of 1,,000 modules. The project proponent together with Coursera will host the online learning management plaform Selection of learners that will be invited to join the program will be the responsibility of PCIEERD The project will engage 250 learners that will ideally finish a set of 4 courses from the specialization track,, namely : The Data Scientist's Toolbox R Programming Getting and Cleaning Data Exploratory Data Analysis
Layer-by-layer polycation-CYP27B1 biosensor for the Electrochemical Detection of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3Human Resource DevelopmentA new method to measure vitamin D levels using electrochemical biosensor is proposed. Vitamin D is a lipid-soluble vitamin that is hydroxylated in the liver to become 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D),, which is further hydroxylated in the kidney by the enzyme Cytochrome P450 27B1 (CYP27B1) to become the biologically active form. The electrochemical approach is based on the hypothesis that the hydroxylation of 25(OH)D can be measured via the catalytic reaction of CYP27B1 immobilized on an electrode. The layer-by-layer (LBL) technique,, which has not yet been done on the construction of a CYP27B1-based electrode system,, can increase the enzyme load while maintaining the enzyme activity. The multilayer films assembled on the electrode should enable and optimize the electrocatalytic conversion of 25(OH)D by the enzyme. The electrode supplies electrons to the reaction,, generating a detectable current proportional to the concentration of 25(OH)D. Specific recognition of 25(OH)D by the CYP27B1- based biosensor would eliminate the need for extensive extraction and purification of the sample,, allowing for rapid and accurate measurements. The results from this study shall form the basis of developing a point-of-care instrument for testing vitamin D status of patients.
A Bacteriophage-based Electrochemical Impedance Biosensor for Salmonella Detection in Milk Samples Human Resource DevelopmentThe development of a rapid and specific detection method for food-borne pathogenic bacteria is significant for ensuring human health and food safety. lmpedimetric biosensors have gained widespread application in the field of bacteria detection. Bacteriophages have been tagged as ideal bioreceptors due to their excellent host selectivity,, high stability and costefficiency. In this study,, we will develop an electrochemical impedance biosensor using Bacteriophage A3CE as a bioreceptor to detect Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. The research includes a comparative study on bacteriophage immobilization using carbodiimide cross-linker chemistry on screen printed graphene electrode (SPGE) and on magnetic nanopartides (MP). The covalent immobilization of the bacteriophage on SPGE and on MP,, and the subsequent binding of the target bacteria,, will be verified using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM),, respectively. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) will be used to monitor the immobilization and bacteria detection. Variations in the charge transfer resistance (Rd) at different bacteria concentrations in different incubation times will be used for the optimization of the biosensors. The biosensors developed will be used for analysis of milk samples spiked with S. Typhimurium
Image and Enthalpy Characterization of Gelatinization and Retrogradation Development in Starch during Asian Starch Noodle Production Human Resource Development, Information and Communications TechnologyMonitor different stages of Asian Starch Noodle production from 3 cooperators by subjecting samples to DCS and SEM analyses
She Loves Tech CompetitionKatrina Rausa Chana
Development of a Passive Neutron Spectrometry System (PNSS)Alvie Asuncion-AstronomoPhotonicsNeutrons and its interaction with matter is one of the fundamental basis of nuclear science and technology. Their unique characteristics make them ideal for many applications in fields like environment and agricultural research,, pharmacology and medical research,, nanotechnology,, material science and nuclear physics [1,,2]. The increased utilization of neutron techniques over the years has demonstrated numerous valuable contributions and has been well studied by many countries for more than 60 years [2]. In the Philippine context,, neutron sources are being utilized in construction,, mining,, energy and other industries. The medical sector also uses linear accelerators (LINACs) for cancer therapy and positron emission tomography (PET) cyclotrons for diagnosis. These facilities produce neutrons as a by-product of the procedure. With the plan of the Department of Health (DOH) to establish more cancer center with LINACs in the country,, more people will be exposed to neutron fields [3]. It is thus timely that PNRI has recently initiated the establishment of a neutron research and dosimetry laboratory to cater to existing and potential users of neutron radiation. An important component of a neutron dosimetry laboratory is a spectrometry system to characterize the energy spectrum of neutron fields. Most neutron spectrometry system are based on active detectors such as He-3 and 13E3 proportional counters. However,, active spectrometry systems exhibit some limitations at locations with the following conditions (1) the neutron field is pulsed,, where the field intensity is high enough to saturate the detector,, (2) the neutron field is mixed with an important gamma component,, or (3) where environmental conditions could affect the electronics of the active instruments. These neutron fields are typical in LINACs,, cyclotrons,, synchrotrons and other similar devices used in research,, medicine and industry [4]. It is in this context that we propose the project "development of a passive neutron spectrometry system (PNSS)" which is based on thermal neutron activation detectors embedded in polyethylene spheres with different diameters. This system has been gaining popularity in determining neutron spectrum due to its complementary nature with active systems. Passive systems also have the additional advantage of having cheaper detectors,, lesser sensitivity to gamma radiation and versatility due to its ability to work even in harsh environments [5-8]. This project will complement the R&D component of the on-going PCIEERD-funded IDP "Upgrading the PNRI Neutron Laboratory for Neutron Physics & Dosimetry Research" and will help advance the expansion of PNRI services in neutron dosimetry for clients who are utilizing neutron sources. In addition,, the development of PNSS is also expected to contribute significantly to capacity building in nuclear science and technology in the country since it will be done for the first time in the Philippines. This project aims to develop capability to design,, implement and utilize a passive neutron spectrometry system (PNSS) based on foil detectors embedded in polyethylene spheres with different diameters. PNSS have the following advantages over active systems: (1) cheaper detectors,, (2) lesser sensitivity to gamma radiation,, and (3) versatility due to its ability to work in harsh environments. An established PNSS can be used to characterize neutron radiation fields for research applications and to address radiation safety and protection of personnel working with neutron sources.
Production of Ready-to-Buy (RTB) Natural Textiles and Dyes in Support of Increasing Utilization of Local and Indigenous Philippine TextileDaniel LavinProcessfjhjgkhj
VCO Project 1. Physico-chemical Factors which Affect the Quality of VCOFabian Dayrit ProcessThere are three main technologies used for producing VCO: 1. natural separation (commonly known as fermentation); 2. centrifuge; and 3. expeller. This Project aims to undertake a comprehensive study of VCO production of these three methods and determine the physico-chemical factors which affect VCO quality, and to use this information to develop a new PNS for VCO which will upgrade the quality of Philippine VCO. The PNS for VCO must address the following concems: 1. set minimum standards based on physico-chemical and microbiological parameters that will bring out the desirable qualities of VCO; 2. verify identity of the product as coconut oil and as VCO; 3. detect adulteration with RBD CNO; and 4. detect non-conformance with the Codex definition of virgin oil.  
VCO Project 2. Investigation of the Microbiological Factors which Affect the Quality of VCO Crisanto LopezProcessThere are three main technologies used for producing VCO: 1. natural separation, commonly known as fermentation method; 2. centrifuge; and 3. expeller. This Project aims to determine the microbial load and identify the factors that affect it during the production of VCO using the three main technologies, starting from the raw materials to in-process samples and finished product. To achieve the above objective, samples will be collected from selected VCO producers using the three main production technologies before, during, and after production. Samples will be tested for total microbial load, yeast and mold, and caforms. Specific microorganisms will also be determined in each of the samples such as Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, Escherichia coil, Bacillus cereus, and Listeria monocytogenes.  The effects of physico-chemical properties (including moisture content measured either as water activity or percentage moisture) on the microbial load of the collected samples will be determined. In addition, the effects of microbial load to the organoleptic properties (measured by sensory evaluation) of samples will also be determined. Both physico-chemical and organoleptic properties will be correlated to the microbial load during a shelf-life testing Moreover, identification of microorganisms that cause deterioration of the VCO as affected by moisture content will be done using molecular biology tehchniques. This part of the project will identify which microorganisms are potentially the source of lipase in the degradation of the VCO quality. The information that will be obtained will be used to develop a new PNS for VCO which will upgrade the quality and safety of Philippine VCO.   
VCO Project 3. Investigation of Factors Affecting the Sensory Properties and Acceptability of VCO Casiana Blanca Villarino ProcessThis project will continue the previous work on the evaluation of sensory characteristics of VCO produced from various processes. In addition, consumer acceptability of VCO samples will be done in conjunction with sensory evaluation and physicochemical tests to determine what makes the VCO samples acceptable or unacceptable as well as determine end of shelf life. It will also develop a standardized protocol for descriptive sensory analysis that can be used by VCO producers and in-house laboratories in determining the sensory quality of their products with focus on key terms i.e., nutty, cooked coconut, acid, and rancid aromatics. Likewise, the project will develop methods in the evaluation of color, mouthfeel and nutty aroma to determine the effect of adulteration of VCO with RBD on the sensory properties of the former. Shelf life of the VCO samples will be established using accelerated storage (i.e. temperature) by monitoring the changes in sensory characteristics (i.e. aromatics), consumer acceptability and physico-chemical properties (i.e. moisture and FFA). Accelerated lipolysis will also be done to investigate its effects on the sensory characteristics of the VCO samples. 
VCO Project 4. Assessment of VCO Production: GMP and HACCPFabian Dayrit ProcessThis study aims to assess the GMP compliance of the VCO plants representing the 3 processes and to update, verify hazards during processing, packaging and shelf-life of the product. A GMP/HACCP team will be formed to conduct the on-site inspection. Assessment of GMP will be done using a Plant Inspection form and GMP Inspection Form. For hazard evaluation a sampling protocol will formulated with emphasis on collecting samples on critical points of contamination and process steps in accordance with the VCO production process specific for each plant. A GAP questionnaire will also be used as a tool for data gathering for every meeting with the VCO production manager and staff. Samples of the starling coconut material, the water that is used for processing, intermediates, and final VCO product will be collected for physico-chemical and microbiological analyses. Based on analysis results the process controls will be set, validate and verify HACCP plans and prepare GMP-compliant plant-lay-out. It is important that the plant be compliant to be able to ensure the safety, extend shelf-life of the minimally processed product.  The assistance of an International Food Safety consultant will be tapped to conduct seminars on international integrated food safety program on coconut. In as much as the VCO produced thru the fermentation process has short shelf-life a study will be done. The moisture content, microbiological quality, peroxide value and toxic metals will be analysed. Also, quality assessment will be done to establish the settling time that will achieve a one year shelf-life with an FFA level of 0.10 or less.  
VCO Project 5. Water Activity and Percent Moisture: Effect on VCO StabilityErwin Enriquez ProcessThis proposal introduces the concept of water activity (Aw) in the measurement of stability of VCO given that Aw is well understood in food stability studies but little (or none yet) has been reported on the effect of Aw on coconut oil stability, particularly VCO. Aw is correlated with propensity for microbial growth as well as biochemical reactivity—and thus it has been an excellent predictor for food storage stability (Fig. 1).3'4 5It is different from % moisture, which is the total water content, whereas water activity is the free or unbound water in oil which becomes solvent that aids in the growth of microorganism or biochemical reactions such as hydrolysis or autooxidation (Fig. 1). So far, for VCO the maximum limit of 0.1 % moisture in VCO is imposed.° During storage the % moisture may remain constant although the Aw could vary with temperature fluctuations upon storage or shipping. Given the relatively high melting temperature of coconut oil (at around 25°C) it may undergo a freeze-thaw cycle during storage or shipping overseas, in store shelves, or even after opening of the bottle for consumption. Oil is hydrophobic and therefore has very low saturation point for water, and on freezing or cooling, its water activity could increase which may have overall implications in its physical chemical and microbial stability. Therefore, there is need to investigate Aw in VCO fundamentally and correlate % moisture alongside other data to be gathered in this Program (physico-chemical properties, microbial load, and organoleptic properties, as well as HACCP and GMP assessment in the production). Furthermore, there may be variations in the specific quality of VCO from various methods of production (which will be investigated in this Program)—Aw may correlate well with this Aside from its use as indicator of stability (a critical control point or CCP), an additional advantage of Aw measurement as quality parameter is its ease of measurement and that it can be portable.2,8It may also correlate well with %moisture and can serve as a rapid, affordable means as indicator for % moisture in compliance with the PNS for VCO>
Establishment of an Additive Manufacturing Research LaboratoryJohn Ryan DizonInfrastructure Development ProgramThe proposed Additive Manufacturing Laboratory is envisioned to be the Regional Center for Printing which mainly develops new materials and technologies. The proposed Additive Manufacturing Laboratory will serve as a facility for the BPSU community to do research, share and create their ideas, essentially serving as a playground for generating new products and world-class research projects. facility also aims to educate the community within and outside the Province of Bataan. The laboratory will work hand in hand with the Industry, Business Community, LGUs, and various government and government institutions
Establishment of University of San Carlos Laboratory of Computational Functional Materials , Nanoscience and NanotechnologyFelixberto Buot Infrastructure Development ProgramResearch in renewable energy sources involves energy harvesting, energy flow steering, and energy conversion. The fundamental understanding between the structural, physical and chemical properties, thermal stability, solid solubility, etc. is necessary to produce novel functional materials and devices, material fabrication and device characterization for energy harvesting.  In advanced countries, scientific computing has become the important solution for research problems, particularly in energy harvesting, energy conversion and energy storage devices, that are insoluble by traditional theoretical and experimental approaches, those that are hazardous to be conducted in the laboratory or time consuming and expensive to solve by traditional means.  This necessitates the cost-effective computer-aided research (CAR), computer-aided design (CAD) of devices and computer-aided screening (CAS) of materials particularly on new materials for desired properties and characteristics.   In the Philippines, there are a number of research groups that focus on the development and fabrication of solar cells, however there is still no high impact breakthrough from local research as most of the work is done through the costly trial-and-error experimental process. Also, the country still lacks the research output and facility to initiate and sustain a Philippine-technology based solar-cell manufacturing plant. However, with the advantageous geographical location to capture high-intensity sunlight, it is clear that development and utilization of DSSC, QDSC, and PSC would greatly contribute to the energy supply of the country.   It is envisioned that with the establishment of the ACRe Center, research groups from all over the Philippines, especially in the Visayan peninsula could fortify and be guided in their research plans on photovoltaics and other energy harvesting devices before the costly actual material experimental synthesis and device fabrication process.
Utilization of Spent Tea Leaves and Tobacco Dust as Additives for Plywood AdhesiveJuanito JimenezProcessplywood is a major constructiopn material in the Philippines and in the world. Global industry Analysis ,, Inc. (2016) projected the market demand at 223.4 million cubic meters by 2022. In the Philippines,, despite decreasing timber supply,, the use of plywood continues to increase due to rise in construction activities (Jimenez et al. 2015) However,, recent development in regulations of wood-based panels bonded with formaldehyde-based resins poses threats in the use of plywood for indoor applications due to formaldehyde emission (FE) regulation for wood-based panels.,, Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen that can cause pharyngeal cancer and leukemia in humans (WHO,, 2002; ACS 2015). Hence,, its presence in indoor environment is restricted in many countries.
Development of Local or Indigenous Flavor Alternatives for Ice Cream Processa
Development of a Shelf-Stable Fermented Heirloom Rice "Binubudan" Processa
Acquisition of Laboratory Equipment in Support of the Facility for Nanotechnology R and D in Central Luzon State UniversityInfrastructure Development ProgramTha facility with the needed equipment will help strengthen the linkage with the instruction/ teaching and extension endeavors of CLUS benefiting in particular in those in the food and energy sectors, the governemtn, researchers, faculty, students and other stakeholders as well.   The application of nanotechnology to the food industry, particularly on food processing and packaging call for the nanoencapsulation of indigenous food ingredients as colorant, antioxidant, flavorant and fortificants; nanotubes and nanoparticles as thicheking agent / viscosity control and gelling agent; starch-based nanoencapsulated smart packaging and utilization of nano technology in nano encapsulation of bio-active substances as functional food / ingredients.
Upgrading of the Nuclear Training Center Laboratory FacilityHuman Resource Development, Infrastructure Development ProgramIn line with the 2011-2016 Philippine Development Plan (PDP) which includes the thrust to boost competitive and services sectors,, it is proposed that Nuclear Training Center (NTC) laboratory facility of the Philippine Research Institute (PNRI) be upgraded. This proposal will contribute to nuclear and radiation science and manpower development and will equip researchers who are starting a career in this field. The application of nuclear and radiation techniques is increasing in the fields of agriculture,, medicine,, research and academe. As such,, the number of professionals who are using radioactive materials as well as the training requirements to equip them to handle radioactive materials safely. PNRI,, being the government agency mandated to advance and regulate the safe and peaceful applications of nuclear science technology in the Philippines,, has been addressing this need by offering courses through the NTC. Presently,, PNRI NTC conducts training courses on radiation safety,, radioisotope applications,, nuclear safety security,, emergency preparedness,, reactor engineering and nuclear science and technology. These courses to training needs of professionals working on the peaceful applications of radiation and nuclear techniques all over the country. For the last five (5) years,, NTC has been conducting an average of 20 training courses an average of 367 participants per year. This number has been gradually increasing over the years and to increase further in the coming years.
DOST-JSPS 2019: Radiation damage investigations on functional materials: Material development, analysis, and informatics Arnel Salvador NanotechnologyFunctional materials which exhibit special structural, optical, and electrical properties serve asthe bases of a wide range oftechnological applications. For example, gallium arsenide (GaAs) and zinc oxide (ZnO) semiconductors can be used as solar cells for space satellites and as scintillators for fusion reactions, respectively. In addition, optical silicate glasses can be utilized as windows for satellite viewing ports and nuclear fusion diagnostic instruments. In realizing these specific applications, however, research efforts must transcend material fabrication and characterization towards radiation damage investigation. Since the satellites beyond the earth’s atmosphere are exposed to electrons, protons, and ionic solar particles and the chamber walls and diagnostic instruments inside fusion environments are exposed to neutrons, alpha particles, and other fusion reaction by-products, understanding the effects of radiation exposure is both necessary and important. Because defects are generated by the incident energetic particles, high-energy, high-flux, and ionizing radiations typically result in altered structural, optical, and electrical properties. Moreover, radiation exposure may not only be detrimental to a device leading to its deterioration and sudden failure but may also be beneficial due to the component materials’ property enhancement. In this regard, this joint research aims to investigate the effects of gamma-ray and ion irradiation on the properties offunctional materials such as GaAs^ homostructures, ZnO bulk crystals and thin films, and silicate glasses. Specifically, the collaborative activities are focused on the following: 1.1. Fabricating GaAs homostructures, ZnO bulk crystals and thin films, and silicate glasses suitable for solar cell, scintillator, and optical window applications, respectively (“material development”); 1.2. Evaluating their structural, optical, and electrical properties before and after gamma-ray and ion irradiation (“material analysis”); 1.3. Elucidating the experimental observations through first-principles calculations and numerical modeling (“material informatics”); and, 1.4. Fostering mutually beneficial collaboration between Filipino and Japanese researchers and students (“academic cooperation”).
E-ASIA JRP: Fundamental study of the physical properties of metal-oxide single nanowires and nanoparticles for bio-nano-sensingGil Nonato Santos NanotechnologyThe rapid development of nanotechnology last time induced wide investigations of nanoscale materials,, including nano-particles,, and,, in particular,, 1D-structures like nanotubes,, nanowires (NWs),, etc of various materials. Past decade these nanoscale materials were intensively studies and they had appeared to have unique properties allowed to construct separate nano-device from individual nano-objects [1-7]. Many single nano-devices were developed from individual CNT [1,,2] InP [3] and GaAs nanowires,, Ge,, Si,, GaN nanowires and GaN/AIN/AlGaN heterostructure nanowires,, CdS nanowires,, Si-CdS nanowire [4,, 5] and many other single nano-devices from nanowires. Metal Oxide materials like LaMn03,, Sn02,, ZnO,, Zinc Tin Oxide (ZTO),, TiO2 as bulk materials and as nanomaterials have very a rich palette of physical phenomena. Most of them have isolator-metal phase transition (LaMn03,, ZnO,, Zinc Tin Oxide (ZTO),, Ti02),, photo-luminiscence photoconductivity (LaMn03,, Sn02,, ZnO,, (Zinc Tin Oxide (ZTO)),, TiO2,,),, and other interesting phenomena,, like magnetic phenomena,, including magnetocaloric,, magnetoresistance,, ferroelectricity. But the properties of these metal oxide as the nanomaterials,, especially a individual nano-objects (nanowires,, 13 nanoparticles,, etc) are almost not studied and thus their application for creation of single nano-devices is very rare in the literature. To such rare papers relate [6],, where it was studied the field-effect nano-transistor (nanoFET),, based on individual ZnO nanobelts and single nano-transistor,, based on individual Sn02 nanowires [7] and ZnO Schottky diodes [5]. Thus the mentioned above metal oxide nano-materials,, that have so a rich palette of physical phenomena up to now have not adequate place in nano-scale devices. The E-Asia consortia assume that the paradoxical situation is connected with the fact is related to insufficient knowledge of the properties of these metal oxide nano-materials as the individual nanowires,, nanoparticles,, and so on. On the other hand E-Asia consortia understands,, that it is very complicated research to study individual nano-objects. That is why E-Asia consortia as the main idea of the present project maintains that metal-oxide nanomaterials have a very large application potential and also the potential of undiscovered physical effects that will be revealed if the size effects for individual nanoparticles and nanowires will be studied in detail. This fundamental study can ensure huge advanced frontier application. For example,, because of the large surface-to-volume ratio,, sensors based on individual nanoparticles,, nanowires and nanotubes,, in principle,, can register insignificant amounts of chemicals or biomaterials,, up to the attomolar level (1 aM = 10-18M),, as well as individual bacteria,, viruses or even large molecules. There far-reaching suggestions are made that nanosensors based on individual nanoobjects can revolutionize the approach to medical diagnostics,, sharply increasing accuracy,, reliability,, reducing the time of diagnosis,, and,, what is the most importantly,, reduce the cost of medical analysis. It is predicted,, that in the nearest future,, nanobiotechnology-based lab-on-a-chip technologies will be widely customary available,, such as cellular telephones and Internet.
Characterization and Resource Estimation of Valuable Rare Earth Elements (REEs) and Natural Radionuclides in the Philippine Coal and Feldspar DepositsCris Reven GibagaMining and MineralsCoal is a natural dark brown to black sedimentary rock that is formed from the accumulation of plant remains in sedimentary basins. It is formed to a solid rock by heat and pressure applied during the development of the basin. Coal is primarily used as a fuel. Our country is largely a coal consuming country with coal having the highest contribution to the power generation mix at 48% in 2016. But our demand for coal is not limited to power generation, it is also used in industries like cement, fertilized production and smelting processes. 
Establishment of Advanced Mechatronics, Robotics, and Industrial Automation Laboratory (AMERIAL) in Support of the Metals and Engineering IndustryRobert DizonHuman Resource Development, Infrastructure Development Program(9) Project Background/Significance:   Automation, mechatronics, and robotics are technologies that provide the strong foundation for the latest advancement of manufacturing system that best characterizes the Fourth Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0 (I4.0).  The merging of these technologies, which led to the spawning of cyber-physical systems, Internet of Things (IoT), and cloud computing, paved the way for the phenomenal growth and use of data exchange and machine-to-machine interaction.  I4.0 works on the principle that connected machines, work pieces, and systems create intelligent networks that can control each other autonomously.  For businesses, the advent of these cutting edge capabilities translate to improvements in processes along the value chain, thereby reduces costs and enhance productivity. According to Cororaton and Abdula (2002), the Philippines’ economic growth has been highly unstable since the 1980s.  The country is still primarily a consumption-led economy.  In terms of manufacturing, production chains are largely labor-intensive and import-dependent (Austria, 2002).  Moreover, the country’s workforce lags behind other Asian countries in the areas of advanced technology, particularly mechatronics and robotics, due to the unavailability of R&D facilities and the lack of qualified training personnel.  A study conducted by the Singapore Management University in partnership with the J.P. Morgan also revealed that the local workforce lacks science, technology, engineering, and mathematical skill sets, making its profile generally suited only for low-skill manufacturing. The Philippines has to make proactive moves in order to take advantage of I4.0 opportunities.  To be able to jumpstart the Philippines’ efforts towards I4.0, there is a need to strengthen the automation, mechatronics, and robotics technologies skills and competencies of the Filipino workforce in the manufacturing industry.  In doing so, the Philippines will also be able to achieve sustainable economic growth, overcome the problem on the shortage of skilled employees and workers, and address the demands of globalization adaptation, among others. Robotics and mechatronics is definitely the area to exploit.  Some of the major initiatives in this area are the training program about robotics and mechatronics spearheaded by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) through the Mechatronics Technologies Corporation (MTC), and the various activities implemented by the Mechatronics and Robotics Society of the Philippines (MRSP). Recognizing the crucial role of manufacturing technology advancements, the DOST-MIRDC proposes to establish the Advanced Mechatronics, Robotics, and Industrial Automation Laboratory (AMERIAL) as a complementary facility to further support manufacturing resurgence that will make enabling technology-based processes available to more industries.  The AMERIAL is envisioned to create a pool of skilled and highly qualified workforce, and to become an accredited training and development facility in industrial automation.   Through its service offerings such as the conduct of training programs, development of automation applications, promotion of research collaborations, and automation development for the MSMEs, the AMERIAL also aims to increase the manufacturing industry’s productivity and raise the country’s awareness of I4.0 and its benefits. 
Image Mapping of Energy Conversion Efficiency and Other Parameters Across Solar Cell Active Areas using Photoexcitation and Photothermal EffectsRaymund SarmientoPhotonicsThe proposed characterization techniques to be developed will involve setting up of an optical beam which will be scanned over a material sample. The beam would induce a change of property in the sample which can be detected electrically as an induced voltage,, photocurrent,, resistance or capacitance change. Since the signals can be localized,, a map of the homogeneity of the property can be constructed. These property maps may be correlated to the design and fabrication of the material or device being tested. It is believed that this characterization can help the semiconductor and related industry in the improvement and optimization of device performance in the future. 
Establishment of S&T Center in the New S&T Government Seat of Region XII in Koronadal City Zenaida Hadji Raof LaidanFoodThe next S&T Center of Region XII to be established will include the Office of the DOST XII Regional Director, Technical Services Division, and Administrative Services Division. It will also include the Regional Standards and Testing Laboratories, library, training center, and R&D Centers, that would cater to the needs of the clients from the industry/SMEs/entrepreneurs, HEIs/academe, other national government agencies, the civil society and the public. Initially, the DOST XII needs a budget of five (5) million pesos for the establishment of the new S&T Center in Koronadal City. The said amount will be used for the installation of electricity and water systems, transportaion and delivery of equipment including ICT and communications equipment as well as furnitures and fixtures.
Promoting Innovative Philippine Nuclear Science and Technology Applications at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) General Conference Exhibition and IAEA General Conference Side Events/Symposiums Ana Elena Conjares Human Resource Development1) Participation in the IAEA General Conference Exhibition  The Philippines participated in the IAEA General Conference exhibition in 2006. The poster exhibit, however, only highlighted the country's partnership with the international community on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology.  On September 22- 26, 2014, the Philippines, through DOST-PNRI, participated In the 58thGeneral Conference exhibition of the IAEA. This was the first full-blown exhibition where the DOST-PNRI represented the country in an international event on nuclear science and technology. This significant milestone highlighted the Filipino scientists' capability, creativity and innovativeness in applying nuclear science and technology in industry, agriculture, healthcare, environmental protection, safety and security. This endeavor caught the attention of officials and representatives from various IAEA Member States, international experts from the scientific community, and officials and staff members of the IAEA Secretariat and other United Nations Organizations.  This time, the proposed participation of the country in the IAEA 63r°IAEAhGeneral Conference Exhibition will be an excellent occasion to promote to the Member-States and other international audiences on the various commercial technologies and update the international nuclear community on other significant accomplishments of the Philippines in nuclear science, technology, innovation and safety.  The exhibit is proposed to be set up at the Vienna International Center Rotunda in two booths (6m by 2m exhibition space). The Philippine exhibit will highlight nuclear science and technology projects and services on the following DOST Eleven-Point-Agenda :  R & D to Address Pressing problems R & D for Productivity R & D to Tap, generate and Apply New Knowledge and Technologies Across Sectors Maximize Utilization of R & D Results Through Technology Transfer and/or Commercialization Develop STI Human Resources and Build a Strong STI Culture Upgrading of STI Facilities and Capacities to Improve of S & T Services Assistance to Production Sector Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Collaboration with Industry, Academe and International Institutions Improve STI Governance The exhibit will focus on the theme "Making Nuclear Science and Technology Work for the Filipino People. The exhibit will convey the message that the Philippines is applying the IAEA "Atoms for Peace" to national development that benefit various sectors of the society; and that the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear techniques, materials and processes contribute in the Philippine government's efforts of increasing agricultural and industrial productivity as well as ensuring health security and safeguarding the environment.  The above-mentioned messages will be conveyed through the following exhibit components:  Graphic display posters/banners mounted on panels depicting the projects and services in textual description and photos Product samples developed/improved by radiation processing Commerciable technologies of PNRI Brief video presentations on PNRI technologies, testimonies/success stories such as the Plant Growth Promoter (PGP)   The exhibits will be set up on September 15, manned on September 16 to 20 and dismantled on September 21 by four (4) PNRI staff.  2) Philippine participation in IAEA General Conference Side Events/Symposiums  The IAEA General Conference is one of the Agency's largest annual events. As such, the IAEA conducts several events every year alongside the General Conference proper which cover various issues such as scientific and technical developments across countries, socio-economic implications of nuclear science, and even empowerment for women and the youth sector, among others.  PNRI officials, and on occasion, high-level DOST officials, have oftentimes represented the Philippines in these side events. Filipino experts, scientists and researchers were well-recognized in their respective fields, particularly in nuclear and radiation applications, but also in terms of nuclear safety, secunty and regulatory matters. Beyond being participants, they are also invited to be the main panelists or speakers in such events. The presence of many representatives from other IAEA Member States is also at its peak given its coinciding with the IAEA General Conference.  The IAEA Side Events is thus an important opportunity for strengthening networking and linkages with other countries, as well as for the sharing of knowledge, experiences and best practices on nuclear research and development, as well as regulations, safety and security issues, among others.   
Establishment of Robotics and Intelligent Systems LaboratoryCristina DadulaInfrastructure Development ProgramThe laboratory will facilitate faculty research focusing on the thrust areas of the university which are in line with the thrusts areas of Department of Science and Technology (DOST) while offering students and other stakeholders a standout opportunity to explore interdisciplinary studies that extend beyond the margins of traditional programs and departments.
SETUP 2.0: Project 3. Upgrading of Consultancy and Technical Services for MSMEsRowen Gelonga Human Resource DevelopmentThe proposed project will institutionalize the operations of OneExpert and the different S&T consultancy and other technical services being provided by the DOST Regional Offices. It will also review the harmonized guidelines for existing consultancy programs crafted by the DOST Regional Offices under the OneExpert Project. On the other hand, new consultancy programs will be developed and pilot-tested.  The following are the consultancy and technical programs/services that will be implemented under SETUP 2.0:  MPEX: Manufacturing Productivity Extension Program - involves the deployment of consultants who are industry experts, productivity specialists, and other technical experts to assist MSMEs in the manufacturing sector. These consultants provide recommendations for improvement of the firms' overall operations to achieve higher productivity. Among the interventions are as follows: plant lay-out, production planning and control, occupational health and safety, plant capacity utilization, work organization and human resource utilization, equipment and machinery utilization, plant and machinery maintenance, process operations, materials management, product design and packaging, and quality assurance systems, among many others.  CAPE: Consultancy for Agricultural Productivity Enhancement - aims to institutionalize effective farm management strategies (e.g. Good Agricultural Practices, Good Animal Husbandry Practices) including transfer and commercialization of appropriate technologies to improve agricultural and aquaculture productivity. Accredited consultants are deployed to qualified agri and aqua enterprises to undertake productivity improvement studies. Among the areas covered are as follows: aquaculture (shrimp, milkfish, crabs, tilapia, others), horticulture (vegetables and fruits, ornamentals, plantation crops, others), livestock (swine, goat, carabao, cattle, others), and poultry.  APEX: Assistance Program for Enterprise Excellence - involves the deployment of consultants to qualified MSMEs to assist them in establishing a quality management system (QMS) in compliance with ISO 9001:2015. ISO 9001 is the international standard that specifies requirements for a QMS. Organizations use the standard to demonstrate the ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements. It is based on the plan-do-check-act methodology and provides a process-oriented approach to documenting and reviewing the structure, responsibilities, and procedures required to achieve effective quality management in the organization.  SafeFOOD: Safer Food Through Science and Technology - involves the deployment of food safety consultants to assist food processors and other food establishments in complying with food safety requirements, standards, and regulations. Priority is given to technical assistance that will enable the beneficiary firm to acquire a License to Operate (LTO) from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Higher level assistance may also be provided to companies who are already licensed by FDA in order to assist the firms in complying with market and regulatory requirements. This may involve assistance on ISO 22000, British Retail Consortium (BRC) and International Food Standard (IFS).  GREENS: Greening Enterprises for Environmental Sustainability - involves the deployment of consultants to assist MSMEs in improving their over-all productivity and environmental performance. This may be done by determining and recommending integrated preventive environmental strategy to processes in order to increase efficiency, reduce waste, wastewater, and emissions as well as minimize risks to humans and the environment. Along this line, consultants normally analyze the flow of materials and energy and come up with proposals intended to reduce or replace these resources in certain parts of the process. On the other hand, consultants may likewise recommend end-of-pipe or waste management options in case of residual wastes being generated by MSMEs. Other green productivity interventions and/or methodologies may also be utilized by the consultants.  iCREATE: Innovations for Creative Enterprises - involves the deployment of product and industrial designers to assist MSMEs by recommending creative inputs or support in terms of product development, product packaging, and other innovative ideas that will enhance not only product presentation but also utility.  BRACE: Business Resiliency and Continuity Enhancement - involves the deployment of consultants to assist MSMEs in establishing a business continuity management system to ensure the uninterrupted availability of all key business resources required to support essential (or critical) business activities. This enhances the preparedness and resiliency of business enterprises particularly during and after natural and man-made disasters.  ProPack: Product Packaging Assistance Program - Packaging and labeling assistance is provided to MSMEs by authorized subject matter specialists of DOST Regional Offices or other recognized institutions. The assistance may involve, among others, package development, label design, package prototyping, product-package compatibility testing, and similar services. Higher-level assistance may be provided by technical personnel of the Packaging Technology Division of the Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI). The services will be provided in accordance with the approved procedures and/or terms of reference of the concerned DOST agency. i2m2: Ideas and Innovations for Market Mainstreaming - involves the deployment of experts to mentor MSMEs with innovations applicable to their products and services until these become ready for the market iCafe: Innovation Café - One way of promoting DOST's services is through the iCafe, a venue for new products to be presented to its target markets. Every other month, resource persons will be invited to share success stories on innovation or to pitch on certain technologies with MSMEs and the general public. This will be conducted in different cafes all over the region. On the other hand, this project will also institutionalize OneExpert, the one-stop-portal for the different consultancy and technical services being offered under SETUP 2.0. OneExpert has the following main components:  Nationwide network of S&T experts, consultants, and/or subject matter specialists. Access to DOST consultancy programs and other technical services. Provision and/or improvement of access to existing technology databases. Website/online application software for accessing experts, technologies and services.   The website/online application software has different components which allows access to information and facilitate communication between the users, experts, and project managers through the OneChat messaging platform.
Development of Nanosilica-based Anti-Corrosion Coating Formulations for Carbon Steel Reinforcement Used in Farm StructuresDr. Marish MadlangbayanNanotechnologyThis project is Project 8 Sub Program 4 of the UPLB Nanotechnology Program
Establishment of the Additive Manufacturing Center for Industrial Ceramics (AMCeram)Human Resource Development, Infrastructure Development ProgramThe goal of this research is to assess the applicability of additive manufacturing in constructing artificial reefs using natural resources as its materials while trying to mimic the complex structures of coral reef. 
Establishment of the MSU-Marawi Optoelectronics Science LaboratoryDr. Florencio Recoleto, Jr.Infrastructure Development ProgramThe Physics Department is in need of Research Laboratory due to the increasing number of students in MS Physics program boosted by the grant of Scholarship from DOST-SEI. In addition to that, the DOST-SEI has granted the status of the Physics Department as one of the delivering institution. Moreover, the graduate faculty has grown to a strength of 8 PhDs plus 2 PhDs returning by January 2020 making a total number of 10 PhDs. Their potential can be maximized if there are venues for research activities that may eventually contribute to the development agenda of the Philippines. If the Nanoscience Laboratory will be realized, the BS and MS Physics Program will be enhanced leading to the activation of the PhD Physics program. Eventually, many researcher will be produced as an addition to the research work force for the country. On the other hand, the establishment of Nanoscience Laboratory will result to local and international publications, patents of materials and devices Furthermore, collaborations and partnerships with other likeminded individuals and Institutions will be created for more research, developments and product outputs that may answer various problems the country is facing.  
Smarter Philippines through Data Analytics R&D, Training and Adoption (SPARTA)Human Resource DevelopmentRecognizing the pressing challenges brought by rapidly developing technologies and data-driven automation, there is a need to prov'cle the skill set necessary to remain competitive in the 21' century market and create the workforce of the future. The DOST provided support for extensive training on data science and analytics delivered through online learning management platform. The Asia Pacific Economic Conference (APEC) Project Data Analytics Rising Employment (DARE) estimates that a total of 340,080 data scientists will be needed in the country by 2022 from the 2016 workforce of 147,420. which shows a 131% increase. Online education remains a key solution in addressing the huge skill gap because of Its features of being scalable, accessible and inclusive. The more people/workforce reached through the online learning, the faster the country can move up the value chain in terms of its service offering globally. An upskilled or reskilled data workforce will not only help the country dampen the effects of automation and Al, it will also help the industry transition its workforce to jobs that are more resilient to technological advances. The DAP is strategically positioning itself to be the Government's Center of Excellence for Data Science and Analytics. It has recognized the immense value of data that lies untapped within government agencies and unlocking them through well thought out data science and R&D initiatives should translate to invaluable insights to help in nation building. The project is being proposed to put into place the necessary online education. R&D mechanisms and infrastructure to enable the data science and analytics industry and foster smart governance practices. This project will be institutionalized by the Academy through key new offerings such as certification courses for public administrators involving data and R&D initiatives on productivity analytics, data analytics for smart city consulting works and the creation of the Government Center for Data Science and Analytics (GCEDSA).
Coastal Sea Level Rise in the Philippines (CSLR)Rosalie ReyesSpace Technology ApplicationsThe current global sea level rise (SLR) rate is estimated at 3.4 mm/year (Nerem, 2018). However, due to the interplay of many factors in the coastal areas, estimates of sea level rise rates are most often higher than the global mean. Traditional method in sea level determination is by tide gauges set up near coasts. They are often found in harbors where they usually serve the purpose of navigation and anchorage. The changing climate introduces another important purpose for tide gauges; that is for monitoring SLR for environment impact assessment. Tide gauges can measure sea level at several minutes of interval but spatially limited. As they are tied on land they are also affected by vertical land motion and therefore measurements may not provide the correct values of sea level. The limitations of tide gauges for sea level measurements are addressed by the use of satellite altimeters. The biggest advantage of these sensors is its global coverage where they can provide measurements in areas tide gauges cannot measure. Satellite altimeters have been in space for more than 3 decades (Aviso+, n.d.). However, the exploitation of its data started gaining popularity when new processing algorithms were developed to make the data usable near coast. Satellite altimeter measurements are degraded near the coasts due to contamination of land masses (Deng and Featherstone, 2006), thus retracking of archived and current data are being done to recover the data in these areas (Passaro, et al., 2014). With this development, satellite altimeter data can now be validated by tide gauge data more accurately. The determination of SLR rate is important to determine its impacts on the coastal environment. Climate change is one of the stressors to many coastal resources. Along the coastline, the sea level change is far more substantial than the global SLR (Church, 2013). Potential impacts of CLSR includes shoreline recession, loss of coastal infrastructure, natural resources and biodiversity, and displacement of communities. It will also have potential severe economic implication on trade and commerce. According to Nerem (2018), SLR is not increasing at a constant rate but accelerating.  The quantification of the SLR rate will aid in creating future scenarios of what will happen to these coastal resources.  One important output of the proposed research is the determination of the differences of SLR between satellite altimeter and tide gauges. To a decimeter level both data should agree. However, if the tide gauge is affected by vertical land motion, it will result in large differences. The determination of these differences could indicate land subsidence or land uplift in the area. Therefore, quantification of the vertical land motion is crucial to improve the determination of CLSR rate (Zulkifli, et al, 2018).  
Product Design, Technological Validation, and Field Scale Testing of StillFresh: Spoilage-Monitoring StripChristopher Doroja Technology Transfer & CommercializationStillfresh is the first spoilage monitoring strip in the Philippines. It allows users to easily determine if food is spoiled through its color-changing technology. StillFresh contains a non-toxic and specially-formulated indicator that allows it to detect spoilage. The product is attached inside the food container right before it is stored and placed in the refrigerator. As food spoils over-time, carbon dioxide is produced from the food. This applies to different kinds of food ranging from raw food to cooked food.   The impact of this study does not end with just the creation of the product, however, as the real impact will be reflected in the value and benefit that it brings to the community outside the researchers. StillFresh will be a revolutionary product in the field of smart packaging. As a contribution to science, we will have at the very least a springboard that brings us closer to smarter and healthier ways of packaging food to promote health and safety of consumers.
Integration of Data Science and Scaling Up of Payruler, a comprehensive Human Resource Management Syatem (HRMS)Warlito De JesusTechnology Transfer & CommercializationTo predict workforce trends and target top talents, different industries are now leveraging on people analytics, the inference of internal human resource data with external data such as employment brand data, data on hiring patterns, social network platforms, and external and demographic data. Global trends on the use of data to predict workforce performance point to an increase from 29% in 2015 to 44% in 2016.   In the Philippines, Human Capital Management is starting to be practiced across industries as evident on the use of spreadsheets, Human Resource Management systems and Enterprise Resource Planning systems. However, only few solutions give forward looking predictive and prescriptive analytic information. Capitalizing on this, Genii Hut Technologies Incorporation, a UP Cebu TBI incubatee, developed Payruler, a complete Human Resource Management System (HRMS) that deals with all facets of Human Resources such as recruitment, Human Resources Information System (HRIS), timekeeping and absence management, and payroll and reports creation. To date, Payruler has 22,000 users and generated one (1) million payslips.   In this project, the team aims to enhance the current version. The main reasons why the base Payruler needs to be upgraded is to improve the entity framework and architectural design in preparation for data analytics and big data processing and include additional modules that will allow for pulse surveys on the ESS, personality profiling data capture, and learning management system.   Moreover, the project aims to create a version suited for Multinational Companies by integrating data science practices that can do predictive and prescriptive analysis that can help in the retention of vital employees, predict possible choke points in human capital even before the problem arises, and prescribe best talents for a vacant job by churning in useful information such as statistical demographics, social media, job sites and other factors. Finally, the project aims to deploy and test the system by conducting data migration, user training, and actual operation to at least two clients and two government institutions in Manila and Cebu.   Reduction in recruitment, training and operational costs as well as efficiently intervene HR issues before they arise are expected outcomes of the enhanced Payruler.
Plant Protein Products from Local SourcesNorberto AmbaganFood, ProcessThis project will investigate the production of protein concentrate and isolates from processing by-products (pressed coconut meal and rice bran), and underutilized local legumes (sitaw, bataw, patani). The project aims to recover the protein concentrate and isolates as potential food ingredient. The protein products will be characterized based on their physico-chemical, nutritional and functional properties. The products will also be tested in several product applications such as beverages, textured meat analogue (TVP), and high protein supplements. Lastly, the project will include the techno-economic feasibility of producing protein concentrate and isolates. 
CRADLE 2019: Development of De-Oiler Equipment for Deep Fried Peanuts and Garlic ChipsFaye BaretMetals and EngineeringThe scope of this project focused on the removal of sufficient amount of oil content of the fried foods specifically, peanuts and garlic chips after it has been deep fried. It is a closed-loop system because there is a feedback, using load cells, that will analyzed whether the oil content of the product satisfied the desired quality by comparing the weight before and after de-oiling process. The de-oiling method involves a spinning process using centrifuge principle to help fasten the removal of the oil from the product. The weight of the product before and after de-oiling process is the parameter being used to analyze the desired quality. The average percentage of the removed oil that is around 6% for fried peanuts and 3% of garlic chips that was obtained during the manual process will be the basis in achieving the desired output when applied to automatic process of de-oiling. The loading and dispensing of the product will be done manually.  A centrifuge works by spinning mixtures around a central axis (centrifugal force). As the product spins the tendency of the inertia of the object is to move in a straight-line path. However, due to its confinement within the centrifuge, the path of the object must be bent into a circular one. The body of the centrifuge, or the body of the container within the centrifuge, provides a normal force that pushes the object toward the center of the circular path of travel. This inward force is referred to as a centripetal force, and its magnitude and direction are exactly what is needed to keep the object moving in a circular path around the axis of rotation of the centrifuge. This principle was applied in order to prevent the dispersion of the product and it will not break into smaller pieces. The machine is limited up to 6 kg load, beyond this capacity will affect the effectiveness and performance of the de-oiling equipment. The equipment is electric operated powered by commercial electric supply. 
Project 1. Evolution of the Luzon Arc: From igneous to sedimentary processes (GAIA)Betchaida PayotDisaster MitigationThis study aims to gather geologic, petrographic and geochemical data on the igneous and sedimentary rocks of the northern Luzon segment of the Luzon arc. Geochronological and paleontological dating of the different igneous and sedimentary units will also be done. Data will then be collated to generate a geodynamic model representative of the magmatic and tectonic evolution of the Luzon arc through time.
Project 2: Tectonic consequences of subduction in Northern Luzon (GAIA)Noelynna RamosDisaster MitigationThis study seeks to examine the active deformation and strain accommodation in northern Luzon by integrating geological and geophysical data. This would entail geologic mapping, identification and/or validation of active faults through paleomagnetic and paleoseismic studies and analysis of identification of crustal movements and block rotations with the aid of GPS measurements. In the Philippine context, using paleomagnetism would be a novel approach in identifying and validating active faults before the conduct of the paleoseismic studies.
Marine and onshore geophysical investigations of the Manila subduction zoneCarla DimalantaDisaster MitigationThis Philippine collaborators will carry out onshore geophysical surveys in Luzon island. The Taiwanese collaborators will conduct marine geophysical surveys in the Manila Trench region. The marine geophysical surveys will include multi-channel seismic reflection surveys, marine gravity and magnetic surveys. Particularly, the Taiwanese group also plans to deploy 20 Ocean Bottom Seismometers (OBSs) around the Manila Trench. The results will help understand the plate subduction process beneath the Luzon Island and will create crustal models of the mega-thrust fault in the Manila Trench. This will aid in the assessment of the seismic and tsunamigenic potentials in west Luzon, especially for the Manila metropolitan area. The Philippine group will conduct onland gravity and magnetic surveys in the Pangasinan, 'locos and Cagayan regions. These onshore geophysical surveys will complete the offshore data and provide data on the crustal structure in the volcanic arc and the eastern part of the subduction zone. The offshore and onshore data will be integrated to produce a more complete understanding of the subduction zone processes from the offshore trench region to the active volcanic arc and faults onshore. The results of the proposed joint research are important for geohazard mitigation, especially for Metropolitan Manila and the population centers along the western Philippine seaboard. Hazards posed by future earthquakes and tsunamis along the Manila Trench also have transboundary impacts. Countries bordering the South China Sea (e.g. Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia) are particularly vulnerable to the seismic hazards brought about by the active tectonic margin. 
DOST-JSPS: Preparation of Crown Ethers and Alpha-aminophosphonates Decorated Natural Fibers-based Hybrids Metal Ion Adsorbents by Fusing Multicomponent-reaction and Radiation-grafting of PolymersJordan Madrid Material ScienceThe study is aimed at developing a synthetic approach to attach multiple functional molecules onto the surface of natural fibers, i.e. abaca and pineapple, with a conversion of higher than 80%, through the facile combination of radiation-induced graft polymerization (RIGP) and multicomponent reactions (MCR). Among the MCRs available for synthetic polymer chemistry, Kabachnik-Fields three-component reaction (KF-3CR) between aldehydes, amines, and phosphites will be employed. Consequently, a library of surface modified compounds will be produced, which could be used in a variety of applications such as in toxic and precious metals recovery, selective filtration of compounds, among others. In the previous studies of the Japan counterpart, polyethylene and cellulose fabrics were subjected to RIGP of vinyl monomers containing aldehyde moieties, which were then subjected to the surface KF-3CR with amines and phosphites, to generate crown-ether- and ?- aminophosphonate-tethered organic materials. A similar approach will be adapted with slight modifications to ensure applicability to grafted natural fibers. A library synthesis of functional natural fibers will be conducted with a range of aliphatic and aromatic amines and phosphates. The resulting fibers will be evaluated for their metal ion adsorption properties, as the imparted functional groups – crown ether and ?-aminophosphonate – are expected to exhibit selectivity towards certain elements. The project will have multifaceted advantages at the scientific and economic perspectives: • The base material for RIGP and MCR will be based on a locally available and sustainable feedstock: abaca and pineapple fibers. As this is the first time that such endeavor will be undertaken, scientific publications and intellectual property applications will be some of the many possible outputs. • If proven successful, the proposed application – selective uptake of heavy metals, including rare earths and some lanthanides – will help the local agriculture and textile industries by increasing the demand on the fibers made from abaca and pineapple.
Resource Assessment of REEs In the Didipio and Runruno Porphyry and Epithermal Cu-Au-Mo DepositsRene Juna ClaveriaMining and MineralsFrom the results of a previous DOST-PCIEERD funded research project entitled "Trace and Rare Earth Elements Geochemistry of Selected Porphyry-Epithermal Cu-Au Deposits in the Philippines", interests in understanding further the occurrences of trace and REEs have broadened to other types of Cu-Au deposits in the Philippines. The previous project focused on the 2 alkaline hosted Cu-Au deposits in Nueva Viscaya. Initial discoveries are presented below. Cu-Au deposits hosted by calc-alkaline rocks are relatively numerous in the Philippiones primarily due to its tectonic and geologic setting. Most of these are big deposits and some are presently being mined. Carbonated hosted Cu-Au deposits (Skarn) are relatively very few and some of these are new discoveries from exploration and some abandoned due to metal depletion.
Technical Support and Evaluation of Hybrid Electric Train OperationPablo AcuinTechnology Transfer & CommercializationA Deed of Donation has already been made between MIRDC and PNR, delineating the donation conditions designated to each party. One of the conditions stipulated from MIRDC is to provide technical support including consumable items to PNR within a period of one year from the start of the HET operation as a revenue train. This will provide PNR drivers and technical personnel further familiarization with the operation of the train, especially in conducting troubleshooting activities during error and malfunctioning occurrences.
Effects of Reinforcing Polyactic Acid Composite with Different Levels of Mechanically Refined Biochar from Kawayan Tinik (Bambusa blumeana Schutt. F.). Jason ParluchaHuman Resource DevelopmentDeveloping bamboo-based products will increase the demand for the resource in the market. This will further influence the value of the raw material which would help amend the existing challenges of local farmers. Recently, the biochar technology had focused on size refinement of biochar to develop products with enhanced properties for different applications e.g. absorbents, super magnets and conductors. Bamboo as a promising material to produce biochar, was known to have improved qualifies if the particle size is reduced up to the smallest scale possible. Processing bamboo biochar into smallest size range will magnify several properties i e adsorption, surface energy, as proven in some previous research. Additionally, utilization of materials from biomass sources such as bamboo do not cause problems on contaminants and toxic anthropogenic nanomaterials during production and disposal. The bamboo feedstock is also abundant, can be outsourced from waste material and renewable. Biochar production component, on the other hand, produce energy that can be utilized efficiently, eco-friendly, sequester carbon and produce recoverable biofuels and syngas as a by-product. Incorporating refined bamboo biochar into other materials such as the low strength and low thermal property biodegradable polymer polylactic acid (PLA) and widely utilized plastics such as High-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LOPE) including recycled HDPE would possibly enhance the physical and thermal properties of the materials. 
Hydrothermally grown Zinc oxide on activated Carbon fiber cloth as an enhanced electrode for supercapacitor applicationMarjorie ValenzonaHuman Resource DevelopmentResearch and developments in pursuit of finding ways to stofe energy have been in demand in the recent years due to the threatening depletion of fossil fuel reserves [1]. There are many ways to store energy and one way is the use of supercapacitors. Supercapacitors are classified in terms of the mechanisms used to store energy. It can either store energy electrochemically (Pseudocapacitors) or electrostatically (Electric double-layer capacitors or EDLC) depending on the choice of materials used in the fabrication [2,3]. In this study, these two mechanisms will be combined to produce an enhanced electrode for supercapacitor application. This is by growing ZnO hydrothermally on an activated carbon fiber cloth. In this way, there will be a combination of electric-double layer capacitance offered by the activated carbon fiber cloth and pseudocapacitance property of the ZnO which can increase the overall performance of the fabricated supercapacitor [2,3].
Synthesis of Self-Healing Geopolymers Through the Application of BiocharImmobilized Spores of Bacterial Cultures for Enhanced BiomineralizationJadin Zam DoctoleroHuman Resource DevelopmentThe reason for choosing geopolymers instead of concrete is because the latter is highly unsustainable. However, because geopolymers are more deleterious for microorganisms, ways to increase self-healing efficiencies must be researched such as by immobilizing and co-culturing bacterial cultures. There must be copious amounts of calcite precipitated in the cracks to seal them and to check for this, XRD, SEM, XCT, and XRF analyses are necessary. The research will be divided into four phases. The first phase screens potential bacteria that can be used as biological healing agents. The screening tests will be viability in geopolymers and potential to biomineralize. Because of limited resources, only one species of bacteria will proceed to the succeeding phases. The second phase aims to test whether any antagonistic action will occur when the selected bacteria is co-cultured with another one. It is desired that they will synergize for greater amounts of biominerals produced. The third and fourth phases tests and confirms the capability of the selected bacterial cultures to truly induce self-healing in geopolymers. 
Effects of heterojunction position and cocatalyst loading in CuBi2O4/CuO nanocomposite on carbon dioxide photoelectrochemical reductionIan Lorenzo GonzagaHuman Resource DevelopmentIn this study, it is proposed that combining both a homojunction and heterojunction will synergistically improve the charge separation efficiency of CuBi204 and hence, its photocatalytic performance. In the synthesis of CuBi204/CuO films, the formation of the homojunction and heterojunction is dictated by the kinetics of copper diffusion. The copper diffusion is then dependent on the initial amount of copper, that will control the copper concentration profile and secondary phase formation (copper oxide). To quantify these two, electron microscopy and depth profiling techniQues are necessary. 
CuxO-Deposited Activated Carbon Cloth Electrode for Flexible SupercapacitorsGenes MaylemHuman Resource DevelopmentThis project aims to fabricate a complete, flexible supercapacitor device based on a CuxO-deposited activated carbon cloth (ACC).
Effect of In2O3 in Granularity and Superconducting Properties of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d bulks and filmsFrancesca Isabel de VeraHuman Resource DevelopmentThe goal of the proposed research is to investigate the potential of using indium as melting agent in fabricating Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d (Bi-2212) bulks and films to address the issue of granularity. The research also aims to provide an experimental method of producing a superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d (Bi-2212) films with improved granularity, high c-axis orientation and high critical current density (Jc). Three batches of bulk and film samples will be fabricated; (1) Bi-2212 with In doping, (2) Bi-2212 with In addition and (3) Bi-2212 with In doping and addition, to carefully investigate the potential of indium as melting agent and compatibility of indium with the film deposition method. 8ulk samples will be fabricated using solid state reaction method and films will be fabricated using sedimentation deposition.
Extraction of Nickel from low Grade Laterite Ores by Roasting-Leaching Process using Ammonium Sulphate derived from Chicken ManureHuman Resource DevelopmentThere are two primary processes in extracting nickel from laterite ores: through pyromelallurgical route and hydrometallurgical route. The pyrometallurgy mell10d utilizes a blast furnace smelting process andlor a rotary kiln furnace (Jie 1I. 1I, Duan. Guo. & Zhai. 2018). TNs process has variOus disadvantages of having a high capital cost. a pollulant Cothe environment and is used only for high-grade lateritic ores. Extraction of nickel via hydrometallurgical route uses Ngtrpressure acid leaching (HPAl) process which is the preferred route to extract nickel Irom lowllrade lateritic ores. The disadvantage of HPAL process is its seloctivity to nickel, high capital and operational cost and high acid consumption which requires lurther processes lor nelllralization. Atmospheric leaching (Al) at lower temperature and In open vessels avoids the need for expensive HPAl autoclaves and high-pressure requirements (McDonald & Whittington. 2008). Therefore. the combination 01 pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical rOllte in lI1e processing of nickel laterites could potentially be the way to process laterite with complexion of their own merits (Oxley & Barcza. 2013). In this study. roast.leach process will be implemented for the extraction of nickel from low grade laterite ores, The study of using ammonium sulphate in roasl-leach process for thil axtraction of nickel can be a significant step to an improved method in the e~tractive practices. This study will utilize chicken manure, an organic material wtlicl1 is commonly regarded as waste. Synthetic ammonium sulphate is made from mixing the ch'cken manure with concentrated sulphuric acid at 300 oC. Roasting temperature. roasting Ume. and add-manure dosage will be closely monitored during the process. Water leaching will be employed in this study for lhe extraction of nickel. Significant amount 01 niCkel was recovered lhrough water leaching at leaching temperature of SOOCand ieaching time 011 hour (Uu et al. 2012: U et al. 2017). The representative sample of the laterite ore will be sent. to undergo several analyses for characterization. The mineral constituents in the laterite ore will be compared before and aner the extraction. The parameters laken into consideration in roastleach process are thil acid-manure dosage. roasting temperature and tima. The effects of lhase parameters and relationships to the extraction of nictel will be identified. 
Effects of Copper Concentration to the Thermoelectric Properties of Chalcopyrite Mineral: A Material for Power Generation ApplicationsHuman Resource DevelopmentThis project aims to bring out potential thermoelectric materials that are abundant, nontoxic and environment-friendly for waste heat recovery and power generation applications. In this study, the thermoelectric properties of a naturally occurring chalcopyrite mineral are to be investigated. The relationship of the copper concentration to the overall thermoelectric properties of the copper bearing material is determined.
Potassium Carbonate Impregnated Zeolite-Gypsum Composite for Co2 UptakeEngr. Gizelle PascuaHuman Resource DevelopmentIndustrial-process designs are now focused in the development of pollution control processes. Process design has been shifting towards adsorption in their attempt to lessen the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG's). The gypsum-zeolite (GZ) compos~e has been proven to be a good sorption medium for various GHGs. In this study, the researchers aim to improve the adsorption and carbonation capabilities of the GZ composite by impregnation of potassium carbonate (K2C03). Impregnation is a method of catalyst preparation that involves contacting a solid with a solution containing the components to be deposited on the surface. Previous researches have concluded that potassium impregnation in adsorbent mediums have significantly increased the perfonnance of the adsorbent medium. The study is an experimental research which follows the scientifIC approach wherein the varying variables are pellet composition, temperature, and carbonation while the constant variable is pressure. The researchers will compare the uptake capacity of C02 for both modified and unmodified composite. The carbon capture will be simulated and measured through a thennogravimetric method (TGA) and the extent of carbonation will be analyzed and quantified using a FourierTransfonn Infrared Radiation (FT-IR).
Dual Drug Delivery of 5-FU and Curcumin in a Thermoresponsive Hydrogel-Nanoshere Composite for Colorectal Cancer TreatmentCamelle Kaye AlemanHuman Resource DevelopmentThe conventional approach in drug administration to treat colorectal cancer offers toxicity and side effects to the patient. The design on delivering the drug is important aspect to cover 10 eradicate the problem of introducing undesirable effects of the treatment. Innovations to enhance cytotoxicity by combination of drugs, improve rate of drug release through nanoparticle entrapment, and localization of drug administration are solutions to the premise of improved effectivity and lessening detrimental side effects.  An important aspect to arrive at the composite material is to optimize the process parameters for the synthesis of the 5-FUIcurcumin-loaded nanoparticle. Determining the ideal set of synthesis parameters is equivalent to obtaining the combination of settings which produce nanoparticles that maximize encapsulation efficiency, drug loading capacity, and zeta potential at the same time minimizing the particle size. The effect of the process parameters to these factors, including morphology and size distribution, are vital in the drug vehicle characteristics all directed towards the development of an enhanced drug delivery system.
Development of a Smart Polymer Meta-Material for Wearable BiosensorsRomeric PobreMaterial ScienceThis research project aims to develop a smart polymer meta-material biosensor in preparation for a wearable cardiovascular monitoring platform into a medical device that can be used to wirelessly monitor the real-time cardiovascular motion. We intend to design a new radar antenna sensor in a flexible platform coupled by a meta-material for directivity and selectivity of its operating EM field. In designing the radar sensor, we will simulate the properties and performance of the radar antenna sensor in monitoring the atrial and ventricular volume of the blood. Finally, we will synthesize and fabricate the radar antenna sensor in a polymer-based platform compatible with human skin.
eAsia: Developing Green Degradable Polymers from Plant Based Oils and Investigation on Its Subsequent Functionalization and Utility as Heavy Metal SequestrantsGilbert YuMaterial ScienceThe rationale behind this project is the development of greener, more sustainable methods of producing polymers using plant-based oils as sources rather than fossil fuel-based ones. Plastics, in modern life, has become indispensable; no other mass-produced material is more light weight, more easily designed and engineered, and more versatile as plastics/polymers. Its convenience, ease of use and its durability, however, has led to problems—at present, the Philippines is ranked among the topmost polluter of plastics . While the idea of reducing plastic/ polymer use is laudable; its extensive utility warrants us to pursue alternative, more ecologically friendly ways of producing polymers. For this project, we envision to make degradable polymers from monounsaturated fatty acids. These fatty acids can be obtained from plant-based sources and will serve as raw materials (monomers) needed to produce bio-based polymers. Additionally, the proponents would also like to investigate the commercialization prospects of these materials. Hence, for this project, we also aim to research on the polymers’ film forming properties, as well as their heavy metal sequestration ability. These properties will be introduced via post modification procedures on the synthesized materials. To ensure greater chance of success, the proponent will collaborate with two other foreign universities with the Japanese academic institution and the Nomura laboratory (Tokyo Metropolitan University) as the overall lead.
Characterization of the Effects of Wave Motion on RF Signal PropagationJermaine Audrey Reyes Human Resource DevelopmentThis study will characterize the changes in the received signal and correlate these with measurements of the movement and position of the antenna due to wave motion (roll and pitch). Measurements will be done by mounting an antenna on a mechanical equipment that simulates the wave motion while the other antenna is stationary. 
Characterization of organosilane bifuctional multiwalled carbon nanotubeMa Cristina MacawileHuman Resource DevelopmentThe investigation on synthesis of catalyst and feedstock source has attraded a lot of consideration due to the increase of worldwide interest in renewable, biodegradable, environmentally friendly, nontoxic and readily available biodiesel. Research interest have shifted strongly on the use of heterogeneous catalyst in biodiesel production upon the reported drawbacks on the use of homogenous catalyst. This study will focus on the synthesis of heterogeneous catalyst using silane compounds. Two functional organo silane compounds, (3-aminopropyl) trimethoxysilane and (3- mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane, will be employed as source of amine (NH3 ) and sulfonic (-S03H) group. Using a green technology in functionalization, silanization will took place in a supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) condition. A multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) will be used as catalyst support due to its distinct mechanical and thermal properties. Three types of catalysts will be synthesized, amino-MWCNT, sulfonic — MWCNT and a bifunctional amino-sulfonic- MWCNT. Surface characterization of synthesized catalyst will be performed using scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), thermogravimetric analyser coupled to infrared spectroscopy (TG-IR) and field — emission scanning electron microscopy and energy — dispersive x-ray (FESEM-EDX). The catalytic performance will be tested in biodiesel production using Glircidia sepium seed oil. 
eAsia: Development of Innovative Nanobiodevices Based on Hybrid Materials by Combination of Endemic South Asian Biomolecules and NanocarbonsLeo Cristobal Ambolode IIMaterial Science In this project, hybrid materials of nanocarbons and biomolecules of Southeast Asian endemic plants will be fabricated owing to the fact that many various hybrid nanomaterials exhibit enhanced bioactivity, sensing capability and physical properties. Fabricated biomolecule-nanocarbon hybrid materials from Japan will be reproduced also in the Philippines for further characterization, analysis and optimization. Specifically, biomolecules from pineapples will be integrated into the single walled carbon nanotubes. These hybrid biomolecule-nanocarbons will then be characterized and from these hybrid nanomaterials, near-infrared sensing nanobiodevice will be fabricated. To complement the fabrication of these innovative hybrid nanomaterials, theoretical and first-principles calculations will also be done to optimize their structures. Needs: Biomolecule-nanocarbon hybrid materials have already shown enhanced physical properties in terms of bioactivity and sensing capability. But these biomolecules are limited only to general biomolecules such as DNA and well-known proteins. Since endemic Southeast Asian plants contain unique biomolecules, the researchers believe that hybrid materials made of these biomolecules and nanocarbons will produce innovative nanomaterials with enhanced properties. The researchers would like to address on how to possibly add value to these endemic Southeast Asian plants. Solutions: Use molecular dynamics and first-principles calculations to simulate the structural and physical properties of the hybrid materials and the optimized structure for near-IR sensing. Extract and use various biomolecules from pineapple, i.e. cellulose, lignocellulose, etc., to be integrated into the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). Optimize the experimental process that could produce successfully stable hybrid nanomaterials. (See Form 2B for details of the method) Optimize the hybrid materials further for near-IR sensing capability. Differentiation: Most of the hybrid nanobiomaterials involved transition metal complexes, which are difficult to process. For hybrid nanobiomaterials involving nanocarbons, most of the biomolecules used are just DNA and known proteins. Biomolecules from plants especially from endemic Southeast Asian plants, to be decorated onto the nanocarbons, is practically an unexplored area. Benefits: The fabricated hybrid nanomaterials will make a breakthrough in nanocarbon nanotechnologies. Provides possible application such as in biosensing and near-IR sensing. The use of the biomolecules with nanocarbons will open potential business opportunities. Researchers from all over Mindanao will be trained and mentored.   
Valorization of Mature Coconut Water through Beverage DevelopmentAlonzo GabrielFoodSignificance FAO (2017) defined food loss as "the reduction in the quantity and quality of food from agricultural and fishery products intended for human consumption but are not consumed by people." It happens from the farm level (production, harvest, and post-harvest) to market display in the food supply chain. Food waste occurs at the consumption level when food has already been purchased and discarded due to spoilage or thrown simply by choice or preference (FAO, 2017). Food loss or waste is not an option in today’s world where a staggering 821 million people in poor countries experiencing hunger in 2017 (FAO, 2018). It also contributes to considerable emission of greenhouse gases – negatively affecting the environment and worsening climate change conditions (Otles & Kartal, 2018). The issues have drawn attention to the policy makers, researchers, and companies in reducing food wastage along the food supply chain through valorization, a process of converting waste into a useful product with a value that costs more than its transformation expense. In fact, effective management of food loss or waste through everyone’s efforts is a key strategy in addressing these problems and attaining the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals especially SDG 2 (End Hunger) and SDG 12 (Sustainable Production and Consumption. The proposed study is an effort in reducing food loss by valorization of mature coconut water which is commonly considered as waste by the coconut industry both locally or internationally. Coconut water is widely consumed in the world due to its nutritional and health benefits. Water from young coconut is more preferred due to its sweeter taste than that from mature coconut (Anzaldo et al., 1985). In the Philippines, mature coconut is generally used for its pulp for the production of coconut milk/oil and desiccated coconut (PSA, 2018) while its water content is discarded as waste. As a result large quantities of this nutritious water is left unused and thrown in the coconut industries (approximately 2.4 billion liters per year) (Caparino, 2017) despite numerous studies reporting that mature coconut water can be great rehydration drink (Saat et al., 2002) due to its higher mineral content than its young counterpart (Santoso et al., 1996; Solangi & Iqbal, 2011; Tan et al., 2014; Halim et al., 2018). The proposed study focuses on food loss valorization specifically on the utilization of mature coconut water as the main ingredient of the production of a consumer acceptable ready-to-drink beverage. Our industry partner, Aegina Organic Farm Products, is a manufacturer of food products made from coconut milk and cacao powder. The company has its own farm and produces its own raw materials of coconut and cacao. Production value-added products such as coconut milk/cacao paste utilizes mature coconut meat and results in large volume of coconut waste being thrown away. The collaboration between the proponent and the industry partner aims to address the wastage of such nutritious liquid by converting it into a beverage drink, and to ultimately serve as additional source of income and increase revenue of company.  
Establishment of Metals and Engineering Innovation Centers in Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), Regions I, II, III and X Metals and EngineeringThis project is in connection with MIRDC's desire to be present in the regions to be more responsive to the needs of the metals, engineering and allied industry nationwide. Sec. Fortunato De la Perla of DOST planned to put up different kinds of innovation centers5), wherein the innovation center for metals and engineering will be centered around MIRDC. The Governing Council of MIRDC, led by Sec. De la Perla and Undersecretary Rowena Cristina Guevara, has also supported the idea of partnering with universities nationwide for a more inclusive delivery of services to the metals and engineering firms in all regions. These innovation centers shall serve as venue for the conduct of research studies for the development of new innovative metal parts and components, products, machineries, and other services in collaboration of the academe with the industry. It is also envisioned to offer practical solutions to pressing metals and engineering problems encountered in the community or in the region. In order to augment the limited pool of experts in metals and engineering, the partner academic institution shall also enroll their faculty members to be trained in identified and specific processes in order to develop and/or increase their level of expertise. Innovation Centers shall be inside the selected campuses in various regions and strengthen the capability of human resources in the academe.  This project will be led by MIRDC and supported by the DOST Regional Offices - CAR, I, II, III, and X, and the academic institutions nominated by the DOST Regional Offices, namely: lfugao State University (IFSU), Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU), Cagayan State University (CSU), Nueva Ecija University of Science and Technology (NEUST), and University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTP). The regional offices nominated the partner universities based on the following initial criteria identified by MIRDC:  1 The nominated university has a strong curriculum in engineering and metalworking technology (i.e. mechanical, metallurgical, mechatronics, and other related fields); 2 The nominated university has conducted various research activities in the above-stated fields of engineering and tecchnology; 3 The nominated university has plans to put up a Metals & Engineering R&D facility or already have a facility or plans to expand its existing facility; and 
Development of Health Technology Assessment ProgramJaime MontoyaHealth Technology Assessment (HTA) has been a concept in the field of healthcare since the 1980s, when one witnessed a rapid growth of new medical technologies in relation to limited health budgets. HTA in an original form, was restricted to the assessment of "new technologies". However, over the years, its focus has expanded to address questions from all levels of decision making in health care. Today, HTA is about assessing interventions on four levels: 1) the tecnology level (i.e., single drugs, devices, diagnostics, etc.), 2) the individual/patient level (i.e., clinical interventions that aim to improve the health of individual patients), 3) the population level (i.e., public health interventions that aim to improve the health of the population, mainly through preventive measures,), and 4) to a lesser extent, the policy level (i.e., the way in which we organize, legislate and finance the health system). As such, it has become an integral part of knowledge chains that exist on each one. In countries, like Philippines, demand for healthcare exceeds the resources available to finance the delivery of services. Rapid advancement of healthcare technologies such as drugs, biologics, devices, medical/surgical procedures and health programs, while offering potential improvements in access and outcomes of healthcare services; bring great challenges to the means of priority setting, resource allocation, service delivery and patient care choices.  The passage of the Republic Act 11223, otherwise known as "Universal Health Care Act", paves way to ensure that every Filipino will enjoy the benefits of universal care where preventive, curative and rehabilitative health services are guaranteed to everyone. It will unburden the pressing financial difficulties of poor families, improve health seeking behavior and guarantee affordable medical attention to everyone and anywhere in the country. Under the new law, the Health Technology Assessment Council (HTAC) will be established and transitioned to DOST. As preparation for transition of HTAC to DOST, the PCHRD proposes the importance of establishing a mechanism, required capacities and other operational requirements for health technology assessment.
Metal Oxide Hybrid Structured Barriers for Stable Energy Devices (SEA-EU)Ryan CorpuzNanotechnologyMetal oxide nanoparticles (MONs) have drawn in significant attention for energy storage and conversion applications. Substantial benefits of MONs consist of: (1) structural changes allowing the altering of lattice criteria, (2) changes in electrochemical attributes due to the quantum confinement effect, and (3) changes in surface properties leading to a drastic modification of their conductivity and chemical activity. Different types of MON, e.g. MnO2 and Zn2SnO4 (ZTO), have been thoroughly investigated for photovoltaic and battery applications. Nevertheless, MONs exhibit uncommon adsorptive properties and fast diffusivities, and they are not stable in critical conditions. There is a high interest in using a barrier layer made of very thin layers of stable metal oxides coatings, e.g. Al2O3, ZnO, and SnO2, in the protection of MONs. Thus, the synthesis and application of the protective coatings of MONs arises real challenges and has high potential whether for industrial applications or academic research. Herein, the synthesis of MnO2 and ZTO nanoparticles via a hydrothermal process will be carried out. Varying synthesis parameters will tune the size and phase of the nanoparticles. MO layers will be deposited on top of the MON layer to generate a hybrid MON/ALD-MO layer, where the ALD layer penetrates and fills the interspace in the MON layer. Promotion of the ALD precursor diffusion by choice of processing parameters and precursor materials will be investigated to improve the protective effect. New techniques for the synthesis of the barrier layer will be developed. Also, throughout the project, new characterization techniques based on electrochemistry will be developed. The nanoparticles will be applied in perovskite solar cells and zinc-ion batteries. The results of the project will pave the way for the improvement of the stability of MnO2 and ZTO nanoparticles as well as performances of solar cell and battery employing these naNoparticles 
ZURFACE: Surface Modification of Philippine Natural Zeolite (SMNZ) for the Adsorption of Textile Dye WasteGil Nonato Santos Processa
Photoluminescent metal nanocluster to detect, disinfect, and suppress the spread of coronavirus and other microorganismsRyan CorpuzNanotechnologyMetal nanoclusters are a new type of material that has size dimensions well below 2 nm. At this particular size range, the material behaves somewhat like a molecule that could absorb high- frequency electromagnetic waves and emit it at a spectrum visible to the human eye due to quantum size and metal-ligand interaction effects. This material is stabilized by a coating or protecting ligand that could be changed/varied to make the targeting of a cell/ microorganism like bacteria or virus site-specific. What is unique in this idea is that we will be varying the kind of metal nanoclusters (Au, Ag, Cu, and bimetallic of these elements) and ligands to make it specific for a particular microorganism like virus or bacteria. With this, we could generate plenty of patents and scientific research publications. What had been done for this project is the synthesis of photoluminescent metal nanoclusters of gold (Au), silver (Ag), and copper (Cu) and ligand. Our next step will be on applying this photoluminescent metal nanocluster solution to coronavirus itself. The metal nanocluster/nanoparticle solution will be packaged as aerosol spray like a common disinfectant and then will be sprayed on a surface of doorknobs, table, floor, etc. Once spraying is done, the sprayed area will then be illuminated with UV light to see the presence of microorganisms like bacteria/viruses.
CRADLE 2019: Design and Prototyping of Salt Harvesting MachineAnnabelle BrionesMetals and Engineering   This project will focus in the design and prototype a Salt Harvesting Machine for Deep Saltern Crystallizer. JALD Industries Corporation in San Jose, Occidental Mindoro has initiated a new technology that will enable local farmers to process solar salt even during rainy season. This technology comes with an improved saltern design utilizing deep crystallizers instead of the traditional shallow ponds. With deep crystallizer salterns, processors will be able to maintain a relatively deep layer of saturated brine which will protect the crystallized salt bed from dissolution during periods of heavy rainfall.   JALD has six (6) deep crystallizers with a total capacity of more than 20,000.00 MT of salt that can be annually harvested. The problem of this company is that, the laborers of JALD are applying manual method for harvesting the salt from the deep crystallizer; pilling and hauling using rakes, cane baskets and wheelbarrows which leads to long harvesting period (a total of 30 days to harvest entire one deep crystallizer with 25 laborers) thus also resulting to production losses of 494 MT of salt per hectare every month. Hence, the conventional practice must be modified and hastened up to prevent such unwanted economic losses.   To improve productivity and efficiency of solar salt processing in deep crystallizer salterns, design and prototyping of a locally fabricated salt harvesting machine is being proposed. The proposed prototype will mechanize the process shortening the harvesting period from months into only a few days.   The technology can be adopted by other solar salt producers providing opportunities not only to the local salt industry but to the local fabrication industry as well.   
Establishment of a Mold Technology Support Center (MTSC)Human Resource DevelopmentA survey of the local die and mold industry was conducted by the DOST-MIRDC, in partnership with the KOAMI, in 2015 as part of the pre-feasibility study in preparation for the implementation of the MTSC project. During the conduct of the study, the Philippine manufacturing industry was generally weak and the divide between the rich and the poor was clearly defined. The country was in the 95th place in the Ease of Doing Business Ranking by the World Bank Group (KOAMI, 2015). In the same study, the Philippines ranked 36th in the GDP World Rankings of 2015, and ranked 124th in the GDP World Rankings per capita. Although at this time, the Philippines was seen to be the fourth fastest growing ASEAN economy, the country still has a lot more room to improve where GDP is concerned (KOAMI, 2015)
Development of Inkjet CMYK Digital Printing Inks from Philippine Natural Dyes Julius Leano Jr.ProcessThe project will focus on the development of key digital printing ink colors based on the CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow and black) system. It seeks to provide this basic color gamut that encompasses the basic colors need in printing. These inks will be formulated, standardized, tested and evaluated for their performance. Initially in producing the desired color specification as a single pigment source or in combination with others making therefore a composite natural dye in an ink referenced to industry standards in terms of AE (CIE color system). After establishing the color, the formulation will be further optimized to meet the standard requirements of the industry and also compatibility with the selected print head. This will also catalyze the popularization and promotion not just of natural dye inkjet inks but digital printing as textile solution, in general. Digitally printed textile performance such as color and colorfastness will be among the parameters to be monitored.  
#MAGHANDA: Meteorological And Geological Hazard Advisories, Warning and Notifications for Decisive ActionVicente MalanoInformation Dissemination and PromotionThe project aims to gather all knowledge products of DOST-funded R&D initiatives on disaster risk reduction and to disseminate, educate and assist LGUs and other stakeholders on how to maximize the use of these knowledge products to reduce disaster losses. 
Printed Electronic Devices for the New Normal: Temperature Sensor Patch, Electrochemical Sensor Array Patch for Face Masks and Air Circulators, and Antiviral Nanotech for Air Circulator FiltersErwin EnriquezMaterial Science, Nanotechnology  This proposal therefore generally aims to exploit the field of printed electronics and nanomaterials technology towards developing additional supplemental tech tools for the “new normal.” The specific goals are: (1) to design and develop printed temperature sensor patch with wireless technology, (2) design and develop a chemical sensor array patch for face masks, and (3) design and develop a sensor array patch for air quality monitoring coupled with antiviral filters and UV-light treatment of circulated air through airconditioning, air purifier and/or ionizers, commonly used in closed room environments such as hospital room, office space, or classroom. 
AQUADRONE: UAV Assisted Deployment System for Water Quality MonitoringAnthony James BautistaDisaster MitigationThe AQUADRONE can be deployed by the user in an area where it is difficult to reach using an ordinary boat. The drone can be integrated with an open-source Mission planner to map out its course. The AQUADRONE will carry a package that will deploy Niskin Water Sampler, Plankton Net Sampler, and Multiparametric sensors. A commercially available UAV will be used to carry the deploying system.  Pixhawk will be used as the main flight controller of the UAV. Pixhawk comes with GPS, compass and telemetry system and compatible with Mission Planner software. A standard gimbal UAV Camera will be available for surveying the lake and to video stream the action during flight. The deploying system will be assembled in an electronic enclosure, which contains the electronic components. The deploying system will carry the Niskin water sampler, Plankton Net and Precision Sensing Probes which will be developed by the researchers. The deploying system will be attached to the UAV through a mounting bracket. Multiparametric sensors will measure the water quality such as pH, turbidity, temperature, dissolved oxygen among others including images and videos captured by the UAV camera will be processed by the microprocessor. All gathered data will be transmitted to the webserver.  The web server will generate logs for every activity of the AQUADRONE and can be viewed online using a web browser. The wifi dongle will connect the drone to allow wireless communication. AQUADRONE PACKAGING The AQUADRONE will be packaged in a specialized 3D printed casing. Secured in the casing are the Deployment system, Niskin Water Sampler, Plankton Net, Multiparametric sensors and other accessories. The case will safely keep the components and also allows easy transport during field operation.
Design, Development, and Testing of 10 units of Low-cost Ventilators based on DOST-PCIEERD specificationsElectronics Technology, Information and Communications TechnologyNo specific description stated.
iJuanderer: An Augmented Reality-based Gamified Local Tourism and Cultural Heritage Promotion and PreservationJoel BautistaInformation and Communications TechnologyProject iJuanderer aims at developing an Augmented Reality based tourism for the promotion of the tourist spots destination, educate the tourists coming from local and abroad about a specific place's heritage and culture. The proposed Augmented Reality application will be deployed in a mobile device for portability. It will contain quests for different markers and artifacts for specific tourist spots as well as providing information on where to avail the best souvenir shops, accommodation and tour packages. It will complement and enrich the existing tour packages by providing a social rewards system. The more artifacts and markers that will be collected and be visited, the more points the AR app user will be obtaining. The said points may be used to avail discounts to partner merchants.
Haynayan AR: An Augmented Reality-Based Lesson for the Improvement of Learning Achievement in Cell Biology for the STEM CurriculumJoel BautistaInformation and Communications TechnologyOne of the challenging STEM subjects is biology as it requires careful lesson planning for clear delivery amongst the learners. (Tan and Waugh, 2013). In addition, teachers' style of teaching, students' learning and studying habits, students' negative feelings and attitudes towards the abstract topics, and lack of resources are other reasons that increase learning difficulties. Thus, the use of ICT-based materials that increase the engagement of the students is suggested to enhance students’ learning (Cimer, Atilla 2012). Through visualization, learners have a better perception of abstract concepts, complex processes and help them create mental models. Visualization through the use of Augmented Reality (AR) enables learners to integrate structures, functions, and processes in learning cell biology. A virtual reality-based teaching tool for learning selected biology topics is therefore proposed. 
Helmet-Integrated Medium-Range IR Thermal ScannerRomulo OlaliaElectronics TechnologyThis project was conceptualized with the intention to monitor the body temperature of the common public using a wearable technology, specifically a helmet, integrated with a medium-ranged thermal scanner. A 23-feet range IR thermal scanner will be attached to the outer right side of the helmet to monitor the temperature in a distance. This thermal scanner will be connected to an open-source electronic prototyping board that will process the image and will be displayed on an LCD display attached at the right front eye of the helmet. This will make the thermal scanning of front liners during a health crisis, like COVID-19, distant, and mobile. It will not only make the job done faster but safer than using a clinical forehead scanner. This can be implemented and used in malls, streets, schools, markets, and other strategic places where people usually go and spend time. This project answers the problem of non-observance of minimum health standards set by the Department of Health using forehead thermal scanners by some front liners.
Stunt Science: A Physics Simulator Mobile GameRyan SubongInformation and Communications TechnologyStudents learn better when their lectures in class are supported by an interactive demonstration rather than letting them imagine for themselves the outcomes. This proposed project is the development and evaluation of a physics simulator mobile game wherein motion-based physics problems are presented to the player as game objectives and the answers of the player to the problems are confirmed correct or not by simulating the outcomes into a real-time animation based on the values of the inputs of the player. This proposal is a two-and-a-half-year project starting with a half year of requirement gathering and planning of the contents, mechanics and design of the mobile game, then the one-year development of the game itself, and then finally followed by a one-year evaluation of its impact and effectiveness of the learning process of secondary level students taking Physics subjects.
Imahe Labs: An Educational Game for Chemistry in the Senior High School and Junior High School sectors of Baguio CityLovely Jenn ReformadoInformation and Communications TechnologyThe Virtual Reality (VR) based educational game that will be created as a result of this study will be an application that will make use of VR concepts such as a fully generated virtual world with which the user can interact with. The features of the application are as follows: Learners will be able to experience learning chemistry concepts and conduct experiments in a virtual laboratory in the comfort and safety of their own home. Learners can conduct experiments safely in a virtual laboratory room without having to worry about injuring themselves, their peers or damaging the laboratory room due to an experiment going awry. Learners will be presented with text, visual and hand on learning which will allow them to fully grasp and appreciate the topics and concepts presented. Learners will be able to access two versions of the game: a version on their mobile device which presents a streamlined experience which goes over simpler and easier to understand concepts along with straightforward experiments and a desktop/VR device version which presents a more complete experience with more difficult topics and more complex activities and experiments. Teachers will be able to add and tweak the lessons and activities in the game to better suit their teaching methodology and the topics they would like to cover.
A Game-based Mobile Learning Platform for Social StudiesSaturnina NisperosInformation and Communications TechnologyGame-based mobile learning is a learning approach that integrates learning and gaming using mobile devices. The technique has been popular to engage learning while still enjoying learners’ satisfaction (Wang, et al., 2011). With the wide adoption of flexible learning nowadays due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the utilization of mobile game-based learning is incited more than ever. In the K-12 curriculum of the Department of Education (DepEd) in the Philippines, Social Studies or “Araling Panlipunan” (AP) is among the subjects offered to the students. It was found out in the interviews with AP teachers that some students easily get bored with the subject because it requires a lot of memorization (Miguel, Salvador, Guillen, & Nisperos, 2015). Having a game as a tool will aid the teachers in motivating the students to learn AP. The proposed project endeavors to be relevant in the current situation of our country as educational institutions adopt flexible teaching and learning modalities to address the challenges imposed by the pandemic. The project aims to design and develop a game-based mobile learning platform that could be used as a supplementary tool in teaching the AP subjects under the K-12 curriculum of the DepEd.  The researchers will gather relevant information and knowledge about AP subjects offered to Grades 4 to 10 under the K-12 curriculum. A game-based learning platform will be developed employing a hybrid framework of  Android and web development, and adapting to the Digital Game-based Learning Instructional Design Model (2009). The mobile application that will be developed can be utilized by AP teachers as a supplementary tool in teaching the subject. It will be piloted at the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) Laboratory Elementary and High School and for possible adoption by the Department of Education.
Thermal Processing of Selected Materials Using Agitated-Type RetortsNorberto AmbaganFooda
Development of Halal Compliant Dehydrated Food Products from Selected Food Materials (Fruits, Vegetables and Rootcrops)Maria Elsa FalcoFoodHalal products have grown to include non-meat foods such as dairy, baked goods, snacks, confectionery, ready-made meals, dried food products and other processed food and beverage products. Muslim consumers now demand more information on food sources and its processing with the increasing awareness of their Islamic dietary requirements.  The processing method such as drying including ingredients, packaging material and equipment used must be halal certified and/or halal compliant. The project aims to document the existing process and produce dehydrated fruits, vegetables and root crops products following halal process in every step of production. Eventually, the project will produce a Halal Assurance System (HAS) Manual for each commodity that can be used by Halal Certified Auditors during audit as a requirement for Halal certification. 
Establishment of Halal Assurance System for Selected Food Ingredients (Dried and Powdered Onion, Garlic, Black Pepper and Chili)Maria Elsa FalcoFoodFood ingredients like those coming from Onion, Garlic, Black Pepper and Chili are considered Halal. The processing method such as drying and grinding into powder, packaging material and equipment used must be halal certified and/or halal compliant. The project aims to produce the dried and powdered ingredients following the halal process in every step of production. The project plans to develop a halal assurance system for the processing of selected food ingredients (Onion, Garlic, Black Pepper and Chili) in dried and powdered forms. Characterization of commercial/existing qualities of dried and powdered onion, garlic, black pepper and chili in terms of its physico-chemical (moisture, aw, pH, scoville heat test) sensory attributes (taste, odor, flavor, color and acceptability), microbiological evaluation and halalness (porcine and alcohol test) will be conducted. The critical control points during the production of selected food materials will be conducted and it will be subjected to laboratory analysis for validation of halalness.  A Halal Assurance System (HAS) manual will be prepared per project cooperator/industry partners that will serve as a requirement of auditors during Halal audit for the halal certifcastion/compliant of selected food ingredients
IMPACT: Fostering Innovation to Galvanize HEI:s Tech Transfer (FIGHTT) - Saint Louis UniversityEngr. Cynthia PosadasTechnology Transfer & Commercializationa
LISA Robot: Logistic Indoor Service Assistant Telepresence RobotAnthony James Bautista Electronics TechnologyThe CASROS Robot is a differential drive robot that can navigate using hand held transmitter in an indoor environment. 
A Link-Up of Geomatics and Social Science Research for the Development of Smart Cities (LUNGSOD) ProjectCzar Jakiri SarmientoInformation and Communications TechnologyThis proposal is a product of coordination efforts with LGU Iloilo, DOST Western Visayas, Local academic and private stakeholders towards the end of 2019. This proposal went through the Technical Panel and the Governing Council meetings. The proposal approval was deferred upon the provision of the necessary endorsement from the Iloilo LGU and the fulfilment of the revisions on the costs and scope as recommended by the Governinig Council. This study is envisioned to be part of a multiple-phase strategy to transform Iloilo City as one of the country's pionoeer smart cities. The Iloilo City Command Center in Mandurriao is a positive step in that direction. The LGU needs our assistance in providing the "Central Nervous System" of the center.  
Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) with Passively Rotating Spherical Shell for Close-proximity Inspection of InfrastructureCarl John SalaanDisaster MitigationThe project focuses on design and development of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) intended for proximity visual inspection of infrastructure as an alternative solution for traditional method of inspection that require costly and time-consuming installation of scaffolding, manual data gathering and manaual damage detection. A passive rotating spherical shell will be added to the system to protect the based multirotor UAV inside the shell while absorbing the impact from a collision with the obstacle as the system get close to the target structure. An onboard camera system will be added to acquire information about the condition of infrastructure. Likewise, wireless video transmission will also be implemented on the system to acquire immediate data to the ground station. Furthermore, an AI based damage detection system will be studied in this project to further automize the inspection.  As an immediate robotic response to the current situation of our country due to the coronavirus, this shelled-flying robot can be used to perform thermal scanning and information dissemination in indoor or semi-indoor but cluttered places where obstacles are inevitable and regular drones cannot fly safely.
IMPACT: SPRINGBOARD - Supporting Potential and Relevant IP as Next Generation Business Opportunities towards Acceleration of Research and DevelopmentAlbertson AmanteTechnology Transfer & Commercialization.a
Implementation of the RDLead ProgramMarieta Sumagaysay Human Resource DevelopmentThe R & D Leadership program (RDLead) will complement the Niche Centers for the Regions (NICER) Program, and will provide support to the establishment and upgrading of existing R&D facilities of Higher Education Institutions (HEls) and Research Development Institutions (RDIs) in the regions.  For Year 1, the pilot phase of the R & D Leadership program will be implemented. The results of the Year 1 implementation will serve as inputs for the scaling up and enhancement of the program in the succeeding years. The program and project will be implemented by NRCP and monitored by PCIEERD. The HEls or RDIs apply for RDLead as a project for funding under the DOST-GIA.  
CRADLE: Development of a Design Guideline Using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for Semiconductor and Electronics Packaging Systems for Automotive ApplicationsAristotle UbandoMaterial ScienceThe project aims to continue in aiding the semiconductor and electronics industry through the help of numerical calculations in Finite Element Analysis and providing adequate training for the members involved to be able to perform simulations and technical evaluations for the results in the design of semiconductor packages.The project activities are sub-divided into two categories, the project administrative activities and the project research activities.The project administrative activities involve the hiring of staff and research assistants of the project together with the procurement of equipment. As part of the project administrative activities, quarterly milestone meetings will be set with IMI to update on the progress of the project. The project would work closely with the partner industry company while the main base of operations would be in the Thermomechanical Analysis Laboratory (TALa) situated at the DLSU Laguna Campus where it is within a proximity from IMI.The project research activities involves the following. The review of related literature on the thermomechanical analysis of the semiconductor package under study. Material characterization and database management of properties obtained for design options and simulation purposes. Development of the computation model of the semiconductor package through geometry creation, meshing and boundary condition setup. Technical trainings on advanced FEA techniques from experts. Research publications from the studies conducted. Finally, a collaboration report on the project with the industry partner.
Innovation, Science and Technology for Accelerating Regional Technology-Based Development (iSTART)Technology Transfer & CommercializationThrough iSTART, DOST will attract individuals currently residing in NCR and other highly urbanized areas to return to their provinces of origin and/or transfer expand, or invest in new enterprises and other STI undertakings. The program shall adopt a dynamic and continual strategy involving science-based planning. ICT-based solutions, multi-sectoral consultative process and deployment of the returning researchers, scientists, and engineers to identify new growth areas and stimulate investment in technology-based enterprises The support mechanisms include the development of technology-based plans, recommendation of science-based policies and appropriate incentive packages for the investors, technopreneurs, and RSEs in coordination with the LGUs, the industry sector, and the other stakeholders in the receiving regions. With the strong network and linkages of regional offices, opportunities for gainful engagements will also be identified from other government and private sectors  The iSTART Program will also synergize with other DOST programs such as, but not limited to the Small enterprise Technology Upgrading Program (SETUP), Community Empowerment thru Science & Technology (CEST). RDLEAD, Balk Scientist Program. Career Incentive Program (CIP) and 'FWD PH to ensure sustainability   
PILOT-TESTING AND DEPLOYMENT OF A POST COMMUNITY QUARANTINE (CQ) HEALTH MONITORING AND CONTACT-TRACING ONLINE SYSTEM FOR THE IT-BPM SECTORRowen Gelonga Technology Transfer & Commercialization, Information and Communications TechnologyCitizen’s Logistics and Early Assessment Reporting Tool (CLEAR) is an online application developed for medium to large companies or organizations employing hundreds of employees. This system will enable them to protect the health of their employees by tracking their health status on a daily basis. The contact tracing feature of this tool also aims to aid in the control of the spread of COVID 19 when the strict community quarantine is lifted and everyone is allowed to work or operate their businesses. 
IMPACT: Strategic Enhancement of Technology Transfer and Business Development Operations and Programs of the Philippine Nuclear Research InstituteTechnology Transfer & Commercialization.
Operationalization of the Innovations for Filipinos Working Distantly from the Philippines (iFWD PH) ProgramTechnology Transfer & CommercializationWith the aim to provide support and opportunities for OFWs and their families to establish their own businesses in the country as they come home, DOST-NCR proposed the iFWD PH or Innovations for Filipinos Working Distantly from the Philippines. The Program is composed of two phases: Phase 1: Capability Building for the Development and Management of Technology-based Enterprise shall provide both technical and non-technical business development support for returning non-contract OFWs who want to start a business to support their financial needs as they opt to either temporarily or permanently stay in the Philippines. Phase 2: Innovation Funding for Technology-based Enterprise shall provide fund for the acquisition of needed technologies for qualified graduates from Phase 1.
Knowledge Transfer to DOST Technical Staff: Catalyst to MSMEs' Gaining PQA for MSMEsMartin WeeFood, Human Resource DevelopmentSETUP is a program of DOST which helps improve productivity and competitiveness of MSMEs through provision of complete package of S&T assistance. MSMEs are continuously challenged by the changing business landscape and the problem of quality practices sustainability had been observed to remain weak. More than 99% Filipino industries belong to the MSMEs and most are in urgent need for immediate attention and support particularly in their efforts to become competitive at least locally and optimistically later in the ASEAN community.    Philippines’ many firms need assistance to facilitate not only the improvement but also sustainability of their quality-related programs and practices. Reports reveal that Filipino SMEs have problems with initiating and sustaining quality programs and practices. Quality practices in the SMEs need support and guidance from the government and other entities if the Philippines must improve their competitiveness level.    With several documented case studies done, a validated approach to total quality with the acronym “SUGOD” (move-on together) showed that this can ensure sustainability strengthened by practices that lead to total quality.  “SUGOD” is a culture-based roadmap cum framework to a continuous cycle of improvements to achieve total quality. It consists of 5 phases (Survey, Unite, Grow, Operationalize, and Develop) that aims to involve everyone in the organization to work together for a common goal. It enables the organization to make an overview of its overall direction (framework) while providing a step by step (road map) guide for everyone to work together to achieve a shared company direction.   The success of SETUP implementation has been highly dependent on the work done by the DOST Technical Staff involved. Their continuous education is therefore deemed critical to make them more effective catalysts of positive change and be more competent. The project approach shall involve knowledge transfer to selected DOST Technical Staff to enhance their capability to raise the level of industry practice through case studies of actual firms being coached or guided by hand-holding into the Total Quality Management philosophy acceptance. Their success will be determined through many measurable factors, but particularly through the successful application of their respective client-firms to the Philippine Quality Award for MSMEs.
CRADLE Challenge 2020: CYANanobot: Miniaturized Boat-assisted Data Acquisition for Automated Cyanide Monitoring in Wastewater using Optical Nano-sensorRey CapangpanganMaterial ScienceThis proposed project will develop an automated acquisition system for the monitoring of cyanide in the tailings pond. The automated system will utilize the newly-developed cyanide-specific paper-based sensor, one of the major outputs from the CHED DARE TO project of Caraga State University. The paper-based platform will be integrated into the system for the automation of cyanide monitoring using a remote-controlled miniaturized boat. The system will be used for a real-time cyanide detection system that will send signal in terms of cyanide concentration. The system will be designed with the following features: wastewater sample collection directly on-site, automated detection of CN- using the WFP-AuNPs sensor and subsequent collection and analysis of data, and data storage and transmission. It will be controlled remotely to traverse from one monitoring point just within the sampling site. This remote access capability saves operators time (no need for sample collection) and resources. Also, the sensor’s electronics will be housed in a water-proof casing in order to protect the assembly from external disturbances such as rain and winds. It is envisioned that the boat-assisted sensor will introduce a new means of flexible and easy quantification system based on console-operated software and computer vision algorithms to provide a qualitative, quantitative, and reproducible readout at a low cost.
Development of Theoretical and Computational Models Based on Percolation Theory Leading Towards Durable Material DesignDr. Jacque Lynn GabaynoMaterial Science Percolation theory is an important statistical tool with varied applications in the natural and social sciences. It attempts to explain arbitrary clusters – defined for example by defect, phase, membrane, or interface – in terms of behavior, structural appearance, and other properties. It demonstrates the concepts of universality and critical phenomena, which allow treatment of a cluster on a micro level and applying its impact to the general or macro behavior of a system. Laser-induced damage has been an interest of scientists and engineers, especially that it is a main concern in laser applications. It does not only limit the level of available laser power, but its stochastic behavior also leads to the loss of reliability of optical components, i.e. glass, mirrors, laser crystals, coatings, among others. It forms through extrinsic absorption, which occur due to defects and surface impurities, or intrinsic absorption, which occurs due to pristine components that incur damage over time. To understand this phenomenon, methods to predict the laser- induced damage threshold (LIDT) before damage occurs and a guideline to choose the appropriate optical material for a specific application are needed. The LIDT is the primary measure of a material’s resilience to optical damage. To reproduce the multi-spatial characteristics of optical damage, the scaling and renormalization rule of percolation theory will be applied through coarse-grained numerical models. The most suitable material for each optical component in the laser system can be chosen or synthesized. Further, advanced computing and modelling competencies can be used to study beyond optical materials.
Progressive Advancement of Transportation networks through the Integration of vehicular Onboard Technologies with online platforms (ArangKaDATA)Wilson TanTransportationThe project will initially study how the Filipino riding public interacts with the technology that is already present in a limited in sense in our public transportation (e.g., some buses already offer free WiFi). The learnings from such a study will then inform the design, prototyping and testing of systems and platforms built around the onboard technologies (dashboard cameras, GNSS receivers, CCTVs, automated fare collection system, free WiFi) being required by Department of Transportation’s (DoTr) Department Order No. 2017-11, “Omnibus Guidelines On The Planning And Identification Of Public Road Transportation Services And Franchise Issuance”, also known as the Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Plan, or PUVMP [6]. The systems and platforms will consider, not just human factors, but currently upcoming technologies that might likely be widespread by the time the PUVMP is implemented years from now (e.g., 5G, edge computing, deep learning). As applications will be built over these platforms, emphasis will be placed on applications that are relevant to the problems brought about by the aftermath of the months-long quarantine due to COVID-19 (e.g., a monitoring system for enabling service contracting setups) [7][8][9], as well as problems that have traditionally plagued the country’s transportation sector (e.g., colorum detection) [12]. The over-all goal is to design, build, and test systems and platforms that will extract maximum convenience and value from these onboard technologies so that all stakeholders – the riding public, the public transport providers (operators as well as drivers), and the regulators (government) – will benefit from it. Such a move, we believe, would also lessen the resistance traditionally seen or expected from public transport providers whenever upgrades or changes are mandated by the government (e.g., jeepney phase-out [11], GNSS receivers in buses [10]).
Port Capacity Analysis and Route Optimization for Local Maritime AdministrationJohn Justine VillarTransportationThe maritime transportation network's efficiency in accommodating the travel demand of commuters rely primarily on the various key elements of the service system such as the terminal passenger and cargo processing rates, vessel turnaround times, and their corresponding embarking and disembarking speeds. Project PAROLA's principal objective is to develop a tool that quantifies such measures to maximize their capacity to serve the needs of the different stakeholders in the maritime transportation sector. The two primary elements that this project aims to examine are the port operational capacity and the vessel trip schedules. These are recognized to have significant effects on the transportation system's categorical levels of services once optimized. The resulting modules will be designed to be integrated with the NAVIS software, a maritime network analytical software developed by the MARIS project currently in development for the use of the Maritime Industry Authority.
SUGPo: Sustainable mine waste management Using modified hydrothermal carbon from prawn shells, and Geochemical modelling of Pathways of contaminants from mine tailingsMaria Cristina VegafriaMining and MineralsThe first component of the project (geochemical assessment and modelling) will be carried out through geochemical and mineralogical characterization of the oxidized and unoxidized portion of the tailings storage facility (TSF). Sequential extraction and column leaching will also be conducted in order to determine the mode of occurence and predict the potential mobility of elements. Mineral saturation modelling and principal component analysis will be performed as well. This will determine the important geochemical processes occuring in the TSF that control seepage water chemistry and predict the release mechanisms of potential contaminants from the tailings into the environment. The second component (product synthesis), which will be done concurrently with the first one, covers the synthesis of the modified HTC for the effective and efficient removal of contaminants from wastewater. A modified HTC which has a better adsorption capacity and characteristics than the conventional one will be produced in this project through process optimization. Finally, the third component (application) involves the assessment of the applicability of the modified HTC in the treatment of seepage water from a gold mine TSF through laboratory and on-site trials. The are of study will be Philsaga Mining Corporation in Bunawan, Agusan del Sur.
SUGPo: Sustainable mine waste management Using modified hydrothermal carbon from prawn shells, and Geochemical modelling of Pathways of contaminants from mine tailingsMaria Cristina VegafriaMining and MineralsThe first component of the project (geochemical assessment and modelling) will be carried out through geochemical and mineralogical characterization of the oxidized and unoxidized portion of the tailings storage facility (TSF). Sequential extraction and column leaching will also be conducted in order to determine the mode of occurence and predict the potential mobility of elements. Mineral saturation modelling and principal component analysis will be performed as well. This will determine the important geochemical processes occuring in the TSF that control seepage water chemistry and predict the release mechanisms of potential contaminants from the tailings into the environment. The second component (product synthesis), which will be done concurrently with the first one, covers the synthesis of the modified HTC for the effective and efficient removal of contaminants from wastewater. A modified HTC which has a better adsorption capacity and characteristics than the conventional one will be produced in this project through process optimization. Finally, the third component (application) involves the assessment of the applicability of the modified HTC in the treatment of seepage water from a gold mine TSF through laboratory and on-site trials. The are of study will be Philsaga Mining Corporation in Bunawan, Agusan del Sur.
SUGPo: Sustainable mine waste management Using modified hydrothermal carbon from prawn shells, and Geochemical modelling of Pathways of contaminants from mine tailingsMaria Cristina VegafriaMining and MineralsThe first component of the project (geochemical assessment and modelling) will be carried out through geochemical and mineralogical characterization of the oxidized and unoxidized portion of the tailings storage facility (TSF). Sequential extraction and column leaching will also be conducted in order to determine the mode of occurence and predict the potential mobility of elements. Mineral saturation modelling and principal component analysis will be performed as well. This will determine the important geochemical processes occuring in the TSF that control seepage water chemistry and predict the release mechanisms of potential contaminants from the tailings into the environment. The second component (product synthesis), which will be done concurrently with the first one, covers the synthesis of the modified HTC for the effective and efficient removal of contaminants from wastewater. A modified HTC which has a better adsorption capacity and characteristics than the conventional one will be produced in this project through process optimization. Finally, the third component (application) involves the assessment of the applicability of the modified HTC in the treatment of seepage water from a gold mine TSF through laboratory and on-site trials. The are of study will be Philsaga Mining Corporation in Bunawan, Agusan del Sur.
Valorization of Mining Wastes by Green Nano-hydrometallurgy: Application of Green-mediated Leaching Process and Innovative Magnetic Nano-separations for the Recovery of (Precious)MetalsRey CapangpanganMining and MineralsThis proposed project will develop a streamlined protocol in extracting precious metals from mining waste materials using a green-mediated process and using nanotechnological innovations. In this proposal, a green and environment-friendly method for the extraction of metals from mining wastes using tailored-made magnetic nanoprobes is proposed. Due to its extremely small size, magnetic nanoprobes have a larger surface area; thus, efficient extraction of metals is anticipated. Likewise, due to its superior magnetic property, easy separation of the extracted metals can be attained by the simple application of an external magnet; thus, high-throughput and faster recovery of the target metals can be achieved. The technology to be developed in this proposed research is not limited to mine tailings only, but it can also be applied for the extraction and recovery of precious metals from other mining wastes, such as bedrock and mining wastewater. Not only that, but the magnetic nano-sorbents are also designed to be reusable with tailored functionality to the target analyte. Mining waste materials, including mine tailings, bedrock, and even wastewater, will be collected from different partner mining companies. Samples will be processed and analyzed in the laboratory, which includes the optimization of the various experimental conditions to ensure reproducible and reliable results. After the demonstration of concepts, the actual implementation of the technology for the extraction and recovery of precious metals will be carried out using the actual mine waste samples.
Development of a Liner - Enhanced Pressure Vessel for Extreme Food Process Environments (CRADLE)Albertson AmanteMetals and Engineering   The project will tackle a major R&D bottleneck facing one innovative food process that has many potential applications in food development, particularly on quality, safety, and shelf-life improvement.  This project’s enabling intervention supports the national government’s Harmonized National R&D Agenda on food and nutrition security for the country. As a known eggbasket of the Philippines, the municipality of San Jose shall offer a value added product in the form of salted eggs that is produced ensuring utmost quality and safety.  For the university and industry, it shall serve as an avenue for collaboration through the conduct of relevant research that addresses specific problem solvable through science and technology intervention.       Eggciting Traditions Processed Foods Manufacturing (formerly operating as Eggciting Products) manufactures salted egg using rapid curing technology.  This process reduces shell egg curing time to less than 5 days and extends its shelf-life to more than 6 months without need for refrigeration.  The company was originally conceived to cater to the premium market with its product quality and has won local, regional, and national awards since 2018.        The company currently manufactures salted chicken egg and salted brown egg (free-range eggs) with ongoing R&D on salted duck eggs after securing the highest score and rating approval from the in-house chef of Skykitchen (MacroAsia), the premier caterers of international airlines.      Despite overwhelming product acceptance and brand success, the company cannot expand commercially as it was burdened with intermittent production interruptions from repairs and process adjustments, dedicating the remaining months of 2017 from facility launchine, to the end of the first semester 2018 optimizing rapid curing program at below ideal process conditions due to the process vessel’s parameter  limitations.  On the bright side, the challenging experience generated improvements in the process, opening the chance for the company to file and secure fresh IPs for its technology.     The Company’s rapid curing method required a suitable process vessel that can be hermetically sealed, the vessel having an internal makeup that can withstand close to permanent brine immersion while exposed to high and vacuum pressure cycles.     The existing pressure vessel may be operational but barely within the minimum of processing parameters that the rapid curing process requires. The current protective liner must be enhanced to a degree of protection appropriate to the heavy nature of activity and chemical exposure in rapid curing. The existing process vessel lacks the important elements that would satisfactorily indicate commercial readiness in terms of engineering safety and reliability, functionality, and ability to accommodate future upgrades (additional instrumentation, process integration, and complete automation readiness), and the economic life that maximize returns.     Thus, this research project will be focusing on the design and development of a liner-enhanced pressure vessel for extreme food process environments to address the problem Eggciting Traditions Processed Food Manufacturing. It will be locally designed and manufactured.     The following methodology and strategies will be used: (1) Pre-design stage (2) design stage (3) fabrication and development stage (4) Testing and evaluation     At the pre-design stage, data from the existing processing machine will be used as design basis for the new equipment. Through a series of discussions among the researchers regarding the design conceptualization and technical drawing of the processing machines, details of materials to be used for fabrication will be determined.     3D Model will be prepared, design specification, material selection and verification will be done using a simulation and modelling software. Stress and strain analysis will also be done to evaluate the structural integrity of the design.       After satisfying all the design requirement by a series of simulation, fabrication will be the next step. Regular monitoring will be done during the fabrication. Destructive and non-destructive test will also be done to ensure that fabricated equipment is safe and compliance with the pressure vessel standard. Functionality test of auxiliary component will also be done prior to preliminary testing, adjustment and modification will be done if necessary after preliminary testing.  
Development of Draft Standards and Recommended Code of Practice for Processing of Peanut ButterLourdes MontevirgenFoodThe proposed project will initially look into the safety aspects of processing popular artisanal food products namely Taho, Sorbetes, and Peanut Butter. The preparation and processing of these popular products may vary from processors and no standards of food safety aspects are being followed/implemented. The current systems to ensure food safety during food processing is categorized into Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP's), Sanitation Procedures and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP). The assessment based on these levels of food safety systems will be applied to artisanal food processing operations. Guidance manuals will be developed for each type of product. The Guidance Manual outlines best practice on how to process safely the artisan food products, implement practical but effective food safety systems and also how to respond to food safety events or emergencies. This document will serve as guidance based on a collection of examples of demonstrated good practices provided by a number of processors and experts. The manual will be composed of general guidelines incorporating compliance with standards of good manufacturing practices and good hygiene practices for the cottage to small artisan food industry. This includes the preparation and handling of food based on quality, sanitary and safety considerations. The guidelines will provide the basic principles to be adopted by the artisanal food processing industry. The project, at the end, will forward the document to the Philippine FDA for endorsement and will conduct information dissemination thru seminars and trainings. The goal of the project is to spur ahead the development of artisanal food processing industry in the Philippines.   Revised: Development of Draft Standards for Peanut Butter General Objective: To develop draft standards for peanut butter Specific Objectives: To conduct sampling from 20-30% of the total registered peanut butter processors (SMEs) and conduct characterization studies on quality and safety properties (Physicochemical, chemical, microbial, sensory properties) To prepare initial draft quality and safety standards based on characterization studies To form TWG for the development of draft standards, review the draft standards and revise as recommended by the TWG To forward the document to FDA, revise as recommended by FDA, finalize draft standards for endorsement by FDA as Phil National Standards
Advanced Surface Coatings for Lightweight Alloys Used in Aerospace ApplicationsEden May Dela PenaMaterial ScienceAs the country moves towards building a credible space program, as outlined in the Philippine Space Act, there is a need to develop materials that are capable of meeting the high-performance demands of aerospace applications. Lightweight metals such as titanium (Ti) and aluminium (Al) are used extensively in the aerospace industry due to their excellent strength-to-weight ratio, which reduces the energy requirements of transportation. Surface modification techniques, such as vapor deposition techniques [1-3], ion beam deposition [4], and thermal spraying [5], have been employed to improve the surface properties and extend the service life of components. Though useful, these techniques have some drawbacks, including the need for an expensive apparatus.  A promising alternative is the plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) [7-9]. This low-temperature process is derived from conventional anodizing [10-11] and is most suitable for materials that form robust passivating oxide layers such as Ti and Al. This surface treatment yields an oxide coating with significantly high hardness, better wear and corrosion resistance, better adhesion, and crack-free edges. Indeed, it was confirmed that during the creation of our local satellite, Diwata-1, specific oxide coating services were needed for the Al antennae, but this service had to be sourced abroad. The project aims to create advanced oxide coatings in commercial Al and Ti alloys that are used for aerospace applications using the PEO technique. The PEO coating quality is typically influenced by numerous variables, including the type of substrate, electrolyte composition, and oxidation process parameters. The project will, therefore, conduct extensive experimentations to obtain optimized coating protocols suitable for each identified aerospace alloy. The developed coating procedures will then be made available to the Philippine Space Agency and to other local industries that require advanced coating services for lightweight aerospace metals.
Development of Prediction and Warning System on Sub-Seasonal Scale of Extreme Events Associated with Monsoon in the Philippines (Monsoon@Ph)Nathaniel ServandoDisaster MitigationPrediction of rainfall due to monsoon, a weather phenomenon associated with seasonal reversing winds, is one of the crucial tasks in the forecasting operations. Locally known as “Habagat” during the southwest monsoon season  and “Amihan” during the  northeast monsoon season. Studies have shown, numerical  predictions of  monsoon rainfall  days in advance is not yet reliable, mainly because of the complexity of the precipitation formation and its inadequate simulation by dynamical models.      Monsoon  rains  are associated with the seasonal shift of major wind direction and  are occurring almost every year that seriously affect normal human activities. During the southwest monsoon season (June to September), episodic heavy rainfall occurs often when the southwest monsoon surges, a phenomenon associated with strong  southwesterly winds which are frequently induced by tropical cyclones located in the northern part of the country which  could last for a period of several days to a few weeks. The accumulated rainfall is found to concentrate along the western parts of the country, particularly in areas classified as Type I climate.      The northeast monsoon (Amihan), on the other hand, is less well-known and less powerful than the Habagat. Normally it affects the eastern section of the country  during the period from November to February where the relatively cooler and dryer air coming from the northeast prevails. It is associated with  lesser rainfall intensity and duration than the southwest monsoon.       The project will provide information on the processes, predictability, and the prospects for prediction (beyond two weeks in advance) of weather disturbances associated with the enhanced monsoon wind flow and the resulting intensified rainfall occurrences both for the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. 
Development of high-resolution observation-based gridded sub-daily climate data for the Philippines (ClimGridPh)Marcelino VillafuerteDisaster MitigationClimGridPh is a three-year project that aims to develop the country's first-ever high-resolution observation-based gridded sub-daily climate surfaces, which will be made readily available in various format and online on the PAGASA's official website. This pioneering initiative was conceptualized given the multitude of useful applications the climate data have. Upon completion, ClimGridPh's would allow the generation of high-resolution risk maps (with climate information included), operational application of the derived products on investigating climate impacts on agriculture, energy, disease tracking, flood forecasting, and model verification, among others. These, in turn would lead to an enhanced resilience of the country to climate-related risks. 
Chemical Synthesis and Characterization of Conducting Polymer/Metal Nanoparticles Composites, and Their Application as a Chemiresistive Gas Sensor Array for H2S and CO2Karen SantiagoMaterial ScienceThe proposed sensor will be fabricated to help sectors where carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide gas concentration is necessary, e.g., geothermal plants. Compared to other commercially available gas sensors, this device will be built to perform analyses of multiple gas analytes at once in an inexpensive way. The commonly available gas sensors are made of metal oxides that require high power consumption. The proposed device may operate at ordinary room temperature making it cost-effective. Furthermore, it is easy to use that even ordinary personnel can operate. Upon validation to real samples, the proposed sensor could be a promising portable gas sensing device that may later be made available in the market.
SpaceBetweenUs: A Computer Vision Application for Physical Distancing Monitoring in Public AreasWencel Jean Carranza-dacayArtificial Intelligence, Information and Communications TechnologyPhysical distancing gained prominence recently because of its crucial role in containing the coronavirus disease 2019 commonly referred as COVID-19. Restricting face-to-face meetings with others is identified as the best way of reducing the spread of COVID-19. Limiting the people’s interactions giving no chance of the disease to infect other people. International and local health organizations have pointed to its vital importance in stopping the transmission of COVID-19 among human hosts. Keeping space from others prevents the development of getting infected from the deadly disease. Such action of physical distancing especially in public areas crowded with different people must be observed as this not only slows down the spread of infectious diseaseslocally and across the country and world but also ultimately protects people and saves lives (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020; World Health Organization, 2020). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020), a national public health institute in the United States, physical distancing means keeping space between yourself and other people outside of your home. When a person has important errands to do outside of his home, he stays at least 1 meter or 3 feet (World Health Organization, 2020) while some health experts have suggested maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet or about two arms’ length (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020) from other people. The COVID-19 is spread mainly through respiratory droplets. When people cough, sneeze or speak, they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain COVID-19. The recommended space between people is advised to decrease transmission in a place or area that is generally open and accessible to people such as markets, schools, parks, tourist spots and public transportations. Not gathering in groups, staying out of crowded places and avoiding mass gatherings are also ways of practicing physical distancing. In other words, physical distancing is staying away from each other since people can spread the COVID-19 before they know they are contracted with it. The COVID-19 crisis has forced countries around the world to impose full lockdowns. Borders were closed and railway, port, road transportation were suspended. These actions to contain the COVID-19 have caused economic disruption. Majority of businesses which were classified as non-essentials have been shut down for operation. Recently, there are already areas that were given greenlight by their government to ease lockdown restrictions. After long months of tight restrictions of the movement of people around the world, there are places which are reopening to revive the economy. However, the government recommended to continually enforce physical distancing in public areas as a low-cost non-pharmaceutical intervention to reduce the risk of transmitting the COVID-19 (Cervantes, 2020). Such physical distancing practice will remain even after the pandemic. It will become second nature or new normal to the general public while COVID-19 is not totally eradicated through means such as widespread immunization (Republika ng Pilipinas Official Gazette, 2020). Given this positive impact of physical distancing on public human health during this COVID-19 crisis, this study chose to provide a solution that will assist in monitoring physical distancing in public areas using computer vision technology. In recent years, the adoption of computer vision technology changed the way processes are performed. Great developments in various industries have been introduced that incorporates computer vision technology. This is a technology which enables computers to identify and process objects in images and videos in the same way that humans do. In this study, the proponents will attempt to develop an application which will emulate the human vision system in monitoring physical distancing in public areas considering therecommended space between people. This will allow enforcers to monitor physical distancing is practiced in crowded areas.
Development of a CNN and RNN topology for Impedance Spectroscopy AnalysisJohn Paolo RamosoArtificial Intelligence  To develop a learning algorithm from ANN, CNN, and RNN framework to interpret spectroscopic impedance measurements to help students and researchers do research faster and more precise.
Design and development of intelligent traffic control and management systemJunrie MatiasArtificial Intelligence  The current work proposes to design and develop an intelligent traffic control and management systems using IoT sensor network and reinforcement learning. In this work, the sensor network consists of a sensor and gateway nodes. The sensor node has to monitor traffic in an allocated area, utilizing different devices that can measure several physical traffic parameters like flow, density, volume, headway, waiting time, throughput, as well as pollution. The gateway node collects the traffic information from all the nodes and directs the same to the base station.  Furthermore, the base station will be equipped with intelligent behavior and direct policy search capabilities (QL and/or CMA-ES)using reinforcement learning to automatically and efficiently manage traffic and to avoid congestion. QL uses value iteration while CMA ES uses policy iteration. Deep neural networks will be applied to both methods. In q-learning, the single agent will be appropriate enough for its training. Its corresponding q-network's output will be q-values based on its state input. Adjusting of weights of the q-network is done through backpropagation. The Q-table is also needed during the learning process since the q-network will learn from the q-table itself. In CMA ES, its policy network would output direct actions based on a given state input. Since its a policy iteration-based algorithm, CMA ES will need multi-agent to be trained to have each agent's own policy network. Adjusting of weights of the policy network is generated from the mean value and covariance of the elite candidates. Both algorithms will be statistically compared in order to decide which method is more efficient in optimizing traffic signal timing control for the road intersection region under study. In our intersection scenario, it contains multiple phases, which correspond to a high-dimension action space in a cycle. Our model guarantees that the traffic signal time smoothly changes between two neighboring actions, which is exactly defined in the MDP model (Liang et al., 2018). We employ state-of-the-art techniques in value-based (QL) and policy-based (CMA ES) reinforcement learning algorithms to achieve good performance, which is evaluated via simulation. We will create an environment that is composed of traffic light phases and traffic conditions. The state is a feature representation of the environment. The agent takes the state as input and learns a model to predict the learned policy for that current state. The decision is sent to the environment, and the reward is sent back to the agent. The agent consequently updates the model and further makes the new decision for the next timestamp based on the new state and the updated model. In such a framework, traffic conditions can be described as an image and such an image is directly taken as an input for a CNN-based model to enrich the hand-crafted features of the environment(Galloway et al., 2018). Our approach extends this line of work by making several important new contributions. Lastly, to enable the sensors to quantify traffic density, CNN architecture or its variants will be used. The study will not focus on the development of the methods to analyze and quantify traffic density E-TraMS, which is an integration of LOCALSIM and Traffic Forecasting Software (T4Cast), and TITAN: Vision-Based Traffic Information Analysis (Alcantara, Aguirre, Trinidad, & D, 2014; Batingal, Camering, Naguit, Dy, & Ilao, 2016; Palmiano, n.d.; Palmiano, UEDA, YAI, & FUKUDA, 2003; Uy, 2014). However, we can use those existing methods to equip our sensors, and the data that are acquired by the sensors are the inputs to our approach in managing traffic intelligently.
Cost-effective technology for monitoring and quantifying benthic area covered by marine litter in shallow coastal areas.Vladimer KobayashiArtificial Intelligence  The project aims to develop a cost-effective technology for monitoring and quantifying anthropogenic marine debris in shallow coastal habitats. It will be equipped with cameras and sensors. It will also have a built in system for image processing, object detection and image detection. The purpose of the system is to automatically detect types of litters and their distributions. The data and information will further be used to build a model that anticipates future scenarios regarding the amount and distribution of litters as well as tits impact on marine life. This study will help provide evidence to draft policies for the control and reduction of marine litters in shallow coastal habitats.
Intelligent Structural Health Monitoring via Mesh of Tremor Sensors (meSHM)Marnel PeradillaArtificial IntelligenceThis research proposal intends to develop a low-cost structural health monitoring system with visualization. The low-cost sensors will be deployed in infrastructures such as buildings, bridges or metro rail. The proposed SHM will utilize the IoT technology and mesh networks. It is expected to deploy less than 50 sensors in an infrastructure. This project has an important collaboration and partnership component that extends beyond the premises and campuses of De La Salle University. In the Campus-to-City-Country framework of DLSU’s TE3D House (see attached) at the Science and Technology Complex (STC) of its Laguna Campus, the idea is to use actually-deployed systems and technologies on campus in order for stakeholders and partners to witness Laguna Campus, the idea is to use actually-deployed systems and technologies on campus in order for stakeholders and partners to witness and assess whether such systems are truly useful once scaled up and deployed outside the campus. The cities of Biñan and Sta. Rosa are natural partner cities for this project, before the cities within Metro Manila are involved for a larger scale deployment once fully tested. The project’s major outcome is an intelligent but low-cost wireless structural health monitoring system that can be commercialized and deployed to different infrastructure stakeholders (real-property owners, DPWH, LGU’s Mayors and City Engineers). Upon the project’s conclusion, we will be able to recommend the adaptation of the system in several cities. This will pave the way for a more complete data collection and analysis which in turn will lead to upgraded studies on related and relevant studies towards disaster preparedness that involve vertical and horizontal structures in the different cities in the country. The grand outcome is that this project will enable LGU’s and even the national government to develop a concrete disaster-prevention policy, backed by technology, that would drastically reduce risks, damage, and disaster casualties via a cost-efficient structural health monitoring system for all public and private buildings in the country.
Development of Multi-lingual Chatbot for Health Monitoring of Public School ChildrenJudith AzcarragaArtificial IntelligenceThis project aims to develop a health monitoring system for public school children assisted by a healthcare chatbot that is capable of interpreting audio input and conversing in two major Philippine languages.     
PREP: Preparing Researchers to Entrepreneurs ProgramTechnology Transfer & CommercializationThe PREP (Preparing Researchers for Entrepreneurs Program) is a short training program for PCIEERD researchers who plan to commercialize their research outputs with the goal of providing them with the basic business and entrepreneurial skills. The PREP is a good complement to the LIF Program as it will also serve as a preparatory training for researchers who wish to apply for the LIF to increase their chances of being selected in the LIF Program. Selected LIF alumni will also be tapped to share their knowledge and experience in commercialization. The training program will be culminated by a pitching event with the Board of Investments (BOI).
Application of Natural Antioxidants Derived from Sugarcane for Food, Food Supplement and Cosmetics Production FormulationsNico DumandanProcessThis proposal is a collaborative research and development (R&D) project between BIOTECH-UPLB and Forever Nutriliving Corp. of SCI Compound, Brgy. Bato, Sagat City, Negros Occidental submitted for possible funding under the DOST Collaborative Research and Development to Leverage Philippine Economy (CRADLE) Program. The proposal aims to characterize the properties of the natural sugarcane polyphenol extract as source of natural antioxidants and to explore its potential for commercial applications in food, food supplement and cosmetics formulations. Furthermore, the results of this project could open new potential opportunities and markets for the sugarcane farmers in Negros Island. The proposal will be implemented for two (2) years with a total budgetary requirement of PHP 4,900,969.20, and counterpart funding from Forever Nutriliving Corporation amounting to PHP 955,000.00 and from UPLB amounting to PHP 1,131,920.00.
Valorisation of agri-food waste: ultrasound-assisted extraction of oils and polyphenols from spent coffee grounds and green bean rejects of Cordillera grown arabica coffeeRoland HipolProcessThe research will focus on the optimization of conditions for the laboratory scale production of coffee oil and polyphenols from coffee residues – spent coffee grounds and green coffee rejects. These products will be tested for their nutraceutical characteristics such as antioxidant potential, and the important bioactive compounds (polyphenols, flavonoids, chlorgenic acid, protochatechuic acid, and omega fatty acids) will be quantified. For the second year, the production of the polyphenols and coffee oils will be up-scaled following the optimized conditions established previously.
Passive Seismic Stratigraphy of Irregular Topography (PSSIT) Applicable to Mountainous Areas of Baguio CityRhommel GrutasConstructionThe 16 July 1990 Luzon earthquake struck the island of Luzon at 4:26 PM with an estimated magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum PEIS intensity of VIII and produced a 125 km-long ground rupture that stretched from Dingalan, Aurora to Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija. The Baguio City was among the areas hardest hit by the Luzon earthquake. The earthquake caused 28 collapsed buildings, including hotels, factories, and government and university buildings, as well as many private homes, and establishments. The main vehicular route to Baguio, the Kennon Road, as well as other access routes to the mountain city, were shut down due to landslides. One of the prominent buildings destroyed during the quake was the Hyatt Terraces Baguio Hotel, where at least eightly hotel employess and guests were killed. In order to study the effects of earthquake in Baguio City, detailed subsurface structure and irregular topography should be considered. Focusing and wave scattering are contributing factors that would amplify the ground shaking. Passive seismic stratigraphy involves the use of geophysical survey. Detection and analysis of the geophysical signals forms the core of geophysical signal processing. Geophysical surveys have many applications in geology, archaeology, mineral and energy exploration, oceanography and engineering. Seismic methods, such as reflection seismology, seismic refraction, seismic array and seismic tomography are some of the methods used in geophysical surveys.
Geotechnical Mapping of Metro Manila Subsoil (GEMMMS)Jonathan DungcaConstructionThe project aims to produce a digitized map containing information of the geological and geotechnical properties of sub-soil of Metro Manila sub-soil. The mapping and analyses of borehole data provided by partner government agencies such as the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH),  and Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) PCIEERD will be done using the 3D GeoVisionary software.
Project CRUISE: A Capacitive Resistivity Underground Imaging Survey Equipment for Underground Utility Assessment of Philippine InfrastructuresRyan Rhay VicerraConstructionThis project aims to develop a capacitive resistivity underground imaging survey equipment (CRUISE) to assess underground utilities in Philippine infrastructures such as roads, tunnels, and buildings. The CRUISE device will provide survey maps that presents the location of different underground utilities such as potable water supply lines, drainage lines, high and low voltage power lines, telephone and communication lines, and other objects and structures buried underneath the ground. The CRUISE device utilizes the concept of capacitive resistivity imaging using a towed-antenna array that measures electrical properties in contact with the device. The measurements gathered by the CRUISE device will be converted into two-dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D) survey maps using a portable control console. CRUISE is an non-invasive equipment that ensures the safety of the working engineer as he/she acquires mapping information necessary for the development of newly-improved infrastructures towards an industrially-competent and technologically-advanced Philippines.
NOAH: Save Wildlife(Test Project)Rodelyn LoboEnvironment            For the developers at New York start-up Networked Organisms, smartphones are the butterfly nets of the 21st Century. Their tool, Project Noah, lets people upload photos of plants and wildlife around them, creating a map of the natural world and contributing to scientific research in the process.
RADAR and Disdrometer Data Application and High-Resolution QPF for Complex TerrainDisaster MitigationWeather radar can provide the highest quality data and most useful weather information in terms of space and time. It can provide accurate measurement of heavy rain; a significant input in the provision of warning of flash floods, and monitoring of typhoons near and at landfall. The development of Weather Surveillance Radar in the United States since the 1990s, has paved the way for a  major advancement in the ability to provide quantitative precipitation estimates (QPE)  (Serafin and Wilson, 2000); Smith et. al. 1996). While this development has provided a major improvement in operational nowcasting and short-range forecasting, it is widely recognized that there is a substantial need to introduce improvements in the area  of retrieving precipitation estimates from radar (Williams et al, 2004). To improve the accuracy of radar rainfall estimates, this study will analyze the microphysical characteristics of precipitation systems. This microphysical process of various precipitation system can be examined through the use of the drop size distribution (DSD) of rain observed by a ground disdrometer. PAGASA in 2018 has acquired twenty-two PARSIVEL LAser-based optic disdrometers as part of its Modernization Program under RA 10692. Through this project the said instruments can be fully harnessed; likewise, contribute in optimizing the use of the existing PAGASA radar network. The final product will be a combination of DSD and radar data in precipitation monitoring and QPE. On the one hand,  for high resolution probabilistic QPF over complex terrain, the cloud-resolving storm simulator (CReSS) model will be used to perform hindcast experiments to investigate several selected landfalling typhoons and heavy rain over mountainous area. The experiments will be evaluated for its ability to provide quantitative forecasts in probabilistic form using the time-lagged ensemble technique.
CRADLE 2020: baTID: RFID-band for personalized body temperature monitoringErwin EnriquezNanotechnology, Material Science, Electronics TechnologyThe project is a collaboration between the Ateneo de Manila University and SparkSoft Solutions, Inc to develop a wireless body temperature monitoring devise with a data management system as a smarter alternative to the current practice of manual measurement using an IR thermal scanner. The latter is  not social-distancing compliant because of the close proximity needed between the person and the guard who is doing the thermal scanning.  It is also slow and the temperature data are often lost and not inputted into a database which could ideally be further processed for analytics.  The proposed software shall be able to securely record the identity and temperature of the RFID-band user and the time and location of data recording, compliant with existing Data Privacy laws in the country. The system shall be structured in such a way that other modules like a mobile app-based contact tracing can be developed in the future without revising the main software.
Utilization of Expanded Perlite produced from Philippine mines as Partial Fine Aggregate Replacement for Concrete Hollow Blocks and Masonry Mortar for Non-Load Bearing WallsRosabelle Louise CaramMining and MineralsPerlite, an inorganic, expanded aluminosilicate of volcanic origin, has been used in different countries in Europe and the Americas as a light-weight fine aggregate replacement. This is because the expanded form of perlite has a low bulk density (less than 400 kg/m3) compared to that of regular sand (about 1500-1600 kg/m3). However, its use reduces the strength of the cement mortar obtained which makes it best suited for non-load bearing applications such as non-structural walls and mortar, as well as insulating applications. Current estimates of annual world production of perlite is at 4.1 million metric tons, led by China, Greece, Turkey, and the United States, with about 47%, 20%, 16%, and 13%, respectively. The Philippine production is currently at 100,000 metric tons per year, with an estimated local reserve of 20 million metric tons. With the construction industry being among the most energy- intensive, resource depleting, and emission releasing industries in the world, there is a need to use more sustainable construction materials such as locally sourced perlite. With this study, an appropriate expansion procedure will be determined to ensure conformity of the expanded perlite to light weight aggregate standards, and possible applications in local construction will be defined. This may also lead to the reduction of hauling and construction costs because the reduction in weight of non-load bearing components of a structure in turn leads to reduction of sizes of the structural members supporting them. This reduction can also lead to an increase in the overall sustainability of the industry since less materials have to be extracted and refined.  
CARRAGEEN RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT LAB (CR&De-L): Developing Cold-Soluble Powders, Bioplastic Sheets, and Bioactive Hydrogels from Nano-Structured CarrageenansRommel BacabacNanotechnologyIn this project, we will create the Carrageenan Research and Development Lab (CR&De-L) to develop three product lines-Cold-soluble Powders, Bioplastic Sheets, and Bioactive Hydrogels using nano-structured carrageenans. Here, we will continue to partner with the MCPI corporation, Cebu, to develop new lines of applications for their existing product lines based on semi-refined and refined kappa- and iota-carrageenan powders. The carrageenan powders will be utilized in its current form, or further purified for lab scale analysis and development. The targeted applications will range from developing soluble powder at ambient conditions, paper and bioplastic sheets, gelation additive (for food or non-food products), and gels with bioactive characteristics for 3D printable artificial tissue scaffolds/additives. We will have expert advice from existing academic collaborators from Prof. Shingo Matsukawa of the Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT), Japan and Prof. Jenneke Klein-Nulend of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VUA), the the Netherlands. The collaboration with TUMSAT will continue for further expert advice on carrageenan purification and chemical characterization. And the collaboration with the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VUA, The Netherlands) will provide expert advice on exploring possible bioactive characteristics of carrageenan preparations from locally grown and harvested red seaweeds by the MCPI corporation. My research team at the Medical Biophysics Group, provides the appropriate cost-effective venue for lab scale preparation, macro-level and micro-level rheological characterization of crude and semi-refined carrageenans, adapting the methods developed in my previous projects, BINARY GELS (2017-2019), and COILS, CELLS, & GELS (2013-2015). USC and its Department of Physics, shall further provide the proper administrative support for this intended academe-industry partnership to develop scientifically-characterized prototypes.
Development of Plasma Coating Processes for the Furniture IndustryMagdaleno Vasquez Jr.Material ScienceThe propsed project uses plasma-based coating technologies for the furniture industry.  The project intends to develop coating technologies and associated processes and tools to coat the surfaces of furniture products made of different materials.   IMPORTANT: Dr. Magdaleno Vasquez, Jr. is the Project Leader; Crisille Villaluna is a project coordinator from UPSCALE Innovation Hub, the TBI in UP Diliman. In Step 4, the form assumes that the one filling out the form is the Project Leader thus Dr. Vasquez was "assigned" with Consultant role.
PROTex (Protective, Re-engineered, Occupational Technical Textiles) Research and Development: Establishment of the PTRI Medical Textile Testing LaboratoryDonna UldoProcessThis project aims to support the national fight against COVID-19 by ensuring the safety of materials available and in use and thus, ensure the safety of medical front-liners.  It will expand the capability of the PTRI testing laboratory in the testing of medical textiles in order to provide fast, accurate, and relatively inexpensive and accessible testing service. It will address the users’ requirement for quality as well as the local manufacturer’s need for international recognition and certification through compliance with national and international standards. The establishment of the facility will also enable the development and validation of new test methods for adoption as Philippine National Standards. Moreover, the laboratory will provide the needed support to research and development initiatives on personal protective equipment or clothing.
Fabrication of Nanostructured Silica-based Nanocomposite Membranes for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) ApplicationsDahlia ApodacaNanotechnologyLooming energy crisis and increasing environmental awareness have geared research towards the development of fuel cell technology specifically proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFC is a type of electrochemical device which converts chemical energy to electrical energy without any fuel combustion. Commercially available Nafion®, by far, exhibits outstanding fuel cell performance at low temperature and high humidity conditions. However, its performance greatly decline with applications requiring high temperature and under anhydrous conditions. PEMFC performance is significantly influenced by, in addition to operating temperatures, proton conductivity and water uptake. (Charradi et al. 2019) Driven by the need to come up with membranes with improved functionality, efforts have been directed toward the development of alternative membranes with inorganic components/fillers. The incorporation of nanomaterials even at very low weight % loading in Nafion® based membranes is anticipated to improve the water uptake and proton conductivity of Nafion® membranes, enabling its use at higher temperature and under anhydrous conditions. (Shao et al 2006) Clays such as montmorillonite possess water holding property, high specific surface area, good swelling property and others and therefore may be considered an excellent candidate as inorganic filler. (Peñaloza Jr., 2019) The use of indigenous materials such as clays in the production of membranes with improved properties will significantly result to a relatively lower cost-to-performance ratio compared to Nafion® membranes, hence these hybrid nanomaterials have great potential for their commercial applications. Further, this proposed study aims to contribute to the acceleration of nonmetallic minerals beneficiation ( such as clays, montmorillonite, bentonite, etc.) with the anticipated production of hybrid proton exchange membranes from indigenous material.
Design, development, demonstration and business planning of a FLexible Electric Van (FLEV) for logistics and passenger transport useJose Bienvenido Manuel BionaTransportationThe project will develop a 'skateboard platform' chassis which can be revertible from a delivery vehicle and a passenger transport vehicle, without sacrificing structural integrity, safety, and function. This vehicle will be sitting on an electric drive train, which will be developed in partnership with Valeo, a European company; Tojo Motors, a local e-jeepney manufacturing company; Eclimo, a local e-trike manufacturing compnay; and SOLUTIONS Plus, a European research institute.  The project will develop the product in consultation with the potential market, and will develop a carefully planned business model in consultation with industry experts from Eclimo and the Electric Vehicle Association of the Philippines.
DETERMINATION OF OPTIMAL PLACEMENT OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS IN A LOCAL PUBLICLew Andrew TriaTransportationIt is being proposed to develop a methodology to strategically place fast charging stations within a local transportation system. This methodology will be used to pilot a network of charging infrastructure to be located in a city with electric tricycles.    With public transport system still on suspension during the Modified Enhanced Community Quarantine (MECQ) and General Community Quarantine (GCQ) there is  a need to provide safe alternative mode of transport service.    The project proposal envisions that the existing e-trikes from DOE can be used to cater as transport service by assigning pick-up points and drop off points. 
DRIVER.PH Drivers Roadworthiness Improvement Verification Education & Readiness for the Philippine logistics industryFelizardo ReyesTransportationDRIVER.PH is is composed of two parts which both assess and evaluate truck drivers' competence and skill. The first part of the system is composed of online learning/educational modules, mobile learning applications, and gamified applications which educate the drivers and evaluate the person's preparedness to drive a truck on the road. The second part of the system evaluates the drivers' behavior on the road. Trucks will be equipped with an IoT device to gather real-time data such as location, speed, acceleration, etc. These data will be sent to the cloud server to be processed by an AI system which will evaluate the presence of traffic violation on the driver's actions. These information will be stored and analyzed for patterns to come up with a scientific evaluation of the drivers' competence on the road using data analytics. The project basically targets to minimize road accidents caused by trucks which often lead to destruction of property and loss of lives. After the conduct of various testing, Quicktrans Cargo Moving, Inc. will be adopting the technology.
System for Optimized Routing for Transport (SORT)Jose Bienvenido Manuel BionaTransportationThe project will develop the following products: Software applications for data gathering related to the creation of a city's optimized Land Public Transport Route Plan. Software platform to assist the LGU in processing and interpreting their data.  The project will also cover the demonstration of these applications in multiple cities, which include Santa Rosa, Laguna, and Mandaluyong in Metro Manila. Capacity building workshops will also be conducted for other LGUs and development agencies.
Viability Study of Conversion of Conventional Tricycle to e-TrikeAudy QuebralTransportationA viability study on the conversion of old conventional tricycle to e-trike will be made. The conversion will be made by changing the engine to electric motor while the body and frame of the tricycle will still be used. The conversion, since will be using electric motor, will result to lesser carbon emission and lower fuel and maintenance cost. It will also address the issue of noise pollution.
Design, Fabrication and Testing of Electrical and Electronic Systems of a Locally Developed E-TrikeLew Andrew TriaHuman Resource Development, Transportation        The study will design the electrical and electronics component of an Electric Tricycle. It will determine the optimal electrical/electronic system with respect to the mechanical design of the electric tricycle, design and fabricate electrical and electronic system and train personnel from CSU on test and development of electrical and electronic components
Design, Development and Fabrication of the Different Parts and Assembly of e-TrikeArthur Ibanez Transportation         Different possibilities for increasing energy efficiency of electric vehicles will be considered. Some options that should result to energy efficient electric tricycles would be reduction in overall weight by improving body shell design and redesigning a lightweight chassis; improving mechanical energy transmission systems, and reducing electrical losses in the system.This project would start to establish a local e-Trike manufacturing hub which will serve as one of the major short distance transport vehicles in the region.    
Safe, Efficient, and Sustainable Solar-Assisted Plug-In Electric Boat (Sessy E-Boat)Febus Reidj CruzTransportationCurrently, water transportation at Philippine tourist spots utilizes boats with diesel/gasoline-powered engines or manual rowing to transport passengers and tourists from one location to another. As technology continuously improves in the country, this project aims to create solar-assisted electric boats to serve as the first step into implementing a mode of transport for local passengers and tourists that utilizes clean energy, such as through the use of solar panels and electric motors. The most important need of the study is to improve the current boat technology implemented at maritime tourist destinations to establish an environment-friendly sustainable transportation. In the future, the technology can be implemented on all applicable maritime spots in the country. This research project shall focus on the determination of strategies on the implementation of solar-assisted plug-in electric powered boats. The design and implementation of the power and control system for efficient and sustainable electric boats will be the primary scope of the project. This study will involve the prototyping of two (2) units of electric motor boats with solar panels. One (1) of the electric boat will use lead acid batteries while the other one (1) will use lithium ion batteries, both with roofing mounted with solar panels. Moreover, this project will use the locally developed automatic identification system or AIS as safety feature, and shall explore the development of controllers for autonomous electric boats.
CRADLE 2020: Valorization of Carabao's Milk Produced in Western Visayas for the 'New Normal'Jihan Santanina AlumbroFoodIn the Philippines, during this COVID-19 pandemic and even other natural disasters, the underprivileged individuals are vulnerable to poor access to nutritious foods. Demands for healthy and shelf stable food products spike as people are advised to stay at home. Different organizations conducted relief operations, temporarily providing the poor with the immediate basic needs like food packs and hygiene kits. Common contents of these relief packages are ready-to-eat foods like canned goods and instant noodles, powdered coffee and powdered dairy products. However, the country imports all its dairy product requirements. With the disruptions in the global supply chain during this pandemic, the logistics of some of these basic needs are expected to be disrupted as well. This challenges food processors to develop affordable, shelf stable, nutritious, and locally sourced similar products for the ‘new normal.’ Milk from water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis carabanesis) or carabao has long being studied for its potential in the dairy industry. Yet, until now, it is still unpopular to consumers due to lack of large-scale commercial processing facilities. Thus, some existing products are produced in limited volume in small-scale facilities. Waffle Time Group of Companies, a reputable and nationally-known food kiosk and franchising industry, is eyeing for dairy carabao industry development, recognizing its potential in the region initially. According to studies, carabao’s milk has competitive nutritional value as with cow’s milk which is more popular. This is commonly processed as bottled pasteurized milk, with or without flavors, but its short shelf-life results in high finished products returns. There is also a high maintenance cost of the cold supply chain of these kinds of products. It is in this context that spray dried carabao’s milk, which can be utilized for other milk-containing products, is sought to be developed.
Development of Innovative Food Products from Colored Philippine Tubers and Root Crops through the UPLB-DOST Food Innovation CenterDennis Marvin SantiagoFoodThis project aims to develop innovative food products that contain basic nutrients with additional components that are beneficial to human health. The availability of tubers and root crops in the market will be extended through processing while conserving its nutritional value and beneficial health effects. The quality of the raw materials finished products and different processing parameters will be monitored and evaluated. Nevertheless, the acceptability of the final products and the economic viability of the production system will be determined. This project will address the DOST’s research priorities for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology on Food and Nutrition by providing nutritious, safe, and affordable food for all, at all times by developing innovative food products. Specifically, this project will recommend varieties of colored sweet potato, yam and taro with high postharvest and processing quality and optimize processing conditions for intermediary product ingredients (i.e. flour, starch, and paste) from colored Philippine Tubers and Root Crops for different food applications.  This project will optimize processing conditions and formulation for the manufacture of innovative baked and noodle food products like colored sweet potato, yam and taro supplemented specialty bread mix, no-bake cookies mix, cake mix, cassava cake mix, and gluten-free noodles. Moreover, this project will develop wine, soju-like beverage, yogurt and yogurt drink utilizing colored tubers and root crops as substrates. This project will also utilize colored sweet potato, taro, and yam as a potential source of natural colorant and preservative for sausages.
Extension of Shelf Life of Rice Meal in Microwaveable ContainerMa. Patricia AzanzaFoodThe fundamental objective then of this project is to extend the shelf life of Jollfiant RNN Corporation's rice meal from 5 days to 14 days. 
Production of Dietary Fiber using Sugarcane Bagasse from Raw Sugar ManufacturingNorberto AmbaganFood, Creative IndustriesSugarcane bagasse is the primary agricultural waste from sugarcane industries in the Philippines. Bagasse has been used as an industrial material for several applications in textile, cosmetics and paper manufacturing but still imposing a problem in the environment due to continues accumulation that are not utilized. This research could potentially address this problem by means of developing a novel application of these wastes. The study will produce a dietary fiber from sugarcane bagasse and come up with a cost effective production process. Dietary fiber is very important for human diet that provides numerous physiological benefits at the same time. In addition, development of sugarcane bagasse dietary fiber as an intermediate product could be used for functional food formulations or preparations with high market value. The project activities will involve baseline data gathering, visit to raw sugar manufacturing/processors.  Sugarcane bagasse samples will be collected and characterized.  Development of pre-treatment and production process will be developed at ITDI.  Results will be translated to actual raw sugar processing set-up.
MR. Tour Guide: A Cultural Adaptive Mapping Platform using Mixed RealityAlbertson AmanteCreative IndustriesMR. Tour Guide is A Cultural Adaptive Mapping Platform that makes use of Mixed Reality or a combination of Virtual Reality and Augented Reality. It shall serve a Virtual Tour guiede that can be implemented in tourist destinations and heritage sites which today has some restrictions in terms of its operation. The project shall partner with Tourism and Cultural Heritage Offices in the country to develop an intuitive platform that would allow promotion of tourism virtually. Using the mixed reality technologies available, it offers a safer and more engagingexperience that is adaptable to the new normal.  
CRADLE 2019: Development of Quality Soysage Using OkaraFoodThis study will provide means in reducing cases of  metabolic syndrome in younger adults to prevent the occurrence of chronic cardiovascular diseases.
Development of Mobile Modular Food Processing Facility (MMFPF)Norberto AmbaganFoodThe “new” normal will require a change of attitude in dealing with the accustomed ways of doing things not only to individuals but would have a greater impact in the Food Value Chain (FVC). During times of disaster, emergency and especially during the current pandemic, the FVC encounters problem in distribution from farm to market.  Closure of routes makes it difficult for farmers to sell their fresh produce and unsold produce can reach 35% based on survey conducted by IATF. Prior to the pre-Covid19 situation, food losses from harvest to distribution can amount to 14% (FAO 2019). Losses are attributed to poor postharvest practices, decentralized planning, and even consumer demands. A more devastating situation to the farmers is when there is a glut in production wherein agricultural produce is temporarily higher than market demand.  In case of highly perishable crops, farmers may sell their produce at a losing price or just let the crops rot in the field.  In both cases, the valuable farm inputs of the farmer are lost as well as the entire environmental load (i.e. land and water resources, production of GHG) incurred in the food production.  In response to this situation, this project will design and establish Mobile Modular Food Processing Facility (MMFPF) that can be easily deployed to areas where there is a perceived overproduction. The facility would be able to process surplus  produce into value-added products near the production site. The MMFPF is based on the concepts of mobility and modularity.  The MMFPF will be a typical processing plant on “wheels” with modules for different sections and processing auxilliaries.   During abnormal times, the MMFPF can be assembled to areas with demand for processing, while during normal times, the facility can augment the processing capability of agricultural producing regions.   
Establishment of a Solid Free Form Fabrication Research Laboratory (SoFFReL)Rex BasuelInfrastructure Development ProgramThe metal industry plays a very essential role in the development of a sustainable society. Strong and stable economic growth requires the support of robust metal production. This is so because the metal industry generates employment, substantial export earnings, tax revenues and innovations that directly impact the country’s GNP. In addition, the metal industry’s contribution to social development, the environmental benefits of metals and the various uses of metals in many forms in our daily lives speak of its great significance in the economic growth and prosperity of a country. To this effect, the 16th MIAP National Convention (2007) considered the Philippine metalworking industry as the backbone of the Philippine industry as it is the key to becoming an industrialized country.   In Pangasinan, metal craft industry is one of the booming industries that aim to contribute to the sustainable economic development of the province. According to Esperon (2017), one of the most profitable businesses in the province is metal working. There are already building establishments with related equipment offering metal fabrication services, however, more people are still demanding for better services to the public due to the lack of advanced technologies. Esperon described such technologies as “least available” among the metal working industries in Pangasinan.   With the needs and opportunities in Pangasinan in the areas of metals, its design and fabrication of metalcraft, the PSU is proposing the laboratory that will be of help through research and development activities, can potentially address the problems encountered by the industries such as high cost of production, low quality of products, and the long process of production, lack of technical assistance, and training, and unavailability of technology. The SoFFReL will also provide state of the art facility to professionals, stakeholders, faculty members, and students This laboratory will serve as a playground for student-researchers, faculty researchers, engineers, and industry partners to do collaborative researches share and create new ideas to generate new products, technology, and research projects in the field of additive manufacturing, metal fabrication, and process machine automation.   The SoFFReL will be the first laboratory in the province to employ 3D printing in metalcraft fabrication. This laboratory will be used for concept modeling, prototyping, rapid tooling, and digital manufacturing.  members, and students This laboratory will serve as a playground for student-researchers, faculty researchers, engineers, and industry partners to do collaborative researches share and create new ideas to generate new products, technology, and research projects in the field of additive manufacturing, metal fabrication, and process machine automation.   The SoFFReL will be the first laboratory in the province to employ 3D printing in metalcraft fabrication. This laboratory will be used for concept modeling, prototyping, rapid tooling, and digital manufacturing.
Center for Green Nanotechnology Innovations for Environmental Solutions (CGNIES)Chosel LawagonInfrastructure Development ProgramThe "Center for Green Nanotechnology Innovations for Environmental Solutions (CGNIES)" is a timely and necessary project to increase research outputs that are beneficial to the society and environmentally sustainable. A research center that will involve collaborations between industries, government and adacemia. This center differs from the existing R&D nanotechnology center in Central Luzon State University, primarily since this center will focus on research and development to produce safer nanomaterials from indigenous materials primarily wastes through clean technologies with minimal potential environmental and human health risks (green nanotechnology). This new nano-products will be incorporated in technological innovations that address environmental concerns in the region. Additionally, CGNIES vision is to develop sustainable, scalable, and economical routes to functional nanostructured materials. The centers research trajectory is to promote green innovations in Mindanao, a solution that cares for both the environment and humanity.
Development of Data Analytics and Information System: Support on Social Welfare Services for Senior Citizens of Butuan CityEltimar CastroHuman Resource DevelopmentThe project is an  initiative to discover new knowledge using the KDD model and to develop an information system and data analytics that will aid in the formulation of policies, projects and programs for effective deliver of services to senior citizens in the city.
PhilRice Data Analytics Initiative - RiceLyticsNehemiah CaballongHuman Resource DevelopmentThe goal of the project is to build an operational Data Analytics system for PhilRice which includes the platform and the strategic plan of integration. The Data Analytics platform composes the equipment, laboratory, tools, techniques, and the workforce that will implement Data Analytics trials. The strategic plan will provide the direction of applying Data Analytics on the different sectors of PhilRice. In building the system, the project will follow the DELTA Plus Model and Five Stages of Analytics Maturity (Davenport, 2018) framework presented by the International Institute of Analytics (IIATM) and adapted by Smarter Philippines through Data Analytics R&D, Training and Adoption (SPARTA) Program of DOST-PCIEERD. The strategic plan will be the first to be developed as it will give a sense of direction to the whole Data Analytics system. Afterward, the platform will be established. By the end of the project, an internal policy institutionalizing the Data Analytics system at PhilRice will have been formulated. A Data Analytics unit will have already been operational. Three reports that documented the project will have been published – PhilRice Analytics Maturity Assessment Report, Analytics Roadmap and Strategy Plan, and a journal article narrating the whole Data Analytics institutionalization process. Also, at least 20% of PhilRice staff will have been introduced to the Data Analytics system. It is hoped that the project will contribute to the beginning of Data Analytics culture in PhilRice that improves internal management processes and serves as a model for data-driven governance and evidence-based management.
Development of biodegradable nanofiber filters as an active material for medical-grade facemasksEvelyn TaboadaNanotechnologyThis project proposes a unique, practical and sustainable approach to sourcing alternative materials for facemasks derived from locally-available agricultural waste abundant in Cebu.  This proposal is in support of the university’s successful establishment of protocols for highly-bioactive polyphenols using spray-drying technology and pectin extracted from mango waste. Such established protocol gives the university an advantage to further explore its research capacity relevant to the country’s need. Together with the USC Department of Chemical Engineering’s acquisition of a Solution blow spinning equipment (i.e., Aerospinner), capable of making different types of membranes, research-based in biopolymeric and biocompatible nanofiber composites is of high potential. With the current COVID-19 pandemic, it is high time that the synergistic research capabilities of the university be maximized.  This pandemic has challenged the proponents to be of relevance in research supporting public protection from viruses. And the use of facemask is the most common and immediate means to protect the general public from virus transmission and getting sick. Our industry partner, the EMS Group of Companies, has given its full support to the university and proponents in realizing the production of the active layer for facemasks. Later on, EMS adopts such product and process developed from this research. The mass production of this hybrid facemask gives an advantage to the industry as it provides more jobs locally while providing real homemade mask in the future. This is also another opportunity to source out raw materials locally, thereby, championing locally-made products which can stabilise the national economy.
Development of Food Reference Materials for Nutrition Labeling for Use of Local Testing Laboratories (Phase 3) Implementation of ISO 17034:2016 Quality Management System in the Development of Rice Flour Reference MaterialsLeah Dajay FoodThe project will produce rice flour RM that can be provided to the testing laboratories to continuously monitor the quality of their analytical results from their routine analysis. The RMs that will be produced will be made available at a minimal cost which they can be used as their quality control test material to assess the accuracy of their routine analysis. The project will provide local testing laboratories with ways on how to improve the accuracy of the analytical results thru organized seminars, trainings and workshops design to enhance the analyst's capability in producing reliable data in their workplace. The third phase of the project will focus on the implementation of the enhanced ISO/IEC 17034:2016 Quality Management system in preparation for the accreditation of FNRI as reference material producer. 
Hydrological Characterization of Boracay Island's Groundwater System and Nabaoy Watershed using Isotope and Nuclear-based Analytical TechniquesRaymond Sucgang Disaster Mitigation, ConstructionThe study will apply Nuclear Analytical Techniques in conjunction with classical hydrology and hydrogeology approaches to characterize the Boracay Island aquifer and freshwater reserves in the mainland, specifically the Nabaoy watershed. The study aims to estimate the groundwater potential in the basin of Boracay to ensure sustainable groundwater management in the face of economic and industrial development Furthermore, the study seeks to evaluate the quality of fresh water in the Nabaoy River Watershed in compliance to the parameters set forth by the Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water (2017 version), and determine as well as apportion the probable sources of pollution in the watershed through the use of nuclear based and isotopic techniques. 
A novel technique for the recovery of valuable metals from AMD through bimetallic materials - resubmittedVannie Joy ResabalMining and MineralsBimetallic particles will be synthesized using scrap aluminum and iron based on a novel washing-reduction technique. Several parameters for the synthesis of the bimetallic particles will be tested. The performance of the prepared bimetallic particles will be evaluated using both synthetic and actual AMD samples. The recovery of valuable metals, such as Cu, Ni and Zn from AMD will be investigated. The potential of AMD as a source of ferrous ions will also be evaluated in this component. Preliminary experiments on the synthesis of bimetallic particles have already been done through undergrad research work and the results have shown promise based on the physical characteristics of the synthesized particles. The outputs of the project will be communicated not only to our partner mining company but also to other stakeholders like AMDgenerating mining companies, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Local Government Unit (LGU), and the local and international members of the academe.
A two-step neutralization ferrite process as active remediation technique for environmental treatment of AMD - resubmittedAileen OrbecidoMining and MineralsAMD, characterized by low pH and high concentrations of hazardous elements, is considered as the most widespread, serious and costly environmental problem associated with mining and mineral processing operations. Treatment of AMD can be classified into active and passive treatment systems. The most common active treatment system used nowadays is known as chemical precipitation. The research project entitled “A novel two-step neutralization ferrite process as active remediation technique for environmental treatment of AMD” aims to address the shortcomings of this conventional method which include low sludge generation and low associated overall cost. The proposed process will be able to recover valuable resources such as iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) in the sludge. Moreover, the effluent or treated AMD can be safely discharged to the environment with hazardous contaminants levels below the standard. A bench-scale set-up for the two-step neutralization ferrite-formation process will be designed and tested for its performance as applied to both the synthetic and actual AMD discharges. The actual AMD will be obtained from our partner mining company. The parameters to be monitored include pH and concentrations of hazardous elements such as Cu, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn and Al. The outputs of the project will be communicated not only to our partner mining company but also to other stakeholders like AMD-generating mining companies, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Local Government Unit (LGU), and the local and international members of the academe.
Project 1. Water for Tourism: A Science-Based Water Resource Monitoring and Management Planning Guide for Tourist Destinations in the PhilippinesAileen Leah GuzmanDisaster Mitigation, ConstructionThe water resources assessment and management plan will not only evaluate the quality and quantity of the Nabaoy River Watershed and Boracay Island's water resources, but also map the location of the water resources and evaluate existing policies and plans related to water use and managemenL At the same time, the plan will include various scenarios modeled through NEGRAS, Visual MODFLOW Flex, and SEAWAT to determine impacts of different water demand levels, climate change, interactions between ground and surface waters, and saltwater intrusion. The results of the model will be used to determine and map the vulnerability of water resoun:es of both study sites. A framework which decision makers can use will be included. At the same time, training workshops will be provided to develop the capacity of NWRB and other beneficiaries in modelling and creating integrated water management plans.  Various physical and chemical parameters will be measured for both groundwater and surface water (Tablet) 1in order to provide baseline data that will be used in each work program. These water parameters will be obtained in-situ and in the laboratory following existing water monitoring standard procedures. In-situ data will be obtained using cost-effective locally developed sensors integrated with almosphedc sensors which will be used to measure rainfall, air humidity, and air temperature.  Data will be measured quantitatively in real-time. Microcontrollers will be used to provide processing power and communication capabilities to the sensor nodes, while an Android-based mobile phone will be used for the localized base station. A mobile phone app for data lowing and analysis comes with the sensor system. The individual sensors will be a mi:dure of compact probe-type analog and digital devices capable of measuring the pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, temperature, and turbidity parameters of a given water sample.  
Landslide Investigations on Geohazards for Timely Advisories in the Philippines (LIGTAS)Decibel Faustino-eslavaDisaster Mitigationgenerate site-specific landslide rainfall intensity-duration thresholds for the mountainous areas of Luzon that will be the basis for the formulation of site-specific and semiquantitative early warning systems. 
Plant-Derived Biochar as Fabric-Based Electrode Materials for Supercapacitor DevicesChristina BinagMaterial ScienceEnergy storage devices, such as batteries and supercapacitors, must be improved to be able to efficiently store greater amounts of energy. Supercapacitors, unlike batteries, can store energy very quickly and at variable surges of current. Because of this, supercapacitors are better at handling fluctuations in energy generation and release, making them ideal candidates for efficient energy collection from many renewable energy sources, which are variable in nature.  Supercapacitor performance is highly dependent its electrode material. Electrode materials should have high electroactivity, conductivity, and surface area. To develop high energy-storing electrode materials, this project aims to develop fabric supercapacitors by coating a cotton-indigenous fabric substrate with biochar and conducting polymers as its electroactive material. Fabrics are lightweight, sustainable, flexible, and have large surface area, which makes it an interesting scaffold for electrode materials. Indigenous natural fibers - abaca, banana, piña, and water hyacinth - were blended with cotton and will be used as the base material of the electrodes. Using fabrics as electrodes also pave the way to 'wearable' and flexible electronics and devices. Fabrics, however, are insulators and not electroactive. To address this problem, carbon and conducting polymers will be added. Biochar is a carbon material with high surface area and mechanical stability, with little electroactivity. Biochar in this study will be produced by pyrolysis of agricultural waste. Lastly, conducting polymers are known for their various redox states that lead to high electroactivity. Conducting polymers aid in increasing the energy storage capability and capacity of the material. The composites will then be used as electrodes in a supercapacitor device and characterized as part of an electrical circuit. While there have been several studies into using cotton as an electrode material, very few if none have pursued it to a working full cell supercapacitor.
CRADLE 2020: SMART MINE: Development of Sediment Monitoring and Analysis for Rehabilitation Tool in a surface MINE areaEinstine OpisoMining and MineralsThe Philippines is one of the major suppliers of nickel laterite ore which are mined through surface mining. This type of mineralized soil in the Philippines originated from partially or unserpentinized ultramafic rocks in which serpentine minerals are commonly some of the earliest weathering products. However, the environmental impacts and damage to the original mountain ecosystem due to nickel laterite mining must be properly managed because it adopts surface mining by stripping the mountain slopes to get rid of the topsoil and the associated vegetation in order to get through to the lateritic portion. With mining operations undertaken in upland areas, it will further reduce forest cover, accelerate biodiversity loss and contaminate the river systems and the sea. In fact, the siltation problem which is mainly composed of low grade lateritic soil is the most common concern affecting the way of life of the people who are mostly dependent on farming and fishing ventures. Thus, the need to develop solutions to efficiently and sustainably manage alluvial sediments through adoption of geospatial and app based intelligent management system tool in progressive mine rehabilitation is necessary.   On the other hand, excessive soil erosion and the corresponding rapid sedimentation rate issues compel government officials to legislate policies concerning soil and water conservation in consistent with the principles of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction at all levels.  In response to this need, several control measures on soil erosion such as natural vegetative strips (NVS), cascading siltation ponds, check dams, mulching, progressive rehabilitation among others have been adapted mostly by leading mining industries in the country particularly in Mindanao with a conservative assurance of higher effectiveness.  However, information as to the extent of control measures effectiveness to meet the threshold of erosion under varying environmental conditions like in surface mining areas is still wanting.  It is therefore the purpose of this research project to fill the identified information gaps along this line of interest.   The approach of the project makes use of the actual measurement of erosion within a specific site where the control measure is implemented.  The total erosion amount for a particular slope of the mined out areas shall be determined using the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model (Flanagan, 1995).  Simulation approach is widely accepted because it is almost impossible to directly evaluate the amount of soil loss in every piece of land under all varying conditions (Laflen et al., 2004). An information management system for the integrated geospatial and app based intelligent management tool will be set up using a server which will serve as data storage facility of processed data. The information management system will support in retrieving, accessing and updating the needed information of any part of the mine out area and allow the user to navigate through different levels of details according to need. More importantly, the system will support data analysis with regards to the current situation of system and simulation/modeling studies in assessing the sustainability and efficiency of site specific erosion control and rehabilitation plan of the selected mined out areas.
Systematized Mining Operations using Automation and Real-Time Telematics Platform towards a Paradigm Shift in Surface Mines of Caraga Region (SMART Mines)Alexander DemetilloMining and MineralsSMART Mines Project uses an application of arduino-based technology and software automation shifting the operations to advancement. It has the following key features: 1. Sensor module will be used to determine location, velocity, distance travelled, and even fuel level in real-time without the need for human intervention and thus, error; 2. The the technology will utilize arduino-based system and android devices to collect, temporarily store, and send data into the cloud; 3. The technology will be used to determine the movement of ore and waste, using RFID tags. Instead of Material Delivery Receipts (MDR), RFID tags will be scanned at the mining area and receiving points (e.g. stockpile area, beaching area). This shall ensure accurate data on location, equipment units, and time; 4. The system may also be used to replace the MDR. Instead of filling it out in a paper, the hauling equipment operators will fill it out in the android device, thus, the time recording is more precise, reducing contact to workers, and less intensive labor. 5. Constant internet connection is not needed. If connectivity failure happens, data produced will be stored locally in the android devices and then will be sent to the cloud once internet connection is already available; 6. A web-based application will process the data gathered to help in analyzing and visualizing them. Important metrics may be monitored in a more frequent, precise, and accurate manner; 7. Complete elimination of manual encoding of data for MDRs may happen, reducing errors and delays. Data collection is easier and almost real-time. End-of-shift and daily reports may be eliminated if the system developed will be implemented completely; and 8. Interruption in the mine operation during the  implementation of the project is very minimal.
Technical Study on the Use of Synthesized Laterite-Iron Sand as Feed Material for Shaft Furnace Ironmaking TechnologyBernardo BitangaMining and MineralsThe project which is anchored on the mandate of Executive Order No. 79 series of 2012 on the development of value-adding activities and downstream industries for strategic metallic ores, utilizes two (2) of the abundant resources in the country – Laterite and Iron sand. From the initial results of the on-going study entitled, “Pilot Scale Production of Nickel Pig Iron from Low Grade Laterite Ores”, low grade laterite ores (<1% Ni, >45%Fe) are potential raw material for the production of crude pig iron. However, further refining is needed to adjust its material composition and convert such into material of commercial viability prior to industrial application. Refining include re-melting of the pig iron to increase its iron content, removing of sulphur and phosphorus until desired level, and alloying of metals to harness the metal’s properties depending on application.   On the other hand, iron sand, a common iron source found in the Philippines, which can easily be upgraded into concentrates containing up to 58% Fe, is typically exported out of the country and processed by other countries for ironmaking and eventually into steelmaking for various industrial applications. In 2012, about 1.2 million DMT of iron concentrate was shipped abroad by Leyte Ironsand Corp., Ore Asia Mining and Development Corp., and small-scale iron sand mining companies from Region 2. A study was conducted by Fudolig et.al, in 2017 in determining the most suitable ironmaking technology for the Philippine iron sand. Unfortunately, iron sand pellet is not suitable to blast furnace due to its low cold crushing strength; and high titanium content leading to very sticky slag hampering continued operations. Thus, the study aims to investigate the potential synthesis of laterite ore and iron sand and study its behavior as possible feed material to shaft furnace ironmaking technology. 
Recovery of Scandium from Laterite-based Pig Iron Slag by Dry Digestion and Precipitation MethodsRey PeruchoMining and MineralsScandium (Sc) is considered one of the most important elements among lanthanides because of its promising applications in solid oxide fuel cells and high strength Al-Sc alloys. It is an expensive metal due to inadequate primary sources – there are no primary mine sources of Sc and the present supply is from stockpiles and by-products. complex extraction and production routes.In the initial results of the slag produced by the on-going project, “Pilot Scale Production of Nickel Pig Iron from Low Grade Laterites Ores”, significant concentration of Sc is found in the material from an initial ore head assay of about 50 ppm concentrated to around 111 ppm in the slag. As such, the study is focused on the potential recovery of Sc from shaft furnace slag, a by-product of pig iron production. However, due to the limitations in scientific references investigating Sc extraction from blast/shaft furnace slag, the method to be utilized in the study will be adopted from the processing of red mud slag, namely, dry digestion method. Red mud slag is produced from the smelting of bauxite residue (red mud), which is the main waste product from bauxite processing, the Bayer’s process, into an electric arc furnace (EAF). Dry digestion method is defined as a process consisting of the addition of concentrated acid to the solid materials with subsequent water leaching.  The method has been reported effective against silica gel formation commonly experienced during direct leaching method. The Sc in the Sc enriched solution will then be further recovered by precipitation using oxalic acid to precipitate Sc as oxalate – Sc(OH)3, which can be calcined and converted into Scandium oxide, Sc2O3.    
Refining Laterite-based Crude Pig Iron for Specific Product ApplicationsLemuel ApusagaMining and MineralsThe project entails the demonstration of the technical feasibility of processing locally available iron ores into an engineering component. To accomplish this, the crude pig iron produced in the previous MGB project will be refined and eventually be cast into an engineering part. The project activities will consist of development of lab-scale pig iron refining equipment, development of the procedures for effective refining, actual refining of the crude pig iron and casting the part.
CRADLE 2020: Community-level Functionalization of Handwoven Cordillera and Mindoro Textiles for Creative Protective ClothingZailla PayagProcessThis project seeks to develop safe, breathable and affordable non-medical face masks using local hand-weaving communities’ distinctive patterns of indigenous fabrics. Research interventions on fabric construction and smart finishing water-repellent finishing technology for community-based set-up will be established. The project starts immediately with the weaving of various indigenous designs from the communities in Cordillera and Mindoro in coordination with NTFP-EP. Fabric patterns and construction will be correlated with the filter efficiency of the developed fabric. This project also pilots and validates SmarTex solutions to render locally made handwoven woven textile materials functional while ensuring reusability. Commercially available yarns with cotton content of more than 50% will be used in this project. The CMCC will engage in communities in Cordillera and Mindoro to produce the indigenous textile weaves. PTRI will provide enabling technologies specifically the water-repellent finishing technology that will consider the community-based weaving community capability. The project’s scale also validates local community capacity, textile constructions, and specifications towards the desired barrier and durability performance.
Deployment of Energy Monitoring Application and Network at DOST (DEMAND) as Demonstration SitesApollo Victor BawaganEnergyUnder DOST, an Inter-agency Energy Efficiency and Conservation Committee (IAEECC) will be created to evaluate and approve energy efficiency projects for the Government Energy Management Program (GEMP), a program to reduce its monthly consumption of electricity (in kWh) and petroleum products (in litres) by at least 10%.   Many issues arise from this drastic high demand for energy: green gas emissions, climate change, dependency on depleting supply of natural gases, episodes of power outages, and higher electricity rates for consumers. The Philippines is not exempted to this as it is reported that the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from energy sector contributed about 41.8% and is growing annually by 3.7%. 4 Also, persistent episodes of power outages in Metro Manila and parts of Luzon provinces experienced it due to insufficient operating reserves from power plants. For this reason, there will be potential conflicts in energy security, sustainability and affordability.   The project “Deployment of Energy Monitoring Application and Network at DOST (DEMAND) as Demonstration Sites” is designed to make awareness about the electricity consumption of the department and introduce an innovative and affordable plan in conserving and saving energy.   In this project, Cloud-based Energy Monitors and eSensor devices will be used to provide smart, comprehensive and easy-to-use energy monitoring and management solutions with Power Quality Data delivered real-time to Smart Phones or Computers. The energy data, i.e. voltage, current, power, power factor, frequency and harmonics, transmitted are collected to a cloud database which is needed to track energy usage patterns and performance. Moreover, it is a smart device which can provide personalized energy insights via simple notifications using a mobile device to help end-users be aware and change their energy usage pattern and how can they save or reduce their energy consumption.
Design of a Modular Stator, Segmented Rotor Switched Reluctance MotorLew Andrew TriaEnergyThe project aims to design and fabricate a novel design for a switched reluctance motor. Various designs for a segmented stator and rotor machine will be explored through simulations. Properties and behavior of these designs will be evaluated and applied to implement a highly modular switched reluctance motor appropriate for fault tolerance, and lower mass production cost and easire maintenance. A 1kW prototype will be developed with integrated motor drive.  
Pilot Study for Integrating Microgrid and Distributed Renewable Energy Sources for an Electric CooperativeCarl Michael OdulioEnergyThe proposed project shall cover an in-depth assessment and analysis of local distribution utility (DU) including: DU network models and issues; DU resilience statistics, goals and risk triplets; critical load identification; renewable energy resource assessment; distributed energy resource planning; and distribution microgrid operation modeling and planning.
Integrated Flywheel Energy Storage Management SystemRoy Francis NaveaEnergyAmber Kinetics Philippines is an energy storage company that capitalizes on advanced flywheel technology providing competitively priced, safe and environmentally responsible multi-hour kinetic energy storage systems. The company envision to accelerate the global adaptation of energy storage systems by commercializing advanced and cost-disruptive flywheel technology to provide a lower cost and higher performing alternative to fossil fuel generation. Flywheel systems convert and store electrical energy in a rotating mass taking the advantage of unlimited daily cycling capability, high round-trip efficiency, zero capacity degradation and chemical reaction as compared to storage batteries. Amber’s core technology breakthrough is a low-cost, highly scalable rotor of functionally optimized material and construction. This construction allows for multi-cycling capability and ability to provide full power over the full stage of charge (SoC) range. De La Salle University, with the Science and Technology Complex in its Laguna Campus, made an industry-academe collaboration with Amber Kinetics in 2019. Part of this collaboration is the commissioning of 1MW / 4MWh designed for 125 M32 flywheel energy storage systems installed within the vicinity of the campus. This project aims to help the university decrease its electricity cost through reduced peak demand charges. In addition, this partnership will also establish a research and development center that will further enhance flywheel technologies in the Philippines. Initially, Amber Kinetics provided four (4) proprietary flywheel energy storage units to kickstart adapting the company’s technology for a more efficient and economical utilization of electricity within the campus.
Integration of Machine Learning Inference on Home Energy Storage System (HESS) to deliver long-term optimized self-consumption with low probability of power lossJabel Jay AbellaEnergyWe underscore the anomaly between the performance and financial aspect (techno-economic model) of existing solutions in the local market today has led to very low bankability of residential PV energy systems. Bankability or the likelihood that any technology will be funded relates to its quality, reliability and ability to deliver long-term profitability. The bankability barrier coupled with much weaker purchasing power of most Filipinos in the face of lacking regulatory and financial support is discerned as a key challenge towards commodification of PV energy systems to become regular household appliances. Techno Philippines Innovation Corporation and Edge-Systems Engineering Services jointly seek to foster collaboration with Holy Angel University to address the industry challenge from the vantage points of science and engineering by developing a bankable Home Energy Storage System (HESS). At the core of HESS is a uniquely clever Energy Management System (EMS) that runs machine-learning inference. The cost-effectiveness and profitability of such system is crucial to promoting grid-independence and market adoption. Thus, in order for it to be diffused widely for residential or small business use, it must be designed in order to achieve not only lower investment cost but also lower levelized cost of electricity. Lower LCOE can be achieved with a longer system's lifetime and a larger share of self-consumption that relies on the ratio between energy generation and consumption curve and the timely overlap of both. The process involves probabilistic estimation of highly-variable solar irradiation values affecting energy production and highly-dynamic consumption behavior. Artificial intelligence (AI) can be utilized to explore such variation in data, understand the underlying patterns and make cost-saving inferences. With advances in computer and software technologies present an opportunity to embed machine learning capabilities on HESS at a fraction of the cost.
Sample OnlyRodelyn LoboSample
Project 4. THz Spectroscopic Fingerprinting of Controlled Substances Relevant to Human Health and SecurityAlvin Karlo TapiaMaterial ScienceThe general objective of the project is to apply Terahertz Spectroscopy in illicit drugs detection in our country. This refers to illicit drugs detection and inspection especially in airports and water ports. It can also be extended to the detection of dangerous drugs in food stuff such as melamine, salmonella and marijuana and to characterize advance materials. The second objective of the project is to train and expose Filipino researchers in THz domain spectroscopy. THz photonics will be available in industry sooner. This project will be an initiative to introduced and trained Filipino researchers to THz technology so that upon wide commercialization of THz technology Filipinos are already knowledgeable and able to provide manpower for THz technology utilization.
Optimization of Decision Support System for Effective e-Governance (ODeSSEE) on Preemptive Evacuation for Flood Disaster amidst Covid-19 in Cagayan ValleyBetchie AguinaldoHuman Resource Development Cagayan Valley is considered as one of the regions that is highly susceptible to hydrometeorological hazards like rain-induced flood and landslides according to the Hazard Vulnerability Assessment results. Because of that, the Office of the Civil Defense region 02 (OCDR2), in their continuous pursuit for a zero-casualty proactive disaster response, has been motivated to capitalize scientific data that will serve as basis for their planning and decision making for disaster preparedness. However, responses to the emergencies brought by disasters became more complex since the advent of coronavirus pandemic. Even in addressing and managing the challenges of creating a preemptive evacuation plan for flood disaster has been difficult while keeping and securing health protocols for COVID-19.     In relation to that, intensive study showed that the existing evacuation centers for flood are also being used as COVID-19 quarantine facilities. It was also verified that the partner LGUs has no existing automated preemptive evacuation plan that consists of identified evacuation center integrating the COVID-19 affectations locations and quarantine facilities. LGUs and barangays has existing number of flood susceptible households but no existing database of household profile who requires immediate assistance for evacuation. Ultimately, the OCDR2 has no existing real-time application in monitoring the Local Disaster Risks Reduction Management actions of respective municipalities to have a basis on what extent of disaster response assistance can be provided.     To address the challenges of creating a preemptive evacuation plan for flood disaster, the Isabela State University is proposing the development of ODeSSEE for flood disaster integrating the Health Guard Ph application, currently being piloted in LGU Ilagan City. Health Guard Ph application is a community health information system that maintains database of COVID-19’s community profile in terms of location, status and capacity of quarantine facility, hospital and home quarantine, triage profile of individual, contact tracing generator, data dashboard and Covid-19 Zoning of OCDR2 that is being used as basis of LGU for declaring localized lockdown.     Overall, the project ODeSSEE aims to apply data-driven process in generating safe, unsafe and alternative evacuation areas for flood disaster while keeping the COVID-19 quarantine facilities and individuals uncompromised to prevent spread of the virus by combining profiling features of Health Guard Ph and zoning monitored by OCDR2.     
Development of Iloilo Province Employment Portal and Services (IPEPS) with Data AnalyticsYvette GonzalesHuman Resource DevelopmentThrough this project, a data-driven IPG-PESO electronic system will be created such that it shall have a dynamic monitoring of important data and parameters which can be accessed by companies, training providers and seekers. Ultimately, it is generated to improve the labor and employment services that the province is being provided.
Integrated Flood and Water Resources Management in ASEAN Basins for Sustainable DevelopmentOrlando BalderamaConstructionThe project aims to develop new innovative approaches and techniques for integrated flood, sediment and water resources management considering climate and land-use effects for the Cagayan river basin through knowledge and technology transfer from the Japanese partner. 
Harmonized Aerial Watch and Knowledge-based Survey (HAWKS)Jose Ildefonso RubricoArtificial IntelligenceProject HAWKS-ER is the aerial component of the ASIMOV program and will primarily conduct R&D towards the development of core technologies necessary for autonomous drone deployment. It is a three-year project which aims to develop autonomous drone technology with navigation, mapping, and object detection capabilities, allowing them to perform area scan and search with minimal human control. Autonomous navigation allows the drone to fly and avoid obstacles independently, while object detection allows the robot to identify features of interest on the ground. Furthermore, the drone is equipped with LiDAR data processing technology that produces maps for rescuers in near real-time using convolutional neural networks.The main motivation of the project is to allow for safer and more efficient search and recovery operations in disaster-hit areas. Instead of human responders, a team of autonomous drones can be deployed first to search for survivors and casualties while also mapping the affected area. The data gathered by the drones from scanning can then be used to plan how and where to efficiently and safely deploy the responders.The robot drones implemented with the technology that will be developed by the project are intended to serve as prototypes towards developing field-ready units for search and recovery missions.
Robot for Optimized and Autonomous Mission-Enhancement Responses (ROAMER)Peter Antonio BanzonArtificial IntelligenceProject ROAMER aims to develop autonomous mobile robot systems that will help in identifying and locating victims/casualties during disasters. Leveraging on state-of-the-art AI technologies, this project takes on the very challenging task of search and rescue (SAR) by employing AI-based methods for detecting humans and autonomous exploration and mapping of disaster-stricken areas. The mobile robots will be tagging the location of detected humans in the area and will relay this information to the command center for faster and more efficient response. All computations are done on the edge, as opposed to existing mobile robot systems that use fog and centralized computing; edge computing is more advantageous in terms of cost, scalability and flexibility in the overall system. The developed system aims to improve the efficiency of SAR operations and is envisioned to be a vital part of the disaster risk reduction and management program of the country.This project is geared towards advancing AI and robotics technologies applied in the field of SAR. A modular mobile robot system design will be developed to accommodate various payloads such as various sensing and control modules. In addition, different robot structures will be designed and built to fit with different environmental conditions. An object detection model tailored for disaster operations, specifically for human detection, will be developed in parallel with a learning-based control algorithm to achieve a faster and more efficient autonomous search and navigation. The overall system prototype will lay the groundwork for a holistic design for mobile robots in SAR applications.
CRADLE2020: Diachronic Representation and Linguistic Study of Filipino Word Senses Across Social and Digital Media ContextsBriane Paul SamsonArtificial IntelligenceThis project will generate and train diachronic representations of Filipino words and senses by creating a contextual representation of words and temporal multiplex networks from multiple sources of data that spans different  domains and time periods, which all be compiled into a Filipino WordNet. Historical emergence of polysemy will be analyzed, as well as the semantic shifts across social contexts and different digital media sources. Finally, the effectiveness and applicability of the new linguistic resources will be validated by training the Natural Language API of Senti AI with the diachronic embeddings and Filipino word representations to improve their services.
Nurturing Interest in STEM Among Filipino Learners Using MinecraftMa. Mercedes RodrigoCreative IndustriesThe project will make use of Minecraft to cultivate interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics among Filipino students. It leverages on Minecraft, specifically the project ?What-If Hypothetical Implementations in Minecraft? (WHIMC) from the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign.  This project has two main foundations:  the games for STEM education and the use of learning analytics to study learner affect and behavior. The project team will work with STEM teachers to integrate the use of WHIMC in their classes. As students use WHIMC, the system will collect data regarding their interactions with the system.  The project team will then analyze the data to arrive at insight regarding student behavior, affect, and achievement.
sample Only- For elevationRodelyn Lobo    Sample
Customer Focused DARIUS IIFrancisco III BarquillaInformation and Communications TechnologyDARIUS II Project shall focus on developing its customer-related features such as proposal submission and status tracking, project-related notifications, documentation, status reporting, monitoring and feedback. DARIUS II shall also provide cooperators linkage with equipment and service providers and access to information on DOST-assisted products. IMPRESSION, DARIUS’s platform, shall also be the central access of DOST RO customers to DOST RO online services such as DOST 6’s OneExpert, DOST 2’s OneStore, DOST 9’s OneLab, DOST-CALABARZON’s WATCH and other online services such as DOST-PHIVOLCS’s HazardHunter. DARIUS II shall also continue enhancement to internal process functions of IMPRESSION which were started in DARIUS I and continue with the population of its project database. The project shall also open its project database to DOST’s DPMIS to enable it to contribute to the department-wide project database that DPMIS is currently building.
Mathematical Resources for Distance Learning Utilizing Community LTE Networks andTelevision FrequenciesMa. Louise Antonette De Las PenasInformation and Communications TechnologyThe general objective of this project is to create mathematical resources for distance learning utlizing community LTE networks and television frequencies. Specifically, the two objectives are: i) to create mathematical resources in the form of self-contained learning packets (videos, mathematical applications (apps), offline materials including performance tasks) that will be made available through the Internet and local community LTE networks; and ii) to create interactive mathematical applications (apps) that can be navigated through a digital datacasting framework.
Development of Framework and Materials for Distance and Remote Learning via DatacastingRaymund SisonInformation and Communications TechnologyThis project aims to develop a framework for the design and delivery of lessons and learning materials for distance and remote learning via datacasting in the Philippine setting. The framework will be based on theories of distance education and online learning, taking into consideration Philippine realities and the new datacasting modality, which, even in the U.S., is still in the earliest stage of piloting in the education sector. Using the framework, lessons and learning materials for Grade-6 mathematics, English, and science will be designed, developed, and evaluated in an iterative manner. The lessons and materials development process will also overlap with the deployment and quasi-experimental and thematic-analytical evaluation processes.
Towards Leveling- up OneLab for Research, Development and InnovationRosemarie SalazarFood, Metals and EngineeringThe project is the bridging stage of OneLab in preparation for capacitating the laboratories of DOST in leveling- up its services through provision of relevant testing and calibration services and gearing towards research, development and innovation in the coming years. The need for shop- floor R&D for product development and product quality improvement was elicited from the 2020 survey conducted by DOST laboratories entitled: "Survey on Current and Future Needs of Laboratory Services of DOST". In this proposal, DOST laboratories shall continue to provide testing and calibration services to its customers while weaning- out some services that can be referred to Non- DOST OneLab members. The gradual weaning- out of selected services will allow the laboratories to focus and build capability for R&D and innovation activities. The project will continue to focus and build capability for R&D and innovation activities. The project will continue to strengthen its IT- based referral system for ease of referring samples to non- DOST network members as well as continue to recruit new members to expand OneLab's service offerings. The project shall also undertake activities to set the direction of DOST laboratories in the next 5- years. This will be spelled out in a roadmap, which is one of the deliverables, which shall look at strategies for sustainability, innovative resource generation and manpower tenure for analysts. This proposal will require 58 personnel comprised of laboratory analysts, IT and Project Management Office staff for the 22 DOST RSTL and RDI implementing agencies.
Test Only- For elevationRodelyn Lobo  Sample
Handum: The Design, Implementation, and Analysis of a Digital/Mobile Game-based Learning Tool for Primary and Secondary EducationledMario CarreonInformation and Communications TechnologyHandum leverages the advantage of mobile phone gaming to offer a learning experience that comes via exploration of an open-world environment. Major topics are divided into continents, while subtopics are divided into regions within that continent.  The topic discussion will take place in visitable sites in each region. A visitable site could be, for example, a tower. In that tower, students can explore the area floor by floor, talk to Non-Player Characters (NPC) for instructions, investigate artifacts to gather clues and other information, gather character items to customize their in-game appearance, solve puzzles and mini-games in order to progress to higher levels, and defeat a Boss character at the topmost level equipped with their newfound knowledge. The teacher can also receive a report on student performance as they play the game. Students can also form collaborative teams to compete with other teams through a scoreboard. The project will also include a study on the effectiveness of the application against traditional learning methodologies. 
PECTIN-CARRAGEENAN MIXTURES: High Precision Characterization of Hydrogel Heterogeneity Properties with Optical Tweezers and FESEM ImagingRommel Bacabac Material ScienceThe project will investigate the phase-separation and viscoelastic properties of the hydrogel mixtures of pectin and kappacarrageenan by imaging, using a recently purchased Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) system by USC, and will perform microrheology (developed in a recently concluded program by the proponent, “COILS, CELLS, & GELS”) and a conventional rheometry system using cone-and-plate rheometer (purchased in the proponent’s recently concluded project, “BINARY GELS”). Pectin powder from the Green Enviro Management System (GEMS), Inc., of USC and Carrageenan powder from the MCPI corporation will be further processed to prepare the hydrogels, using experimental tools to be developed in the proponent’s on-going CRADLE project, CR&De-L. The project will prototype a food-grade pectin-kappa carrageenan hydrogel mixture. Collaborative consultants on pectin and carrageenan preparation, and seaweed biology, will be provided by Evelyn Taboada and Paul Geraldino of USC, and Hyacinth N. Suarez of the Holy Name University. The extensive experience of the group of Prof. Shingo Matsukawa (Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan) on polysaccharides will also provide valuable expert advice.
ADMATEL Expansion Towards Long Term Competitiveness and Sustainability – Phase 2 : ADMATEL Geared for PHL Industry 4.0 (ADEX2)Araceli MonsadaMaterial ScienceThe proposed project intends to maximize utilization of recently expanded/enhanced capabilities of ADMATEL and upgrade its  current  systems and operations to continue our mission and ensure unimpeded services and interventions to our local industries, academe and other stakeholders.    Since its establishment,   ADMATEL has proven vital to the activities of many companies, non-profit organizations, government agencies, universities and students. Through ADMATEL: S&E companies were able to increase global competitiveness Companies from other industries (airconditioning, food packaging, medical, energy, photovoltaic, etc) also benefited from FA methods to solve problems in production National defense agencies, DENR, Sports Commission, and other government agencies became more strict in their purchasing process Research groups from universities published high-quality papers using ADMATEL data Students (from high school to PhD) graduated Grants to avail ADMATEL tests were created by PCIEERD, which produced publications and patents. The aggressive and persistent marketing efforts done in various modes, media and channels have remarkably reached considerably large market not only in the S&E but also in aerospace, automotive and engineering companies.   Since 2017, an increased  number  of students from various universities and schools availing the high end test services of   ADMATEL for their research papers.  Driven by the new emerging challenges, we will continue building our capabilities and be an active partner providing solutions  in the advancement of our local industries and academe.     
DOST-MOST: The Development of High-performance and Low-cost Membrane Electrode Assembly for Alkaline Fuel Cell Based on Ion/Electron Dual Conducting Catalyst LayersRichard EspirituMaterial ScienceThe proposed joint research project aims to develop an optimized procedure for low-cost preparation of anion exchange membranes, design a novel ion/electron dual conducting non-noble metal catalyst system and the subsequent application of the fabricated catalyst system to construct membrane electrode assembly exhibiting low ion/electron transmission loss. The research project involves the harnessing of the Philippines’ local cellulose resource into suitable fuel cell membrane precursors.  Exploiting the available and valuable irradiation facility that we have through the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI), this project proves to realize that synthesis of fuel cell membranes is possible in our country.  Aside from training and cultivating new talents and work force (e.g. undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and PNRI staff and trainees) in the field of polymer materials for energy applications, a possible patent or utility model can be also derived from this research undertaking.  This project will also provide capacity building for the University of the Philippines as a promising institution which boasts of robust research on renewal energy technologies and strong fusion with nuclear energy applications.  The synergistic collaboration with a highly-regarded university in China, a country that has a well-established fuel cell technology infrastructure, will be very beneficial to the Philippines as it ensures to further strengthen our research capability in the field of renewable and sustainable energy technologies.  Such enriched research capability will be instrumental in the development and subsequent implementation of locally viable fuel cell technology, which directly benefit our country by taking inspiration from the success of our Chinese counterpart.
Pilot Testing of Packaging Technology Developed for frozen Durian using Locally Produced Packaging MaterialsDaisy Tanafranca Fooda
PAVE-Prototype Automated Visual Survey EquipmentLea BronuelaConstructionThe Prototype Automated Visual Survey Equipment strides to improve the data gathering on road condition of Philippine pavements. This project will be divided into two different phases; development of equipment that can automatically defect the surface related defects, development of pavement index that can be used to characterize the condition of the road.  In the first phase of the study, camera attached to a vehicle will be used to capture images or video of pavement surface. Using image or video processing the types of defects such as cracks, potholes, scaling raveling etc. will be identify. It will also measure the length or are of defects, depending on the type of distresses. These data will be evaluated by the surveyor to fit the data needed by HDM-4.It will also explore the use of laser technology to capture the defects that cannot be detected by the camera. Depth related distresses such as faulting and rutting are the target of this equipment. Similarly, the data gathered by this equipment will eventually evaluated by the surveyor to fit the data needed by HDM-4. The second last phase of the study is the development of local pavement index that can rate the condition of the road. This will be based on inventory of road defects that was previously collected by DPWH, construction history, pavement structure, and other pavement related information. This pavement index can be used by the decision makers to optimize the appropriate maintenance and rehabilitation within a limited budget. 
Green Fiber-reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites as an Innovative Repair System for Earthquake-prone Historical BuildingsJason Maximino OngpengConstructionThis is in collaboration with National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) for the approval of methods and materials, including pilot project Department of Public Works and Highways Bureau of Research (DPWH BRS) for the recommendations and testing Technical University of Denmark (DTU- Civil Engineering) for the full size testing using reaction walls and other instrumentation not available in the Philippines
Natural Textiles as Innovative Formwork and Reinforcement for Freeform Concrete StructuresJulius LleanoConstructionThis project aims to fabricate free-form concrete architectural envelopes for facade panels and shell structure applications using naturally sourced textiles as reinforcement and formwork. It is motivated by increasing demand for green materials and energy-efficient systems in construction to appease the growing global awareness towards energy consumption and carbon footprint in production and operations. The reinforcement materials will be sourced from local farming communities. To ensure consistent and higher quality fibers, the project team will engage farming communities to disseminate best practices based on the knowledge-base of the PTRI. Plant parts are harvested, extracted, and transported to the PTRI where they will be processed using in-house fiber processing and textile production facilities. Raw materials will be transformed into textile products applicable as reinforcement forms like yarn mesh grids and nonwovens. The matrix, cementitious material, and additives will be optimized to promote fiber-cement adhesion and concrete stability. The workability of this mixture with loose fibers will be investigated for shotcrete applications. Innovative manufacturing technologies will be adopted to produce composites with natural fiber-based textile materials as reinforcements. The tensile, flexural, and flammability performance of these samples will be evaluated after sufficient curing and after accelerated aging. Finally, an array of prototype products ranging from small panels to large-scale structures will be developed. For product design and path to market, the project plans to collaborate with architectural firms having strong green initiatives like Liza Crespo Ecotecture. Public parks development and/or government housing projects will be looked into as potential pilot-scale demonstrations. Due to their inherent renewability and significantly less environmental impact of production, natural fibers are a sustainable replacement for traditional materials. The project also brings commercial benefits by offering project cost savings from cheaper materials, shorter construction periods, less material usage, and fuel savings in transport.
Natural Fiber-based Technical Textiles for Smart Indoor InstallationsJenneli CayaConstructionThis project brings to fore the potential of Philippine derived natural textile fibers specifically developed and designed for the construction industry. It will highlight the ability of natural fiber-blended nonwoven to form composite nonwoven material as insulating and barrier construction materials for residential or commercial applications. The project will actively engage fiber producers from the regions and bring the fibers from their location to the processing plant of the PTRI. Utilizing and upgrading PTRI’s nonwoven facilities the natural textile fibers sourced from the provinces will be treated and converted to a material suitable for the construction industry by tuning process parameters and material composition. The nonwoven textile materials produced in the lab-scale will be thoroughly tested following protocols as guided by international standards in nonwoven products for proper assessment and evaluation. A private and commercial nonwoven production facility will be tapped to produce the nonwoven material in a larger scale. A prototype construction materials will then be developed and designed in consultation with partner real estate builder and developer, civil and architectural forms, and/or organization. 
Optimization of the GeoRiskPH Integrated System through Risk Assessments, Site Suitability Models and 3D Visualizations to Aid Policy and Decision-Making (3D Earth Risk)Mabelline CahuloganConstruction3D Earth Risk endeavors to optimize the use of the GeoRiskPH Integrated System, which contains hazards, vulnerability and exposure information for suitability models and risk assessments. In this project, we seek to generate use cases where we can, in any way, contribute to help firm up the Global Risk Assessment Framework (GRAF), which the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction is developing. We further envision to generate user-sensitive products, which may include 3D models, policy maps, web and mobile applications, in order to bring results of analyses and collected information to other researchers, to government officials and Local Government Units, helping them in various endeavors for the mitigation of risk in the Philippines. 3D Earth Risk seeks to integrate 3D visualizations into existing collector and analytical platforms of GeoRiskPH so that government agencies and Local Government Units may still be able to access 3D tools for free. 3D Earth Risk may be contributing to the Science Pathway of GRAF, identifying gaps and developing models, applying technologies to make risk valuation relevant to the ever-growing demands of the time. We continue the work initiated by GeoRisk Philippines in standardizing information in the database, now focusing on putting standards to building footprints and borehole data. Choosing Manila City as a study area, we would seek to analyze the surface and subsurface conditions of the site, and apply methodologies in risk assessments that would be formulated in this project.  In the end, we endeavor to institutionalize the use of tools that would help key government agencies generate suitability models to help them identify suitable sites for construction of government facilities and projects related to housing. Through the 3D Earth Risk, we continue to strive to affect all the four pillars of the Philippine Development Plan (PDP).
Philippine Comprehensive Nationwide Construction Resources Technical Evaluation (Philippine CoNCReTE)Richard YbanezConstructionTwo important aspects of concrete durability are workmanship and quality of raw materials utilized. These can be evaluated by applying concrete petrography, the study of hardened concrete and related products under a microscope to determine the raw material composition of concrete, as well as the quality of its microstructure such as presence of various forms of deterioration. As of 2020, there are only two known laboratories in the Philippines: one in UP-NIGS and another in DPWH-BRS. DOST-PCIEERD funded a two-year program on the evaluation of hardened concrete and concrete raw materials from critical infrastructure in Metro Manila. The first year of its implementation yielded results on the various forms of deterioration of critical infrastructure in Metro Manila, and specific raw materials that can cause such. These results, however, are mostly indicative of concrete problems in the Philippines as they represent only a small part of the country. The CoNCReTE Project aims to implement nationwide assessment and evaluation of concrete taken from government structures and concrete raw materials being used for construction projects in various regions in the country. The implementation includes detailed capacity building in DPWH Regional Offices, and training from experienced petrographers and specialized staff. A total of 320 select government structures, 120 aggregates sources, 5 cement brands, and 5 additives sources from selected areas nationwide will be evaluated using concrete petrography and related techniques. Among the target beneficiaries of the CoNCReTE Project are the local government units and the construction sector. The public will benefit from the assurance of safer public structures.
Establishment of DOST Food Safety Web ApplicationFrancisco III BarquillaFood The project “Establishment of DOST Food Safety Web Application” aims to establish a common platform of food safety information through the development of a website that will serve as portal for projects, researches, trainings, consultancy services, and experts databases related to food safety. The project will involve consultation workshops with partner agencies to be able to identify the existing data, recommended features and processes, system requirements and data acquisition and consolidation strategies. The web application was planned to have different accessibilities for internal and external users. Initially, it will have menus for R&D; Trainings and Consultancy Services; Laboratory Testing Services; Risk Management; Resources or Downloadable; Links to other agencies; and, Updates. This project is expected to increase public awareness on food safety and improve consumer’s confidence on locally-produced food products. Also, it is expected to improve adoption, utilization, or commercialization of research outputs or generated technologies.
Development of Fiber-Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete (SFRSCC) for corrosion reductionStephen John ClementeConstructionThe project being proposed is intended to address the lack of advance concrete that can prolong the serviceability of reinforced concrete structures exposed to chloride rich environment such as ports bridges, etc. This research test different fibers both natural and waste-derived fibers such steel trimming, tires, and PET bottles strips. A fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete will be developed which is in theory, durable and can withstand the development of cracks due to the formation of corrosion. The project will run for two year, the first year is devoted to laboratory scale experiments, gathering of materials, and modeling. The second year will be the full-scale testing. The full-scale test will be develop in the province of Occidental Mindoro and will be implimented to a port area.  This project was proposed in partnership with the FEU Institute of Technology, De La Salle university, PTRI-DOST, DPWH-BRS, Private Construction Firm and DOST-PCIEERD. 
Survey of Heatwaves in the Philippine Seas (SHIPS)Brisneve EdullantesDisaster MitigationProject SHIPS will examine the development of discrete and prolonged events of abnormally high temperature in the Philippine seas. These events are called marine heatwaves (MHWs) that remained understudied despite their potential impacts to the society, environment, and economy of the Philippines. Hence, the main goal of the project is to improve our scientific understanding of how MHWs develop in the entire Philippines and to develop models for assessment and prediction of their distribution in the selected coastal waters. The application of these predictive models will enhance our strategies for disaster risk reduction and for management and conservation of marine ecosystems to improve the Philippines capacity in attaining the UN Sustainable Development Goals 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), 13 (Climate Action), and 14 (Life Below Water). As a cyclone-prone country, the Philippines will benefit from the inclusion of MHW assessment in the climate forecasting models to improve our strategies for disaster risk reduction, making our nation more habitable. As the center of marine biodiversity and as a fisheries-dependent nation, the Philippines will also benefit from the critical information that MHW assessment and prediction can provide, which are useful as guidance for marine conservation and fisheries management, contributing to national economic development by improving our efforts to mitigate the impacts of warming.  Project SHIPS is a two-year project to be implemented by the University of the Philippines Cebu in collaboration with experts from the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (MSI). The project will focus on the nationwide assessment of MHWs in the first year of implementation. On the other hand, the development of predictive models and tools to be used by the beneficiaries will be implemented in the second year of the project. 
Nanocellulose Self-Disinfecting (NACS) Filter: R & D Validation of an Innovative Low-Cost Nanotech-based Face MasksRey CapangpanganMaterial Science, NanotechnologyIn light of this, a concept to synthesize nanocellulose films from existing raw materials (banana leaf, water hyacinth, rice husk, etc.) and make it as an insert material for the ordinary cloth face masks are presented. While existing face masks are washable, these nanocellulose films are reusable since it will just serve as a secondary filter and will not directly touch the user’s face. Also, through innovations, the said filter will be designed to be a self-cleaning filter that exhibits an antiviral and antibacterial property that can kill any microorganisms that can be trapped in the filter. The process of fabrication will begin at the (1) collection of raw materials, (2) cleaning, drying, and milling, (3) chemical treatment which includes bleach, alkali, sulphuric acid treatment, and hydrolyzation, (3) integration of an antiviral/antibacterial agent into the extracted nanocellulose, and finally (4) filmcasting of the NC solution to form a film. In this work, a layer deposition method facilitated by vacuum filtration to prepare ultrafiltration membranes with filter paper (FP) as a support membrane and nanocellulose (NC) as a surface-barrier layer will be adopted. This proposed method can be used to prepare inexpensive NC/FP composite filtration membranes with a simple production process to give materials with excellent performance abilities. There is great potential for the application of these methods and materials in the preparation of ultrafiltration (UF) membranes. The obtained film will be readily used as an insertion filter for the existing cloth mask. There have been several published papers showing the feasibility of nanocellulose as a promising material for air filtration. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no existing commercialized air filter that is specially composed of nanocellulose or its derivatives, particularly in the Philippines. This might be due to some limitations of nanocellulose, such as its difficulty for mass production and the tedious chemical treatment process. These challenges, however, will be primarily addressed in this current work. 
Colorimetric and Performance Standardization of NatDyes Produced in Various NatDyes Hubs in the PhilippinesJulius LleanoInformation and Communications Technology, ProcessThe project aims to support the natural dye plant farmers and the communities extracting and converting this plant into natural powders (indigo) specifically in areas of Occidental Mindoro, Aklan, Negros, Abra, Aurora at Quezon province. The project will create grading and evaluation/certification protocols that would regulate natural dye products (powder and natural dyed textile materials). It will involve the systematic assessment of the potential and performance of these dyes and its conformity to a given set of standards for said applications. This specific project includes the sampling, extraction, and purification of extract for textile applications, alternative methodologies on dyeing application, and analyses will also be explored. Machine development will also be conducted to increase natural dyeing productivity and product consistency. The digitalization of the evaluation will also aid in establishing the colorimetric range per location that will aid in the grading and product declaration.   The natural indigo plant will be the baseline colorant for the development of testing and evaluation protocol. Followed by the other natural colorants that will take off and build upon the physico-chemical, toxicity and colorimetric data of the Commercial Scale Verification of Natural Dyes for Textile project under the Natural Dyes and Colorants R&D program Phase I. Priority Philippine natural dye sources spectral fingerprinting will be established which will be used as library in screening/regulating natural dyes sources produced in the country.   This project envisions to put "value" into the natural dye supply chain, necessitating the increased cultivation of these dye plants thereby offering premium products that would give opportunities not just in gathering or planting natural yielding materials but also in converting it into products, spurring economic activities in the countryside while ensuring that safer color sources are used in these industries.
Non-Woven Lignocellulosic Fibers for Industrial and Automotive TextilesJulius Leano Jr.Information and Communications Technology, Processa  
Development of Nonwoven Finishing Technologies toward Vegan LeatherZailla PayagInformation and Communications Technology, Processa
Scale-up Production, Stability and Other Applications of Natural Colorants for CosmeticsRosalinda TorresFood, ProcessInterest in the use of natural colorants has been growing rapidly due to the result of stringent environmental standards imposed by many countries in response to toxic and allergic reactions associated with synthetic dyes. Alongside the increasing awareness on natural colorants is the tremendous growth of global demand for organic personal care products. Products with natural colorants, which are obtained from plants, animals, microbial organisms and minerals, are deemed by consumers to be healthier, safer, and environmental-friendly. However, production and application of natural pigments encounter several problems, such as the use of large amounts of raw materials, higher concentration to produce desired color, and lower stability. Several factors greatly affect the stability of the pigments, subsequently leading to a loss in color and functional properties. In this project, microencapsulation though spray drying will be done to protect sensitive constituents such as natural pigments from the external environment. This technology is a low-cost, scaleable and consistent technique, with significant time/cost savings. Scaling-up of the production will be also be performed to increase product yield while also maintaining or improving the desired product attributes across scales. The resulting colorants from beet root, blue pea, and dragon fruit will then be applied in the cosmetic formulation, such as hair dye, shampoo, and handwash.
Development of a GAmma Computed Tomography Imaging Device for Industrial Applications (GAIA)Vallerie Ann SamsonPhotonicsWe propose here an imaging technique that uses the concept of computed tomography coupled with a gamma-ray source (gamma-CT) for assessing the degree of scaling in geothermal system pipes and surface installations. This project aims to build a prototype of a gamma-CT imaging equipment that is portable enough to be carried in field/on-site measurements and with 3D visualization capabilities that will be pilot-tested by the Energy Development Corporation for assessing pipe scales in their geothermal sites. The project aims to accomplish the following specific objectives: To design, fabricate and assemble a gamma-ray computed tomography electromechanical pipe scanning gantry with a 3rd axis manipulation To develop an automatic data acquisition and control system for the scanner To develop an image reconstruction software To optimize equipment, parameters and procedures for scanning for the intended use of the geothermal power plant. The project will be implemented in three phases to accomplish the specific objectives. The total cost of the project is <4,995,628.60. It will be employing three (3) contractual personnel to devote 100% of their time on the project with one (1) project assistant. Three PNRI personnel will be devoting 20-30% of their time to the project.   
“Waste to Wealth”: Value-Adding Approaches to Transform Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) Pod Husk Towards Economic DevelopmentPerlita RaymundoMining and Minerals, Process, FoodThis study willl be conducted to produce CPH flour and the latter will be used in the development of several bakery food products, feed supplement fpr chicken broiler, compost organic fertilizer and bio-pesticide.  Recognizing the bioactive compounds content of the CPH may lead to development of a profitable commodity and subsequently this could improved the livelihood of farmers resulting to increase income, thus promoting economic development. Conversion of CPH to high-value-added products such as ingredients for food, feed organic fertilizer and biopesticides uses is a potential approach to maintain the sustainability of cacao production enabling to mitigate climate change and poverty alleviation. The resources is getting scarce, it is imperative to develop/improve clean sustainable technologies that are easy to process, cost-effective and environmentally friendly, to convert CPH into value-added products. This project aimes to evaluate the value-added potential of cacao pod husk as food, feed, organic compost fertilizer.    
DEVELOPING THE CAPABILITY OF MICRO- AND SMALL-SCALE PROCESSORS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF QUALITY FOOD PRODUCTS FROM PHILIPPINE COCOA BEANSMa. Dolor VillasenorMining and Minerals, ProcessProject is in support of the request of cacao processors as a result of  the focus group discussion initiated by DOST thru PCIEERD. Of the several R&D initiatives identified, four of these are the focus of the proposed project. Study 1 will develop the protocol for evaluating the sensory properties of cocoa beans, tablea and cocoa powder, and eventually define the flavor character of local bean varieties. As an example, the Ecuador National/Arriba bean variety is described as aromatic, floral, spicy and green while the Ghana beans, strong basic cocoa with fruity notes. Each bean variety has a unique potential flavor character but the growing conditions contributes to variations in the formation of the final flavor. Tablea, with its rich chocolate flavor, will be utilized as raw material for chocolate beverage and fine chocolate in Study 2. In beverage, it is envisioned as possible replacement to cocoa powder, commonly used by commissaries of well-known fast food chains in their hot chocolate normally served together with their breakfast meals. In addition, the basic formulations and processes for fine chocolate that complies with industry standard, in terms of particle size, will also be developed using equipment that fits current production capacity of local producers. Determining  the changes in the properties of dried cocoa beans during storage and its effect on the quality and sensory properties of resulting roasted cocoa nibs and tablea is the coverage of Study 3. Study 4 is an exploratory research to utilize separated cocoa shells as source of natural colorants for food and nonfood applications, and the off-size cocoa beans  as source of absolute cocoa oil for aromatheraphy. The technologies, if feasible, would be an additional revenue for smallholders, particularly, the women in the group.
Value-Added Product from Fruit Processing Wastes: Acetic Acid for Potential Industrial ApplicationDominica DaceraMining and Minerals, Processa
Influence of surface and subsurface processes in karst degradation and its impacts on sustainable tourismAntonio ApostolMining and Minerals, Disaster MitigationThe Mines and Geosciences Bureau, under the National Geohazard Mapping and Assessment Program, has started the Karst Subsidence Hazard Assessment in areas damaged by the M7.2 Bohol Earthquake in 2013. Since then, MGB has been conducting karst subsidence susceptibility  assessment in selected cities/municipalities using geomorphological and geophysical techniques. This activity is focused on the karst-related hazards and identification of vulnerable communities. However, hazard is just one of several factors to be considered in karst management. This project aims to employ holistic approach of geomorphology, hydrogeology and limestone characterization in quantifying the influence of surface and subsurface processes in karst degradation. This will focus on karstic tourist destinations of Boracay Island (Aklan), El Nido (Palawan) and Siargao Island (Surigao del Norte). Recently, these areas are hot topic of controversy because of environmental degradation caused by mismanagement. This could be partly attributed to the lack of knowledge on karst terrain and how our activities affect the natural ecosystems in the area. Field mapping survey, which includes on-site assessment, geophysical survey and geomorphological inventories, will be carried out. Necessary laboratory analyses will further deepen our knowledge in the microscopic structures, the absolute depositional ages of limestone units and hydrochemical tracers in surface and subsurface waters. These information are vital to evaluate the surface-subsurface connectivity of different karst processes. Synthesis of data will allow us to delineate critical areas for tourism developement. A series of IEC activities with LGUs and local communities will be conducted to establish a partnership and to come up with a sustainable tourism management plan for karst terrain. 
Integrated Characterization, Quantitative Assessment, and Statistical Modelling for geologic hazards in Karst landscapes in the Philippines: Input to Management Plans for sustainable tourismLiza Socorro ManzanoFood, Disaster MitigationThis project highlights the need to develop robust methodologies that tackle geological hazard assessments and the importance of establishing magnitude-frequency relationships between hazard occurrence and their respective triggering mechanisms such as earthquakes and rainfall. In order to achieve it's objectives, the project prioritizes three areas that are of considerable touristic importance. With the emergence of high tourism activities in these areas, multidisciplinary studies on such sites are essential in order to have an in-depth understanding on the different processes that affect these landscapes and, consequently, appropriately manage further karst environment degradation. These sites namely, Boracay Island in Malay, Aklan, El Nido in Palawan, and the Municipalities of General Luna, Del Carmen, and Pilar in Siargao Island, Surigao del Norte were pre-identified based on the extensive limestone occurrence in these areas, the available data from previous MGB surveys, and the differences in their geologic ages and tectonic characters. Streamlining and updating of mass movement hazard inventories, structural and geomorphological mapping, statistical analysis, flood and landslide model calibration, process and field validation will be conducted to ensure utmost scientific reliability during implementation. Results of the project will contribute to an in-depth and objective understanding of hazard occurrences within karst environments in the country. Lastly, information education campaigns will be done in order to promote awareness on this type of landscape and the impacts of karst hazards.
Helmet-Integrated Medium-Range IR Thermal ScannerRomulo OlaliaArtificial Intelligence, Electronics Technology, Information and Communications TechnologyThis project was conceptualized with the intention to monitor the body temperature of the common public using a wearable technology, specifically a helmet, integrated with a medium-ranged thermal scanner. A 23-feet range IR thermal scanner will be attached to the outer right side of the helmet to monitor the temperature in a distance. This thermal scanner will be connected to an open-source electronic prototyping board that will process the image and will be displayed on an LCD display attached at the right front eye of the helmet. This will make the thermal scanning of front liners during a health crisis, like COVID-19, distant, and mobile. It will not only make the job done faster but safer than using a clinical forehead scanner. This can be implemented and used in malls, streets, schools, markets, and other strategic places where people usually go and spend time. This project answers the problem of non-observance of minimum health standards set by the Department of Health using forehead thermal scanners by some front liners.
Developing a Prototype Ballast Water Management System (BWMS)Benjamin VallejoEnvironmentCompliance to the BWMC requires all ships by 2028 to have ballast water treatment systems compliant to the IMO D1 and D2 standard. The research problem is to build a prototype Ballast Water Management System (BWMS) compliant to the IMO D2 standards. The initial design will employ a filtration process and heating of ballast water using pasteurization methods by diesel burner to kill all the unwanted organisms before de-ballasting. A cooling system using a heat exchanger will also be used to minimize thermal pollution in the ocean. The technology will also include supplemental UV treatment.
Development and Field Testing of Retort Foods as Food Ration for Men in Uniform during Combat and High Risk OperationsFloridel LoberianoFoodThe proposed project “Development and Field Testing of Retort Foods as Food Ration for Men in Uniform during Combat and High Risk Operations” is expected to make a significant impact on the life of soldiers specifically those assigned in combat and high risk operations.  The RTE foods that will be developed will take into consideration factors such as nutritional requirements of soldier, easy of handling and opening, taste and convenience.  It is also expected that the result of the proposed project will be beneficial to the men in uniform or uniformed personnel like the Philippine Army, Philippine National Police and all the Filipino soldiers in general.  The project will also serve as an initial step in improving the quality of MRE foods for those involved in combat and disaster operations.
Leveling-up of Quezon's Bagsakan Center Agri-Processing Facilities through Adoption of the Smart Food Value Chain FrameworkEmelita BagsitFoodThe DOST Smart Food Value Chain ultimately aims to provide a sustainable food value chain for all. This includes having food security with sufficient, safe and nutritious food starting from production to consumption. A good Supply Chain Management is an important key in ensuring this will be achieved. Factors such as Food Safety and Quality Control along with Waste Management, Human Resources Development and Resources Management System also plays pivotal role in establishing food security for everyone. The project “Leveling-up of Quezon's Bagsakan Center Agri-Processing Facilities through Adoption of the Smart Food Value Chain Framework”, aims to enhance the processing capability of the facility as value addition to their existing business. Adoption of SARAI technologies and other existing Agri-Production technologies to be used in production of target raw materials will be showcased through their farmer members. This also includes planting scheduling to ensure sustained supplies at a reasonable cost. The existing food processing facility of the Sentrong Pamilihan for Pancit Canton Noodles with Squash is a result of their adoption of the DOST FNRI technology on Squash Processing. Now, through the project, the DOST CALABARZON aims to expand their facilities by adding more value to the farmers’ produce which also aims to eliminate food wastage during times of oversupply through the adoption of the vacuum frying technology. Vacuum frying is defined as a developed method of conventional frying method under low pressure and low temperature, which improve the quality attributes of fried food products. For this project, the following vegetables are targeted to be processed through vacuum frying technology: Ladies’ fingers (Okra), Taro, Pumpkin, Banana, Jackfruit, and Sweet Potato. At present, the SPPAQFI are operating on a 24/7 basis and are handling an estimated 100 tons of vegetables and fruits daily. Of these, 15-25 tons come from an average of 40 to 60 vegetable farmer-members. There are about 600 active farmer-members who deliver marketable quantities to the SPPAQFI. The balance of 75-85 tons come from some non-member producers and about 100 traders/buyers who participate in the daily transactions at the trading post. Stated below is a summary of the volume of the produce received from the farmers per year: YEAR VOLUME (kg) 2015 4,377,665.85 2016 4,367,950.79 2017 3,864,957.59 2018 4,655,673.25 2019 6,612,290.46 2020 (as of July 31, 2020) 3,148,501.82 TOTAL 27,027,039.76
Adulteration Detection and Fingerprinting of Philippine Honey Using Stable Isotopes (Phase 2)Angel BautistaFoodPhase 2 of the Honey Isotopes Project will: Conduct honey adulteration survey in the Philippine Market Expand coverage of honey fingerprinting of bee species and geographical origins using bulk stable isotope, multi-elemental, and multivariate statistical analysis Conduct a feasibility study for the establishment of the National Isotopes Center – Food Authenticity Laboratory (NIC-FAL), including detailed design and estimates of the facility Convene a national forum, engaging the local honey industry and relevant regulatory agencies (i.e., FDA, DA-BAI, DA-BAFS) to tackle the problem of honey adulteration and fraud in the country
Tracing the Geographic Origin of Philippine Carabao Mango Through ChemoIsotopic FingerprintingGerald DicenFoodThis project will develop and employ stable isotope analysis to analytically discriminate the geographical origin of mangoes sold in the local market or readied for export. This will establish is the traceability of Philippine carabao mangoes in the local market. In particular, the project will: Provide chemo-isotopic benchmark data on different carabao mango strains from different locations in the country; Match the chemoisotopic data of carabao mangoes in local markets with their declared origin; and Develop a foolproof verification process for GI scheme adaptation to ensure that users of the GI comply with geographical requirements.
Stable Isotope and Multi-Elemental Profiling of Coffee and Cacao Beans in the Philippines by IRMS and XRF for Origin IdentificationEmmanuel GarciaFoodIn this project, the stable isotope profiles (carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen) and multi-elemental content of coffee and cacao beans will be determined using IRMS and XRF, respectively. Group trends and outliers within the dataset will be visualized using multivariate analysis by PCA. Partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) will be used to develop a determination method for origin mapping for cocoa. To date, there is no data on the isotopic and multi-elemental composition of coffee and cacao beans in the Philippines which lead to this study. However, 2 sets of trial analyses have been conducted in 2018 involving 12 coffee bean samples and 5 cacao bean samples respectively. For the trial analysis of coffee beans, principal component analysis of the obtained dataset showed significant correlations between the coffee variety, total carbon, total nitrogen, ?13C, and ?15N. Also, variations can be linked to the factors present on the origin of coffee beans such as temperature, amount of rainfall, latitude, soil moisture, and altitude. On the other hand, for the cacao bean samples, initial results between ?13C and ?15N may be correlated to the difference in variety, however, due to the small sample size, the results might not be conclusive.
Upgrading the Capability of Existing Distribution Centers /Trading Posts in the Delivery of Fresh and Semi-Processed Agricultural Products in the Supply Chain: Focusing on Packaging Technology and LogisticsDaisy Tanafranca FoodNo specific description stated.
HUNDRED ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART TOURISM - resubmittedPaul Andrew RoaHuman Resource DevelopmentThe proposed Hundred Island National Park Management System with Real-Time Motorized Banca Geolocation will be and implementation of Smart Tourism that provides a solution to the problems faced by the Alaminos Tourism Office when it comes to the management of the HINP and the queuing, rental and tracking of motorized banca that is used in the HINP, the system will also provide data and generate reports that can be utilize by the Local Government Unit of Alaminos and the Alaminos Tourism Office in policy implementation and decision making in regards to the management of the HINP.  
Development of Urdaneta City Bagsakan Market Tariff Information SystemsRichard Myrick ArellagaHuman Resource DevelopmentThe project is based on a Software as a Service platform with accompanying hardware. To implement a cashless and contactless system, the hardware is based on radio frequency identification technologies and quick response codes. The integration of both technologies allows tech savvy and non tech savvy users to use the system specially eldery traders. The hardware will be designed to be portable so that employees can go everywhere within the vicinity of the market. All the data will be processed on a hybrid on premise and cloud based backend. Payments will be processed by a third party payment gateway in order to support many options. The project maximizes the profit of the city by eliminating the problem of non equal number of tickets sold and collection.
Prescriptive Navigation through Vision-based Traffic Monitoring for City of San Fernando, La UnionSheena SapuayTransportation, Human Resource DevelopmentPrescriptive Navigation through Vision-based Traffic Monitoring is the initial and one of the phases of the Smart Mobility project. It will include the development of web-based application that will serve as the core system. The core system contains the registry of roads and routes, and their conditions, real-time traffic monitoring using CCTV cameras and a traffic data analyzer implementing a pre-trained model that will determine current and predicted traffic congestion. The navigation app is connected to this traffic monitoring system and informs the app users of road and route conditions and prescribes routes and alternatives in real-time.
Dagupan City Garbage Monitoring SystemFebrey LamsenHuman Resource DevelopmentThis project will focus on building a systematic garbage collection and transport supportive to the waste management system of the City.  The transportation of waste is one of the major problems in the implementation of waste management because of the bulk of the material being transported. The project aims to address this problem by designing a waste bin that automatically compacts the garbage or waste into specific configurations to reduce its volume and for easy and organized disposal.A monitoring system will be integrated in the project that will receive notifications from the smart bins. Each bin will send data to the system which will consist of the location of the bin as well as the date and time. The system will be designed to collect these data and automatically generate reports on the number of bins collected on a certain location in a weekly or monthly period. The generated data will then be used for drafting possible projects or solutions for the waste management of the city. In addition, the bin will also notify via SMS the waste personnel for the collection of the trashes. The system will not only help reduce the volumes of generated waste products collected but also reduce the frequency of collection, the operational cost of waste collection and the number of waste products hauled in landfills. Moreover, the data generated with the SMS notification can serve as inputs in the waste management planning of the city.
Developing a Sustainable pathway for the Philippine Nickel sector (SusNi)Romell SeronayMining and MineralsBGS in UK and CSU in the Philippines will collaborate to develop a large grant proposal. The core of this project is a Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) for attaining the sustainable development goal of producing “clean nickel”. This tool will ensure environmental and social sustainability and highlight any likely significant effects of plans, policies, and programs in the region. This five-month project aims to review the initial research questions raised about the direction of developing a sustainable pathway to “clean nickel” production through stakeholder consultations and a review of existing data. This partnership and project development proposal focuses on creating an interdisciplinary understanding of mining in the Philippines, the interactions between the key players and stakeholders, the perception of current mining practices in the local community, and the impacts on the environment. Given the current pandemic restrictions, key stakeholders in the Philippines and other international companies will be invited to share their experience and practices through virtual meetings, online workshops and face-to-face forums. These activities will pinpoint strengths and weaknesses in the currently available data and identifying gaps in knowledge and expertise needed to develop the larger grant.
Philippine mining at the national to catchment scale: from legacy impacts to sustainable futuresDecibel Faustino-eslavaMining and MineralsOur vision is to establish a fast-responding, interdisciplinary network of researchers, practitioners and policy makers to develop a strategic large grant proposal focused on Themes 2 (legacy mining) and 3 (fate, transport and impact of contaminants). This project takes a catchment-based approach, at both national and regional scales, to determine legacy mining impacts on Philippine catchments, and will use this knowledge to develop sustainable mining futures. Our approach is collaborative, with academic, government, industry and community partners working together to deliver improvements and to protect fluvial environments from future negative environmental impacts due to contamination.  We adopt a system (i.e. catchment) approach that is innovative in the Philippines to understand the fate, transport and impact of contaminants (theme 3) from legacy mining (theme 2), to identify rehabilitation opportunities and to enable sustainable mining futures in a climate change context. We draw together a gender balanced network of experts that have the capacity to plan and undertake a large grant. Through professionally facilitated workshops and a real(PH)/virtual(UK) fieldtrip we have infrastructure to build strong partnerships and expand the PP network.
Resilient Education Information Infrastructure for the New NormalPeter Antonio BanzonInformation and Communications TechnologyThe Resilient Education Information Infrastructure for the New Normal project proposes a collective approach in ensuring the continuity of learning during this time of pandemic and in addressing the challenges brought about by the digital divide. The first intervention, LokaLTE, serves as a technology demonstrator to motivate relevant spectrum policy reform and to empower community cellular networks in the Philippines. The trial deployments of LokaLTE will also allow us to study how LTE technology impacts service provision and subscriber behavior, particularly in the rural unserved and underserved areas, and to formulate a model that can be adopted in other areas of the country. The second intervention, RuralCasting, exploits the use of data broadcasting mechanisms through both digital TV (terrestrial segment) and Low-Earth Orbit satellites (space segment) in distributing educational resource materials in remote communities and in providing educational interactive applications. While RuralCasting is not a direct substitute to the Internet, it provides a viable means of delivering learning resource materials in far-flung areas and enhancing the learning experience of students.  
Speciation and Isotopic Characterization of Mercury in Sediments in Honda Bay and Puerto Princesa Bay, PalawanJessie SamaniegoMining and MineralsHonda Bay is a fishing and tourism area in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan. The Honda Bay coast is 3 km east of the abandoned mercury mine that was ceased operation in 1976. Soil and sediment in the mine vicinity, mostly unvegetated, still have high concentration of Hg and continuously undergo volatilization of Hg to the atmosphere. Soil erosion in the area are in continuous occurrence because of its bare and unvegetated stockpile of mine waste calcines. Transport of suspended soil particles from mine area is conveyed Tagburos River which drain and deposited to Honda Bay. The proposed project will characterize the mercury species and mercury stable isotope signatures of the sediment in Honda Bay to determine its toxicity, bioavailability, and mobility in the local environment. Sediment core samples will be collected to analyze the vertical and horizontal profiles of Hg concentration and ultimately estimating the approximate total Hg in the Honda Bay sediment. Results of Hg stable isotopes will be used to prove that Hg pollution from a historic source is responsible for current day Hg in sediments, and that Hg from the contaminated sediments are entering the food chain. The project will develop a simple and cost-effective process of analyzing total mercury and mercury species from different environmental samples. The output of the process developed can be readily used by MGB and other agencies that are doing mine rehabilitation in PQMI area. The process will expedite the need of MGB to determine the mercury species present in PQMI area and in the marine sediments of Honda Bay. 
A Framework for the Sustainable Development of Marine Mineral Resources in the Philippines.Ludwig PascualMining and MineralsThe project “A Framework for the Sustainable Development of Marine Mineral Resources in the Philippines” is being proposed for funding under the 5-month Partnership and Project Development (PPD) Grant and the subsequent 36-month Strategic Large Grant. The first 5-months activities will consist of a series of collaborative (mostly virtual) meetings and workshops with the research group counterparts from the University of Plymouth of the United Kingdom and with other stakeholder groups (both local and international) to expound on, prioritize and plan for the activities deemed required for the subsequent 36-month large grant research project.  The larger subsequent project will produce the most appropriate framework(s) to assure that scientific and evidence-based solutions and policies exist to effectively counter or mitigate environmental, technical, social, and economic risks resulting from marine mineral development activities, as partially listed above.
PROMT: Philippines Remediation of Mine TailingsCarlo ArcillaMining and MineralsThe project activities will be done by a team of interdisciplinary Philippine and UK researchers and industrial partners to build an innovative research programme addressing research themes 1 (Novel technologies for the sustainable extraction and understanding of mineral deposition in the Philippines) and theme 2 (Mine tailings including resource recovery, processing of untapped/unprocessed minerals) to test sustainable tailings and mine waste management, remediation and rehabilitation. Our goals are to produce tailings with less water consumption and greater stability and show how they can be monitored and adaptively managed in real time; and to enable the processing of modern and legacy tailings to recover more metals, whilst decontaminating them, encouraging rehabilitation and long-term stabilisation and re-use of the associated ecosystem services. The potential outcomes, impacts and benefits of this integrated research will be reduced community and environmental impacts from tailings, greater compliance with international standards, improved social license to operate for mining companies, reduced long term liabilities and risks from legacy sites, and potential sources of revenue by secondary extraction of additional metals and land re-use.
Blockchain-Based Novel System/Application for Transparent Traceability of Halal-and-Tayeb Cacao ProductsFilmann SimpaoFoodThe project is aimed to design, develop, and deploy an application called Halal Transparent Tracking System (HATTS) to secure monitoring of the well-being of cacao products. In order to do this, the proponent will identify the factors involved in halal products (cacao beans) and the details of the processes being used in the cacao products. Then, a Cacao Product Traceability Protocol is formulated based on the factors identified in the first activity. The Blockchain-Based Novel framework to track the cacao products production (processes, ingratiates involved) to create transparency in the system and assist the internal and external auditors will be developed and become the basis for the development of an application (HATTS v1) based on the proposed framework. Finally, HATTS will be deployed for the use of MS3 Agri-Ventures Corporation, a group of farmers in the locality to validate the system.